Krasnoyarsk (Russian: Красноя́рск kruhz-nah-YAHRSK) is a city in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It is known for its beautiful nature nearby. However, the city sits in a mountainous basin and, when the wind isn't blowing, dangerous benzopyrene emissions from its aluminum smelter and power station result in black smog over the city.
Krasnoyarsk has a population of over 1 million people.
The Kacha River flows through the city before joining the Yenisey at the Strelka - the historical center of the city. The Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric dam, 20 km upstream, significantly influences the local climate; normally the river would freeze over in the bitterly-cold Siberian winter, but because the dam releases unfrozen water year-round, the river never freezes in the 200 km (120 mi) to 300 km (190 mi) stretch of river immediately downstream.
The city was founded in 1628 as a fort on the confluence of the two rivers. It was founded as Krasny Yar, meaning "Red Steep Bank".
Many political exiles, including 8 Decembrists, were banished to Krasnoyarsk. The city was also an administrative center for the gulags.
Krasnoyarsk grew significantly during World War II, since industrial facilities were moved eastward to escape the war. After the fall of the Soviet Union, ownership of these facilities was transferred to oligarchs, and unemployment rose significantly.
The economy of the city is dependent upon its aluminum production facilities.
The famous 2005 Russian war film The 9th Company, directed by Fedor Bondarchuk and set during the Soviet War in Afghanistan, reputedly a favorite of president Vladimir Putin, has its story beginning at Krasnoyarsk.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
- 1 Krasnoyarsk International Airport (KJA IATA Yemelyanovo (Емельяново) Airport) (27 km northwest of the city center), ☏ . The airport serves approximately 2 million passengers per year. There are regular flights from many major Russian cities including Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Vladivostok, Irkutsk, Manzhouli, Samara, Novosibirsk, Ulan-Ude, and Yekaterinburg as well as international flights from Dushanbe, Bangkok, Baku, Tashkent, Beijing, Bishkek, and Osh.
Taxis should cost 800 руб if negotiated in advance, and the journey to the city center by taxi takes approximately 40 minutes.
2 Cheremshanka (Черемшанка) Airport (ICAO:UNKM), ☏ , is 23 km northwest of the city center. The airport is small and only 2 carriers operate flights to it: Krasavia, with flights from Abakan, Barnaul, Bratsk, Gorno-Altaysk, Kodinsk, Kyzyl, Motygino, Novokuznetsk, Podkamennaya Tunguska River and Turukhan Avia Airlines, with flights from Surgut, Svetlogorsk, Tomsk, and Turukhansk.
- See also: Trans-Siberian Railway
All Trans-Siberian trains stop at Krasnoyarsk.
Train timetables and fares can be found on the RZD website; enter "KRASNOIARSK, KRASNOYARSKAYA, " as the station for Krasnoyarsk. There are several daily trains from Moscow (61 hours, 3300-10000 руб), Irkutsk (18 hours, 1200-6400 руб), Omsk (20 hours, 1400-6600 руб), Novosibirsk (12 hours, 1000-6000 руб), Ulan-Ude (12 hours, 1500-8400 руб), Yekaterinburg (34 hours, 2000-5800 руб), Perm (41 hours, 2400-6600 руб), and Vladivostok (86 hours, 4000-20000 руб).
The main station is 3 Krasnoyarsk-Passazhirskiy, west of city center. There are left luggage services at the train station, but beware of long "breaks" taken by the operator. The service costs 100 руб per item per day. There are plenty of buses making the 10-minute ride between the train station and the city centre. The journey costs 25 руб. A taxi should cost 130 руб if negotiated in advance.
Kransoyarsk Avtovokzal is the inter city bus station. Buses operate from nearby cities, including those in the Khakassia region. Buses from most nearby cities cost under 300 руб. You may even go as far as Kyzyl in the Tuvanese Republic.
The road connecting Vladivostok and Moscow, semi-officially called Moskovskyy Trakt (Московский тракт, Russian for the Moscow Way), passes through Krasnoyarsk. However, decent accommodation and eating establishments are hard to find along this road.
Google maps can be used to plan trips around the city.
By public transport
There are many public buses, costing 26 руб per trip. You may use the 2GIS app in order to know wich bus to take, or simply ask a local. In large buses, the conductor walks among the passengers and asks for money from the new passengers. In a minibus, the conductor sits near the driver and gets paid before passengers exit (because of this the rear door is rarely opened). In a large bus, the conductor walks around with a roll of tickets in a hand, a belt purse and demands payment. PayWave contactless cards are accepted.
Taxis are plentiful but drivers rarely speak English. Negotiate prices in advance.
- Views of the Yenisey River and the nearby Sayan Mountains covered by taiga forest are quite picturesque.
- 1 Krasnoyarsk Dam (Divnogorsk Dam). 124 m tall, 40 km southwest of Krasnoyarsk includes a power station and an aluminum smelting plant that benefits from the cheap electricity. The waterfall created by the dam is worth seeing. Reachable by taxi, elektrichka train or bus 106 to Divnogorsk (Дивногорск, "The Town of Wondrous Mountains") or, in the summer, by jet boat or hydrofoil.
- 2 Muzey-Usad'ba Surikova, Lenina Str. 98 and 3 Surikov Art Museum, 20, Parizhskoy Commyny Street are the museums of the one of the greatest Russian painters who was born and lived in Krasnoyarsk until he moved to Moscow to become a member of the National Academy of Arts. The first is a two-story wooden house built in 1830 by the painter's father, Vasiliy Surikov was born and lived for many years in that house, the second is a later-built one-story house holding many of his works.
- 4 Krasnoyarsk Regional Museum, Dubrovinskogo Str. 84. A restored monumental building in an ancient Egyptian style. It holds a lot of good exhibitions on the history of the Krasnoyarsk Krai as well as many archeological artifacts. It also has a souvenir shop.
- 5 Culture and History Center (former Lenin Museum). Constantly presents various local and international exhibitions and events, all open to the public and sometimes free: fine art and photography by modern artists, art-house and independent movie festivals, museum nights with performances by young local artists, wax figure exhibitions, moving exhibitions from other cities, etc. The building is an incredibly interesting place to visit due to its original and atmospheric inside architecture.
- 6 Karaulnaya Gora (Караульная гора, Russian for 'The Watch Hill'), Karaulnaya street (Bus #32, #64, #74 and #88 to Ploschad Pobyedy (Площадь Победы, Russian for The Victory Plaza), from there walk the Stepana Razina Str. until you see the chapel). A large hill with the Paraskeva Pyatnitsa Chapel (Часовня Параскевы Пятницы) on its top is a symbol of the city depicted on the 10-ruble banknote.
- 7 Andrey Dubensky Monument, located at the top of the Krasnyy Yar hill, near Partizana Zheleznyaka Str. 1. A monument to the Cossack leader Andrey Dubensky who founded the stockaded fort of Krasnyy Yar in 1628 by the order of Michael I. The monument was erected in 2003 to honor the 375th anniversary of the city.
- Flower monuments are to be found all over the city. Large figures (2–5m) made of flowers can be seen only in summer. The first figure is a Bear, it stands near the mayoralty building known for its modernist Big Ben-like clock, a family of Giraffes on the Lenina str. behind the Regional Government building knows as the Grey House (Серый дом), a Rooster near the Theater of Musical Comedy (Театр Музыкальной Комедии), a family of Elephants on the Kopylova (Копылова) str.
There are many hiking opportunities in the nearby forests, many of which offer nice viewpoints. It is recommended to have a guide for such an excursion as the trails are not well laid-out and there are plenty of dangers, including animals.
- 1 Stolby Nature Reserve (Заповедник Столбы, literally: Pillar) (take a bus to Hotel Snezhnaya Dolina (15 km southwest of the city center) and then walk up the 7-km trail or take the chairlift of the ski-resort (Фуникулёр; 250 руб)), ☏ . Stolby covers 470 km² in area, with many extraordinarily-shaped volcanic rock formations up to 100 m high. There are marked trails, but a map of them is only available on-site, not online. All information on signs is in Russian. The chairlift trail is officially closed in 2020; others from the main entrance are open.
- 2 Roev Ruchey Zoo (Роев ручей, Russian: Royev's Brook) (1 bus stop west from the entrance to the Stolby Nature Reserve). Large animal collection, where animals live in a good environment. The most famous inhabitant is a polar bear called Sedov.
Festivals and events
- The City Day is celebrated every year in June, it is a spectacular show with a street carnival of different topics each year and evening fireworks.
- Lawnmower Racing Festival occurs in July and features races on lawnmowers, motorcycles, ATVs, jet skis, gliders, hang gliders, and helicopters. Also includes music concerts.
- APFest (Krasnoyarsk International Music Festival of the Asia-Pacific region). Last week of June. Theatre, ballet, concerts, street art, and other unique events.
- The Night of Ad Eaters, Opera and Ballet Theater (Perensona Str. 2). Annually in June. A collection of advertisement trailers by Jean Marie Boursicot is presented to the local elite starting at midnight. Over US$100.
- Krasnoyarsk Jazz-bike festival, 5 to 8 August . The first two days of this Program is jazz. Third day Program includes a lot of contests and music groups. Prepared interesting prizes. Special guest DJ "Elephant". Competitive program 7 August starting at 23:00. Walking rechargeable, Arm-wrestling, fight on Balance beam, Enduro, Swim on Rubber Women. Music program on August 7, launching at 19:00. Columns of bikers will gather at the sports complex on the island at 16:00 on 6 August.
After Novosibirsk and Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk is the most prominent scientific and educational center of Siberia with more than 30 higher education facilities, many of which are the branches of the Russian Academy of Science, and about 200 high schools. The most notable higher education institutes are:
- Siberian Federal University (Russian abbreviation is SibFU), founded on November 4, 2006. The institution integrated four large higher education institutions (Krasnoyarsk State University, Krasnoyarsk State Academy of Architecture and Civil Construction, Krasnoyarsk State Technical University, State University of Non-Ferrous Metals and Gold)
- Krasnoyarsk State University of Education (Russian abbreviation is KGPU), founded in 1932
- Siberian State Technological University (Russian abbreviation is SibGTU), the oldest in the city, founded in 1930 as the Siberian Institute of the Forest
- Siberian State Aerospace University (Russian abbreviation is SibGAU), founded in 1960
- Krasnoyarsk State Medical Academy (Russian abbreviation is KrasGMA), founded in 1942
Similarly to Novosibirsk and Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk has a special city district called Akademgorodok (Academic Town in Russian) where many of the institutes are located. There, in the Institute of Biophysics, the experiment on ecological isolation of human beings called "Bios", similar to the US experiment Biosphere 2, has been successfully held in 1973-1985.
Like any industrial center, Krasnoyarsk has a large number of employment opportunities. However, salaries are low (up to 500 USD/month is 'good', more than USD1000/month is 'very good'; higher salaries are available for top-managers or business owners only). Salaries net of taxes.
If you want to buy Siberian souvenirs or paintings of the Krasnoyarsk artists you can visit the Diana (Диана) art salon at Mira St. (ул. Мира) 51. You may try to speak English with merchants here. Another place to look for paintings of the local artists is the Khingan (Хинган) galleries at Mira St. (ул. Мира) 3, Vzlyotnaya St. (ул. Взлётная) 2 and Totmina St. (ул. Тотмина) 6. Siberian souvenirs are also sold in the Sibir-Etno (Сибирь-этно) galleries, the first of them is in the Krasnoyarsk railway station, the second is at Aviatorov St. (ул. Авиаторов) 19.
The one unique thing you're advised to buy is cedar nuts, because the Siberian region is the only region where the authentic variety of this delicacy can be purchased. Throughout the rest of the world cedar nuts are extremely expensive.
Other goods are the same as all over Russia. Chinese clothes could be slightly cheaper on the Chinese market.
Entertainment centers and shopping malls
- Krasnoyarsk has a lot of huge trade-and-entertainment centers, similar to shopping malls, where you can find cinema theaters, restaurants, cafeterias and numerous large and small shops. The major centers are: Torgovyy Kvartal (Торговый Квартал, Russian for Trade Block) at Televizornaya Str. 1, Planeta (Планета, Russian for Planet) at Dyevyatogo Maya Str. 77 and Luch (Луч, Russian for Ray) at Karla Marksa Str. 149. Other large trading centers are Kvant (Квант, Russian for Quant) at Krasnoy Armii Str. 10, Yevraziya (Евразия, Russian for Eurasia) at Karla Marksa Str. 95-1 and Krasnoyarye (Красноярье, Russian for Places of Krasnoyarsk) at Krasnoyarskiy Rabochiy Str. 120.
There are plenty of restaurants in Krasnoyarsk. While there is no McDonald's, there are locations of KFC. There are many excellent Chinese restaurants on Mira street near the Theater of Musical Comedy.
- Syem Slona (Съем слона), Several locations. Chain of canteen-style cafeterias. All items are under 100 руб.
- Franky Woo Restaurant & Bar, Vzletnaya st., 57. On the 15th floor of an office building. Unique aviation theme.
- [formerly dead link] Mama Roma, Prospect Mira 50A, ☏ . 09:00-01:00. Italian food. Locations in 5 Russian cities.
- [dead link] Shkvarok, Mira Ave., 102A. Ukrainian restaurant with a lot of character.
- Yakitoriya (Якитория), Oktyabrskaya, 7A, ☏ . Japanese food. 350 руб.
- Urartu Restaurant (Ресторан Урарту), Karla Marksa St., 14A, ☏ , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Country-style wood tables with comfortable couches. Unique cuisine including rare local cheeses.
- [dead link] Balkan Grill (Балкан Гриль), Perensona 9 (Behind Krasnoyarsk Opera theater). Balkan food. Nice atmosphere, although the steaks are not top-notch.
- [formerly dead link] Baran i Biser (баран и бисер, Literally: Sheep and Beads), Mira #19, ☏ . Fantastic food and atmosphere. Central European, Georgian cuisine. Bakes bread in wood-fired oven.
- [formerly dead link] Svinya i Biser (Literally: Pig and Beads), Krasnoy Armii St., 16A. Great atmosphere and service.
- [formerly dead link] Shelf, 78 Dobrovolcheskoy Brigady St.#15; 2nd floor, Pervaya Bashnya Business Center, ☏ . Mains: 500-1500 руб.
- [formerly dead link] Trattoria Formaggi @ Oktyabrskaya Hotel, Mira Ave., #15, ☏ . An excellent Italian restaurant, with English speaking waiters, excellent food and service. Menus with mouth-watering pictures. Try the Mediterranean Olives as starter!
- [dead link] Yurta Teahouse, Sibirskaya, 92/4, ☏ . A really cool tea house in a large yurt! Pot of tea: 150 руб; Flame roasted and skewered chicken, meat and potatoes: 340 руб.
- [formerly dead link] Soho Bar, Mira #45, ☏ .
There are many nightclubs all over Krasnoyarsk, but it's better to avoid those located in suburbs (the clientele can be unpleasant), or very expensive luxury clubs and restaurants (frequented by local criminals). Most cinemas have nightclubs as well. Beware of drug traffickers, which are present in most nightclubs; however, they usually don't disturb others unless approached.
- Havana Club, ul. Bograda, 134. Includes 3 dance floors.
- Koloradsky Papa (Колорадский Папа), Krasnoyarsky Rabochy #160E, ☏ .
- Music Bar Loft, ul. Uritskogo, 94, ☏ .
- Harley's Bar (Бар Харлей), Molokova 56, ☏ . Free entrance before 23:00; afterwards 300 руб for girls and 500 руб for guys.
- [dead link] Sterling Club (Стерлинг), Vzletnaja ul., d. 12, ☏ .
Some hotels do not have English-speaking staff and may be in bad condition. Read reviews online and book in advance. It is also better to book accommodation in the city centre since certain outlying areas can be a bit dodgy.
Most hotels and hostels offer free WiFi and many have computer terminals. Almost all accept credit cards. Hotels and hostels will usually provide a visa invitation and registration for an additional fee.
- Hovel Hostel, ul. Lenina, 52, ☏ . 12-bed dorm: 525 руб; 8-bed dorm: 560 руб; 4-bed dorm: 600 руб; Double: 1350 руб.
- InDaHouse, st. Mihaila Godenko home 1, ☏ . 420 руб - 560 руб.
- Kiwi Hostel, Partizana Zheleznyaka 9g-17 (4th floor) (North of the city centre; Bus# 20, 30, 51, 60, 65, 77, 83, 85, 87, 91 or Trolleybus #7, 8, 11), ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. 8-bed dorm: 450 руб; 6-bed dorm: 500 руб.
- [dead link] Kvartira 55 (Квартира 55), Respubliki 42, ☏ . 6-bed dorm: 590 руб.
- Like Hostel, pr. Krasnoyarsky Rabochy 165G, ☏ . 6-bed dorm: 400 руб; 4-bed dorm: 450 руб.
- SibTourGuide Hostel, Mira street, building 85, apartment 72, ☏ . Check-in: 13:00, check-out: 12:00. Nice hostel. The owner will arrange tours to local villages, the Stolby Nature Reserve, the Tunguska explosion site, the Hydroelectric Power Station, and boat trips on the Yenisey river. Dorm bed: 700 руб; Single: 1000 руб; 300 руб fee for check-in after 9PM.
- [dead link] Titmouse House, Mira street #120-35A; Staircase #5, 4th floor, ☏ . Check-in: 13:00, check-out: 12:00. 8-bed dorm: 500 руб; 6-bed dorm: 650 руб; Twin: 1600 руб.
- Amaks City Hotel, ул. Александра Матросова, 2 (Directly across the Kommunally Bridge), ☏ , toll-free: 8-800-555-5225 (in country only). Terrace with a nice view of the river. 295 rooms. From 3600 руб, breakfast included.
- Dom Hotel, ul. Krasnoy Armii, 16A (near the bus station), ☏ , fax: , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Good pub and café on site. From 3000 руб.
- Ogni Eniseya Hotel (гостиница Огни Енисея), ul. Dubrovinskogo, 80 (on the embankment of the Yenisey River, near the Regional Museum), ☏ . Single: From 2530 руб; Double: From 4000 руб.
- Sibirskiy Safari Klub (Сибирский Сафари Клуб), ул. Судостроительная, 117-А (On the south side of the river), ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Scenic setting. Hotel includes a sauna, game room, and outdoor gazebos.
- Sky Hotel, Марковского, 45/1 (on the embankment of the Yenisey River, near the Regional Museum), ☏ , , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Single: From 2530 руб; Double: From 4000 руб.
- Yahont Hotel (гостиница Яхонт), 44-a Telman street (ул. Тельмана 44-а) (North of the city center, reachable by bus or taxi), ☏ , fax: , ✉ Yahontreception@mail.ru.
- 1 Krasnoyarsk Hotel (гостиница Красноярск), 94 Uritskogo street (ул. Урицкого 94) (located on the Square at the Opera Theatre), ☏ .
- 2 Oktyabrskaya Hotel (гостиница Октябрьская), 15 Mira street (ул. Мира 15) (on the Square at the Opera Theatre), ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Single: from 4200 руб; Double: from 4600 руб.
- 3 Takmak Spa Hotel (SPA Отель Такмак), Bazayskaya ul., 234-А (16 km from the city center), ☏ . A beautiful getaway! Includes 2 restaurants, spa, pool, sauna, fitness center, volleyball and basketball courts. Single: 3200-7000 руб; Double: 3800-8000 руб.
The international code for Russia is +7, the code for Krasnoyarsk is 391.
For information on purchasing a SIM card in Russia, see Russia#Connect.
Free WiFi is available in most hotels, shopping malls, university buildings, cinemas, restaurants and cafes, and some public areas and parks. There are also plenty of WiFi hotspots for which you must pay. You can also buy a mobile GPRS card to enable data transfer via the cellular networks. For more information, see Russia#Connect.
- Honorary Consulate of the Republic of Slovakia, 124 Б, Uritskogo St.,, ☏ , , fax: , , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com.
Though generally safe for the experienced traveler, Krasnoyarsk can be a tricky destination for someone not familiar with the region and culture. The downtown areas are pretty much safe all night, but in the suburbs don't walk alone after dark. If you are 15–30 years old, the neighborhood of student dormitories (living blocks without balconies, usually 9-story), the inside of living districts and street cafes can be dangerous for you even at the day time due to the chances to meet drunk bullies who can be easily provoked, for example, by your unusual or not athletic look. Other places of higher risk are large market places and the railway station: be sure to keep your cash out of view and out of pickpockets' reach.
Avoid asking the police for help unless it is really necessary. If possible, communicate with the hotel staff and security first, because communication with local policemen may be unpleasant due to both the language barrier and their usual rudeness, or even dangerous, especially for non-European-looking foreigners (although police in Krasnoyarsk is far from being as dangerous as in Moscow and Saint Petersburg). Sadly, this is a national problem in Russia: there is not much difference between police and criminals.
The easiest way to travel from the city is to fly to Moscow first, and then to wherever necessary. However, there are some flights from the local airport Emelianovo to China and the nearest ex-USSR countries, or through Novosibirsk and Irkutsk which can be easily reached by train.
During the summer there are 1-2 week cruises to the Northern part of the Krasnoyarsk Krai to the mouth of the Yenisey. Everyday connections exist only for the city of Divnogorsk, located 40 km west, near the Krasnoyarsk Hydroelectric Power Station.
|Routes through Krasnoyarsk|
|Yekaterinburg ← Achinsk ←||W E||→ Kansk → Khabarovsk|