Coahuila is a state in Northern Mexico. Coahuila is not a very touristy state when compared to other parts of the country, but it has several attractions, especially related to outdoor activities in the semi-desert climate.
- 1 Saltillo — the state capital is a beautiful small colonial city, known for its thick, lightly glazed, earthen ceramic floor tiles, and the brightly colored shawls known as sarapes
- 2 Candela — a nice town close to the Candela Train Station
- 3 Ciudad Acuña — a small city on the U.S. border across from Del Rio, Texas
- 4 Monclova — third largest city in the state
- 5 Parras de la Fuente — location of wineries that were established by the old Spanish Dons
- 6 Piedras Negras — a beautiful city with a high quality and standard of living, on the Texas border
- 7 Sabinas
- 8 San Pedro de las Colonias — it is considered the "Cradle of the Mexican Revolution", avtitle claimed by several towns
- 9 Torreón — the second largest city in the state is a modern city with several natural, cultural, historical and religious attractions
- The Sierra del Carmen — the largest wilderness area in Latin America north of Patagonia, lying just across the rio from Big Bend NP
- 1 Cuatro Ciénegas — a unique ecosystem, the spring-fed pools that fill the valley of Cuatro Cienegas are host to a number of plant and animal species found nowhere else on earth. Much of the valley is a protected natural reserve, though some of the larger pools (called pozas) are open to the public for snorkeling and swimming
The Sierra Madre Oriental runs northwest to southeast through the State, and the higher elevations are home to the Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests. The northernmost fingers of the Sierra Madre Oriental, the Sierra del Burro and the Sierra del Carmen, reach to the border with the United States at the Rio Grande.
East of the range, the land slopes gently toward the Rio Grande, and is drained by several rivers, including the Salado and its tributary, the Sabinas River. The Tamaulipan mezquital, a dry shrubland ecoregion, occupies the eastern portion of the State, and extends across the Rio Grande into southern Texas.
The portion of the state west of the Sierra Madre Oriental lies on the Mexican Plateau, and is part of the Chihuahuan Desert.
The name Coahuila is derived from native terms for the region, and has been known by variations such as Cuagüila and Cuauila. Some historians believe that this means “flying serpent”, “place of many trees”, or “place where serpents creep”. The official name of the state is Coahuila de Zaragoza, in honor of General Ignacio Zaragoza.
The Spanish explored the north of Mexico some decades after their victory in Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztecs. The first Spanish settlement in the region now called Coahuila was at Minas de la Trinidad in 1577. Saltillo was settled by the Spaniards in 1586, to form part of the province of Nueva Vizcaya of the Vice-royalty of New Spain. Later it became one of the first provinces of Nueva Extremadura to be explored by Europeans.
As in the rest of the states of Mexico ,the official language is Spanish. In Coahuila, some people speak Kikapú and other indigenous languages.
The climate is generally dry and semi-warm to extremely hot in much of the state of Coahuila, with some variations throughout the regions of the state.
In the southeast, the climate is hot, in spring and summer generally in Saltillo, Arteaga and more, the rainy season is in July and August, in winter the weather is cold and foggy. In the Lagunera Region the weather is hot in spring and summer, hot and dry in the fall and with relatively mild winters, eventually cold. In the central region, the weather is hot in spring and the temperature in summer is very high. In summer there are rains that can be intense. Winters are cold. In the north, the climate is hot in spring and summer and cold in winter, with rains in the region in July and August. Snowfalls are frequent in the northern part of the state, in the Múzquiz mountain ranges, and in the Arteaga mountain range in the southeast of the state during the winter season.
In the northeast, conditions can be favorable for the development of severe weather in the spring, including the possibility of tornadoes.
Senda Coahuilenses Group provides coach services through the state.
Transportes del Nazas is a bus line in the Torreón Metropolitan Area, better known as los Rojas. Their routes go to the surrounding area of the Lagunera Region.
Transportes Moctezuma de La Laguna is a bus line of the Lagunera Region. They are known as los verdes.
In Cuatro Cienegas, the Cuatro Cienegas Biosphere Reserve displays 150 different endemic plants and animal species.
The capital, Saltillo, has various historical sites and buildings such as the Plaza de Armas, the Government Palace and the Cathedral of Santiago. The Museum of the Desert also stands out.
The city of Torreón has as main attractions the Cristo de las Noas, which can be reached using the first cable car in the state; and the Corona Stadium, home of the Santos Laguna soccer team.
Parras de la Fuente stands out mainly for its walnut trees, its old architecture and its vineyards.
- Asado de chile colorado – pork with ancho and guajillo chilies and cumin
- Charro beans – cowboy-style beans with bacon and chilies
- Coahuila sausage – made of pork seasoned with ancho chiles
- Enchiladas de olla – ancho chili, tortillas, poblano and grated cheese
- Menudo norteño – tripe soup with ancho and guajillo chilies
- Cajeta de membrillo – carmelized milk candy flavored with quince