Voronezh is a city in Voronezh Oblast, about 250 km from the Ukraine border, in the heart of Chernozemye. It is located on the Voronezh river and is an important railway junction with lines to Moscow, Rostov-on-the-Don and Kyiv. Due to its relatively large population (about 1,050,000 in 2020), it is often considered as the capital of Chernozemye.
- 1 Voronezh-Chertovitskoye International Airport (VOZ IATA). Relatively small with several connections from Moscow and flights from Munich, Prague, and Yerevan.
Many trains from Moscow every day. The most suitable options are the day train no. 45 (less than 8 hours) and the night trains nos. 25 and 81/83. You can also travel from other Russian and Ukrainian cities. The main station is Voronezh 1, but most of the trains going to the south via Voronezh stop only at Pridacha station, which has marshrutka connection with the city centre.
The cost of the bus from Moscow is approximately the same as the cheapest train ticket (and the latter provides more comfortable travel conditions). You can catch a bus to Voronezh near Moscow Paveletskaya train station. In Voronezh the bus stops near Pyramide (Pamyatnik) and terminates near Voronezh 1 train station.
Voronezh is about 500 km south of Moscow on the motorway.
The public transport includes buses, marshrutkas and a small number of trolley-buses.
- 1 Revolution Avenue. Prospekt Revolyutsii, or simply Prospekt (a Russian word for avenue) is the center of Voronezh's life. It has many beautiful and historical buildings, including the former Hotel Bristol.
- Admiralteyskaya Square. The Admiralteyskaya square with the old church where Peter the Great baptized his ships.
- 2 Goto Predestinatsia, Admiralteyskaya Square. Ship-museum, ship replica of first Russian ship of the line and the first ship of this rate built in Russia without any help from foreign experts.
- 3 Annunciation Cathedral. The Annunciation Cathedral (finished in 2009, 4th tallest Orthodox church in the world, being topped by probably the largest cross in Europe; surrounded by a fence with Soviet symbols).
- 4 Lenin Square.
- 5 Akatov women’s monastery.
- The monument Kitten from Lizyukova street.
- The office of South-Eastern Railways (SERW), in Russian: YU-VE-ZHE-DE.
- The park Koltsovskiy skver.
- Monuments to such writers and poets as Koltsov, Nikitin, Mandelshtam, Esenin, Pushkin, Platonov, Bunin; to Lenin and tsar Peter the Great.
- Various Orthodox churches.
- Visit the Puppet Theater and the Kamerny (Russian for "chamber") Theatre.
- The shopping centers include Grad (one of the largest in Russia), Mezhdunarodny (in the very centre of the city), Arena, Maximir, Yugo-Zapad, Tvoy Dom, Metro, Moskovskiy Prospekt, Armada, Solnechnyy Ray, Petrovskiy Passage, Aksioma.
- Souvenirs can also be bought on Prospekt (e.g. in Liki Voronezha shop).
- Apart from matryoshkas etc., a good local one is the Kitten from Lizyukova street.
You can find an appropriate restaurant or fast-food, but (if you don't eat everything) it requires some time. If you need a supermarket in the center of the city, you may go to the Soviet style Utyuzhok, modern Poisk shopping center or Tsentrtorg supermarket in the midway between Utyuzhok and SERW.
The well-known restaurants are:
- Stary Gorod, Russian and European
- Irish pub
- Tanuki, Japanese
- Furusato, Japanese
- Pivasiy, Russian
- Burger Haus, German
- Tiflis, Georgian and European
- Praga, Russian, Czech and French
- Chernogoriya, Yugoslavian
- Mediterra, European
- Dolce Vita, coffee
Lipetskaya Mineral Water discovered by Peter the Great (you can find it in Moscow as well, but here it would be an almost local drink). Fair vodka is produced in Voronezh and the small city of Buturlinovka. The local beer is not very good. Some grapes grow in the area, but there is no wine industry, some people make small amounts of home wine.
2* - 5* hotels are available.
- Art Hotel 5* (in the centre) -
- Benefit Plaza Congress Hotel 4* -
- Yar 4* -
- Petrovskiy Passage 4* (in the centre) -
- Sputnik 3* -
- Rossiya 3* (in the centre) -
- Faraon 3* -
- Premium Hotel 3* -
- Brno 3*
(in the centre)
- [formerly dead link] Hostel “Voronezh” (Hostel “Voronezh”), Voronezh, Novikova 90, ☏ . 350 руб.
- Ramon castle of Princess Oldenburgskaya.
- Divnogorye reserve and cultural landscape (competed for Seven Wonders of Russia).
- Zadonsk (an Orthodox pilgrimage destination: monastery and more).
- Khrenovoe stables.
- Kostenki, plenty of cultural remains of modern humans up to 50,000 years old!
- Voronezh reserve (beavers, etc.).
- Earl Venevitinov Estate.
- Lipetsk, mud and balneological resort, an industrial hub, centre of an oblast.
- Kursk, centre of an oblast.
- Belgorod, centre of an oblast.
- Tambov, centre of an oblast.
- Uryupinsk, the symbol of Russian "glubinka" (provincial "depths").
- Stanitsa Veshenskaya (the State Museum-Reserve of M. Sholokhov, author of And Quiet Flows the Don).
- Elets, an old-fashioned city.
- Borisoglebsk, the second largest city in Voronezh oblast (after Voronezh).
- Stary Oskol.