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Asia > East Asia > China > Southwest China > Sichuan > East Sichuan > Emeishan National Park

Emeishan National Park

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Mount Emei (峨嵋山 or 峨眉山; Éméishān) is a sacred Buddhist mountain in the southern part of Sichuan, China.

Understand[edit]

The Guangfu pavilion

Mt. Emei stands at 3099 meters (10,167 feet), and is associated with Puxian Bodhisattva (Samantabhadra) - a representation of 'Great Practice' and 'Great Virtue'. Ever since Buddhism arrived in China, it has been an important center of refuge, and the mountain contains more than one hundred temples and monasteries. The mountain is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

If you expect Emeishan National Park to be a pristine mountain area, you need to adjust your expectation before you come here. It is lined with roads, peppered with houses and accommodations. The hiking trail is nice though. Keep in mind that it's a highly touristic area, so it can be very crowded depending on the season.

Get in[edit]

Mt. Emei is 150 km south of Chengdu, 130 km from the Shuangliu International Airport and 28 km from Leshan city. There are regular overnight trains between Emei Shan and Kunming as well as trains and buses to/from Chengdu (Xinnanmen Bus Station, ¥48, every 20 min from 07:20-19:20) and Leshan. With the completion of the train stations in Chengdu, high-speed trains go regularly from Chengdu South, Chengdu East, Shuangliu International Airport to Emei Shan via Leshan for about an hour ride. It is however recommended to stay overnight in Emeishan City or Bauguo to make full use of the National Park.

You can get tickets from the Tourist Information Desk in the Railway Station, or in the Tour Passengers Transport Service in Baugio (a big building in the center of the main street). Maps for both Emeishan and Leshan are ¥5, and a entrance tickets for for the National Park is ¥160 (valid for 2 days). Keep the ticket as you will need it for scanning at checkpoints within the park. Price is reduced for the period of 15 Dec - 15 Jan (off peak season).

From the train station, walk around to the left to the local bus station. All bus routes will have pinyin on them; bus 11 will take you to Baoguo Station; a short walk away is Baoguo Temple, which is reasonably well signposted. Other temples are very well signposted from Baoguo.

Get around[edit]

Maps are available at the mountain, and visitors are free to travel around and enter the monasteries. The more interesting spots are the secluded ones away from the tourist areas and on the lower third of the mountain, away from the summit. The mountain is big. To comfortably see the whole mountain, you'll need at least three days. It is not possible to reach the summit in a day for a normal, untrained person. Hiking the whole mountain can be a strenuous endeavor; although there are paved step paths to the summit, the trails are very steep in places, and hiking from Wannian Monastery to the Golden summit is about 30 km. The distances assigned on the posts are not realistic, they may be divided by two. Distances between accommodations can be huge, so be sure that you'll be near one at sundown.

Snow covers much of the top 18 km well into spring, so invest in a bamboo hiking pole and some crampons if the ground is slippery. You can rent a winter coat at the Leidongping Bus Station.

If you don't want to hike through the mountain, there are buses, cable cars, and sedan chairs carried by people (but what you save in strain you'll spend in Yuan) that will take you to/frp, different points with different rates.

See[edit]

  • 1 Golden Summit (金顶 Jīndǐng). With a towering, multi-face statue of Samantabhadra and vertigo-inducing views of the cloud sea around the mountain, the peak makes a perfect reward for the thigh-shattering climb from Baoguo. Jinding (Q15934260) on Wikidata Jinding on Wikipedia
    • 2 Huazang Temple (华藏寺 Huázàng Sì). Near the summit. There is a terrace with a fine view.
  • 3 Wannian Monastery (万年寺 Wànnián Sì). A large monastery with a fantastic statue of Puxian Bodhisattva, who is depicted as riding a white elephant with six tusks. The monks there are great, and they add a good deal to the ambience of the mountain. A part of the temple is a modern re-construction. Wannian Temple (Q4103491) on Wikidata Wannian Temple (Mount Emei) on Wikipedia
  • 4 Leiyin Monastery (雷音寺 Léiyīn Sì). This temple, and some of the others temples tucked away in the seams of the mountain, are worthy of exploring, although many are cheaply-made, modern constructions.
  • 5 Baoguo Temple (报国寺 Bàoguó Sì). Contains a massive bronze bell, said to be heard from 16 km (10 miles) away when rung. ¥8. Baoguo Temple (Q11076652) on Wikidata Baoguo Temple (Mount Emei) on Wikipedia
  • 6 Jiulao Cave (九老洞 Jiŭlǎo Dòng). Close to the Xianfen Temple. Deep Taoist cave. Lots of pilgrims go there to burn incences. It does not seem advised to take this path in winter unless well prepared. ¥2.
  • Pinnacle Lingyan (灵岩叠翠). Emei Mountain lies seven kilometers southwest of Emeishan City and is one of the four mountain ranges in China that Buddhists consider sacred. It was included in the UNESCO world heritage list in 1996. The mountain stretches more than 200 km from south to north. Its main peak, Wanfo Top, is 3,099 meters above sea level. Since ancient times Emei Mountain has been described as “Beauty Under Heaven”.
  • 7 Bailongdong (白龙洞). White Dragon Cave, the Ming Jiajing when Jackson was built at the beginning of the Qing Dynasty biography, reconstruction, Qing emperor Kangxi had given United to the temple, Confucian classics. The existing before and after the two hall, before the three Temple, for Amitabha, mahasthamaprapta, a Buddhism godness Guanyin Bodhisattva Buddhism; after the main hall, for Shakya Muni, Manjusri, Samantabhadra Sam kegon.

Do[edit]

Hiking is one of the main attractions, with trails criss-crossing the park. One of the most picturesque area is located between Niuxin Pavilion and Xianfeng Temple. The beginning of trail from Emeishan is through Leiyin temple, cross concrete road, near Lin He restaurant/hotel/shop, between Fuhu temple (entrance fee ¥6) & Shanjue temple stairs.

Full hike through Emeishan[edit]

The journey would take up to three days. Although the ticket is valid for two days, you should be doing okay as long as you passed through the las checkpoint on your last night. Baoguo Town is the closest place to the foot of the mountain. You should leave your luggage in Baoguo or Emeishan Town until you return from your hike.

One-day hike for the lower third of Emeishan[edit]

If you choose not to summit the mountain, there are many beautiful temples and beautiful views to explore around the lower third of the mountain. Whilst there are stairs, the hike around the lower third of mountain does not need any special equipment, and remains largely under 1000 m above sea level. Keep your entry tickets as you will need to scan them at particular checkpoints easily identifiable by a gate and scanner. Most temples forbid photography within the inner parts of the temples, please be respectful of the signs indicating where you can take photos. Some temples have additional entrance fees.

This is a ~16 km hike suggested by locals who advised avoiding the summit as the lower third of the mountain is more interesting. This can be easily done in one day (leave Chengdu at 09:0/, return at 19:00). There are some stairs, but the route is more gentle than the ones found in other comparable mountains, like in Huashan National Park.

As with all popular mountain hiking routes, you may wish to avoid the area if there is a national holiday due to severe crowding.

  1. Start by taking the bus from the high-speed rail station to Baoguo Temple bus stop. The temple is well signposted from the bus stop.
  2. From Baoguo Temple, follow the signs away from the main road to Fuhu Temple, which has a dramatic entrance over a river and a bridge.
  3. From Fuhu Temple, follow the signs and stairs to Leiyin Temple, easily identifiable by its construction on stilts. Admire the bamboo forests and locals going out for a stroll. It is here that you will meet a checkpoint. Use the entry ticket which you bought back at the high-speed train station to go through the mildly officious manned gate.
  4. From Leiyin Temple, follow the signs and stairs to Chunyung Palace. At this point you might want to consider having lunch at one of the many restaurants along the route. Expect to pay ¥8-10 for delicious home-made dumplings in chili oil. The restaurants will be happy to do takeaway.
  5. From Chunyang Palace, follow the signs and stairs to Shenshui Pavilion. Don't forget to look back at your route for some painterly views.
  6. From Shenshui Pavilion, follow the signs and stairs down (!) to Zhongfeng Temple, another less officious checkpoint to scan your entrance ticket, and then to Guangfu Temple.
  7. From Guangfu Temple walk to Niuxin Pavilion, and then to the Joking Monkey Zone; don't miss this. This is a route which cuts into the side of a deep and narrow gorge, with amazing hanging forested areas and the opportunity (if the river allows it) to do as the locals do and walk back along the river bank. Walk as far as you can as time allows, this is a to and back part of the route.
  8. From Niuxian Pavilion is a somewhat dull walk with occasional monkeys, and lots of souvenir stalls. This is a flat 45 minute walk to Wuxiangang parking lot, where you can pick up a bus to go back to the high-speed rail station.

One-day hike for the Golden Summit (from Leidongping)[edit]

A round trip bus to Leidongping (near the top) costs ¥90 (as of Mar 2019), the drive up takes around 2 hours. From Leidongping bus station, it is a 7 km climbing of stairs. Climbing up should take around 2.5 hours. You can also take a cable car (¥60 up, ¥55 down) the rest of the way to the summit. If you want to go down by bus (after hiking up), ticket from Leidong Terrace to Baoguo temple cost ¥50.

Non-Hiking activities[edit]

During winter there is a skiing area, in Leidongping area near the summit.

One of the resort offers Hot Spring as well.

Buy[edit]

Hawkers sell straw or bamboo poles and crampons to attach to boots, which will be necessary when paths are slippery in the winter and spring

Eat[edit]

Restaurants are located at convenient intervals so there is little need to carry food. A mantou (steamed bun) costs ¥5, and a dish is about ¥15-20. The higher you go, the more expensive the food is.

The monasteries all offer delicious vegetarian fare for around ¥20 a person, though breakfast options might be a disappointing bowl of rice with water and a steamed bun for ¥10 a person. Jieyin Hall Temple has a delicious all- you-can-eat for ¥20; take the stairs on the left after entering. If you want a meat based Chinese meal, there are restaurants close to the tourist temples. Cooked food at pit stops and the restaurants can be wildly expensive (¥40 for a plate of fried noodles), so check prices and consider pot-o-noodles if you're the budget-conscious type. You can also get snacks at several places along the trails.

If you are looking for a good meal near the base of the mountain near the Emeishan mountain transit bus station, I highly recommend you leave the main tourist strip on Jinqu Road (景区路) for meals. Most of the restaurants on this tourist strip are overpriced and serve low quality ingredients, producing a mockery of good szechuanese cuisine. If you are able, a short walk out of the park area will take you to a strip of local restaurants that serve delicious, authentic, and appropriately priced regional dishes. From the entrance gate of the park, beginning of Jinqu Road, head northeast up Mingshan South Road (名山南路) for a few hundred meters. On the east side of the street are a series of good places to eat. A good place to try is Niu Man Tang (牛满堂翘脚牛肉), a restaurant that serves Tiao Joao Niu Rou (a beef broth with various types of beef parts — round, tongue, brisket, tripe, tendon, etc), a regional specialty. The other places serve varieties of this dish, along with szechuanese grilled fish, hot pot, and other popular regional dishes. These restaurants cater mostly to locals and don’t have English menus or pictures of their food, but some of the waitstaff are local college students so you may luck out with language. Otherwise, just get what everyone else there is eating and you won’t be sorry!

Drink[edit]

Do not drink from the mountain streams. There are several shacks along the way that sell bottled water for ¥5. They are frequent enough that you don't need to worry about water when hiking. And there's boiled water in almost every temple.

Sleep[edit]

Cheapest places used to be staying at the monasteries. As of April 2012 prices of ¥120 or more for a very basic twin room with no heating or electric blankets. Like Xianfeng Temple, Elephant Bathing Pool, Hongchun Ping, Huayan Peak, Jieyin Hall and Wannian Temple. You can find regular hotels close to the tourist spots that are more expensive. There are guesthouses along the mountain for around ¥60 a person, though they offer frigid rooms and not much else. Accommodation at monasteries closest to tourist spots tends to be more expensive. Bathrooms tend to be primitive and not for the faint-hearted. Don't expect any wifi or power outlets in rooms.

Hotels prices at the top are around ¥200-500. Hotels can have electric blankets.

Note; if you've a room at the hotel at the top of the mountain and you are at the skiing area, check the departure time for the last bus leaving either up or down the mountain to avoid being stranded for a very cold stay at the mid-mountain hotels. They are pretty much not heated. The heat they do have is so little that it will be below zero in your room. During this time of the year much of the plumbing is also shut down so do not expect running water anywhere Including the toilets! Instead, toilet bowls are lined with plastic garbage bags which get carried off in the morning.

These hotels are at the base of the national park area, a good idea before you start your journey up or before you leave.

  • Emei Mountain Youth Hotel (in Baoguo Village, just off the main road), +86 833 5591698. Check-out: 12. A great, atmospheric little place at the foot of Emei Mountain. 30 kuai for a dorm bed (before bargaining) and 50 for a double room (without ensuit). The staff speak a little English, and are very helpful. Restaurant is, unfortunately, as exorbitant as everywhere else in this tourist area. On the main road, look for a big sign to a big hotel. Underneath the hotel name it mentions a youth hostel. That's your place.
  • Teddy Bear Hostel, No. 43 Baoguo Road, Baoguo Village, +86 833-5590135. Check-out: 12. The original budget accommodation in Emei Shan. Located one block from Baoguo bus station. Dorms (¥40-70), single (¥80–100), double/twin (¥80–200 depending on amenities)and triples (¥150–200). All rooms come with a bathroom. They also offer free hiking information and free pickup from Emei Bus/Train station. Western breakfast available. Great crepes.

Stay safe[edit]

Aside from being careful at the top of the mountain, one main thing to remember are the aggressive monkeys who pester hikers for handouts, keep food packed away. These monkeys have been severely teased by many tourists so their behaviour is unpredictable. If you come across any monkeys outside of the temples, do not stop to take pictures or stare as they will bite if provoked. Just walk briskly away and talk in a soothing voice to calm the monkeys enough to leave you alone.

Pack rain gear and be vigilant with your step as the paths get slippery, especially from October to April. Locals will walk the route in trainers and regular shoes. Hawkers sell straw poles and crampons to attach to boots. Warm clothing is essential at the summit year round. Don't forget that even though it's touristy, it's still a mountain. Staircases can be tiring, and the distances are quite far (120 km in two tracks). It isn't Everest, but at 3000 m (10,000 feet), it's at the lower limit of altitude sickness inducing heights. You're more prone to headaches and exhaustion, so drink water, pace yourself on the upper staircases, and stop ascending if you feel faint or nauseous.

Get out[edit]

To get back to Emeishan High-Speed train station from the bus station at Wuxiangang parking lot, buy a minibus ticket from the bus station (¥20) back to the high speed station. The staff will write you bus number on your ticket; please note that the bus number is spray painted on the rear of the bus.  The driver might try to be cheeky and stop at the town bus station. If this happens kick up a fuss as your ticket is for the high speed rail station a further 1.5 km along the main road.

The last two high-speed trains from Emeishan to Chengdu East/South are at 18:30 and 21:00.

Go next[edit]

  • Leshan Grand Buddha - A massive, 240 ft (73 m) high buddha carved into the mountainside.
  • The city of Chongqing is a grand city on the Yangtze
  • The Yangtze River offers many scenic cruising options to the north
  • Chengdu is both historic and modern. Bus ticket costs ¥45 for ~3 hr trip.
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