Ubon Ratchathani (อุบลราชธานี) is a city in Isaan, Thailand. Often referred to as simply Ubon (อุบล), it should not be confused with "Udon" to the north. Ubon lies 582 km from Bangkok and has Thailand's 13th largest city population.
Ubon was founded on the northern bank of the Mun River by a group of Lao princes fleeing Vientiane in the late 1700s. They applied for King Taksin's protection, duly granted in 1779 along with the city's new name, meaning "Royal City of the Lotus". Modern-day Ubon was a U.S. air base during the Vietnam War and grew rapidly at the time, but little has happened since then. The town of Warin Chamrap, on the south bank of the river, is effectively a suburb of Ubon these days.
The sleepy Ubon office of the Tourist Authority of Thailand (264/1 Khuan Thani Rd) is worth a visit to pick up useful English maps of the town and nearby provinces. Basic English spoken. Open daily 08:30-16:30.
Ubon Ratchathani International Airport [dead link] (IATA: UBP) serves only flights to Bangkok most of the year. Thai Airways has two daily non-stop flights between Bangkok (BKK) and Ubon and return. Nok Air has three daily non-stop flights between Bangkok Don Mueang Airport (DMK) and Ubon and return. Air Asia has two daily non-stop flights between Bangkok (DMK) and Ubon and return year-round. Air Asia operates 3 weekly flights between Phuket and Ubon from Oct-Mar and between Chiang Mai and Ubon from Nov- Mar. Flight time is 50 minutes in an Airbus A320 or Boeing 737 aircraft.
The airport is at the northern edge of the city almost within walking distance, but accommodation is scattered around Ubon, so better not to consider walking. Much better to go to one of the two limousine (taxi) counters in the airport arrivals hall and purchase for only 100 baht a taxi coupon that will take you to almost any point in the city. Limousine (taxi) rates in Ubon are extremely cheap by Western standards and lower than those in Bangkok. Set prices have been established to most destinations in and around Ubon. A taxi from Ubon to Chong Mek costs 1,000 baht for the 90 km one way trip and a taxi from Ubon to Mukdahan costs 2,000-2,500 baht (depending on the vehicle type) to travel a one-way distance of 192 km. The driver does not charge for the return trip as in some Western countries. There are no taxi meters and the fare must normally be purchased from one of the two taxi counters at the airport arrivals desk.
If you prefer not to take a fixed price taxi, you can always walk the 200 m beyond the general airport parking area to haggle with the waiting tuk-tuk drivers, but chances are that your trip will end up costing you more.
Buses to Bangkok take 10 hours (due to stops) and arrive near Mo Chit BTS station. The Nakhonchai Air private bus company [dead link] also has frequent, well-maintained buses that travel the route and also leave from the Ubon bus terminal, but arrive at their own private terminal in Bangkok, near the main Mo Chit terminal.
Ubon is less than 100 km from the Lao border at Chong Mek / Pakse. A regular bus service now operates direct from Ubon bus station (near the "Big C" shopping complex) to Pakse in Laos, and caters for travellers who wish to obtain a Lao visa on arrival (it waits for all passengers to complete immigration and visa formalities before continuing to Pakse). The fare is 200 baht.
Daily trains connect with Bangkok and stop at all the southern Isaan provincial capitals (Si Saket, Surin, Buriram, and Nakhon Ratchasima (Korat)). The station is to the south of the city on the opposite side of the Mun River in Warin Chamrap. Buses 2 and 6 connect to the centre.
One option is to catch the overnight night express train from Ubon (Warin Chamrap station) to Bangkok. Train departs at 18:30 and arrives Bangkok at 05:30. Travel first class in a two berth private sleeper compartment with fresh starched sheets and pillows for a little over 2,000 baht per couple. Travel is also available in 2nd class sleeper seats and 3rd class seats at a lower cost.
A bus/songthaew network with 13 fixed routes operates around the city. Most routes are numbered and colour-coded; pick up a map at the Ubon TAT office.
Alternatively, there are plenty of tuk-tuks puttering and samlors pedaling around. As always, agree on a fare before you get in, and expect to pay 20-40 baht depending on distance and your haggling skills.
If you're feeling a little more adventurous, try renting a motorbike or a car to get you to one of the many national parks in the province. Jay-Jay Car and Motorcycle Hire provide good, clean vehicles at competitive prices.
- Thung Si Muang Park. At the centre of town in front of city hall, this pleasant little park has several points of interest:
- A bright yellow elaborately carved candle sculpture, completed in 2000, standing 22 m tall and dedicated to the king, showcases Isaan art styles and has become the symbol of the city. The candle is placed on a junk, with a garuda eagle at the bow and a naga serpent around it.
- A statue of Phra Phatumvoraratsuriyawang commemorates the tersely-named founder of the town.
- A Monument of Merit, erected by former World War II POWs to commemorate the kindness of the people of Ubon.
- Wat Nong Bua (Off Chanyangkun Rd, past the BKS station). A highly unusual large white angular chedi, said to be a copy of the Mahabodhi stupa in Bodh Gaya, India. Quite stunning in appearance, but the decorations seem rather modern and with reason. The structure was built only in 1957 to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of Buddha's death.
- Wat Nong Pah Pong. The forest monastery of the late venerable Ajahn Chah, one of the most famous meditation masters in Thailand in recent times. About 70 monks live here, including some foreign ones, and there is a small museum and a stupa (or chedi) with the relics of Ajahn Chah to visit.
- Wat Pah Nanachat (International Forest Monastery). A famous forest meditation temple with more than 20 foreign/Western monks from all over the world. If you come before 08:00 you can join in the morning meal, and maybe speak to a monk afterwards. You can take a red songthaew from Warin Chamrab to Wat Pah Nanachat for about 10 baht.
- Wat Thung Si Muang (Luang Rd). Primarily notable for its wooden scripture hall (hor trai), on stilts above a pond to stop ants and termites. The monastery itself was built in the reign of Rama III (1824-51) to house a replica of Buddha's footprint.
- Candle Festival (งานประเพณีแห่เทียนเข้าพรรรษา). Ubon's biggest event. Held in early-Jul on Khao Phansa day, which marks the beginning of the rainy season retreat. For three months, monks do not leave their temple except for an emergencies, and laypersons vow to abstain from drinking alcohol as well as bonking. Huge wax candles are displayed in Thung Si Muang Park, which are carried around town in a procession the next morning.
- Illuminated Boat Procession (งานประเพณีไหลเรือไฟ). This less well-known festival is held in October on the river near the Rattanakosin Bicentennial Bridge to mark the end of the rainy season (Ok Phansa).
- Flower Festival (งานเทศกาลไม้ดอกไม้ประดับ). Held every February at Thung Kham Nam Saep Stadium, Amphoe Warin Chamrap, the festival features floral floats, decorative and flowering plant contests, and fair.
- Kaeng Saphue Songkran Festival (งานประเพณีมหาสงกรานต์แก่งสะพือ). Held every April in Amphoe Phibun Mangsahan, the festival includes a beauty contest, fair, local sports, and local music contest.
- Traditional Boat Races (งานแข่งขันเรือยาวประเพณี). Several boat racing tournaments are held annually in October after the end of Buddhist Lent. The Mueang Ubon Ratchathani Municipality's tournament is held near the Rattanakosin Bicentennial Bridge. Tambon Phibun Mangsahan Municipality's tournament is held near the Mun River Bridge, and Wat Pho Tak's tournament is held in front of the temple.
- Wat Pah Nanachat ((WPN) The International Forest Monastery) (Ban Bung Wai, Warin (12 km from Ubon Ratchathani)). Established in 1975 by the late Ajahn Chah, the monastery offers full training courses in English. Full board and lodgings are available, though prior notice is required. Write to The Guest Monk, Wat Pah Nanachat, Bahn Bung Wai, Warin Chamrab, Ubon Ratchathani 34310.
- Phanchat Esan Folk Arts & Handicrafts. Wide selection of souvenirs and handicrafts. Has two beautifully designed locations downtown.
- Muen Thip, Phichit Rangsan Rd (east of intersection with Thepyothi). A popular two-storey place specializing in a Thai interpretation of Korean barbecue (Neua Yang Kaolee), grilled at your own table and dipped in fiery sauces. A plate of your meat of choice and a large tray of veggies, plenty for two, costs 90 baht. English menu available, not that you really need it.
- The Outside Inn, 11 Suriyat Rd (Within 100 m of Wat Si Pradu (“See ba-doo”)), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Variety of cuisine- authentic, made-from-scratch Mexican food, Thai classics, Isaan and Lao specialties, and Western favourites. Many offered in vegetarian and vegan versions. Menu isn’t huge, but it’s varied and unique. Guest rooms, 750+ baht.
- 1 Peppers Restaurant, Bakery & Café, 297/2-3 Uppalisan Rd (Opposite the entrance to the air force base, next to the international Airport), ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. 08:00-22:00. Great Western and Thai food, along with coffee cakes, pies, fruit shakes, milkshakes, tea, cocktails, beer and wine.
- Spago Original Italian Pizza, 420 Chaengsanit Rd, ☎ . 11:30-14:30 and 17:00-22:00. The pizzas are baked in a wood-fired oven and the flour and tomatoes are imported from Italy.
- Miss Aree Coffee (Opposite Ubon University). Serves freshly brewed coffee.
- Bua Boutique Hotel (Formerly the Montana Hotel), 179/1-4 Upparat, ☎ . , -749, -750Rooms with air, cable TV and mini-bar. There is a karaoke bar attached to the hotel. It is a convenient location downtown with easy access to public transportation. Recently remodelled and renamed. 500-700 baht.
- Laithong Hotel, Phichit Rangsan Rd, ☎ . Advertises itself with the tagline In Ubon, Luxury Equals the Laithong Hotel, which is probably true, if only for lack of competition. A little faded in decor, but kept in reasonably good shape, and features a pool, restaurant, nightclub, and karaoke bar. From 1,400 baht.
- Nevada (mid-town). Has a Starbucks right in front of the hotel, has a cinema complex within its area. Walk to Tesco and Robinson (the biggest department store). From 1,000 baht.
- Phadaeng Hotel, 126 Phadaeng Road, Ubon, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. A well located hotel, just a seven minute walk from Thung Si Muang Park. Very good service for a very nice price. English spoken. 500 Baht.
- The Ratchathani Hotel, 297 Khianthani Rd, ☎ . Boutique hotel with restaurant. 450+ baht.
- River Moon Guesthouse. The only guesthouse in town. 5 minute walk from Ubon train station, opposite fire station. 120-150 baht.
- Sri Isan Hotel (Ratchaboot Rd), ☎ . Boutique hotel across from the open-air market, beside the Moon River. Within walking distance of Ubon Ratchathani Museum and Tung Sri Muang Park. The basic rooms are small but clean. Good location and overall service. From 500 baht.
- Suriyat, Soi Suriyat (Near Esso on central road), ☎ . Cheapest fan room, cold water, no TV, 250 baht; with TV, 280 baht. 250+ baht.
- Tohsang City Hotel, 251 Palochai Rd, ☎ . Same owner as Tohsang Khongjiam Resort. From 1,200 baht.
- Tohsang Khongjiam Resort, 66 Moo 7, Baan Huay-Mak Tai, Khongjiam (over an hour outside the city), ☎ . A classy resort on the banks of the Mekong River near the Lao border. From 2,000 baht.
- Tokyo Hotel, 178 Uparat Rd, ☎ . Has an old and a new wing. Cheapest single rooms with a fan for 360 baht. Songthaew number 2 runs from bus station opposite to the hotel for 10 baht. 360+ baht.
- Ubon Buri (between Muang Ubon amd Warin Chamrab). Resort hotel on a lake in the outskirts. From 1,000 baht.
- Preah Vihear (Prasat Khao Phra Wihaan in Thai) - Khmer temple accessible as a day trip from neighbouring Si Saket Province (currently closed to the public)
|Routes through Ubon Ratchathani|
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