- For other places with the same name, see Delhi (disambiguation).
Delhi (Hindi: दिल्ली, Urdu: دلّی,) is India's capital and the home of the executive, legislative, and judiciary branches of Government. Delhi is known as the microcosm of India and is a leading world city with strengths in arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transport all contributing to its prominence.
With evidence of continuous settlement dating back to the 6th Century BC, Delhi is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. The legendary city of Indraprastha from the epic Mahabharata is said to have been situated where Delhi now lies. Thought to have been built and destroyed eleven times, evidence of at least eight distinct settlements can still be seen in Delhi.
- Qila Rai Pithora – This dates back to the 10th century A.D. as per available historical records. Also known as Rai Pithora, this city was the capital during the reign of Prithviraj Chauhan, the local hero famous for his first defeating, before finally losing to, the marauding invaders from central Asia (Muhammad Ghori in particular). Chauhan's ancestors are said to have captured the city from the Tomar Rajputs who were credited with founding Delhi. Anangpal, a Tomar ruler possibly created the first known regular fort here called 'Lal Kot', which was taken over by Prithviraj and the city extended. Some of the ruins of the fort ramparts are still visible around Qutab Minar and Mehrauli.
- Mehrauli – Muhammad Ghori managed to defeat Prithviraj Chauhan in battle in 1192. Ghori left his slave Qutub-ud-din Aibak as his viceroy, who in turn captured Delhi the subsequent year. After Ghori's death in 1206, Aibak proclaimed himself the ruler of Delhi and founded the slave dynasty. Qutb-ud-din contributed significantly in terms of architecture by getting Mehrauli built. His most prominent contribution is the starting of Qutab Minar. This 72.5m tall tower was built across three generations and finally completed in 1220AD. A visitor to the Qutab Minar could also see the mausoleum of Kaki, Shamsi Talao and some other mosques. The Slave dynasty ruled until 1290, among them was Razia Sultan who ruled for just three years, but became a historic figure for being the first empress in India.
- Vasant Kunj – Tomb of Sultan Ghari: The octagonal tomb of Nasir ud din Mahmud, son of Mamluk dynasty ruler, Iltutmish is also situated in the area near Rangpuri. The tomb built by Iltutmish in 1231, after his son's death in 1229. The fortified structure, which surrounds the tomb and the inner chamber (crypt) of the tomb itself, are one of finest examples of Mamluk dynasty architecture, which also include the Qutub Minar in Mehrauli.
- Siri - Qutuddin Aibaq's 'Slave Dynasty' was followed by the line of Khilji (or Khalji) rulers. The most prominent among the six rulers was Allauddin who extended the kingdom to the south of Narmada and also established the city of 'Siri'. Among some of the remaining ruins, is part of the Siri Fort in the greater Hauz Khas area. The madrasa at Hauz Khas was constructed during Allauddin's reign and bears the stamp of West Asian architecture. Hauz Khas is more often visited today for the chic botiques and restaurants.
- Tughlakabad - Exactly as it happens during the fall of a lineage of kings, after the Khilji's there was administrative chaos for sometime as the last Khilji ruler was slain by Nasruddin Mohammed. Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq (a Turk governor) invaded Delhi in the 1320s, started the Tughlaq dynasty, and founded the city of Tughlakabad, the ruins of which still remain. His descendant Muhammad Bin Tughlaq raised the fort walls, created another city called Jahapanah (which enclosed the area between Siri and Qila Rai Pithora). Tughlakabad continued, however, to be the main capital city. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq is also known as the mad king for wanting to move the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad (now near Aurangabad in Maharashtra) and making the entire population travel, only to return in a few years because of water shortage in the new town.
- Firozabad - Muhammad Bin Tughlaq's son, Firoze created the next city which was called Firozabad or Firoze Shah Kotla. There still are some ruins which are visible around the cricket stadium by the same name. The city was an enclosed a large area, and contained many palaces, mosques, pillared halls, and multi-floored water tank. Firoze Shah also planted a 1500 year old Ashokan Pillar on top of the palace. This pillar was originally planted in Meerut by Samrat Ashok.Feroze Shah, also repaired many of the older construction in Delhi including Ghori's tomb, Qutub Minar,Suraj Kund and Hauz Khas. He, himself, was buried inside a lofty tomb in Hauz Khas. Quite like earlier, after Feroze Shah's death, the sultnate became unstable and weak, and was invaded by Taimur the Lame (from Samarkhand) who created havoc in the city by looting, killing, raping and plundering. The Sayyids and Lodhis who ruled Delhi after the Tughlaq's paid more attention to re-establishing miltiary and political stability to the kingdom. The only relevant architecture visible from this period are the tombs at Lodhi Gardens. The last of the Lodhi's was defeated by Babur in the first battle of Panipat. Babur then proceeded to establish the Mughal dynasty.
- Shergarh - Babur's son Humayun ruled the kingdom for a few years only to be defeated by Sher Shah Suri (1540), who established the new city Shergarh (on the ruins of Dinpanah, built by Humayun) towards the north and near the river. Shergarh is what you see at Purana Qila today, near the Delhi zoo. After Humayun came back to power, he completed the construction and proceeded to rule from Shergarh.
- Shahjahanabad - the next of the Mughal emperors chose to move away from Delhi and established Agra as the capital of their kingdom. Shahjahan (Humayun's great-grandson) returned to Delhi and established Shahjahanabad. This included the Jama Masjid, the Red Fort and all that in enclosed within the walls of Old Delhi. This wall is still around in many parts and three of the six gates (Delhi gate, Lahori Gate, Turkman Gate, Ajmeri Gate, Kashmiri Gate, Mori Gate)to Delhi still exist. Kashmiri Gate was reconstructed and widened by the British after the 1857 revolt.
- Lutyen's New Delhi - The final city as you see today expanded from what Sir Edwin Lutyens. The population of Delhi is a heterogeneous mix of people originally belonging to different parts of North India and beyond. Among the prominent North Indian communities are the Punjabis. Delhi also has a prominent South Indian Community, primarily in areas like Karol Bagh, RK Puram, Mayur Vihar and Munirka. A Bengali Settlement, the Chittaranjan Park in south Delhi is the Mini Calcutta of Delhi. Quality education also draws students from different states, making up one of the most diverse student populations in the country.
The descendants of the builders of Delhi's many Muslim monuments no longer stay in Delhi. Most of them migrated to Pakistan during the Partition, with only a small, ever-diminishing community in Old Delhi keeping old courtly traditions alive.
Like the rest of the Gangetic Plains, Delhi is as flat as a pancake. The only geographical features of any significance are the river Yamuna, which flows down the eastern side of the city, and the Aravalli Hills which form a wide but low arc across the west. On the west bank is the crowded and congested Old (Central) Delhi and, to the southwest, the broad, tree-lined avenues of New Delhi, built by the British to rule their empire. The rest is an endless low-rise sprawl of suburbia and slums, with southwestern Delhi (nearer to New Delhi) generally somewhat wealthier.
New Delhi, or the central part of what is now called the National Capital Territory of Delhi, is the British built capital of India. Characterized by its wide boulevards, many roundabouts (traffic circles), colonial mansions, and government buildings dotted with monuments from various parts of India's history, this is the heart of the capital. Amongst the many popular tourist attractions located here are Humayun's Tomb, Purana Qila and the Lodhi gardens and tombs. Connaught Place (now called Rajiv Chowk) and Khan Market are popular shopping centres and the nearby Paharganj area has many inexpensive hotels. New Delhi Railway Station and Nizamuddin Railway Stations for trains to the south and east are in New Delhi. Delhi Metro lines radiate out from the city centre so the area is well connected.
South Delhi contains the upmarket neighbourhoods of Delhi and has a high concentration of five star hotels, numerous smaller hotels and guest houses, shopping malls and markets, and restaurants. It is also the most accessible from the airport and, with numerous overpasses constructed for the 2011 relatively easy to get around by car or taxi. The area is served by three metro lines: the violet line, the yellow line, and the airport express. The Qutab Minar, a major tourist attraction in Delhi, is located in this area (on the yellow line).
The capital of Mughal India, Old Delhi is the oldest extant part of the city. An area of narrow lanes and ancient markets, the district contains numerous places of tourism interest including the Red Fort, the Jama Masjid, and Chandni Chowk. The area is served mainly by the yellow line of Delhi Metro and is best seen on foot or on a cycle rickshaw. Delhi Railway Station (also known as Delhi Junction Railway Station or Old Delhi Railway Station), the main station for trains to the north, is located in this area and the Inter State Bus Terminal for buses to other parts of India is just north of the area outside Kashmere Gate.
Developed mainly during the days of British rule, this area is known for its Raj era buildings and institutions. Metcalfe House, the home of the British resident at the time of Indian rebellion of 1857; Maidens Hotel, a Raj era hotel now run by the Oberoi group; the buildings of Delhi University, all lie in this area. Delhi's Tibetan refugees settled here at Majnu Ka Tilla, an area that has become a popular backpacker hangout. North Delhi is served mainly by the yellow line of the Delhi Metro.
The climate in Delhi goes through five distinct seasons. Winter, from mid-December to late January, is cold (the temperature drops to near freezing at night though the days are warm) and is notorious for the thick fog that hangs over the city resulting in cancelled flights and delayed trains. Spring in Delhi, in the months of February and March is pleasant with warm days and cool evenings. The hot season, April through June, is uncomfortably hot with soaring temperatures (going as high as 45°C/110°F). Temperatures moderate during the monsoon (rainy) season (July through September) but it is humid. October brings Fall and warm days with relatively cool nights.
- The City of Djinns, William Dalrymple; another travelogue and well-written. (ISBN 0142001007)
- "The Last Mughal", William Dalrymple; well documented chronological events of the fall of Mughal Enpire. (ISBN 1400043107)
- Indira Gandhi International Airport, IATA: DEL ( IGI) (To the west of the city). This is the arrival point for many visitors into Delhi. With the opening of Terminal 3 in 2010, Delhi airport has been transformed into a modern facility..
Delhi Airport has no less than six terminals, but only three are currently operational:
- Terminal 1D (Palam, Domestic), Terminal 1 A Rd, ☎ . This is used only by low-cost carriers IndiGo, GoAIR and SpiceJet. (Oddly, their flights arrive at neighbouring Terminal 1C)
- Terminal 2, is the dedicated Haj Terminal, catering to pilgrims bound for the sacred cities of Mecca and Medina.
- Terminal 3, T3 Arrival Road (Metro (Orange line) 'I.G.I. Airport' station right here takes you to the city centre). This enormous main terminal, is used by all international flights and all full-service domestic carriers including Jet Airways and Air India.
A free shuttle bus (free ticket needs to be obtained at a separate counter or you will charged by the bus driver) operates between terminals 1 and 3 every 20min. While the terminals share the same runways, connecting between the two requires a massive detour via a nearby highway (almost a 10km ride), so allow plenty of time to connect (at least 20min).
There are public buses to and from the city throughout the day and night. Travel time is approximately 50min. They can be very crowded. There are two bus companies: Delhi Transport Corporation (green-yellow buses) and EATS (white-blue buses). The EATS (Ex Serviceman's Airlink Transport Service) Buses run to ISBT (Inter State Bus Terminal) near Kashmiri Gate, Connaught Place, Delhi Train Station and many hotels in the city centre, departing from both airport terminals every 60min 10:00-23:10. The Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) (schedule) offers eight bus routes to both the city centre and the more outlying areas of Delhi. Tickets can be bought and a fixed seat can be booked at a desk in the Arrivals Hall. One way fare for both companies: ₹50 per adult, ₹25 per child below 12 years, ₹25 for heavy luggage.
If you'd prefer to go directly to your destination and are willing to sit around in traffic, or are arriving on the many long-distance flights that land in the dead of night, take a taxi. The easiest and safest way is to arrange transport ahead of time through your hotel (some hotels provide this service for free). Alternatively, you can pay for a taxi at the prepaid taxi booths in the international terminal. Prefer the pre-paid booth run by Delhi Police. Depending on the destination, they will ask you to pay the taxi fare to them, which they later pay to the taxi driver after he shows a receipt from you proving that you were taken to your destination. The pre-paid booths are visible as soon as you exit customs. The one on the left is managed by the Delhi police. You may be approached by touts offering pre-paid taxis; just ignore them and ask someone the direction to the Delhi Police prepaid taxi kiosk or booth managed by the cops. To the right of the exit door are private taxi operators. They are more expensive but the cars are air-conditioned. The number of the taxi assigned to you will be on the receipt. Then, go straight through the airport and turn right immediately outside the front doors and someone will help you find your taxi. There are several options, but the booth operated by the "Delhi Police" is considered the best, with non-A/C taxis to most points in the city for ₹200-300.
Do not give the receipt to the driver until you get to the destination as this is what they are paid on. Also, you might want to ignore the explanations of the driver as to why you should make additional payments. There is no practice of tipping taxi drivers anywhere in India. When you reach your destination, take your baggage first, then give the driver the receipt and walk away without further discussion.
There is a minor problem with this system. As there is a checkpoint manned by the traffic police just as your taxi moves away from the airport, you will have to give the receipt to the driver, who will hand it over to the police, who will record the taxi number. Make sure that you get the receipt back from the driver immediately, and return it only after you have safely reached your destination.
When leaving Delhi from the international terminal, you should show up three hours before your flight is scheduled as security is tight. For domestic flights two hours should be enough. While sometimes time-consuming, the process is smooth, and the new terminal's shops and restaurants are sensibly located at the gate area, not before security. However, if you wish to change Rupees back into foreign currency, you must do this before clearing security.
During the winter (Dec-Jan), Delhi often experiences dense fog and visibility is reduced considerably, making it difficult for flights to land and take off. Both international and domestic flights are often diverted or cancelled, so plan accordingly and allow for one or two days for possible delays.
The Delhi Airport Metro Express (DAME) is a Delhi Metro train line from New Delhi Metro Station to Dwarka Sector 21, passing through the airport. After a half-year closure due to various technical problems, the line reopened in January 2013, but is currently running at half-speed and it thus takes over 40 minutes to reach the city — this is expected to speed up gradually back to the original 20min. Trains run every 20 minutes 05:00-23:00. The one-way fare between the airport and New Delhi Station is ₹100. From the railway station, you can transfer to the Metro (it's a bit of hike though), continue by taxi, or simply walk to backpacker ghetto Paharganj.
Buses arrive from Kathmandu and Chitwan in Nepal (36 hr+) and virtually every city in India. Although not as comfortable as the trains, buses are the only choice for some destinations, mainly those in the mountains.
Delhi has a confusing slew of inter-state bus termini (ISBT), which all have two names. The Delhi Transport Corporation is the major operator, but every state also runs its own buses and there are some private operators too.
- Kashmere Gate ISBT (Maharana Pratap) (Metro Kashmere Gate, Line 1/2), ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. This is "the" ISBT and the largest of the lot. Buses to points north (Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Garwhal, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmere) including Nepal
- Sarai Kale Khan ISBT (Vir Hakikat Rai) (next to Hazrat Nizamuddin railway station). Buses to points south, (Agra, Madhya Pradesh)
- Anand Vihar ISBT (Swami Vivekanand) (On the east bank of Yamuna, M: Anand Vihar). Buses to points east (Lucknow, Kumaon)
- Bikaner House, Pandara Rd, New Delhi (M: Central Secretariat Station). bus stop. Buses, including air-conditioned Volvo buses from Jaipur arrive at this place. For travel between Jaipur and Delhi, this bus stop is very clean, less crowded than ISBT, and easy to reach.
- Majnu ka Tilla, New Aruna Nagar, (Tibetan colony, a short rickshaw ride from Metro Vidhan Sabha). Buses to Dharamsala
Once you have purchased a ticket either at the ticket office or on-line prior to the trip, all you need to do is go to the rail car labelled with your class of service purchased. You can either get on and sit in the first available seat or. for higher classes of service, they will often post a passenger list on the car when it stops. Look for your name and go to the assigned car, cabin and seat. There is never a need to get a boarding pass so if anyone comes out of the crowd to tell you that, don't listen to them; it is a scam. If you're brave, you can simply purchase a general 2nd class ticket and then get on any car where there is availability. The conductor will come by and check your tickets after the train starts moving. If you are in a higher fare class than you are ticketed for, all you have to do is simply pay the difference in fare to the conductor. The only risk here is that the train could be full and you could be stuck in the lowest fare class which can be very crowded with little room to sit.
Ticket buying: The easiest way is to book online through the Indian Railways booking website . (Note, however, that you are required to have both an e-mail address AND a mobile phone number that is registered within India in order to access the booking area of the site.)
Do not trust strangers who appear out of the crowd to help you; ignore them. Always ask for assistance at the enquiry counter or policemen (in khaki uniform).
Anyone who approaches you spontaneously should be completely ignored. Use one of the porters (in orange uniforms with metallic arms badges) to find your train and carry your luggage, in exchange for a tip.
Stations & ticket offices
- Delhi Junction station (Old Delhi or Purani Dilli) (M 2: Chandni Chowk station. There is an entrance just outside at the east end of the station and also just over the main road outside (last metro at about 11:30). If taking an Auto Rickshaw from here, the prepaid desk will often try and charge you as much as three times the actual price quoted on the official price guide displayed clearly in their window - bargaining is sadly often cheaper.). (code DLI).Huge and confusing.
- New Delhi station (in Central Delhi. Pre-paid taxi booth run by Delhi Police. If you are arriving at the station, and want to take a taxi, head to the Delhi Police pre-paid taxi booth. Unfortunately, this booth is at the extreme far north end (about 50 m from the station main exit) of the taxi parking and you will encounter touts claiming to provide prepaid taxi; just ignore them and find the pre-paid taxi booth run by the Delhi Police which are safe and least expensive. - Metro exits are at the Ajmeri Gate (second entrance) side near platform 16. You can also take prepaid rickshaws and taxis from the plaza outside the main entrance. M2: New Delhi), fax: n. (code NDLS) is located just outside of Paharganj, also known as the backpacker ghetto. - It will take about 40 min-1 hr to travel from the New Delhi Railway Station to the airport by car, depending on traffic, a taxi fare cost you about ₨ 400. - A tourist ticket office called the International Tourist Bureau is open during office hours upstairs of, but still within, the main New Delhi railway station (on the side away from the metro, near platform 1). Note that it is only for foreign tourists, so you must have a tourist visa (i.e. student and working visas are not acceptable). Non-resident Indians can also book their tickets through this office. Bring your passport and cash or traveller's cheques in US dollars, British pounds or euros. If you wish to pay in Indian Rupees (₹) you theoretically must show an official exchange certificate (from India, not valid if you changed in another country) or an ATM receipt. All ticket bookings require exact change, as like everywhere in India the office has little to no change. If you don't have exact change, it's possible after booking to go down to the food stores, buy food to get change, then return and pick up your ticket. To get a ticket, first go to the centre of the room and get numbers for the reservation and information desks, as well as a form to fill out. Then line up at one of the two u-shaped lines of chairs, fill out the form, and prepare for a protracted wait. When your information number is called, have the clerk check the availability of the train(s) you desire and answer any questions you have about the form. Then wait for your reservation number to be called. Note that by the time you get to the reservation desk, your train may no longer be available, in which case you can try to reserve a different one. If you need a bathroom during this lengthy process, there is a relatively clean male and female toilet just outside on the verandah through the side door (the door you didn't enter through). - The station is large, crowded, confusing and packed with touts. Allow one hour to find your train the first time you visit. Don't trust the electronic display boards, which often show incorrect information. Instead listen to the announcements and ask multiple people in uniform (policemen) until you find your train.
- Hazrat Nizamuddin station, Harsha Rd, Nizamuddin East, (A few kilometres to the south. Bus 261, 306 to the Sarai Kale Khan Inter State Bus Terminal (ISBT) on the ring road and then walk over to the station (400 m).). (code NZM). Many trains heading south. It's the least chaotic of the Big Three, but still pretty big and poorly signposted; listen to the announcements to figure out your train. The station has a pretty good food court that sells inexpensive, hygienic takeaway snacks including sandwiches and samosas.
- Anand Vihar Terminal (East, near Ghaziabad - Delhi Border. M 3:Anand Vihar, just opposite to Anand Vihar Interstate Bus Terminal (ISBT)). (code ANVT) Repeatedly delayed, the station finally opened in December 2009 and will gradually take over all east-bound services.
- Delhi Sarai Rohilla station, Railway Officers Colony, (M: Shastri Nagar, or bus 71, 89).
- Delhi Cantonment station (Bus 518, 545, 588 to Delhi Cantt stop).
- Ticket office (on the road to Connaught Place with longer hours). It often has waiting times not much longer than at the tourist booking office. You will need to know the number or name of the train you want to take.
Getting around Delhi is always an adventure. Traffic is, by and large, horribly congested and many drivers will think nothing of quoting ten times the going price to a tourist. Use the prices below as broad guidelines, agree on prices before setting off. Best way to travel is via metro, where there are separate cabins for women (that prove to be very useful during rush hour). Metro is clean, efficient, and typically ridden by relatively affluent middle-class students or commuters en route to/from work; there is almost nowhere in the city that you cannot get to by metro.
The fast-growing Delhi Metro network provides a cheap, quick, hassle-free and air-conditioned way of zipping around the city. As of February 2011, the following lines are open:
- Red Line: Dilshad Garden - Rithala
- Yellow Line: Jahangirpuri - HUDA City Centre, Gurgaon
- Blue Line: Dwarka Sector 21 - Vaishali/ - Noida City Centre
- Green Line: Inderlok - Mundka
- Violet Line: Central Secretariat - Badarpur Border
- Airport Express: New Delhi Railway Station - Airport - Dwarka
Fares range from ₹8-30, just buy a token, change lines as necessary, and deposit the token in the slot as you exit. Tokens can be used only from the station they are bought, so you can't buy two and use the second to return home. If you're planning on sticking around for a while, you can buy a "Smart Card" for ₹100, which is worth ₹50 and includes a ₹50 deposit; using this saves 10% and, more importantly, lets you avoid the queues. There is also a "Tourist Card" allowing unlimited use for ₹100 (1 day) or ₹250 (3 days), but it's highly unlikely that you'll travel enough to make this pay off. Special fares apply for travel on the Airport Express. During rush hour, you might have to queue up for 20min+ due to security checks, especially in the central stations.
Line 2, in particular, is useful for getting to the Old Delhi (Chandni Chowk, Jama Masjid) and New Delhi railway stations, the ISBT bus terminal, the backpacker ghetto of Paharganj, Hauz Khas and Qutub Minar. Line 3 is also handy for visiting Akshardham and accessing the western parts of Paharganj through RK Ashram Marg station.
Beware: Metro stations all use the new, official, Indianised names, so Connaught Place is "Rajiv Chowk", Old Delhi Railway Station is "Chandni Chowk" and ISBT is "Kashmere Gate".
The first coach in every train is reserved for women passengers only, violating it incurs penalty. The rule does not exempt male passengers accompanying female passengers.
Be aware that if you wish to exit at a main station during rush hour, you will have to tackle your way through in order to get out before the opposite flow of passengers push you back inside. Don't be afraid of using your strength to push yourself out.
By local train
There are limited commuter services on Delhi's railways, but the facilities are a far cry from the user-friendly Metro and stations. For the most part, train stations are inconveniently located. There is no passenger service on the Delhi Ring Railway outside rush hour.
Please note that the Indian Railways website does not accept foreign credit cards.
All parts of Delhi are well connected by buses and with tickets ranging from ₹5-15 they are very cheap, but they are also quite crowded most of the time. The red coloured buses are air-conditioned and the green coloured are not. As bus stops do not have bus routes written properly, it can be difficult to find your way. Asking other people at the bus stop is often the best way to find out about bus routes to your destination. However, the buses are pretty frequent, running every 15-20 min or so on most routes. There are two kinds of buses in Delhi:
- Government run DTC buses (red and green coloured with big windows)
- Privately run Blue-Line buses (orange coloured)
If you have a choice, please go for a DTC bus. They will stop less frequently and will generally be less crowded too. Note that many buses, DTC ones too, will stop pretty much anywhere if there are enough people getting on or off.
Board buses at the back and pay the ticket seller sitting right next to the door. Be sure to hang onto your tickets, as ticket checks are fairly frequent. Some seats on the left side of the bus may be reserved for women and the handicapped. When it's time to disembark, move to the front of the bus. As you might expect, all these guidelines are regularly ignored when buses are very crowded.
Hop on Hop off
Delhi Tourism has a "On Hop Off (HOHO)" bus service, (Helpline) ☎ +91 11 4094 0000. A fleet of air conditioned low floored buses follow a pre-defined set of stops around the city and passengers can hop off the bus, see the place at one's own convenience and hop on the next bus. The service runs on a 45 minute interval and covers important monuments, memorials, museums and shopping places in the city. Each bus is staffed with a knowledgeable English speaking guide. The ticket costs ₹ 300 and is valid for 2 consecutive days. The service does not operate on Mondays.
A taxi or hired car (usually with driver) is required to see many of the far-flung sites within and around Delhi. However, the metro is a far cheaper and equally comfortable option.
Most Delhi taxis are old but reliable CNG-run Ambassadors or Omnis in distinctive black-and-yellow livery and a green stripe. The hired family car of choice is usually a Toyota Innova or Chevrolet Tavera. While all are equipped with meters and should cost ₹15 for the first km ₹8.50 per km, the meters are often rigged and it's better to agree on the price in advance. Most trips around the city should be ₹200-500, while a trip to the airport would be higher, depending on starting location. An eight-hour charter should cost around ₹1,500, and a tip is expected if the driver is helpful. The prices would also depend upon the vehicle size too. Note that black and yellow taxis are not air-conditioned. Even if they do have air conditioning, you will be charged extra (and the rates are up to the driver, so bargain hard).
The death knell of the Ambassador was rung in December 2006, when modern radio taxi services were launched. At ₹20/km, they're more the list price of the competition, but they use modern vehicles with air-conditioning and GPS and can be dialed 24 hr/day. The flag fare is ₹20, and the fare increases by ₹5 for every 250 m after the first km. If you need an SUV, you need to inform the company in advance, but the fare remains the same. Night charges (25% extra) apply between 11PM to 5AM. Book up to a few hours in advance. Many corporates rely on these cabs for their daily commute and they may be booked during office hours. Tipping is not expected. After booking, you will receive an SMS with the car license plate number, and the driver's name and mobile number. Usually the driver will call you and inform you that he's arrived. Most drivers speak English, but at a very basic level, so use short phrases. You can use TaxiPixi services and avoid all the hassle. Download the app on your iPhone/Android or book online through -TaxiPixi. ☎ +91 11 64676467 BookCab. 24x7 support ☎ +91 80 30003000; - Carzonrent. ☎ +91 11 43083000, 24x7 support ☎ +91 88 82222222; - ZipMyTravel. 24x7 support ☎ +91 85 87867861; - Paultravels. 24x7 support ☎ +91 95 01114740;- GetMeCab. 24x7 support ☎ +91 93 12241121; - Commercial Taxis. ☎ +91 11 26682023; - Delhi Taxis. ☎ +91 11 25778684; - EasyCabs. ☎ +91 11 43434343 (Point to point charges@₹ 20/km); - Mega Cabs. ☎ +91 11 41414141 (Point to point charges@₹ 20/km); - Meru Cabs. ☎ +91 11 44224422 (Point to point charges@₹ 20/km); - Savaari. 24x7 support ☎ +91 93 58585237; - Tricabs. ☎ 25851290, 24x7 support ☎ +91 98 73533669; - Gcabs. ☎ 39423942, 24x7 support ☎ +91 99 11230087; - Delhi Cabs. ☎ +91 98 18707986; Tajtripcar. ☎ +91 88 00550676; Delhi to Chandigarh taxi. ☎ +91 88 00550901
There are also car rental portals which provide car rental services in and around Delhi.
You shouldn't take non-official taxis, sometimes they take you to a wrong hotel, or to a "tourist information centre", and try to sell you overpriced things. These are generally known to fleece and rip off tourists. It is better to keep a safe distance from these guys.
By auto rickshaws
Auto rickshaws (also called three-wheeled scooters, tuk-tuks or simply autos) are good for shorter trips. Always in a distinctive yellow-and-green livery, auto rickshaws are three-wheeled partially enclosed contraptions (no doors!) that run on CNG and can seat three people in the back. In general, they are much cheaper than taxis and can be hailed from the street. Although by law the rickshaw drivers should charge according to the meter in their vehicle (₹25 for the first two kms, ₹8/km after), this rate is unrealistically low and they will almost always try to haggle for price. In May 2013, base rates increased from ₹19 to ₹25 and from ₹6.5 to ₹8/km thereafter. Many drivers have not updated their electronic meters and will use this as a way to haggle for vastly more money - "This is old rate, new rate ₹80!" If their meter says ₹19 when you get in, they aren't lying about not having updated, but are likely exaggerating the new rate, which should only be roughly 25-30% higher than the displayed rate, not double or triple as some will claim. As rules of thumb, expect even the shortest journey to cost ₹30-40 regardless of the meter, but you should never need to pay over ₹150 for any trip within the city. If you're overquoted, don't be afraid to walk away. It's usually easy to find another one soon, usually with a driver who won't rip you off.
If you have any trouble with them, go to any of the numerous tourist police stations in the city center and they will give you a complaint slip which will result in a ₹ 500 fine for the auto driver. There should also be a telephone number written on the vehicle to call in case of any complaint.
There are a number of "Pre-paid" Auto stands run by the Police, at all railway stations and bus stands, and also several other locations in the city. Tell them where you want to go and pay them upfront. The charge will include ₹ 5 for the service. You then take the coupon and stand outside where a policeman will direct you to the next available Auto. When your journey is completed you hand the coupon to the auto driver and that's it. Nothing more to pay (despite what they may say).
By cycle rickshaws
Cycle rickshaws are three-wheeled, pedal-powered rickshaws with seats in the back to seat passengers and a driver in the front. They are good for short distances, or places which are too far to walk but too short for taking a bus/taxi/auto rickshaw. Cycle rickshaws don't use meters, so establish a price before getting on. ₹ 15 is reasonable for most journeys of 1–2 km.
Cycle rickshaws are best to use in Old Delhi to visit the intricate galis (walkways) and to enjoy the smells and sounds of the city.
Much of Delhi is quite pedestrian-hostile. Distances are long, road signage is poor, and in the more tourist oriented areas, you'll be constantly accosted by beggars and touts. Crossing roads often involves wading across multiple lanes of heavy traffic. Try your best to move in a predictable straight line, so vehicles can weave around you. (Better yet, latch onto a group of locals and cross in their shadow.) If you really want to walk around, these places would be good:
- Walk from Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's house) to India Gate on the Rajpath (a walk of close to 3–4 km).
- Walk from Jama Masjid to Red Fort in the Chandni Chowk area.
- Far South Delhi go walk about in the forest. Try starting from south of Indian Institute of Technology through Sanjay Van to Qutub Minar. Note however that Sanjay Van is not always safe, and it is advisable to go there in a group, preferably during daylight hours.
- South Delhi-Green Park-Hauz Khas Village, then to the Hauz Khas ruined madrasa, offers a newer shopping area, an up-market arts village, old ruins, and some quality gardens.
- There are many walks that you can do in Old and central Delhi.
The native language of the Delhi area is Hindi, which also happens to be the main official language of the Union Government. Almost everybody you meet will be able to speak Hindi, quite often with the Bihari and Punjabi accents. Most educated people will also be fluent in English, and many shopkeepers and taxi drivers will have a functional command of English. Punjabi and Urdu are also official languages, but they are spoken much less widely. The Hindi spoken in Delhi is quite Persianized, similar to the Hindi spoken in Western Uttar Pradesh and much less Sanskritized than the Hindi spoken in Madhya Pradesh. Signage is usually bilingual in Hindi and English, but some road signs (especially in South and Central Delhi) are in Hindi, English, Punjabi and Urdu. Announcements on the metro are in Hindi (male voice) and English (female voice).
There are various private "tourist information" offices around Connaught Place openly claiming to be the official government tourist office. They're actually just travel agents that have nothing to do with The Government of India, and since they prey on tourists, anything you buy from them will be grossly overpriced compared to doing it yourself.
The staff at the Delhi tourist office is very helpful, and the office has a lot of free information:
- The Government of India Tourist Office, 88 Janpath, Connaught Place, ☎ . , , , The Government of India Tourist Office offers daily tours, covering all of the major Delhi sites. If you should choose to go with the government-sanctioned day tour, be aware that due to the heavy agenda, you will need to have a quick foot, only 20-40 min are given for each sight, which is next to no time. Consider this day tour as a sampler. If there is a sight of particular interest, bookmark it and return at a later date.
- Red Fort (Lal Qila). is one of Delhi's top tourist sights and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. A brilliant red sandstone fort built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (who also built Agra's Taj Mahal) as his ruling palace. Completed in 1648, the years since have not treated the buildings kindly: the rooms have long since been stripped of all objects, the marble inlays are long gone and quite a few buildings are off limits. Still, the scale remains imposing and the gardens are kept lush and green even in midwinter.
The Red Fort buildings within include:
- Chatta Chowk (Covered Bazaar). True to the name, this is a covered bazaar between the gate and the fort itself, now filled with souvenir hawkers.
- Diwan-i-Am (Hall of Public Audience). This building separates the outer court from the inner court, and has a marble platform for the emperor's throne.
- Hayat Bakhsh Bagh (Life-Bestowing Gardens). Once a grand garden of full of fountains and streams, now sadly all dry — only dry channels and acres of green grass remain. Near here will you find the Sawan Pavilion
- Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience). Built completely of marble, this is where the emperor received special visitors.
- Khas Mahal (Private Palace). , The Emperor's main residence. The octagonal Mussaman Burj tower looks out toward the Yamuna River, and is where the Emperor used to appear before the public for each morning.
- Rang Mahal (Colour Palace). The residence of the Sultan's main wife.
- Mumtaz Mahal (Jewel Palace, Persian/Urdu ممتاز محل [mumˈt̪aːz mɛˈɦɛl]; meaning "beloved ornament of the palace"). Contained six apartments for the Sultan's harem. Now used as a museum of court textiles, carpets, weapons, etc. free.
- Daawat Khana (at the northmost end of the Fort). A minor palace, this was originally the residence of a prince, but it was converted into a tea house by the British, a function it continues today. Basic meals go for around ₹ 60, drinks ₹ 10-20, and it also has the cleanest toilets around.
- Swatantra Sangrama Sangrahalaya (Museum of the Independence Movement). To the left after the Chatta Chowk, this is a reasonably well-presented museum on the history of independence activism in India, starting from the Mutiny of 1857 all the way to Gandhi.
The only open entrance is Lahore Gate, on the west side. Security in and around the Fort is very heavy, as it was the scene of a terrorist attack in 2000 that killed three people. Bags are allowed, but they'll be X-rayed and you'll be patted down. Tickets cost ₹ 10/250 for Indians/foreigners, photography free, video cameras ₹ 25 extra. Open sunrise to sunset daily except Monday. Allow for 3-4 hr in your schedule in case of long weekends and national holidays as lot of tourists flock around then. The most scenic way of reaching the fort is to take the Metro to Chawri Bazaar and then a cycle-rickshaw through the incredibly packed bazaar to the Fort (price negotiable, aim for ₹ 20).
The fort has a light and sound show (₹ 50) in the evenings from 19:30-21:00, depending on the season.
Be careful buying tickets at the booth, as the ticket sellers will attempt to shortchange you. Try to have a small bill. Due to enhanced security the parking can be a bit tricky as the walk from the now distanced away parking at nearby alternative slots is quite a bit. The congested traffic makes crossing the road even trickier.
- Humayun's Tomb (Urdu: ہمایوں کا مقبرہ Humayun ka Maqbara) (in south Delhi, near Hazrat Nizamuddin station). daily from sunrise to sunset. is one of Delhi's three UNESCO World Heritage Sites. - The tomb is in large, immaculately maintained gardens in the Persian Char Bagh (four corners) style that were thoroughly renovated in 2003 with the Aga Khan's help and are consequently probably the best in Delhi. As you enter the complex, the first major structure on your right is the bulbous, octagonal tomb of Iza Khan, a court noble who built it in his own lifetime, some 20 years before Humayun's tomb. As you pass through the first gate, you will glimpse the dome of the tomb and enter a floral path leading to the second (West) gate, which now acts as the entrance to the giant central garden. - The centrepiece is the eponymous tomb of Humayun, the second Mughal emperor. Built starting in 1562, it was the first major Mughal structure in the city and has been described as a predecessor or prototype of Agra's Taj Mahal. The structures are, indeed, stylistically similar, although Humayun's Tomb is built from red sandstone, not white marble, and was built by a wife grieving for her husband, not the other way around. You can climb up to the second level (the stairs on the west side are very steep, those on the south side less so), and on the south side you will find the entrance into the main crypt where Humayun is buried. Before you leave, be sure to visit the South Gate, the original royal entrance, from where you can get picture-postcard views without too many tourists in the way. In the southeast corner is the Barber's Tomb, also built in the same style. Historians do not know who is buried in this picturesque tomb made of red and grey sandstone. ₹ 10/250, Indians/foreigners.
- Qutub Minar (Qutab, Urdu: قطب مینار, Hindi: क़ुतुब मीनार) (in Mehrauli, Qutub Minar station on the Metro Yellow Line, bus to DTC Lado Sarai Terminal). daily from sunrise to sunset. This complex , houses structures dating from the Slave Dynasty (1206-1290) and is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The gardens are kept in excellent shape, making this a popular relaxation and picnic spot. Light-and-sound show held most nights after sunset. - This is the 2nd tallest minar 73 m in India after Minar-E-Fateh at Chhapar Chiri at Anandpur Sahib which stands 100 m tall, built in memory of great victory of Sikh forces led by Baba Banda Singh Bahadur over the mughal forces. The most famous structure on grounds, this 72.5 m minaret was the tallest "skyscraper" in the world when built (1193-1368) - it was constructed on the orders of Qutb-ud-din Aybak. Qutub Minar originally an ancient Islamic Monument, inscribed with Arabic inscriptions, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Delicately carved, it has been astonishingly well-preserved and is still an awe-inspiring sight today. This is made of red sandstone and marble. - It's often visible from air when flying into IGI airport. The top of the tower has twice been rebuilt after an earthquake, and the base has been restored more recently. While entry into the tower itself is no longer permitted, for ₹ 10 per 5 min you can view the scenery via a little webcam on top. - ₹ 20/250 Indians/foreigners.
- Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque. , Delhi's first and grandest mosque, now mostly in ruins, but many parts of the complex are still standing and the sandstone decorations are still impressive. Check out the extraordinarily ornate carvings near the tomb of Iltutmish on the west side of the complex.
- Iron Pillar. In the centre of the mosque. True to its name, this is a 7 m iron pillar erected in 400 AD by Chandragupta II Vikramaditya, also known as "he, by the breezes of whose prowess the southern ocean is even still perfumed" according to the inscription carved on the base. Alas, Chandragupta II's perfume has long since faded, but to the amazement of metallurgists everywhere, his pillar is still going strong, after 1,600 years. The corrosion resistance results from an even layer of crystalline iron hydrogen phosphate forming on the high phosphorus content iron, which serves to protect it from the effects of the local Delhi climate. The height of the pillar, from the top of its capital to the bottom of its base, is 7.21 m, 1.12 m of which is below ground. Its bell pattern capital is 1 m in height, and its bulb-shaped base is 0.71 m high. The base rests on a grid of iron bars soldered with lead into the upper layer of the dressed stone pavement. The pillar's lower diameter is 420 mm, and its upper diameter 306 mm. It is estimated to weigh more than six tonnes.
- Ala-i-Minar (Ala-ud-din-Khilji) (North of Iron Pillar). ,set out to build a tower twice as high as the Qutub Minar, but died after a mere 24.5 m was complete. The first story stands to this day.
- Ala-i-Darwaza. This square, domed building once acted as the entrance to the mosque, but is now tucked away behind the minar. Inlaid marble decorations and latticed stone screens.
- Tomb of Imam Zamin (Outside the main complex, next to the Ala-i-Darzawa). this octagonal tomb commemorates a Turkestani iman who was based in the mosque during the reign of Sikandar Lodi.
- Purana Qila (Old Fort), Purana Qila, Mathura Road (Near Delhi Zoo). 9:00 AM - 5: 00 PM. Purana Qila is the walled citadel of Mughal Emperor Humayun. Believed to be built during the time of mythical Pandava rule, significant additions were made by Humayun itself. It later turned into an urban village before being a monument. Rs 5 for Indians, Rs 100 for foreigners.
- Qila-i-Kuhna Masjid, Purana Qila. 9 AM - 5 PM. A mosque in the Purana Qila built by Sher Shah Suri
- Sher Mandal, Purana Qila. 9 AM - 5 PM. The two storeyed library inside Purana Qila. It is in this library that Humayun fell from stairs and died
- Humayun Darwaza, Purana Qila. A gate built by Humayun located in Purana Qila. It is the south gate of the fort.
- Talaqi Darwaza, Purana Qila. It is the northern gate of Purana Qila. It has a marble carving of warring lions with a man in front.
Mehrauli Archaeological Park
- Balban's Tomb, Ladha Sarai, Mehrauli (Located in Mehrauli Archaeological Park Trail). It is the tomb of Balban, a ruler of Slave dynasty. It is believed that the first arch, which later became an important part of Indian architecture was built in this masoleum only. The same goes for the dome, which has been destroyed. Beside, his tomb lies the tomb of his son Khan Shahid. Free.
- Metcalfe House (Dilkusha) (Quli Khan's Tomb), Mehrauli Archaeological Park. It was originally the tomb of Quli Khan who was the brother of Adham Khan and in turn foster brother of Akbar. Later Sir Thomas Metcalfe (who was a negotiator between Mughal Empire and British East India Company) bought the structure remodelled it, and became one of the two Metcalfe House also known as Dilkusha. It is in ruins as it was highly vandalized during Revolt of 1857.
- Agrasen ki Baoli, Vakil lane. Hailey Road, Connaught Place (Near Jantar Mantar. SE 200m of British Council. Take bus to Max Muller Bhavan. Barakhamba Road (Blue line) is the nearest metro station.), ☎ . 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM. This is a historical steep well which is believed to be built during to time of Maharaja Agrasen of the Mahabharata era and reconstruced in the 14th century. Also here is the Baoli Mosque free.
- Adham Khan's Tomb (Alternate Name: Bhool Bhulaiyya. Hindi: आधम खान का मकबरा, Urdu: ادھم خان کا مزار), Mehrauli (Near Mehrauli Bus Stand. - Or from Qutub Minar: before entering Mehrauli, towards your left is the Mehrauli Bus Depot and on the right side is this tomb). Timings: Sunrise-Sunset. This is the tomb of Adham Khan who was the son of Akbar's wet nurse Maham Anga. After Adham Khan killed Atagha Khan, a general in Akbar's army, he killed Adham Khan by dropping him from the top of Agra Fort. After this his mother was depressed for which Akbar built this tomb.
- Ahinsa Sthal, Mehrauli (Auto rickshaw from Qutb Minar metro station or ten min walk (1km toward north), just east of Mehrauli Archeological Park.). It is a 14ft statue of Jain prophet Mahavira who professed ahimsa (nonviolence)
- Azaad Hind Gram, National Highway 10, Block C, Tyagi Vihar, Ghevra (Tikri Kalam on NH-10, bus 926 to Ajad Hind Gram Tikari Pyaoo stop, or Mundka Metro Station 3 km east), ☎ . 10:00-18:00. A tourist complex dedicated to Netaji (respected leader) Subhash Chandra Bose, a leader in the Indian independence movement.
- Atagh Khan's tomb, Nizamuddin Complex (One and half km east of JLN Stadium (Violet line) metro station). The tomb of Atagh Khan who was a general in Mughal emperor Humayun's army. Here is also the Nizamuddin Markaz Masjid Free.
- Barakhamba Tomb, Lodi Estate (Nearest Metro Station is Jor Bag, 7th hole of Delhi Golf Course Club). The name is derived from the structure's 12 pillars and 3 domes, it houses tombs of the Lodi time. A 14th century tomb during Lodi time of an unknown nobleman Free.
- Bara Gumbad, Lodhi Road, Prathviraj Road Area. (Located inside the Lodi Gardens. Race Course metro station (one km nortwest, Yellow line) is the nearest). This is a mosque located in Lodi Gardens. This struture however do not house any tomb. Legend has it that it was meant to be a port for Friday prayers.
- Bagh I Alam, Bagh I Alam ka Gumbad, Chaudhary Harsukh Marg, Hauz Khas (Nearest Metro station in Green Park (one km norteast, Yellow line). - 300m nortwest of Jagannath Temple.). Bagh I Alam ka Gumbad is a tomb belonging to the Lodi era. It is a mixture of local stones, red sandstones and blue ceramic tiles. It is surrounded by lush green scenery of gardens with a variety of birds and deer flocking. The interior is full of sunlight filtered through the framework. It also houses three tombs, whose identities are unidentified.
- Bara Batasha (Bara Batashewala Mahal), Bharat Scouts and Guides Marg, Nizamuddin (Located in the road leading to Nizamuddin station. - North 200m from Humayun's Tomb). This structure houses the tomb of Mirza Muzaffar who was the son of Babur and Gulrukh Begum. The speciality of this structure is that it has 5 arches on each side.
- Balban's Tomb, Ladha Sarai, Mehrauli (Located in Mehrauli Archaeological Park Trail. - Close to Qutub Minar Metro Station). It is the tomb of Balban, a ruler of Slave dynasty. It is believed that the first arch, which later became an important part of Indian architecture was built in this masoleum only. The same goes for the dome, which has been destroyed. Beside, his tomb lies the tomb of his son Khan Shahid. Free.
- Biran ka Gumbad, Green Park Extension (About a half km southwest of Green Park Metro Station). Literally meaning "doomed building of brother", the masoleum has arched niches which are neatly arranged. It was built during Lodi rule. Free.
- Chor Minar, Aurobindo Marg (North of metro station Hauz Khas. Close to Chor Minar Road corner.). It is a minaret built by Alauddin Khilji in 13th century. Here the beheaded heads of chors, i.e. thieves, were displayed through its 225 holes.
- Chausath Khamba, Hazrat Nizamuddin Basti (Nearest metro station is Jangpura). Built by Mirza Aziz Kota, a foster brother of Akbar and an important noble during the time of Jahangir, this building has the tomb of Aziz Kota. The meaning of it is 64 pillars that support the structure. It also has other unidentified tombs. Free.
- Flagstaff Tower, Kamla Nehru Ridge, Civil Lines New Delhi (Half km East of North Campus. Bus #212 stop 'University of Delhi' (300m west.). - Eastwards 300m to Vidhan Sabha Metro Station). It was built in 1828 as a signal tower. This one storied tower was used to take shelter for European people during Revolt of 1857. - The Sankatmochan Hanuman Mandir hundred meter west away.
- Guru Tegh Bahadur Smarak, GT Karnal Road, Singhu Border, NH1 (Far north. From Jahangirpuri Metro Station (the closest one) fifteen km to north. Narela train station (west, about three km). Take bus 131, 136, 144-1, 144, 193 to stop Shingu Gaon. Walk ~200m NE). This monument has a unique concept. Guru Tegh Bahadur has been depicted by a central pylon but his three disciples by three semi arches.
- Hauz Shamsi (Shamshi Talab), Hauz Shamsi, Mehrauli (Half km north of Chhattarpur (Yellow Line) Metro station). It is a water reservoir built by Iltutmish in 1230 AD.It is believed Iltutmish had a dream in which Prophet Muhammad asked him to built a water reservoir in the place where a winged horse would leave a hoof. It is said that he found the hoof here. It is here he then built a reservoit dug. - Auliya Masjid located on southeast corner
- India Gate, Rajpath (From M 'Central Secretariat Metro Station' or M Yellow 'Udyog Bhawan' East 1.6 km). This monument has been built as a memorial for the Indian soldiers who died in World War I. There is also a fire ("eternal flame") burning for all fallen Indian soldiers.
- Jantar Mantar, Sansad Marg, Hanuman Road Area, Connaught Place (Rajiv Chowk Metro Station). 09:00-18:00. One of five astronomical observatories commissioned by Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur during the 18th century. The odd structures inside are actually enormous scientific instruments for measuring the movement of celestial bodies
- Khan-I-Khana's Tomb, Nizamuddin East (10 minutes from Jangpura metro station. Right north of Barapulllah Elevated Rd. Take bus #40, 101, 181, 274, 402, 403, 405, 405A, 408, 409, 410, 411, 429, 436, 438 stop Hazrat Nizamuddin). This is a tomb built by Khan-I-Khana in 1598 after his wife's death. He was later buried here in 1627. Khan-I-Khana was a great composer during Akbar's time and also belonged to his Navaratna or his nine jems. The motif is similar to that of the Humayun's tomb.
- Kos Minar, Mathura Road?, National Zoological Park, South District (Khan Market Metro Station (Violet line) further two km east). These are pillars built by Sher Shah Suri and rulers after him. These pillars were as a mean to measure distance. The distance between two Kos Minar is roughly 3 km. They are massive pillars, 30 feet high, built on a high platform and on the top holy verses from Quran are inscribed. There are two Kos Minars in Delhi, one next to Purana Qila and another one at Lodi Gardens
- Jamali Kamali Tomb, Mehrauli, Delhi. (Mehrauli Archeological Park). Timings: Sunrise - Sunset. -Part f the Complex Mehrauli Archaeological Park Free of charge.
- Khuni Darwaza (Bloody Gate), Bahadur Shah Zafar Road (Opposite Feroz Shah Kotla Palace, near (one and half km north?) Pragati Maidan Metro Station. Take a bus to 'Shaheed Bhagat Singh Park'). It is here in this gate that Major William Hodson beheaded last Mughal ruler Bahadur Shah Zafar's sons Mirza Mughal and Mirza Khizr Sultan as well as grandson Mirza Abu Bakr after the defeat in Revolt of 1857 forcing him to go to Yangoon. It is also believed that the beheaded heads of criminals were put on display in this gate. Here Jahangir ordered the killing of two sons of Rahim Khan-I-Khana who was a Navaratna in Akbar's court.
- Lal Gumbad (Red Tomb), Maharishi Dayanand Marg (It is located opposite to retail outlets in Maharishi Dayanand Marg). Lal Gumbad is the tomb of Shaikh Kabir–ud-Din-Auliya who was buried here in 1397. It is one of the earliest examples of architecture in Delhi, built during Mohammad bin Tughlaq rule. Nothing much is known about the saint, except that he lived during Tughlaq rule. It is made up of Red Sandstone from which it gets its name.
- Lal Bangla, Delhi Golf Club, Dr, Zakir Husain Marg (Khan Market (Violet Line) is the nearest Metro station further walk toward east about ten min). 5 AM - 10:30 PM. This contains two separate masoleums which have the tombs of Lal Kunwar and her daughter Begum Jaan. Lal Kunwar was the wife of Mughal ruler Jahander Shah and mother of another Mughal ruler Shah Alam II. Lal Kunwar is similar to Nur Jahan, who monopolised power and gave important posts to his member of his family. The adjacent areas have the tombs of unknown tombs of third last Mughal emperor Akbar Shah II.
- Mirza Ghalib Tomb, Dildar Nagar, Nizamuddin West (Right to Atagh Khan's tomb). Tomb of poet Mirza Ghalib (1797–1869) located on the Chausath Khamba margins. Also in nearby is the Makazi Masjid
- Mubarak Shah's Tomb (Tomb of Muizud Din Mubarak Sha), Kotala Mubarakpur (Nearest metro station is Lajpat Nagar (two km east), from which an auto can be taken. Or 700m south of Sewa Nagar train stop). This tomb was once a massive and popular structure. Built during the Sayyid rule, it was famous during the times of the Mughals and Lodis and highly vandalized during the Revolt of 1857. Currently only the west and south gate survive and other gates as well as Quranic inscriptions have disappeared. - Located in Kotla Mubarakpur Complex (Hindi: कोटला मुबारकपुर काम्प्लेक्ष्), a medieval village. There are several other tombs of Lodi Dynasty period such as the Darya Khan's tomb, Kale Khan ka Gumbad, Bare Khan ka Gumbad, Chote Khan Ka Gumbad and Bhure Khan ka Gumbad, and also a Baoli (step well).
- Najaf Khan's Tomb, Main Aurobindo Marg, Safdarjung, Delhi - 110003 (Opposite to Safdarjung airport. Jor Bagh Metro Station further half km south). This is the tomb of Najaf Khan. Najaf Khan was a Persian traveller who came to Delhi during the rule of Mughal ruler Muhammad Shah around 1740. He was later awarded deputy minister of Awadh. His tomb is accompanied by the tomb of his daughter. This tomb is laid in the traditional Mughal Char Bagh or Four Gardens style.
- Nila Gumbad (Neel Gumbad or Subz Burg), Nizamuddin East, Mathura Road and Lodhi Road corner (Close to Atagh Khan's tomb). A tomb in ruins. This impressive tomb made of blue tiles and stone.
- Purana Qila (Old Fort, मथुरा रोड), Mathura Rd (next to the Delhi Zoo), ☎ . 10:00-17:00. Ruins of the 16th century city of Shergarh, this complex sits on top of what is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, the capital of the Pandavas in the Mahabharata epic.
- Rajon ki Baoli, Anuvrat Marg (Opposite Qutub Minar Metro Station). It is a steep well built by Daulat Khan Lodi during the rule of Sikander Lodi in 1516. The complex also houses 12 tombs Free.
- Raj Ghat, Satyagraha Marg, Gandhi Smriti (bus 53, 92 to Shanti Van stop). 09:30-17:30. Memorial to Mahatma Gandhi at the site of his cremation. Check for closure dates/security checks around national holidays/gandhiji's death anniversary
- Rajpath (M 'Central Secretariat Metro Station' or M Yellow 'Udyog Bhawan'). This is a main parade route that leads from Rashtrapati Bhavan (the President's residence) to India Gate, with many grassy lawns along the way. Especially nice in the evenings and at night when the buildings are lit and the vendors come out to supply the many picnicking families.
- Razia Sultana's Tomb, Sitaram Bazar (The surrounding area is called Pahari Bhojla. Turkman Gate is the nearest landmark (North of it).). 8:30 AM - 6:00 PM. This is the tomb of only woman ruler of Delhi Raziya Sultana. It consists of a two tombs, one of Raziya's and another of Sajiya's without any roof.
- Roshanara Tomb, Dronacharya Guru Hanuman Marg, Roshanara Garden (Nearest metro station is Pratap Nagar.). Tomb of Aurangzeb's sister Begum Roshanara.
- Sikander Lodi's tomb (In Lodi Gardens northern tip. Take bus# to stop Max Muller Marg, or from Race Course metro station one km east). 8 AM - 7:30 PM. Tomb of Sikander Lodi built by the ruler himself in 1494. The tomb is located in the lush green scenery of the Lodi gardens
- Sakri Gumti, Green Park (Near Khareha Village, From Green Park metro station about one km south. 200m east of Jagannath Temple). Timings: Sunrise - Sunset. Tombs belonging to the Lodi age. Tombs dating back to 15th and 16th centuries.
- Safdarjung's Tomb, Lodi Road, Delhi (Located on Lodi Road, near Lodi Gardens. About 500m north of Jar Bagh metro station). 5:30 AM - 7:00 PM. It is a tomb with onion shaped dome. It houses the tomb of Safdarjung, the Prime Minister during Mughal ruler Ahmad Shah Bahadur's rule. Rs 5 for Indians, Rs 100 for foreigners.
- Sabz Gumbad, Nizamuddin, Sabz Burj? (Located near Humayun's Tomb. - JNL Stadium metro station about one km). Now entry is prohibited inside.. Though it literally means "green dome", its dome is nowhere green in colour. The dome is blue coloured and the tower is believed to be built between 1530 and 1535. The tower is an influence of Central Asian architecture. There are blue, yellow tiles on the drum. Moreover it was used as a police station during British rule.
- Sunderwala Burj (Sunder Nurserym), Bharat Scouts and Guides Marg (NE 1.4km of JLN Stadium Metro Station. East of Mathura road. Half km north of Humayun's Tomb). An unknown building dating back to the 16th century.
- Sultan Ghari's Tomb (Hindi: सुल्तान ग़ारी, Urdu: سلطان غاری), Garhi's Tomb Rd, Ruchi Vihar, Vasant Kunj (Located in South West Delhi district. Take bus 66 to stop IMIC Hospital. Delhi Aero City Metro station (Orange Line) just two km northwest). This is the first ever tomb built in Delhi. It was built by Iltutmish in 1231AD for his son Prince Ghiyasuddin Mohammad. This was later renovated by Feroz Shah Tughlaq. It is in the form of a fortress with a courtyard like layout, not common among tombs. The octagonal grave–chamber with the crypt has an underground opening. The western prayer wall has a mihrab, decorated with marble in exquisite Turkish and Afghan design and inclde some inscriptions from the Quran. The front, marble facade, dated to Feroze Shah's rule (1351–88). The prayer chamber depicts a base slab of a Linga. - Events: # Thursday is a special (tolerance) day for worship when devotees both Hindus and Muslims. # Every year, on the 17th day of the Islamic month of between Ramadan and Eid festivals, the “Urs of Nasiruddin Shah” (death anniversary) fest is held.
- Shish Gumbad, Lodi Gardens. A tomb in Lodi Gardens. It is heavily decorated with blue tiles.
- Sher Shah Suri Gate, Mathura Road (Opposite Purana Qila). A gate opposite to Purana Qila built by Sher Shah Suri. Some historians believe that this marked the boundary of Sher Shah's empire, though others doubt that his empire extended till Shergarh. Nevertheless it must have marked some boundary.
- Teen Murti Bhavan, Chanakyapuri, Teen Murti Marg. 10 AM - 5 PM. It is the former residence of India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. After his demise in 1964, it was converted into a musuem cum library. It is one the biggest libraries of Delhi with 1 lakh photographs, 18,000 odd microfilm rolls, & over 10,000 manuscripts. Free.
- Tughlaqabad Fort, Mehrauli Badarpur Road, Tughlakabad (Bus 411 to Guru Ravi Das Mandir. or from Metro Violet Line 'Govind Puri' South 2.5km), ☎ . Massive fortress built by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq in the 14th century and was the third city of Delhi. The monstrous ruins of this complex are now overrun by hordes of Langur monkeys.
- Turkman Gate, Asaf Ali Rd (Jawaharlal Nehru Marg), Katra Chobey Lal, Old Delhi (From New Delhi (Orange Line, Yellow Line) metro station walk ten min eastward. East 200 of Hanuman Vatika (Temple)). This gate is named after Sufi saint Hazrat Shah Turkman Bayabani, located in southern edge of Shahjahanabad (Old Delhi). Include the tomb of Hazrat Shah Turkman Bayabani
- Kiran Nadar Museum of Art, 145 DLF South Court (Mall, Saket, bus to Khirki Village stop), ☎ . Tues-Sun', 10:30-18:30. Established at the initiative of avid art collector Kiran Nadar, KNMA opened in January 2010, as the first private museum of Art, exhibiting Modern and Contemporary works from India and the subcontinent. The core corpus of KNMA highlights works by F.N. Souza, M.F. Hussain, S.H. Raza, V.S. Gaitonde, Tyeb Mehta, Akbar Padamsee, Ram Kumar, A. Ramachandran, Rameshwar Broota and several others. Located in the popular tourist destination of Saket. The nearest Metro Station is Malviya Nagar. free.
- Gandhi Smriti, ☎ . 10:00-17:00 (closed Monday). This estate is the site of Mahatma Gandhi's martyrdom. Includes a museum celebrating his life and the room he lived in during his final days.
- Ghalib Museum (गालिब संग्रहालय), Nizamuddin, Nizamuddin West (From Metro Jawahar Lal Nehru Stadium 0.8km East or take a bus 374, 404, 404EXT, 419, 423, 425, 430, 435, 449, 490, 727 to stop 'Lodhi Hotel' walk 200m East), ☎ . M-Sa 10:00-18:00. This is a museum on the life and times of the 18th century Urdu poet Mirza Ghalib. On the third floor of the Ghalib Academy building. Also here an art gallery where paintings made by famous & eminent artists are on display.
- India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Rd (Bus 47, 440 or 522 to Lodhi Road Crossing), ☎ . This center though not a museum in the strictest sense of the word, is most noted for its ever-changing art exhibits, plays and films, as well as an international selection of food items in its food court. Only members can use the Dilli-O-Dilli & the Oriental Octopus restaurant, but the American Diner is accessible to all.
- Indian Air Force Museum (वायु सेना संग्रहालय), Palam, Subroto Park (From M (orange) 'Dhaula Kuan' take Bus 543B, 706, 722, 729, 773, 790, 792 or AG to 'Subroto Park').
- International Doll's Museum, 4, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, Nehru House, New Delh (bus 26, 53 to Lala Ram Charan Agrawal Chowk ITO stop), ☎ . T-S 10:00-18:00. A museum of dolls from all over the country. You get to see the costumes and art from all over India, as well as some nice crafts. ₹ 10.
- National Gallery of Modern Art (राष्ट्रीय आधुनिक कला संग्रहालय), Justice SB Marg, (Near Delhi High Court, C - Hexagon), ☎ .
- National Gandhi Museum (தேசிய காந்தி அருங்காட்சியகம்), Vikram Nagar (Bus 53, 92, 171, 173, 347, 422, 423 to 'Raj Ghat').
- National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum (राष्ट्रीय हस्तशिल्प एवं हथकरघा संग्रहालय), Pragati Maidan, Gate #5, Bhairon Road, New Delhi-110001 (M Blue: Pragati Maidan), ☎ , fax: +91 11 2337 1515, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. 10:00-17:00. Also sells handicrafts. Foreigners: ₹ 150, Indians: ₹ 10.
- National Museum of Natural History, New Delhi (Ficci Museum, राष्ट्रीय प्राकृतिक इतिहास संग्रहालय), Tansen Marg (Near Mandi House, Tansen Marg, - Metro Blue 'Mandi House'). Galleries: Tu-Su 10.00-17.00, Discovery Room Tu-Su 10.30-12.00 and 14.30-15.30.
- National Museum (National Archaeological Museum, राष्ट्रीय पुरातात्विक संग्रहालय) (bus 410 to National Museum stop). Tu-Su 10AM-5PM. Janpath. The layout here is a labyrinthine and the presentation won't win any awards, but the collection is unparalleled and contains some true masterpieces. The section on the Indus Valley Culture and the one on Buddhist Heritage is most informative. The museum also showcases the arts and handicrafts from different regions of India. Keep an eye out for the 4,600 year old Harappan temple dancer, the Gandhara-era standing Buddha with Greek hair and a Roman toga, the stunning miniature painting gallery, and the giant temple chariot parked outside. An informative place for all interested in knowing more about Indian culture and history. ₹ 300 for foreigners (includes useful audioguide), ₹ 10 Indians (optional audioguide ₹ 150 extra), ₹ 1 for Indian Students, plus ₹ 300 if you want to use a camera. Decent restaurant on the second floor (lunch buffet ₹ 200). A cloak room is free for customers.
- National Philatelic Museum, New Delhi (राष्ट्रीय डाक टिकट संग्रहालय), Sansad Marg Road Area (Metro Yellow 'Patel Chowk'), ☎ .
- National Railway Museum (राष्ट्रीय रेल संग्रहालय), ☎ . Chanakyapuri. houses a collection of Indian trains from the past to the present - a worthwhile look into India's proud railway heritage. The collection includes carriages belonging to Indian potentates and British viceroys. Children can ride the small train that circumnavigates the museum. There is a small cafe on the premises. Open 09:30-19:30 (Apr-Sept) and 09:30-17:30 (Oct-Mar). Closed Mondays and national holidays.
- National Science Centre, Gate No. 1, Pragati Maidan. Although the name is too grand, the museum is definitely a must see for science enthusiasts, especially those who are young. Has a recently built section on DNA Science and also a section on Dinosaurs. A section on ancient Indian Science and Technology, including Vedic Mathematics & Ayurveda. The "Energy Ball" display near the entrance is interesting and perhaps the most captivating of all.
- Nehru Memorial Museum (Teen Murti Bhavan), ☎ . 09:00-17:00 (Closed Monday). Former residence of India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, now a museum of his life. Was used by the Commander-in-chief of the Indian Army before Indian Independence. Includes a Planetarium.Its entry fee is ₹ 50 For adults an 25 for childrens.Here they show a small movie on Astro and Universe. Free.
- Parliament Museum, Gokul Nagar (close to the Sansad Bhavan - Central Secretariat metro station (Yellow Line)). in the Parliament of India Library Building. -
- Sanskriti Museums, Sanskriti Kendra, Anandagram, Mehrauli–Gurgaon Road (10 km south of New Delhi. - M Yellow 'Arjangarh').
- Tibet House, 1 Institutional Area, Lodhi Rd (From 'JLN Stadium' West 0.5km), ☎ , fax: +91 11 2462 5536, e-mail: email@example.com. 10:00-17:30. Established by HH Dalai Lama with the aim of preserving the cultural heritage of Tibet. There is a museum, exhibition space and library. ₹ 10.
- Sacred Heart Cathedral, 1 Ashok Place (Off Baba Kharak singh Marg and Bhai Veer Singh Marg near Connaught Place near to Gurdwara Bangla Sahib, M orange Shivaji Stadium). - It is the biggest church in terms of structure and also the headquarters of the Delhi Catholic Archdiocese. A must visit to enjoy the beautiful architecture and pristine beauty.
- Cathedral Church of Redemption (Viceroy Church), Church Lane (Near Rashtrapati Bhawan, Central Secretariat Metro Station). It is the headquarters of the Church of North India, Delhi Diocese. Built by Henry Medd between 1927-1935 it is a fine example of Colonial architecture.
- St. James' Church (Skinner's Church) (Near to Tikona Park). Worship at 8:30 (Ap-Sep): Worship at 09:00 (winter). It is an Anglican church, built in 1836 by Colonel James Skinner. It is one of the oldest churches in the city.
- St. Peter's Cathedral, Bhai Veer Singh Marg (Near St Columbas' school, bus 89 to Gol Market). It is the headquarters of the Jacobite Syrian Orthodox church in Delhi. It is known as the Antioch of the East and is a fine example of Oriental architecture blended with modernity.
- St. Stephen's Church, Church Mission Road (Old Delhi Junction station). Built in 1862, by Anglican missionaries and Department of Public Works Engineers in the style of Italian Gothic architecture, highly influenced by the Romanesque style. Apart from its ornate walls and ceilings the Church has a unique feature which is the stained glass rose window which is exclusive in Delhi. The baroque styled church has arched windows which allow the sunlight to brighten the interiors. the interiors are well maintained with motifs, pictures, carvings and beautiful furniture. A series of fine plasters form arcade on either side lined with beautiful carvings columns made of sandstone.
- Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, Ashoka Rd (just off Baba Kharak Singh Marg near Connaught Place, M orange: Shivaji Stadium). - This is the main gurudwara for the many Sikhs of Delhi. You will need to cover your head (scarves provided for free) and stash your shoes in the shoe storage run by volunteers. Compared to other big tourist attractions, is free of scam or rude guards and can be enjoyed without hassle. You can sit inside and listen to the readings and prayers in Punjabi. Men should cover their head with something, although it is not mandatory, it will be seen as a sign of respect. Free.
- Gurdwara Dam Dama Sahib, Bharat Scouts and Guides Marg, (Outer Ring Road cnr) (near Humayun's Tomb). Sikh place of worship. Built by Sardar Bhagel Singh in 1783. Later a deorhi (Sikh architectural structure) was constructed, including buildings for priests and pilgrims. In 1984, a new building was constructed. Every year thousands of devotees assemble here to celebrate the festival called Hola Mohalla.
- Gurdwara Mata Sundri, Mata Sundri road (Behind JP Nayak Hospital. M: Barakhambha Road Metro Station, 15 min walk). The temple is a tribute to Mata Sundri, the wife of the 10th Guru – Guru Gobind Singh (1666–1708). The Guru was a Warrior, Poet and Philosopher. The Gurdwara built in brick and lime mortar, on the farther end of the hall is a marble-paved gallery. The carved weed beam of the gallery bears an inscription in Gurmukhi script in bold letters. There is a marble slab in the center which surrounded by the inscribed sacred emblem of the Sikhs. It has a standard square-domed sanctums, arched copings and a traditional styled entrance.
- Gurdwara Nank Piao, Rana Pratap Road (also known as Grand Trunk Road or GT Road) (north Delhi, bus 19, 19A, 62, 102 to Nanak Piao Gurudwara stop, or from M yellow: Model Town 1km South). It's built at the site, in the garden where Guru Nanak Dev camped when he visited Delhi in 1505 during the reign of Sultan Sikandar Lodi.
- Gurudwara Rakab Ganj Sahib, Pandit Pant Marg, Presidents Estate (near Parliament House, Central Secretariat Metro Station), ☎ . Built in 1783. The temple built near old Raisina village near Raisina Hill, at present Pandit Pant Marg, took 12 years to build.
- Gurudwara Sis Ganj, Chandni Chowk (Old Delhi) (M Yellow: Chandni Chowk). An important Sikh place of worship. Built on the spot where their ninth guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur, was beheaded on the orders of the mughal emperor Aurangzeb, it is an oasis of calm in the chaos of Old Delhi's Chandni Chowk. You will need to cover your head (scarves provided for free) and stash your shoes in the shoe storage run by volunteers (also free).
- Fatehpuri Masjid (rickshaw from the Chandni Chowk Metro or 10 minutes walk).
- Jama Masjid (Opposite the Red fort, next to Chandni Chowk, Metro Yellow: Chawri Bazaar). 07:00-sunset, tourists are not allowed in from 12:15-13:45 or in the half-hour before sunset.. – The largest mosque in India and a must-see while in Delhi. Entry is officially free, although if you happen to have a camera with you (even if deep in your bag) the "guards" will not let you go in without paying the fee. Be wary that they are aware of cameras on smartphones. Sometimes they will insist that you pay and they can become rude; pay to avoid making a scene. If you just walk in they will grab you and "carry" you out. Beware of the tenacious guides who will try and convince you that a tour guide is mandatory and is included in the ₹ 200 camera fee; they will give you an extremely hurried 'tour' of the mosque and then demand a further payment of ₹ 200-300 for the tour. You can climb to the top of the minaret for ₹ 100 (locals maybe ₹ 20). The climb is steep, dark and somewhat claustrophobic, but you'll get great views over the complex and the city. You'll need to cover up your shoulders and legs (scarves and lungis available for rental - about ₹ 10), and take off your shoes (expect to tip the shoe minder, ₹ 5 is plenty, or carry your shoes with you in your own bag). - Pictures should not be taken during prayer hours. If you're going to sit down don't look too comfortable. Certainly don't eat or become too engrossed in any reading material you may be carrying, the rule is that non-Muslims must make their visits brief and guards will usher along visitors who linger. Free, ₹ 300 if you have a camera, (this is include the ₹ 100 minar climb).
- Chattarpur Mandir, Dr Ambedkar Colony (M Yellow: Chhattarpur). Huge & beautiful temple complex with a big surrounding campus - located near Mehrauli area of South Delhi.
- Kali Mandir (Chittaranjan Park, bus 427). It is a forty year old temple complex and Bengali community cultural center. The compound has three temple - that of Lord Shiva and Radha Krishna and the Main temple in the middle. Built on a small hill, it started as a Shiv temple, which still stands within the complex, the larger shrines dedicated to goddess Kali, Shiva, and Radhakrishna were added in 1984.
- Hanuman Temple, Connaught Place (M Orange: Shivaji Stadium). The ancient Hindu temple has a self manifest idol of Hanuman (who was an ardent devotee of Rama according to the Hindu legends), has an unusual feature fixed in the spire (Viman) in the form of a crescent moon (an Islamic symbol) instead of the Hindu symbol of Aum or Sun that is commonly seen in most Hindu temples.
- ISKCON (Hare Krishna), 1, Hare Krishna Hill, Sant Nagar, East of Kailash. Temple, Centre for Krishna Consciousness, it has robotic shows and multimedia presentations, apart from the traditional temple complex. Lively atmosphere and excellent tasting sweets - and the delicious Govinda's restaurant is on site.
- Jagannath Temple, Green Park (in Hauz Khas, Green Park Metro Station), ☎ . A modern temple built by the Oriya community of Delhi dedicated to the Hindu God Jagannath. The temple famous for its annual Rathyatra festival attended by thousands of devotees
- Kalka Mandir (कालकाजी मंदिर, दिल्ली भारत, also known as Kalkaji Temple), Mahant Niwas, Shiv Mandir Parisar, Kalkaji (M Violet: Kalkaji Mandir), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Rituals an Aarti daily 06:00 and 19:30.
- Kalka Mandir (कालकाजी मंदिर, दिल्ली भारत, also known as Kalkaji Temple), Mahant Niwas, Shiv Mandir Parisar, Kalkaji (M Violet: Kalkaji Mandir), e-mail: email@example.com. Rituals an Aarti daily 05:00 and 19:30.
- Jhandewalan Mandir, Jhandewalan Devi Mandir Marg, Block E, Jhandewalan Extension, Jhandewala (M from Karol Bagh Terminal 500m NE). One of the most popular temples of Devi Durga is Jhandewala Temple.
- Hanuman Murti, Jhandewalan. Important Shrine Of Hanuman Ji
- New Delhi Kali Bari, Mandir Marg, President's Estate (close to Laxminarayan Temple, M: R.K.Ashram Marg, 2 km away). Founded in 1930s
- Nili Chhatri Temple, Yamuna Bazar, Kashmere Gate (On the banks of the Yamuna river). A Hindu temple is the tomb of Naubat Khan. Naubat Khan was a mansabdar (state official) during the time of Akbar. He built it during his lifetime in 1565. The tomb stands almost midway between Purana Qila and the tomb of Nizamuddin Auliya. It is built in an enclosure of several acres. Though the walls of the tomb are not extant in its entirety, some portions of it can still be seen in the surrounding area. But the gateway is relatively in good shape. At the entrance of the tomb is written the inscription, the letters of the inscription are of black marble inlaid on sandstone.
- Shani Dham Temple, Shree Shani Tirth Kshetra, Asola (Bus to Shani Dham Mandir Raj Vidya Kendra stop). Contains the world's tallest natural rock statue of Shani. Idol of Lord Shani is a chief hindu deity. Shani is one of the nine Navagraha or primary celestial beings in Hindu astrology, embodied in the planet Saturn. Shani is the Lord of Saturday. The word Shani also denotes the seventh day or Saturday in most Indian languages.
- Uttara Swami Malai Temple (Tamil: உத்தர சுவாமி மலை கோவில், Malai Mandir ( Hill Temple)), Sector 7, RK Puram (Bus 66 to Malai Mandir). The main temple within the complex, formally called Sree Swaminatha Swami Temple, houses the sanctum sanctorum of Lord Swaminatha. The temple is built entirely of granite, and is reminiscent of the Chola style of South Indian Temple Architecture.
- Yogmaya Temple (Jogmaya temple), Mehrauli, (15km South from centre, bus 717 from M Orange: Delhi Aero City). This ancient Hindu temple dedicated to Goddess Yogmaya, the sister of Krishna. Built in early 19th century and is a descendant of a much older Devi shrine. Adjacent to the temple lies, a water body, known as 'Anangtal', after King Anangpal, and covered by trees from all sides
- Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple, off National Highway 24 (Metro Akshardham, East Delhi). Tu-Su 09:00-19:00. - Completed in 2005 by the socio-spiritual organisation BAPS, no expense has been spared in decorating this large and elaborate temple carved of red sandstone. The central monument, built without any steel, houses an 11-ft golden statue of the founder of the Swaminarayan faith, Bhagwan Swaminarayan. The Premvati food court on the grounds serve up fast, cheap, huge but mediocre portions of vegetarian food, ₹ 75 for a thali. There is a strict ban on all electronic items, cameras, tobacco and pretty much everything except the clothes on your back. You can leave your belongings in the cloakroom outside. Allow at least three-four hours to explore it all. Free entry, guide booklet is ₹ 5, access to multimedia exhibitions ₹ 125.
Other religious buildings
- Bahá'í Lotus Temple, Lotus Temple Road, Nehru Place, Kalkaji, South Delhi (M Violet: Kalkaji Mandir). Tu-Su, 1 Apr to 30 Sep 09:00–19:00, 1 Oct-31 Mar 09:30–17:30. - This place shaped like a lotus bud with 27 petals, this stunning temple suspended above milky-blue ponds is surely one of the most magnificent monuments ever made from concrete, however there is very little to see inside. The lush park around is well landscaped but mostly off-limits. Free.
- Sai Baba Temple, 17,Institutional Area, Lodhi Rd (M Violet: JLN Stadium). Temple Opens at 05:00. Kakad Aarti 05:15. Mangal SNAN 06:00. Noon Aarti at 12:00. Doop Aarti evening prayer 18:30. Shej Aarti at 21:30. Although there are many Shirdi Sai Baba Temples in and around Delhi, the one located at Lodhi Road is the oldest.
- Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) Campus (जवाहरलाल नेहरू विश्वविद्यालय), JNU Ring Rd (bus # 615 from Connaught Place. The famous Qutab Minar is very close to the JNU campus), ☎ . 24/7. Not usually considered a "place of interest" for tourists, this one of a kind campus of the premier National University of India remains a hidden gem of the city. The campus is hilly and rocky and some areas look more like a jungle with peacocks. The hostels represent the geographical vastness of India as they are named after Indian Rivers. For instance Godavari and Ganga. Specific areas of the campus are named after a particular geographical region in India. For instance Uttarakhand and Dakshinapuram. Some of the non-scholarly attractions of India's best University includes 24x7, an open aired restaurant.
- Majnu ka Tilla Tibetan Colony, Outer Ring road (Bus 53, 169). One of the more accessible Tibetan resettlement areas in India, and certainly a nice piece of variety for Delhi. To get there head north along Ring Road just past Majnu ka Tilla Gurudwara, or take the Metro to Vidhan Sabha station, and a cycle-rickshaw is ₹ 15 from there.
- Lodhi Estate, Lodhi Colony, Lodhi Road (South Central part of New Delhi). It is a Central Government Officers and Staff Residential Colony, built in the 1940s. Here are some 'tourist' places like the Sai Baba Temple of Lodhi Road, Khan Market, Jor Bagh, the 16th century Tomb of Sikander Lodhi, situated in Lodhi Gardens and the India Habitat Centre. There are several municipal parks including Charbagh which features the Lodhi Gardens. - The three main shopping markets in this area are Khanna Market, Khan Market one of the poshest & expensive market and Meherchand Market. Chocolate Wheel Confectionary in the Jor Bagh area is a very popular bakery.
- Parliament House (Sansad Bhawan) (M: Central Secretariat Station). The shape is circular, which is based on the Ashoka Chakra. There are separate halls for the sessions of the Chamber of Princes, the State Council, and the Central Legislative Assembly. The building is surrounded by large gardens and fenced off by sandstone railings modelled after the Great Stupa of Sanchi.
- Take a walk at Connaught Place (CP), the heart of New Delhi. The British-designed colonial equivalent of a shopping mall, it's laid out in two concentric rings divided into blocks, all bursting with shops and lots of pampered pigeons waddling about. Long neglected, the area received a major shot in the arm after the opening of the major Metro junction of Rajiv Chowk under it, and it's going more upmarket by the day. At the centre is a small but pleasant park, while on one edge is the notorious Palika Bazaar, an underground den of cheap wares, many pirated or smuggled from overseas. The area is surrounded by tall office buildings on nearly all sides. Train fans will want to check out the Metro Museum inside the (Patel Chowk) station, open 10AM-4PM, Tue-Sun (free with valid Metro ticket). Quite simply the best place to hang out!
Parks and gardens
- Mughal Garden, Rashtrapati Bhawan, Raisina Hills (Central Secretariat Metro Station). 30 days in a year (Feb-Mar). The Mughal Garden, that reside in President House is very popular
- Garden of Five Senses, Mehrauli-Badarpur Road (Saket Metro Station).
- Kalindi Kunj, Amrapali Marg (on the banks of River Yamuna, close to Okhla barrage. - Metro Violet 'Jasola-Apollo'). This is a public garden. Named after Kalindi, another name of river and goddess Yamuna and is situated close to between Delhi and Noida (Uttar Pradesh) border, it also accessible to Faridabad in Haryana, via Mathura Road.
- Lodhi Garden. Is a peaceful park in the heart of New Delhi. Lodhi garden is ideal for morning walks in the hot season and for afternoon strolls and picnics during the cooler months.
- National Zoological Park (NZP), Mathura Road (Bus 374, 402, 404, 404EXT, 405, 405A, 409, 410, 419, 423, 425, 435, 436, 438, 449 to 'Delhi Public School' or Metro Violet Line 'JLN Stadium'), ☎ . 9:30AM-4PM (Closed Friday). The Delhi Zoo is a very large and sprawling park dedicated to preserving the rich biodiversity of the country. This park may be the only chance of seeing a tiger or elephant for some travellers. Be prepared to do a lot of walking . Foreigner: ₹ 100, Indian: ₹ 20.
- Nehru Park, Vinay Marg, Chanakyapuri (Race Course Metro Station 1.5km east). Is a large park in the new Delhi neighborhood of Chankayapuri, lying in the southwest.
- Deer Park (in Hauz Khas Village, Green park metro station 1.5km east). is a fantastic park for a relaxing time in Delhi. There are great eateries near this park and has Tomb of Firoz Shah Tughlaq at one of its corners. It even has a pool inside that can be used for boating.
- Okhla Bird Sanctuary, Delhi Noida Direct Flyway (From Sector 18 Metro Station 'Noida' West 1km).
- Food Tour in Delhi, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. On this tour, you can enjoy local Indian food as it's prepared and enjoyed by locals. The food tours include facilities such as unlimited food & drinks, transport in air conditioned vehicles, guides with good communication skills and more. Each tour covers food, city walk, sightseeing and urban exploration in one package. Learn how to cook Indian food, take a full day adventure tour, explore hidden and less known corners of the city in a tour.
- Reality Tours & Travel, www.realitytoursandtravel.com/delhi, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. 7:00am-10:00pm. Reality Tours & Travel is a social tour operator that runs a variety of off-beat tours around Delhi from Rs. 550. They are most famous for their educational slum tour in Sanjay Colony, in South Delhi. They also offer an evening Old Delhi Tour, an Old Delhi Street Food Tour and Sightseeing Tours. 80% of the profits from all of their tours are used to support their partner NGO in Sanjay Colony. From Rs 550.
Delhi is a key centre of learning in India. The most famous universities in Delhi are JNU, DU, IGNOU, DTU and IIT. The official website of the Delhi Government's Directorate of Education is a good starting point for learning more about study opportunities in Delhi.
Apart from undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral courses, there are many training and diploma-level institutes and polytechnics that cater to the growing demand for skill-based and vocational education. Besides conventional educational institutes, more and more foreigners also make the effort to learn Hindustani language (Hindi-Urdu) and Delhi is these languages.
Delhi's economy is expanding rapidly. In analogy many interesting work opportunities emerge. Monster and other online job platforms are a good starting point to see what kind of jobs are on offer. Traditionally foreigners often work in the social sector or in teaching. Increasingly, however, expats work for multinational companies and even local Indian companies.
There is a great variety of employment opportunities in Delhi for foreigners, whether they would like to work in business, NGOs, educational institutes, or even government. Still, there is one caveat: the labour market in Delhi is highly competitive and so at many prestigious organisations, the number of applicants far exceeds the number of positions available, which allows employers to receive highly talented applicants for rather meagre salaries (especially when compared to other international destinations).
Delhi is a shopper's heaven, but only if you're not afraid to haggle and bump elbows in bazaars. Western-style malls and shopping emporiums are popping up across the city especially in Gurgaon, Noida and South Delhi, but don't expect a traditional or uniquely Indian shopping experience. Until a few years ago, all shops closed on Sunday. While rules have been relaxed, many districts such as Connaught Place are still mostly shuttered. Saturday is the main shopping day and hence also the most crowded.
- DLF Emporio and Promenade, Nelson Mandela Road, Vasant Kunj, South Delhi (Bus 66, 326, 602-1, 602, 603, 604 to Shopping Centre Nelson), ☎ . 11.00-21.00. It is one luxury malls. The mall has been designed by architect Mohit Gujral and Chandu Chadha in Italian marble, burnished wood, and gleaming brass detailing. DLF Emporio has four floors including Ground Floor and comprises an area of 3ha. The mall features over 170 brands including 75 International Brands. Recently the promoters also opened a 180 seater high end restaurant called setz with a bar, lounge and section style seating serving 7 International cuisines.
- Ambience Vasant Kunj (Nelson Mandela Road, Vasant Kunj, South Delhi). is perhaps India's most luxuriant mall. You'll find 3 floors of international designer brands, as well as a number of Indian designers. Emporio also houses one of New Delhi's most popular new restautrants, Set'z (formerly Zest), a chic dining experience with over seven different cuisines to choose from.
- Connaught Place Mall (At the intersection of the Yellow and Blue Lines of the Delhi Metro, it's easy to get to. With all shops laid out in 2 circles, it's easy to get around and explore.). , a rather unique cross between a European shopping arcade, an Indian bazaar and an upmarket shopping mall.
- Select Citywalk and MGF Metropolitan Mall, A-2,Press Enclave Marg, District Centre, Saket (Bus 534, 534A, 548, 581 to 'Khirki Village', or Metro Yellow 'Malviya Nagar' East 1.3km). The mall is divided into three broad zones: Staple Traditional (family), Celebration (centre-stage) and High Voltage (youth). There are eight anchor tenants including Goodearth Verandah, Pantaloons, Crossword Bookstore, Mothercare, Arcelia, and Home Stop. The mall also has 125 stores representing over 500 major Indian and international brands of clothes and apparels. The mall has a 930 m2. multi-cuisine food court, Food Talk, on the second floor, along with several restaurants including The Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf, Pizza Hut, Chicago Pizza and KFC. The mall also houses a PVR Cinemas multiplex, which comprises six screens. There is also a 9,300 m2 outdoor open plaza, Sanskriti, for art festivals, fairs, exhibitions, performances, and al fresco dining. The plaza is landscaped extensively in timber, water, stone and steel and has an open–air amphitheater, along with trees and water features. - extraphone=+91 74 28 367518
- DLF Courtyard, District Centre, Sector 6, Pushp Vihar (From Metro Yellow 'Malviya Nagar' East 1.0km).
- Connaught Place (Metro Station 'Rajiv Chowk'). – The landmark and historical shopping arcade of Delhi. Many Western-style shops are here that have nice products for Indian prices.
- Paharganj market, Arya Nagar (right opposite New Delhi Railway. - Bus 12N, 19, 19A, 39, 39A, 82N, 166, 181, 214A, 309, 351, 753, 838, 853AC, 857 to stop 'Paharganj'). – Oriented toward backpackers, this strip of shops sells items such as Indian perfumes, shawls, tablas, rugs, jewelry, etc.
- Kamla Nagar, Kamla Nagar, Shakti Nagar (next to Delhi University's North campus. - Bus 19A, 62, 92, 100A, 102, 106, 114, 115, 116, 125, 127, 128, 131, 133, 136 to stop 'Kamla Nagar'). the affluent market provides possibly all shopping experiences right from high end brands to the street side shops and some rich palatable delights to have the perfect shopping day out.
- Rajouri Garden Market, Ring Road, Sharda Puri (Bus 81, 442, 448,448A, 479, 508, 529, 529EXT, 567, 567A, 568, 568A, 569, 569A, 569EXT to stop 'Rajouri Garden' or Metro Blue to 'Rajouri Garden'). - Excellent place to shop for wedding as well as everyday clothing.
- Central Market (Lajpat Nagar), Chandni Chowk Rd (M 'Chandni Chowk,' 0.5km W). – Middle-class Indians do their shopping here. Great deals for apparel, whether ethnic Indian or otherwise.
- Sarojini Nagar Market, Sarojini Nagar (Bus 53, 56, 89, 512, 536, 544, 544A, 615, 615A ro stop 'Sarojini Nagar Market' or 'Sarojini Nagar' Stn 0.4km N). This market is great for export surplus garments, and green grocery.
- Khan Market, Rabindra Nagar (Metro Violet 'Khan Market' 0.3km NE - Bus 26, 47, 56, 173, 181, 326, 336, 344, 375, 408, 430, 440, 445, 450, 522SPL -). is where the foreign diplomats and Tibetan lama's go for lunch and to shop for dog supplies, groceries (great choice of vegetables), clothes (upper class Indian style, not expensive, Fabindia and Anohki for women's clothing), housewares (Good Earth), jewelry/accessories, and books (many bookshops that have a wide selection at reasonable prices).
- Janpath flea market, Connaught Lane, Janpath, (M Rajiv Chowk Metro Station 0.3km N or Bus 500, 505, 522, 522A-1, 522A-2, 522A to 'Indian Oil Bhawan'). is a bargain-hunter's dream and just a two minute walk from Connaught place. Think of it as a vast flea market, where you can get all kinds of knick-knacks and clothes. Janpath is not a place for those unwilling or unable to bargain ruthlessly. Also, as in any flea market, quality will vary greatly. There are also some bookshops.
- Karol Bagh (West Delhi Market, Gaffar Market, Sabka Bazaar), Saraswati Marg, Beadonpura (Bus 39, 39A, 71, 82N, 89, 166, 181, 212, 214A, 218, 309, 350, 351, 352,450 to 'D B Gupta Market'). known for traditional Indian Wear, sarees and shawls. Huge area and big brand showrooms. - Reputed to be the largest shopping area in Asia with 20,000 shops and traders. There are many tailors experienced in western styles (suits etc.). There is also a growing number of hotels here.
- Palika Bazaar, Palika Bazaar Rd, Palika Bazar, Connaught Place (Metro Station 'Rajiv Chowk'). – This is a large underground market in the center of Connaught Place. The air here is bad and the quality of products low. One can hunt for DVDs, VCDs and Audio CDs of Hindi, English and a few regional and foreign language films and PC-based games.
- Chandni Chowk, Chandni Chowk Rd, Chatta Pratap, Chandni Chow (Metro Yellow Line.'Chandni Chowk' - The heart of Old Delhi - Next to 'Gurudwara Sis Ganj'). , this is the place to go for the full-on Indian experience of crowded, twisting alleys and tiny shops. The Fountain serves as a useful orientation point, and there are great Delhi-style snacks to be found in the vicinity too (see Eat)..
- Khari Baoli (Naya Bazaar), Khari Baoli (Sadar Bazar Stn 0.5km W, - 'Chandni Chowk' Yellown line 0.6km E), ☎ , fax: +98 71232629. walking away from the Red Fort through Chandni Chowk will lead you here, which is the main spice market in Old Dehli where most restaurants shop from. Great place to buy individual spices (especially cardamom in bulk), masala chai mix, and various masala mixes for vegetables, meat, fish, meat, chicken, and rice. Afghan Store (lot# 6553). - Reputed to be the largest outdoor, pedestrianized shopping area in Delhi. Huge bargains on all sorts of western and Indian wear. It is known by expatriate teens as THE shopping area for affordable current hip fashion trends. If you are lucky, you can also get many reputed western brands here (export surplus). It is also a great market for fresh fruits, vegetables and household goods.
- Meena Bazar, Meena Bazaar (Eastward from Jama Masjid). a popular flea market with antiques (and not-so-antiques) — it's also known as Chor Bazar or "Thieves' Market," so hold onto your wallet and don't believe every claim you hear.
- Cycle Market, Block E 4, Jhandewalan Extension, Jhandewalan (M 'Jhandewalan' Blue 0.5km S). Deals not just in bicycles, but in cameras as well.
- Cottage Emporium, Jawahar Vyapar Bhawan,, Janpath, HC Mathur Lane (near Connaught Place). is the main government-run location for selling handicrafts from all over the country. The prices are a little more than what you'd find if you went bargain hunting, but you can shop in air-conditioned comfort and all of the sales people speak English. The quality of items is quite good. You can pay with credit cards.
- Nirula Bazar, Gole Market, Doctors Lane, Panchkuian Rd, Aram Bagh, Sidarth Basti, Aram Bagh, Paharganj, (in Gole Market, - a 15min walk North-West of Connaught Place. - M Blue 'Ramakrishna Ashram Marg'). Be sure to try a number of the shops in this area as all are selling similar goods. They will try to sell you is a hand-made Kashmiri rug.
- The state emporium, Baba Kharak Singh Marg (Any bus to 'Dr RML Hospital' - or 0.5km NE Shivaji Stadium Metro Station). is the state's equivalent of a Cottage. one of the radial streets coming off of Connaught Place, and each state specializes in certain kinds of crafts. Some are better priced than others, and you can bargain a little. Many of them will take credit cards.
- Dilli Haat, West Kidwai Nagar, Kidwai Nagar (South Delhi, INA Market stn, Metro Yellow Line 0.4km E). Crafts fairs happen here every week. - It is a wonderful place to get crafts from all over the country. What is distinctive here is that the artists themselves come to sell their goods, so your money goes directly to them, rather than to middlemen. Some bargaining may be necessary if you want the best price. Prices are higher than elsewhere, but the modest entry fee keeps out beggars, ripoff artists, and most touts. Many visitors find the mellow atmosphere worth the extra cost of shopping here. It also has a section called Foods of India. This has a huge number of restaurants, each showcasing the food of a particular state of India. (Most of them give a mix of Chinese and Indian food, but state delicacies are also included). This section is a must-go for the foodie-cum-tourist.
- Handicrafts and Natural Products Emporium (Ratan Lal Market), Main Bazar, Pahar Ganj, Pahar Ganj, Ratan Lal Market, Kaseru Walan, Paharganj (near the New Delhi Railway Station). is one of the largest and oldest emporiums of handicrafts and herbal products in Delhi. It was founded in 1932 and provides it's visitors with a large variety of gift items from different parts of India. Textiles, handmade crafts and furniture made by artists and craftsman are sold at affordable prices. Ayurvedic and plant remedies, herbal soap, shampoos, oils and natural fragrances are also manufactured. This complex of 2 four-storeyed buildings is welcoming and a popular place for foreign visitors to Delhi.
- R. Expo House, Paharganj (near the New Delhi Railway Station).
- Sarojini Nagar Market, Sarojini Nagar (South Delhi. - Adjacent to Central Government employees flats - Sarojini Nagar Stn. 0.5km N). One of the biggest and famous market of South Delhi.
- Crafts Museum. also sells some handicrafts.
- Fabindia, A-1, Hamilton House, Connaught Place, (in Connaught Place, Vasant Kunj and Khan Market), ☎ , e-mail: , firstname.lastname@example.org. Daily 10.00-20:30. A popular store for high quality traditional clothing that caters to foreigners with a Western style store that is inside, with fixed prices, and no haggling.
- Anokhi. Women's clothing, childen's wear, men's wear, and some home goods. In Khan Market and Santushti Shopping Complex with discount store in Nizamuddin East Market (enter gate #9).
- Ansal Plaza (in South Delhi). Mall and a favorite shopping haunt for the local middle/upper class. This is a great place to get bargains on international brand clothing and jeans (as these tend to be 30-50% cheaper than in the West depending on the brand and time of year). The mall also houses many Indian and Western eateries (including McDonald's). International brands like Guess, Marks & Spencer, United Colors of Benetton, Lacoste and Apple have retail outlets here.
- Rajouri Garden (in the western suburbs on the metro line, Rajouri Garden houses). Famous shopping area, here is the largest Malls complex in the city of New Delhi. It offers a variety of clothing brands both national and international such as United Colors of Benetton, Levi Strauss, Marks & Spencer, Bossini, etc.
- South Extension (in South Delhi). Shopping mecca but it is not a single mall. It is spread out over a large area and many international brands have stores here. International brands include the likes of Mango, Nautica, United Colors of Benetton, Levis, etc.
- Nehru Place. An IT hardware market complex and a perfect place for finding gadgets at very cheap rates. It is also a huge marketplace for both pirated and original software. Any computer-related accessory can be found here, but parking is a monumental problem. Beware of congestion and pickpockets. Open Mon-Sat.
- Wazirpur Commercial Complex, in Wazirpur Industrial Area. - The prices are competitive and around that prevailing in Nehru Place.
- District Centre, Janak Puri (mini Nehru Place) (Janak Puri West Metro Station). Daily. You will get computer goods quite close to the prices available in Nehru Place. Parking is not big a problem.
The Indian book industry is huge, producing annually about 15,000 books in English, and obviously far more in Hindi and other native languages. Delhi is hub of this industry, so small, specialist bookstores abound. Locally produced books can be very inexpensive and many popular Western titles are published and available here for a fraction of their original cost.
- Mid Land Bookshop, South Extension and Aurbindo Place. Very similar to bookshops in Khan Market, but at better prices.
- Galgotia and Sons Bookstore & The Bookworm, Connaught Place. Two more disorganized bookstores, but with an excellent variety of books available at excellent prices.
- Nai Sarak Bookshop Area (near Chawari Bazaar - use Chawari Bazaar or Chandani Chowk metro stations on yellow line). Narrow alleys where most publishers are based. This is very popular with students, particularly college students as course books are available here. They carry books in nearly all major languages spoken in India. Don't expect bargaining to work here as shopkeepers are too busy to argue. The shopkeepers do more business than any proper branded shop, selling at least 5,000 books daily. There are also many whole sellers. Very few books will be on display and you need to ask for a particular type of book as the variety of books sold is huge. Most books are original and the shopkeepers get very irritated if you question the book's genuineness. You can either take a rickshaw or walk. One of Delhi's oldest shopping complexes, you can find any book there after a day of searching. Also good areas for sightseeing.
- Daryaganj and Asaf Ali Road. A little better organised, but otherwise very similar to Nai Sarak. Hindi Book Centre on Asaf Ali Rd is very famous and one can find practically every Hindi book there,they also have a good website.
- Kamla Nagar Bookshops, F-Block (opposite to Birla Mills compound and on the road leading to Roop Nagar roundabout). This shop provides a range of books and stationery.
- Aap ki Pasand, Sterling House, 15 Netaji Subhash Marg, Daryaganj (Opposite the post office, walking distance from Red Fort), ☎ . Tea Shop, A great place to sample Indian chai and the exotic Darjeeling and Assam teas and buy tea in handcrafted fabric bags. Located in an old colonial era building, its teas have been savored by Bill Clinton, Gorbachov, Koizumi and are taken as official state gifts of India.
Delhiites complain about many things in their city, but the food will satisfy even the most demanding gourmet. Not only can you find some of the best Indian food on the subcontinent, there is also an increasing number of excellent (if often pricey) international restaurants offering cuisine from around the world. When ordering, do remember that Delhi is about 1,000 km from the nearest ocean, so vegetarian, chicken and mutton dishes are the way to go.
Do visit Paranthe Wali Gali in Chandni Chowk. This street has shops that make and sell solely parathas (stuffed Indian bread). These are available in all the possible flavours and stuffing you may imagine, with hundreds of varieties from bitter-gourd to ice cream.
Delhi has arguably the best street food in India. However, do not eat unhygienic or open food. There are plenty of restaurants offering street food in a potentially more hygienic environment.
You can join local groups of foodies who go out regularly to sample and savor what new and old dishes the city has to offer. If you want a fully customized food tour tailored specifically for you, then Food Tour In Delhi is a good choice. The guests can explore street food of Delhi in a fun and safe manner. Their tours cover food joints which are in business for 50 to 120 years and serve some of the best street food in world. The tours cover winding streets of Old Delhi as well as swanky upscale markets located all over the city. The food tours are lead by chefs and culinary experts with extensive experience and offer facilities such as pickup and drop, unlimited food which covers all major varieties of food available in city. Another one of the most active groups is Food Enthusiasts of Delhi. They organize regular food walks, better known as Raids to various parts and joints in the city. Its a non-commercial group, brought together by passion and love for food. If you are looking for professionally run setups, Delhi Food Adventure runs commercial food walks exclusively for tourists.
If you want to eat chaat, the North Indian street side snack food, Delhi is the place to be. Like Spanish tapas or Greek mezze, chaat can cover a vast variety of things, but Delhi style tends to mean a deep-fried pastry shell, stuffed after cooking with potatoes, lentils or almost anything else. They're then topped with yogurt, chutneys and chaat masala spice mix and eaten fresh.
Some typical chaat items are paapdi chaat (a mix of small round fried crispy things with yogurt and other sauces), paneer tikka (cubes of cottage cheese baked in a tandoor with spices), pani puri or golguppa (small round hollow shells filled with a potato-based filling and a spicy sweet blend of sauces).
The best place to go for chaat is the Bengali Market (near Mandi House Metro Stn) near Connaught Place in the center of town. The restaurants are high quality and the food is great. There are ATMs as well. One of the best known restaurants there is Nathu's. But for the really good chaat you have to make your way to Old Delhi, and particularly to Ashok's near Chawri Bazaar. While connoisseurs insist that the best chaat is prepared on the street, most travellers try to find a comfortable middle ground between hygiene and authenticity.
- Andhra Pradesh Bhavan Canteen, Ashok Road (near Man Singh Road). Open for lunch and dinner this is a favorite of local Delhi foodies who are looking for an authentic Andhra meal. They serve all you can eat veg/non-veg thalis for ₹ 80-150. For carnivores, you have a variety of non-veg options (chicken/fish/mutton) but the mutton fry is recommended. The service is quick and efficient (slipshod and aggressive), and the joint crowded and noisy. Another favorite is the Karnataka Bhavan canteen beside Ansal Plaza near Mool Chand offering all possible South India food.
- Haldiram's, 1454/2 Chandni Chowk (just west of the fountain) and other outlets around town, . This is a famous manufacturer of Indian snacks and sweets that has now gone global. This always-packed, two-story outlet in the heart of Chandni Chowk was its first in Delhi and dates back to 1924. The ground floor houses a vast array of sweet and sticky Indian confections, while the first floor has a popular vegetarian restaurant. This is a great place to try authentic and hygienic Delhi chaat and other Indian snack foods. Try the Raj Kachori, a mixture of different types of stuffing with sweetened yogurt and chutneys in an oversized hollow dough shell. All chaat is under ₹ 50, or you can get a full daily thali for ₹ 90. Choley Bhature, and the various Dosas are great options to try as well from their Southern Indian selection. Be sure to save room for dessert, as Haldiram's offers some of the best rasmalai, rasgullah, gulab jamun, and other tasty delights in India.
- Tadka, 4986, Ram Dwara Rd, Nehru Bazar, Paharganj, (side road off of Main Bazaar). A notably clean restaurant by Paharganj standards. Serves only vegetarian food, a full thali for ₹ 60. Their tea is really good and their most popular dish is paneer masala.
- Nangarg, Rajgur Marg Road (side road off of Main Bazaar), Paharganj. A really good hole-in-the-wall restaurant that serves vegetarian and non-vegetarian food for about ₹ 60. The workers there are genuinely good people, which can be hard to find in this area. You'll have more luck finding a sign that says "Veg-Nonveg" than their actual restaurant sign.
- Bitto Tikki Wala, (also known as BTW), Netaji Subhash Place, Pitampura. The best aloo tikki (potato and vegetable burger) available in town. It has a branch in Sarita Vihar, Near Apollo Hospital and Badarpur border. It has branches all over the city now, in shopping areas.
- Amritsari Kulcha Wala, Paschim Vihar Red Light, (near Jwala Heri Market). If you are into amritsari kulcha, you probably can't miss this. People on dieting beware: the amount of butter that the vendor puts in is huge. However, without it you will not enjoy the Amritsari Kulcha so much. It is kind of a road side dhaba or shack. ₹ 60 for two kulchas is what he charges. It is actually on Outer Ring Road, Adjoining to a park wall. You can ask anybody about the Kulcha wala and they will be able to tell you the direction in Paschim Vihar/Meera Vihar Outer Ring Rd.
- Egg parantha Wala, Lajpat Nagar, (opposite to Surya hotel). This guy owns a shack and has been running the parantha business for ages.
- Kake Di Hatti, Chandni Chowk near Old Delhi Railway Station. The most extensive varieties of naans(Indian bread) you will find in Delhi. They make the biggest and best tasting naans for your money.
You will find McDonalds, KFC, Subway and Pizza Hut scattered at various locations in malls and throughout the city. The Indian menu without beef and with lots of veggie options can be interesting even if you would otherwise steer clear. ₹ 100 for a full serve.
- Club India Cafe, 4797, 2nd floor, 6 Tooti Chowk, Paharganj, (next to vegetable market). Don't be put off by the cramped stairway up. This is a clean and bright little haven of peace with birds-eye views of the chaos below. The menu spans the gamut but the thing to try is the Japanese food, prepared under the watchful eye of the Japanese owner. ₹ 100-200.
- Karim's, ☎ . Jama Masjid, Gali Kababian. As you'd expect from a restaurant on Kebab Lane, the name of the game here is Mughal-style meat (mutton and chicken), served up since 1913 and still going strong. Get here down a little alley just South of the Jama Masjid southern entrance (past the auto supplies market). Favorites include badam pasanda (boneless mutton cooked with yogurt, almonds and spices) and chicken noor jahan, but if you're really hungry, try Tandoori Bakra; an entire stuffed goat for ₹ 4,500, 24 hr notice and down payment is required. And a style tip, some of the dishes have huge puddles of oil on top, which you're supposed to drain off before eating. Under ₹ 200 at the original; more at the branches.
- Moti Mahal Delux. Many outlets throughout the city. Famous for their tandoori chicken and North Indian food. Their family-sized naan is delicious and the size of a 4 year old child. Home of where the original Dal Makhani, Butter Chicken, and many of the other dishes now highly popular in the UK were first created.
- Sagar Ratna Shop No 24, Defence Colony Market, Defence Colony. ☎ +91 11 2433 3815, +91 11 2155 1097 – Considered by many to be the best place for authentic South Indian food, Sagar does justice to the reputation. The menu features dosas, idlis, vadas, uttapams, rasam and thalis. A/C. There's likely to be a queue for seats during peak hours and definitely on Tues nights. The upmarket version at Sagar Ratna, Ashok Hotel, 50-B Chanakyapuri, ☎ +91 11 2611 0101, is quieter, better laid out and more expensive. Both also have many other branches.
- Saravana Bhavan, P-13/90, Connaught Circus, Block P, Connaught Place, ☎ . A good South Indian joint located in Janpath very close to Connaught Place. They are a Chennai chain operating in Delhi. If you go at lunch time, prepare to wait a while. The various dosas are recommended, as well as the thalis (meals) and the sweet dishes.
- Sri Balaji Restaurant, Shop No.17A/41 - Gurdwara Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi. Karol Bagh, serves North and South Indian food for good prices, but offers only vegetarian food.
- Pindi or Havemore are recommended at Pandara Park if on a tight budgets.
- Khan Chacha, D-3, Radial Road 5, Block D, Connaught Place, ☎ . 12:00-23:00. A roomali rolls and kababs restaurant serving chicken, mutton, paneer (cottage cheese) and also rolls. Very popular with local people.
- Bukhara, Maurya Sheraton, Regularly tops the charts as India's best restaurant (and certainly among the priciest), the roast lamb and the Bukhara Dal here are legendary. Always make reservations or be ready to stand in a queue, similar to queues at an airport for about 2 hr. ₹ 2,000+.
- Chor Bizarre. Hotel Broadway, 4/15A Asaf Ali Rd. Now franchised worldwide, the original restaurant serves Kashmiri food in an eclectic surrounding like a chor bazaar (thieves market). The buffet is laid out inside an old car. ₹ 300-400 for each dish. A bit on the pricey side (relatively for India), but worth 1 splurge meal. If going by foot, look out for the Delhi Stock Exchange on same strip 0.5km from here.
- Naivedyam, East Patel Nagar, (opposite Jaypee Siddharth Hotel), Offers quality South Indian meals and service at great prices.
- Punjabi by Nature, Rajouri Garden, MGF City Square Mall (Lifestyle). One of Delhi's best-known Punjabi restaurants. ₹ 800 or so, more if you order seafood.
- Delhi Food Adventure. Old Delhi. 3-4 hr tour of many of the best dishes in Old Delhi, reservations required, one of Delhi's top rated tours. ₹ 1500 per person.
- T.L.R. Cafe & Kitchen, 2nd Floor, 31, Hauz Khas Village, Near Axis Bank ATM New Delhi, Delhi 110016 (near Green Park and Aurobindo Place in South Delhi), ☎ . 10:00-01:00. Popular among tourists, expats and locals. Continental menu featuring a variety of pastas and panini's. Kitchen open 11AM-11PM daily. Also Spanish, Moroccan and American styles, plus desserts and drinks.
- The Big Chill, 5, Khailash Colony, New Delhi, Delhi 110048, ☎ . 12:00-23:30. Khan Market and East of Kailash, is popular with a young crowd for great smoothies, ice creams, cheesecakes and Italian food. Expect a waiting line during lunch at Saturdays.
- Slice of Italy, Shop No. 90, Lodhi Road, Mehar Chand Market (Near Nehru Stadium), ☎ . 10:00-01:00. near Lodhi Road and various other locations in Delhi. Italian style food.
- Flavours of Italy, (near the Moolchand flyover).
- Little Italy, 28 A, Defence Colony Market New Delhi.
- Amici Cafe, 8, Defence Colony Main Market, New Delhi, Delhi 110024, ☎ . 11:00-23:00.
- Diva, M-8A, M Block Market, Greater Kailash-2 New Delhi, ☎ . 11:00-23:00. Italian style food.
- Olive Bar & Kitchen, One Style Mile, Haveli No. 6, Kalka Das Marg, Mehrauli (near the Qutub Minar), ☎ . 12:00-15:30 / 19:30-00:30. Italian style food.
- Sartoria Italian Cuisine, Basant Lok, Shiv Nagar, ☎ . 12:00-00:00. Italian style food, great pizzas, carpaccio, pasta and wines. Mains are about ₹ 500.
- The West View, Maurya Sheraton. Italian style food.
- San Gimignano, Imperial Hotel, Italian style food.
- La Piazza, Hyatt Regency. Italian style restaurant.
- Barbeque Nation. B-1 623, Opp. District Center, Janakpuri. Offers an option where customers can make their food on their personal grills, which are embedded in each table. Vegetarian and non-vegetarian BBQ starters, a main course buffet, soups, salads, desserts and a variety of liquors.
- Pirates of Grills, C-12, Vishal Enclave, Rajouri Garden, ('Rajouri Garden metro'). Same concept as Barbeque Nation, Janakpuri
- Mamagoto, Khan Market, One of Delhi's most popular Japanese restaurants, the fun manga style interiors and great food are a great experience.
- Enoki. The Grand, Nelson Mandela Rd, Vasant Kunj-II. Pseudo-rustic yakitori (Japanese chicken kebab) restaurant offering fairly authentic food, including a limited range of sushi and sake. ₹ 1,000+.
- Sakura. Hotel Metropolitan, Bangla Sahib Marg. Japanese style restaurant, carries the tag of being one of the most expensive restaurants in India.
- Side Wok, Khan Market. Japanese, Chinese and other Asian food. Some choice of sushi. Beautiful decor. No alcohol. Mains about ₹ 400.
- Felafel Man, Main Bazaar, Paharganj. (About a 10 min walk down Main Bazaar from New Delhi train station). Small shop selling falafel rolls and sabeekh. Multilingualcook, the rolls come with hummus, tahini and mineral water washed vegies. Don't forget to wash it down with the seasonal fruit lassi, so thick it takes some effort to suck it up the straws.
Delhiites have eagerly adopted Thai food into their culinary pantheon, although the recipes and ingredients are often rather Indianised.
- EGO Thai, Friends Colony Market.
- Culinaire, Greater Kailash 2
- Chilli Seasons, Lodhi Colony market
- Thai High, ☎ . Mehrauli. Should go at night for a view of the lit up Qutab Minar.
- The Kitchen, Khan Market ☎ +91 11 4175 7960, +91 11 4175 7961
- Turquoise Cottage, ☎ . 81/3 Adhchini, Sri Aurobindo Marg, South Delhi. True to the name, the decor is turquoise and stylishly rustic, but the food is Thai-Chinese and, while somewhat adapted to Indian tastes, quite tasty. Also check out the popular The Other Side bar downstairs. Reservations recommended. ₹ 500.
Tibetan Food, (near Shivaji Stadium-which actually is a bus stand, Connaught Place). Tibetan food, run by Tibetan refugees.
After Indian Cuisine, Chinese is Delhi's second most popular cuisine. For a long time, only Indianised Chinese was available, but high-quality options are available today.
- Mainland China, Vishal Enclave, Rajouri Garden metro station. Oriental/Chinese cuisine. Other branches at Greater Kailash 2 and Saket
- The Yum Yum Tree, ☎ . As much as a fantasy-land as an eatery, it's easily one of the largest Chinese restaurants in the city. The influence here is from Singapore, and the Dim Sum Menu is good. The cuisine here is extremely high quality. Sectioned into separate areas. The Grill for a quick lunch, or the more formal dining area for dinner. Includes a funky bar called New Friends Colony.
- Rice Bowl 18/31 East Patel Nagar Market, New Delhi – Chinese/Oriental food.
- Nan King, Chinese food in a nice location with a private lounge. Good for groups or a special occasion.
- Gung The Palace, Ground floor. D-1B, Green Park, South Delhi. A very up-market place with good food. 1st floor features a live karaoke, but the ground floor is the place to be. Book in advance for the ground floor.
- Afghan Restaurant, H-7, Krishna Market, (near Gurdwara, Lajpat Nagar I). Owned &: run by members of the Afghani community settled in the area. Very tasty biryani.
- The Lazeez Hotel And Restaurant, I-87,Afghan Restaurant, (near Centeral Market, Lajpat Nagar II). Owned &: run by members of the Afghani community settled in the area.
- Iraqi Food - E-178, Lajpat Nagar-I.
- Picante Mexican Grill, Building 10C, DLF Cyber City, Gurgaon. A great place to enjoy Californian style Mexican food. Amazing Burritos.
Delhi's nightlife scene has undergone a total transformation in the last decade. There are plenty of modern, cosmopolitan joints out to separate you from your rupees. In a desperate attempt to keep the sex ratio vaguely equitable, many lounges and clubs have couples only policies (that is, no single men or men-only groups), enforced with varying degrees of strictness. While everything is theoretically to shut down by 1AM things can keep going much longer.
Coffee / tea
- The coffee culture in Delhi consists mostly of large, heavily standardised chains. The two most common, Barista and Cafe Coffee Day, can be found in multiple locations across the city, most notably around Connaught Place. The partly UK-based Costa Coffee has also made a recent foray into the market.
- Independent coffee shops are harder to find in Delhi, but they do exist, and are well worth seeking out.
- Aap ki Pasand Tea Shop, Sterling House, 15 Netaji Subhash Marg, Daryaganj (opposite the post office, walking distance from Red Fort), ☎ . . A great place to sample Indian chai and the exotic Darjeeling and Assam teas and purchase the same. Located in an old colonial era building, its teas have been savored by Bill Clinton, Gorbachov, Koizumi and are taken as official state gifts of India.
Indian bar food, hookah and an amazing lounge experience. The crowd that frequents these two places is young, hip and trendy.
- Hookah, ☎ . Basant Lok (in Priya Cinema complex), Vasant Vihar. 3 level bar-restaurant offering surprisingly good (but pricy) Middle Eastern food. They offer a wide range of drinks and an even wider range of flavored water pipes. There is no outdoor seating, nor do they offer hot drinks.
- Toast by Lazeez Affaire, Rajouri Garden, West Gate Mall (level III). Great collection of flavored tobacco sheesha, and drinks, international food, Greek, French, pan European and Indian cuisines.
- Mocha, Defense Colony.
- Ziya- The Morockin Cafe, ☎ . This is a chain of neuvo Middle Eastern cafes that offers a wide range of drinks and food (not to mention the flavored tobacco). Budget prices.
- Xes Cafe, Saket, DLF South Court Mall. Xes Café brings the quintessential Coffee Shop experience out of the 5 Stars! Honest to goodness wholesome food with an eclectic Bar Menu. It is casual but yet elegant. And Rocking Music.
- Aqua, Poolside bar at the Park Hotel (close to Connaught Place), has a lounge atmosphere and an extensive drinks list.
- Toast, Bar & Grill by Lazeez Affaire, Rajouri Garden, West Gate Mall (Level III). Flavored tobacco sheesha, drinks, international food, Greek, French, pan-European and Indian cuisines.
- Aura, (at the Claridges).
- Decibel, Chanakyapuri. One of two clubs in the Samrath Hotel next to the Ashok Hotel. ₹ 500 cover charge.
- IndoChine's Forbidden City, South Delhi (Lado Sarai, adjacent to Qutab Golf Course). Singapore chain that opened in Delhi in 2007. Madame Butterfly restaurant upstairs serves very good Chinese food. The BarSaVanh loungebar is downstairs, very cool ambience outside. Meal for two around ₹ 3,000.
- T.L.R., 31 Hauz Khas Village www.tlrcafe.com. Delhi's cozy, arty refuge for tourists, expats and locals comes alive in the evenings. Live bands, DJ nights and pub quiz.
- Orange, (Ashoka Hotel). Nightclub.
- Elevate. Noida (adjoining South Delhi).
- F Bar & Lounge (by Fashion TV), Chanakyapuri. (in the Hotel Ashok). Trendy bar and night club. Claimed to be the largest bar in Delhi in 2008). Cover charge is redeemable against drinks. Fri, Sat is ₹ 3,000, free on Wed before 10PM.
- The Other Side, ☎ . 81/3 Adhchini (basement of Turquoise Cottage), Sri Aurobindo Marg. Ssmoky brick-walled basement covered with Western memorabilia. Eclectic music with an emphasis on rock, expect anything from Beatles to AC/DC. It is a good crowd, particularly on Wednesday's media nights. ₹ 500 minimum for drinks and food. Couples only.
- Shalom, N-block market, GK-1. Cool Mediterranean-themed lounge bar/restaurant with chill-out music.
- Urban Pind/Bar/Cafe, Greater Kailash I (GK-1), block N, number 4. Bar/lounge on 3 floors. Regular events like Salsa, open bar for ₹ 720, electro night, great expat nights.
- Manre, Bar/lounge, Saket Market, City Mall. Open bar on Thursday for ₹ 800.
Gay and lesbian Delhi
- Amigo, Bar
- Peppers, Bar.
It is, however, worth mentioning that homosexuality is still illegal in India and hence, such places, due to their fluid and underground nature are not possible to be listed.
Hotels Near Delhi International Airport
Ask your driver to take you to "Mahipalpur" near the international terminal (~200-300 Rs). This is a street with literally dozens of hotels, side by side, stretching as far as you can see. If you don't like the first one you walk into, then just keep walking. If the driver insists on the name of an actual hotel, try mentioning the "Lohmod", which is at the beginning of the street. At the low end, prices are maybe 1500Rs, and at the high end well the sky is the limit because there are also big luxury hotels there. The smaller hotels in this area are basically fine as far as cleanliness, but be advised that during the winter they can be a little cold and the wifi might be sketchy.
- Hotel Delhi Aerocity, 104/2/2, M. R. Complex, Rangpuri, Delhi (Close to IGI Airport, Terminal 3), ☎ . Check-in: 12:00, check-out: 12:00. Hotel Delhi Aerocity is a budget hotel near Indira Gandhi International (DEL) airport offering 3 star hotel facilities and services with in-house 24 hour restaurant and room service, airport pick up and drop services. Rooms are well spacious with modern interiors, free wi-fi, LCD, AC and fitted with all modern amenities. From Rs. 1800.
Delhi has a large number of hotels, many of them centred around the tourist/backpacker hubs.
- Hotel GTC, South Delhi, E – 514, Greater Kailash, Part II, New Delhi – 110048 (1 kms from Nehru place), ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Hotel GTC is situated in South Delhi and is a perfect destination for business travellers and backpackers. The hotel offer accommodation in 23 rooms, business meeting halls, Banquet halls, restaurant etc. 75£.
- Hotel Broadway, 4/15A, Asaf Ali Road, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Chandni Chowk originally meaning moonlit square or market, is one of the oldest and busiest markets in central north Delhi. Chandni Chowk is the major street in the walled city of Old Delhi, which was originally called Shah Jahanabad. The walled city which includes the Lal Qilla Red Fort of Delhi was established in 1650, by the Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan.
- Hotel Tara Palace, Hotel TaraPalace 419, Old Cycle Market, Chandni Chowk (opposite Delhi Parade Ground), ☎ , fax: +91 11 2327 3555, e-mail: email@example.com. Check-in: 12 noon, check-out: 11AM. Friendly budget hotel, free breakfast and free airport pickup. From $40.
Chanakyapuri is an affluent neighborhood and Diplomatic Enclave in New Delhi. Chanakyapuri plays host to a majority of foreign embassies in India, and is home to a number of their staffs. Chanakyapuri was also developed as official residences for both politicians and civil servants to the Union Government. As such, it has numerous parks and open spaces, and suffers few utility disruptions. It is also located near to the Prime Minister's Residence.
- Youth Hostel Delhi, 5-Nyaya Marg, Chanakyapuri (near Sri Lanka embassy and Norway embassy), ☎ , , 26110250 , 26871969fax: +91 11 26113469, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Contact hrs : 10AM to 5PM (Mon - Sat). Check-in: 11AM, check-out: 10AM. Highly preferred by foreign nationals, it has a friendly, tranquil and secure environment. It is known as clean and cost effective hotel. Facilities include wireless Internet, library, indoor games, recreation room, coffee bar, conference hall, terrace garden. International Booking Network (IBN) facility also available to book Youth Hostels abroad etc. It is a member of the Hostelling International federation. Rates vary from ₹ 275 (Non AC Dormitory Bed) to ₹ 1400 (2 Bed AC Room).
This street, also referred to as Main Bazaar, is opposite New Delhi railway station and has many cheap hotels. It's noisy, filthy and full of touts, but it's also cheap and central and thus very popular with budget travellers. A double room with attached bathroom is ₹ 200-300. Note that the Delhi Metro exits are on the Ajmeri Gate side of the New Delhi Railway station, so you'll need to cross over the railway station (Platform Ticket is not needed for entering the station, see the above article on train station cons) to go to Paharganj. To do this, simply take New Delhi station exit 1, come up above ground and enter the train station. From the security check look to your right and take the stairs at the end to the overpass. This will take you over the top of all the platforms and bring you down right at the intersection of Main Bazaar Rd.
- Hotel Ivory Palace (Hostel Ivory), 14A/27 WEA, Channa Market, Karol Bagh, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. From ₹ 1,200.
- Hotel Sun City, 11 A/34, W. E. A. Channa Market, Karol Bagh (Land Mark Karol Bagh Metro Station Pillar No. 122), ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. The price range quoted is low and the hotels provided like railway platforms. Be careful From ₹ 1,000.
- Ajay Guest House, 5084-A, Main Bazaar, Paharganj (Opposite Khanna Cinema), ☎ , , fax: +91 11 4154 1701, e-mail: email@example.com. has a good restaurant and bakery (www.brownbreadbakery.com) run by a German. Single Room: NON A/C Rs. 700 WITH A/C Rs. 800 to 900 - Double Room: NON A/C Rs. 800 WITH A/C Rs. 1000 to 1200 - Triple Room: without air-con Rs. 1200 with air-con Rs. 1500 to 1800.
- Chanchal Deluxe, Aakarshan Rd, Paharganj (Behind Sheela Cinema), ☎ . This little more expensive than the average Paharganj hotel. ₹ 700.
- Delhi Hotel, C23 Greater Kailash 2. Boutique hotel with affordable, neat, clean & hygienic rooms.
- Ginger Delhi (Rail Yatri Nivas), IRCTC- Rail Yatri Niwas, New Delhi Railway Station, Bhav Bhutti Marg (opposite New Delhi Railway Station or take Rail Yatri Nivas exit from New Delhi Metro station). Check-in: 21/05/2012, check-out: 22/05/2012. Run by Tata group, known for clean and cost effective no-frills budget hotels ₹ 1,500-1,800.
- Hare Rama Guest House, 298 Main Bazaar (Down the side road near the Khanna Cinema), ☎ . Popular hotel and place to book sleeper buses if you're heading to Dharamsala or Pushkar. They're very laid back staff which makes a nice change. 24 hour hot water and check in, and 24 hours stay from when you arrived. ₹ 400 single, ₹ 500 double for an ok Non-air-con room. Add 50% for air-con.
- Metropolis, 1634 Bazaar Hand, ☎ . More expensive than the average Paharaganj hotel. It also has a good restaurant.
- Namaskar, 917 Chandiwalan, Main Bazaar, Paharganj (located down a side alley), ☎ , e-mail: , , firstname.lastname@example.org. Only 5 min from the train station. Be prepared for a somewhat gloomy hotel, with possibly cock roaches in the rooms. No sheets or towels. Primary school right next to the hotel makes sleeping past 8AM nearly impossible. Double Room: NO A/C ₹ 400 WITH A/C (Only in months from April to September) ₹ 650. Breakfast not included..
- Navrang (on a side street off main bazaar at the intersection with the vegetable market), ☎ . Cheap and cheerful.
- Royal Palace, Main Bazaar (200 m down Main Bazaar from New Delhi Station before Star Palace Hotel), ☎ , fax: +91 11 2753 7103. Clean and pleasant design/style.
- Sai Palace (Middle lane opposite railway station, Paharganj). ₹ 200-300.
- Sham Nath Villa bed and breakfast, 12, Sham Nath Marg, Civil Lines (Opposite Oberoi Maidens), ☎ , , fax: +91 11 2392 3925, e-mail: email@example.com. Double rooms with air-con US$90.
- Smyle Inn, 916, Chandiwalan,Main Bazaar, Paharganj (Take right street before Masjid coming from New Delhi station in Main Bazar), ☎ , , fax: +91 11 28542651, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Breakfast and internet is included in price. Double rooms ₹ 780 (non A/C) or ₹ 890 (with A/C).
- Vivek, 1534-50 Main Bazaar, Paharganj (about a ten minute walk from the railway station), ☎ . This has a pleasant rooftop restaurant, but rather bland food . Economy Class (INR Single: ₹ 550 Double ₹ 650); Standard Room (INR Single: ₹ 650 Double ₹ 750); Luxury Room (INR 1100 - 1200); Club Room (INR 1500 - 1600).
- City Inn Dx., 5415-16, Ladoo Ghati, Nehru Bazaar, Paharganj (about a 10 min walk from the railway station), ☎ , fax: 91 11 2358 7343, e-mail: email@example.com. Rooms with double bed, flat screen TV (with HBO, VH1, CNN, lots of Hindi channels), clean bathroom with Western toilets. Each bathroom has its own hot water heater. Room service, computers in the lobby for ₹ 30/hr, no webcam or microphone. Very friendly staff. Located just around the corner from Hotel Relax and the vegetable market. ₹ 700 double room.
Majnu ka Tilla
Majnu ka Tilla is a compact Tibetan settlement and the place of departure and arrival for buses to/from Dharamsala, the home of the Tibetan Government in Exile and the Dalai Lama. Stay here if you have an interest in Tibetan culture, politics and religion, or if you need something quieter (and just slightly more expensive) than Paharganj.
An auto-rickshaw from New Delhi train station should cost around ₹ 50 (use the prepaid stand). The Vidhan Sabha metro station is also nearby and popular. From there cycle-rickshaws charge ₹ 15 and take about five minutes.
- New India Hotel, 172 Katra Baryan (Next to the red fort in Old Delhi), ☎ . Noisy air-con, rudimentary shower. Bollywood movies at night which can be somewhat entertaining. ₹ 250 for single room, double bedroom ₹ 350.
Delhi's chronic lack of quality hotels has led to a mushrooming of guest houses of widely varying quality and price. The new official 'Delhi Bed and Breakfast scheme' has also contributed a range of private rooms available for bed & breakfast accommodation. These rooms range from cheap dumps to classy rooms in the best neighborhoods of Delhi.
- Hotel Aman Palace, 8A / 51, 52 W.E.A. Karol Bagh, ☎ . 34 rooms (luxury, executive, superior, and suites), all with A/C, cableTV, telephone, and safe. High-speed Internet available, currency exchange, laundry, and wake-up call. From ₹ 1,420.
- Delhi Home Stay, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Bed & breakfast located in green, quite, residential area. Double bed, private, A/C rooms for ₹ 3,000 (including all taxes).
- Star Grand Villa, E - 8, East of Kailash (6 km from Nizamuddin Railway Station and 14 km from the airport. The property is also within proximate distance to business, commercial, and entertainment hubs.), ☎ . All rooms equipped with LCD TV with satellite channels, Telephone, Mini-bar, coffee/tea maker and Wi-Fi Internet connectivity. Rates start at 5500.00 INR.
- A Caravan's Homestay, 1/13 Tilak Nagar, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. A small and cozy homestay in Delhi that houses a friendly Indian family with well maintained, clean and affordable rooms.
- Home@F37, F 37 East of Kailash, South Delhi, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Renovated with 32" LCD, Split A/C and a refrigerator. Single Room: 2800Rs. Double Room: 3200Rs. Breakfast included. Tax @17.42% not included..
- Maulsari Bed & Breakfast, 142 Sunder Nagar, South Delhi (Near Humayun Tomb, India Gate), ☎ , e-mail: info.@maulsari.com. Maulsari is a BNB in the posh colony of Sunder Nagar. Conveniently located near heritage monuments, Delhi High Court, Supreme Court, Major markets its sure to make your comfortable and nice ₹ 4,500 upwards including full breakfast..
- Ajanta Hotel, Main Bazaar, Paharganj, ☎ , e-mail: , , email@example.com. Many foreigners as has been listed in popular guidebooks. Decent restaurant and nice atmosphere on rooftop bar, although rooftop seems like a construction site. Internet is available. The staff are often rude and may try to offer overpriced tour package bookings as often as they can. The rooms are small and many do not have windows. Bath/shower facilities are archaic. Be warned that any quoted prices will incur a 22.5% 'tax' charge at time of payment. The hotel does not offer a luggage storage service store luggage for its patrons. Single room with fan from ₹ 1,000 plus 22.5%.
- Amar Inn, K 102, Lajpat Nagar - II, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Reasonable rooms, free internet, but bathrooms badly in need of a refurbishment. All rooms include air freshening dispenser. Double Occupancy A/C room appx US$75.
- Ashiana Hotel, 50 Ara Kashan Rd, Ram Nagar, ☎ . Near the New Delhi Railway Station and within minutes of Connaught Place, the city’s main financial and commercial district.
- Asian Guest House, 14 Scindia House, 2F with elevator, Kasturba Gandhi Marg, Connaught Pl, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Clean quiet rooms, centrally located. Not recommended for families. Corridors and less expensive rooms are dirty and in need of renovation. Monkeys living outside the building and cockroaches inside are a special treat. Singles from ₹ 675, doubles with A/C and cableTV ₹ 1,575+12.5% tax. Book through their website and get 5% discount on room tariff.
- BnB New Delhi Bed and Breakfast, I - 9 Maharani Bagh, Adjoining friends colony, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Cosy family atmosphere. Free wifi, tea & coffee making tray in room, DVD plaver with bollywood and hollywood movies, games, children movies. LCD satellite TV, refrigerator. All rooms have private bathroom and western toilet with shower. Breakfast is served in dining room. Library includes books on culture, city guide books and India guide books in lounge area. Rs 2,500.
- Cabana Hotel., ☎ , fax: +91 11 4074 7475. R23 Greater Kailash 1. Boutique hotel. Neat, clean & hygienic rooms.
- Delhi Home Stay, e-mail: email@example.com. Bed & breakfast located in green, quite, residential area. Double bed, private, A/C rooms for Rs 3,000 (including all taxes).
- Hotel Durga International, 8715, D.B. Gupta Rd, ☎ . 20 min from the Indira Gandhi International Airport and 3 min from New Delhi Railway Station. Each room has satellite television, and a private toilet and bath. A honeymoon package is available. ~Rs1,000.
- India Luxury Homes, S 504 Greater Kailash I, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. B&B in the centre of South Delhi. Jacuzzi, mini bar and all amenities of a 4 star hotel. ₹ 3,500.
- Inn at Delhi, C-34, Anand Niketan, ☎ . Bed and breakfast homestay in Delhi ~₹ 4,900.
- Justa The Residence, ☎ +91 11 4050 2121 Pansheel Pk. Several locations; Pansheel Park and Greater Kailash. Breakfast buffet, dinner service, A/C and hot water, flat-screen TV, mini-bar and good staff, wifi is available by payment. Pick-up service from airport available. ~₹ 5,000.
- Lemontree Hotels, 201, Okhla Industrial Estate, Phase III, ☎ .
- Mehar Castle. Large rooms with A/C, TV, hot shower, room service. ₹ 750/night for one and ₹ 1,500 for 2 persons.
- Narula Inn, Connaught Pl. Bed and breakfast.
- New Haven Hotel, E - 512, Greater Kailash Part-2, Main Rd, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Check-in: 2PM, check-out: Noon. Boutique hotel in South Delhi. New deluxe rooms, high speed wifi, nice surroundings. Close to Lotus temple, Opposite JMD shopping mall and Mainland China restaurant From ₹ 2,800.
- Prem Sagar Guest House, P block, 1F, Connaught Pl, Outer Circle (Near Shivaji Stadium, next block to the landmark Regal Cinema and a few doors away from McDonald's Outer Circle), ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Clean quiet rooms, centrally located, terrace garden. All rooms have A/C, cable TV. From ₹ 1,800.
- Shantigriha Bed and Breakfast, 12 A, Lane W-16, Sainik Farms, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Calm peaceful, near Asola wildlife sanctuary and Qutab Minar. Free wifi, private toilet.
- Hotel SPB 87, 17A/2, W.E.A. Karol Bagh, ☎ . 20 min from the Indira Gandhi International Airport and 10 min from New Delhi Railway Station. Satellite TV, wifi, and a private toilet and bath. They also have a conference hall for business meetings and guests. ~₹ 2,590.
- Hotel Sunstar Residency, 8A/50, W.E.A. Channa Market, Karol Bagh, ☎ , e-mail: , , , firstname.lastname@example.org. Room service and a restaurant available for breakfast and dinner. Lockers available. Double rooms with A/C, TV, private bathroom from ₹ 1,300..
- Thikana, A-7 Gulmohar Pk, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Family-operated boutique hotel in south Delhi. Very friendly and hospitable service. Nice new rooms. Free internet. Close to GK-1, defense colony with many restaurants and bars. ~₹ 6,000.
- Urban Ashram, D-12 Huaz Khas, South Delhi, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Check-in: noon, check-out: 1 M. Warm, intimate and cosy family-operated boutique bed and breakfast. Friendly and hospitable service. Nice new rooms. Free wifi. Close to GK-1, defense colony , saket with many restaurants and bars. ₹ 3,500-4,500.
- The Beaufort Inn, 14 Jangpura Main Mathura Rd (near Nizammudin Railway Stn, in heart of South Delhi), ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Check-in: noon, check-out: noon. ₹ 2,500-4,000.
- Hotel Saar Inn. Located in Karol Bagh, 3 metro stops from Rajiv Chowk (Connaught Pl) which offers a peaceful location slightly segregated from the hectic city center. Conveniently 5 min walk from Karol Bagh metro station (best way to travel in Delhi), and in a strip that has right nearby an internet cafe, money changer, bookstore, and various shops. Clean and comfortable with breakfast included, a very friendly professional staff.
- Perfect Accommodation, G.K.1, New Delhi (Close to Kailash Colony Metro Station). Serviced apartments in South Delhi for corporates and business travelers.
At the high end of the scale, demand far outstrips supply and it's not unusual to be asked US$400 for a very ordinary room. Getting a room at any of the hotels listed below for under US$200 will require good luck or timing. Beware that by law taxes for high-end Delhi hotels are still charged on the rack rate, so 12.5% on a US$400 room discounted to US$200 will still cost US$50 extra.
- Aman. Built in the 1950s. From US$700/night
- The Grand (Formerly the Grand Hyatt), Vasant kunj - Phase II, Nelson Mandela Rd, South Delhi, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Still maintains high standards with an opulent lobby, modern rooms, pool and spa. 15 min from the airport. Is good for business, but rather awkward for tourism.
- Hyatt Regency Delhi, Bhikaiji Cama Place, Ring Rd, ☎ . Huge and slightly aged, but still 5 stars, outdoor pool, small gym and spa, 3 restaurants, and all the usual amenities. Halfway between the airport and Connaught Place.
- The Imperial, Janpath, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Built in 1931. Has the only Chanel store in India as well as a priceless art collection, 'British Art on India.' It also has the largest collection of land war gallantry awards from India and neighbouring countries. Very classy, best value for least money in first class range. Good food and excellent service in restaurants.
- The Lalit (previously known as Intercontinental), Barakhamba Ave, ☎ , fax: +91 11 4444 1234, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Recently refurbished. Famous for excellent breakfasts.
- The Maurya Sheraton, Sardar Patel Marg, ☎ . One of the best in the city. Great restaurants, including the Bukhara.
- Le Meridien, Windsor Place, ☎ . Landmark refurbished 5 star hotel. Along with the Shangri-La is one of the best hotels in the city in terms of location.
- Oberoi Delhi, Dr. Zakir Hussain Marg, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Mostly a high-end 'business' hotel. 5 stars. Expensive. Delhi's rich can be seen at the shopping complex which houses top brands like Louis Vuitton, Gucci etc. and also at the lavish brunch on a Sunday afternoon.
- Radisson, National Hwy-8, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. On way to Indira Gandhi International Airport. Great Kebab Factory restaurant.
- Hotel Samrat, Kautilya Marg, ☎ . Just touches the 5 star luxury hotel levels, is a twin of The Ashoka Hotel.
- Shangri-La, 19 Ashoka Rd, ☎ . Part of the renowned Shangri La chain. Seafood buffets, an extensive breakfast buffet, and a good Asian restaurant on 1st floor with a Thai, Chinese and Japanese menu. 5 star service and good security. Only a 15 min walk from Connaught Place.
- Sheraton New Delhi, District Centre, Saket, ☎ .
- Taj Mahal, 1, Mansingh Rd, ☎ . In the 'Lutyen's Bungalow Zone' in central Delhi.
- Taj Palace, Sardar Patel Marg, ☎ . Part of the Indian Hotels Chain. High-end luxury in the diplomatic enclave in Chanakyapuri, close to the US Embassy
Delhi is a hot, dusty city and combination of the two, may reduce visibility in the summer. In April through June, temperatures regularly top 40°C, meaning that proper hydration is of the utmost importance. In winter there can be seasonal fog; on particularly foggy days, it can be difficult to see across the street. If you happen to be traveling in or out of Delhi during the winters, be aware of fog-related flight delays.
Drink only packaged bottled water so you may avoid any water-related illness. Keep yourself covered in summers to avoid a heat stroke. Drink a lot of water, 3 liters a day, particularly in the summer. Sticking to freshly, well-cooked vegetarian food will lessen your chances on acquiring the "Delhi belly."
Many first time travellers to India find themselves falling victim to scams and touts, and unfortunately Delhi has a lot of both. Be on guard for anybody trying to help you by giving you unsolicited directions or travel advice. Do not blindly rely on the advice of taxi and auto drivers. If this is your first time to India, do not openly admit it, as this will make you more vulnerable to touts.
Delhi is an increasingly unsafe place for women. It is not uncommon to receive lewd remarks or even physical touching. If you are arriving into Delhi at night either stay in the airport lounge or well lit areas until daybreak. Try to avoid walking around alone or hiring cabs alone. Dress conservatively (preferably in Indian clothing so as to blend in). Learn to shout and consider carrying mace/pepper spray.
Carry your cash, passport, and cards in a secure money belt, with only enough cash for a few hours at a time in your wallet or other accessible place. Some travelers recommend carrying an expendable wallet with a few ten rupee notes in it in an obvious place such as your hip pocket as a decoy to Delhi's ubiquitous pickpockets.
Several tourist agencies have been known to swindle tourists, such as by changing their travel plans or charging them extra commissions and fees. The best way to secure train tickets is by navigating through Indian Railways' website. Also, you should book you flight tickets online, as all the airlines have online booking systems. Otherwise, prepare to spend a good hour sorting through the charges that the tourist agency will charge.
The Delhi Police is a 70,000-strong force serving the capital region. Unfortunately, the quality of police officers varies dramatically throughout the force; some officers may be corrupt and unhelpful, while others are honest and helpful.
For police assistance during an emergency dial 100.
Police vehicles (called PCR vans) are parked on almost every major intersection.
For non-emergencies, or to report a crime, go to the police station.
Cell phone coverage in the city is excellent. There are many service providers offering a wide variety of plans. Among them are Airtel, Vodafone, Reliance, and Tata Indicom. It might be a good idea to buy a cell phone and use one of those prepaid plans to get yourself connected while you are in the city.
Phone numbers in Delhi begin with 011, typically followed by eight digits. To call Delhi from outside India you will need to dial the international prefix for your country, followed by India’s country code 91. If you want to dial a landline no. from a mobile, then you have to add 011 before the number.
Delhi emergency numbers
Here are the Delhi emergency contact numbers
- Police, ☎ 100
- Fire Department, ☎ 101
- Ambulance: ☎ 102, or dial the nearest local hospital
Power outages and water shortages are common in Delhi, often occurring multiple times a day with summers being particularly bad. Better accommodations have water tanks and generators to alleviate the inconvenience, but keep a flashlight handy at night and do your part by not wasting too much water.
- Laundry service is offered in most hotels, even in budget accommodations. If you would rather save the money and do it yourself, buckets are found in almost all bathrooms - but perhaps wash it out well first.
- Exercising outdoors is not recommended due to the level of pollution and swimming in rivers is also not recommended. Instead, look for a hotel with a gym or a pool since many offer day passes. You can always try a morning or evening walk in the parks.
Embassies & High Commissions
- Afghanistan, 5/50 F Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, ☎ , e-mail: , email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com.
- Algeria, E-6/5, Vasant Vihar, ☎ , , fax: +91 11 614 7033, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Angola, 5 / 50 F, Nyaya Marg Chanakya Puri, ☎ , , fax: +91 11 26113512, e-mail: email@example.com.
- Australia, 1/50 G Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. 8:30AM- 5PM (1PM-2PM lunch) Mon-Fri.
- Canada, 7/8 Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, ☎ , fax: +91 11 4178 2020, e-mail: email@example.com. M-Th 8:30AM-5:30PM, F 8:30AM-1PM.
- China, 50 D Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, ☎ .
- Egypt, 1-50 M, Niti Marg, Chanakyapuri, ☎ .
- Finland, E-3, Nyaya Marg, Chanakyapuri, ☎ , fax: +91 11 4149 7555, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. M-F 10AM-noon.
- France, 2/50-E Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, ☎ , fax: +91 11 4319-6119, e-mail: email@example.com.
- Germany, Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, ☎ , fax: +91 11 2687 3117.
- Greece, EP-32, Dr S. Radhakrishnan Marg, Chanakyapuri, ☎ , , Emergencies: +91 96 5461 6196fax: +91 11 2688 8010, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Italy, 50E, Chandra Gupta Marg, Chanakyapuri, ☎ , fax: +91 11 2687 3889, e-mail: email@example.com. M-Th 9AM-1PM, 2PM-6PM, F 9AM-1PM.
- Japan, 4 & 5, 50-G Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, ☎ , fax: +91 11-2688-5587, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org. M-F 9AM-1PM, 2PM-5:30PM.
- Mongolia, 34, Archbishop Macarios Marg, ☎ , fax: +91 11-2463 3240, e-mail: email@example.com.
- Nepal, Bara Khamba Rd, ☎ .
- Pakistan, 2/50 G Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, ☎ .
- Rwanda, 41, Paschimi Marg Vasant Vihar, ☎ , fax: +91 11 2866 1605, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, ☎ .
- United States of America, Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, ☎ , fax: +91 11 2419 0017, e-mail: email@example.com.
Delhi is a major international transit hub for trains, planes and buses as well as a great connection point for domestic destinations within India. It's also a great base for exploration of the famous Hill Stations.
- Agra and the Taj Mahal are a 3-6 hr drive or 2-5 hr train ride each way. By road Taj Mahal can be reached in 3 hrs through Yamuna Expressway from Delhi. Book tickets in the train cars with seats far in advance, and look for the seats put aside especially for tourists. You can also rent a car and driver for the day and shouldn't pay more than ~₹ 5,000 roundtrip (if not less). The Taj Mahal is closed on Friday.
- Bandhavgarh National Park and the Bandhavgarh Fort, are the "Tiger Reserve" at M.P. This is a Tiger preservation project and has the highest density of Tigers in India.
- Dharamsala, the seat of the Dalai Lama's government in exile, is 10-12 hr to the north. Tickets can be purchased from Main Bazaar Tourist offices, Majnu ka Tilla Tibetan Settlement or the I.S.B.T.
- Shimla, the summer capital of British India and the queen of all hill stations in India. It has many scenic and historic locations and is about an 8 hr drive or 10 hr in a bus. A direct flight from Delhi takes just 1 hr to reach Shimla.
- Kathmandu, in neighbouring Nepal is a roughly 36+ hr by coach, or longer (but more comfortably) on a combination of train and coach.
- The holy cities of Haridwar and Rishikesh, in the foothills of the Himalayas, are a 5-6 hr bus or train ride away.
- Mussoorie, one of the original British hill stations in India; also known as The Queen of the Hills.
- Nainital - another beautiful hill station in the Kumaon hills with the magnificent Naini Lake.
- Char Dham- Delhi is the starting point of the famous piligrimage centres Badrinath, the abode of Vishnu, Kedarnath, the abode of Shiva, Gangothri and Yamunothri, the origin of sacres rivers, Ganges and Yamuna respectively