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Bawean is an island in East Java. Its natural tural attractions include the Lake Kastoba, hot springs Kebundaya and Taubat, waterfalls Lachchar and Patar Selamat, the caves in the central part of the island, sandy beaches and coral reefs on the coast.


Bawean means "sunlight exists" in Sanskrit, which 14th-century shipwrecked sailors are said to have exclaimed upon seeing clear skies here after days of stormy seas.

Bawean lies 150 km (93 miles) north of Surabaya in the Java Sea, off the coast of Java.

Most of the island is hilly, except for the narrow coast and a plain in the southwestern part; it is therefore also called locally as "island of 99 hills". Bawean is dominated by an extinct volcano at its center that rises to 655 meters (2,149 feet) above sea level.

In 2022, it had a population of 83,000 people in 2022, but a large share of the male population lives off the island temporarily, resulting in a female-dominated resident population, and the nickname, "Island of Women".

The rainy season lasts from December to March.


The most population speaks Baweanese, a creole language of Madurese. Nonetheless, they understand Indonesian.

Get in[edit]

Map of Bawean

By plane[edit]

  • 1 Bawean Airport (Harun Thohir Airport BXW IATA). Airfast Indonesia from Surabaya Bawean Airport (Q25469386) on Wikidata Bawean Airport on Wikipedia

By boat[edit]

There is a daily ferry from Gresik.

Get around[edit]

You may get around the island of Bawean by rented motorcycle or using ojek (motorcycle taxi).


The critically endangered Bawean deer


  • 1 Lake Kastoba (Danau Kastoba). Located in the middle of the island with a height of 400 meters above sea level.
  • 2 Grojogan Candi Waterfall (Air Terjun Candi), Balikterus.
  • 3 Lachchar (Laccar) Waterfall.
  • Murtalaya Waterfall.
  • 4 Patar Selamat Waterfall (Air Terjun Lalake Kuduk-Kuduk).


  • 5 Deer Reserve (Penangkaran Rusa Bawean), Suwari. Bawean deer (Axis kuhlii), also known as Kuhl's hog deer or Bawean hog deer, is a highly threatened species of deer found only on the island.


Nearby islands[edit]

Noko Island

Boating to the islands around Bawean, you may do snorkeling or just stroll around the islands.

  • 1 Gili Island.
  • 2 Noko Island.
  • 3 Lalajer Island.
  • 4 Noko Selayar Island.

Hot springs[edit]

You may take a hot bath at some natural hot pools.

  • Air Panas Kebun Daya.
  • Air Panas Taubat.
  • 5 Air Panas Kepuhlegundi (Mandi Terapi Air Belirang), Tambak.


  • 6 Labuhan Beach, Tanjungori, Tambak.
  • 7 Selayar Beach, Sungairujing, Sangkapura.
  • 8 Mayangkara Beach, Diponggo, Tambak.
  • 9 Nyimas Beach, Tambak. One of the best places to enjoy the sunset.
  • 10 Tajhung Ge'en Beach, Kumalasa, Sangkapura.



Even though Bawean is an island, you can still withdraw cash from several ATMs served by the national bank, BRI as well as the provincial bank, Bank Jatim.


The food in Bawean is dominated by seafood.

Bawean cuisine[edit]

  • Koncok-koncok, Bawean fish cake made from mackerel tuna.
  • Nasek ghulung, rice cooked in banana leaves served with grilled fish and meat floss.
  • Posot-posot, fish cracker.
  • Tomes telur ikan tongkol, mackerel tuna eggs in spicy sauce.
  • Kella celok, fish soup.
  • Tono-tono jhukok, grilled fish.

Places to eat[edit]

  • 1 Warung Nasi Bu Nor'a, Jl. Umar Mas'ud, Sawahmulya, Sangkapura. Open 05:00. Serves nasi campur (rice with veggies and protein side dishes) also fish crackers including posot-posot.
  • 1 PPI Bawean, Kotakusuma, Sangkapura. Traditional market with various local dishes such as nasek ghulung and koncok-koncok.
  • 2 Cafe Lestari, Gili Island, +62 821 107 37357. Serves grilled fish, lobster, koncok-koncok, and bakso ikan (fishball soup).
  • 3 Warung Pojok Merak City, Tanjungori, Tambak, +62 852 567 02610. Serves grilled fish. They have a prayer room.


Try local drink wedang jaguar (jahe gula aren) made from ginger and aren palm sugar.


  • 1 Hotel Miranda Bawean, Jl. Umar Mas'ud, Sawahmulya, Sangkapura, +62 812 174 06743. From Rp250,000.
  • 2 Homestay Kembang Kenanga, Diponggo, Tambak, +62 822 605 76699, +62 813 585 69749. A homestay with a sea view and close to the beach. There is a kitchen and a stove.


The telephone area code of Bawean is 0325.

Go next[edit]

Back to Gresik or Surabaya

This city travel guide to Bawean is a usable article. It has information on how to get there and on restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.