It is one of the earliest and strategically most important Roman roads of the ancient republic. It connected Rome to Brindisi, in southeast Italy. The road is named after Appius Claudius Caecus, the Roman censor who began and completed the first section as a military road to the south in 312 BC during the Samnite Wars.
The Via Appia Antica is considered to be the "longest museum in the world". For 18 km, from the 1 Porta Capena at the Circus Maximus to 2 Frattocchie, the oldest Roman consular road, partly still with its ancient pavement, has been preserved. Then it joins the Via Appia Nuova to run as a normal state road for another 560 km to the southern Italian port of Brindisi.
- 3 Rome.
- 4 Brindisi.