Liptovský Mikuláš is a city in Central Slovakia, and centre of the historical Liptov region.
Liptovský Mikuláš ( pronunciation (help·info); until 1952 Liptovský Svätý Mikuláš, German: Liptau-Sankt-Nikolaus; Hungarian: Liptószentmiklós) is a town in northern Slovakia, on the Váh River. It lies in the Liptov region, in Liptov Basin near the Low Tatras and Tatra Mountains. The town, known as Liptovský Svätý Mikuláš (or Liptovský Saint Nicholas) before communist times, is also renowned as a town of guilds and culture.
From the second half of the 10th century until 1918, it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary. The town of Mikuláš (Liptószentmiklós) was first mentioned in the royal deed of King Ladislaus IV in 1286. The first written record mentioning the Church of Saint Nicolaus which was to become the founding element of a larger settlement dates back to 1299. The Church of Saint Nicolaus is the oldest building in the town of Liptovský Mikuláš.
Mikuláš was one of the most important centres of crafts in the Liptov region. The craftsmen formed guilds. The oldest guild was the shoemaker's guild mentioned in 1508. There were also other guilds: the guild of smiths, furriers, tailors, hatters and butchers.
In 1677, Liptovský Mikuláš (Liptószentmiklós) became the seat of the local district, as well as Liptó county. The legendary Slovak "Robin Hood" Juraj Jánošík was sentenced and executed here in 1713 by being hung by the ribcage on a hook. In the 19th century, the town became one of the centres of the Slovak national movement.
In the 20th century, many once independent villages were annexed to Liptovský Mikuláš. Thus, what was once the bucolic farmers' hamlet of Vrbicá is now simply a street in the middle of the town.
The town is one of the most famous tourist centres in Slovakia because of its rich cultural life and also because it is a perfect starting point for tourists, from where it is easy to reach the Low Tatras (Demänová valley) with well-known caves such as the Demänová Ice Cave or Demänová Cave of Freedom, or to the Western Tatras. Folk architecture can also be seen nearby in Vlkolínec near Ružomberok, or Pribylina, a few kilometres east of the town, and for recreation the lake called Liptovská Mara is available. Since 2004 a new aquapark called Aquapark Tatralandia has been open. The area is also well-known due to its location close to the biggest ski resort in Slovakia, Jasná. Many modern lifts and recent additions made to its infrastructure have meant it has become a popular ski centre for many western tourists over the last few years.
Liptovský Mikuláš is located near the main Slovak D1 motorway, as well as being on the main railroad from Bratislava to Košice. The closest international airport is in Poprad. The town also has its own public transport network with 14 lines operating.
You can go to Jasna skiresort.
- 1 Demänovská jaskyňa slobody (Freedom cave), Demänovska Cesta (buses headed to Demänovska Dolina leave from the main bus station). Tue-Sun, may-september, entry with guide only. The most visited cave in Slovakia with unique drip stone formations. Two excursions are available, 2,150 m and 1,150 m long. Temperature inside is around 6° C. 4-15 € only payable in cash.
- 2 Demänovská l'adová jaskyňa (Ice cave), Demänovska Cesta (buses headed to Demänovska Dolina leave from the main bus station). Tue-Sun, may-september, entry with guide only. One of two ice caves open to the public in Slovakia. Go on a weekday to avoid most of the crowd. 8 €, discounts for students, elderly, and kids.
- 3 Kostol sv. Mikuláša (Church of Saint Nicolaus), Námestie osloboditeľov 725/27. The oldest monument building in town and located on the Main Square.
Ice hockey: MHk 32 Liptovský Mikuláš plays in the Slovak Extraliga.
The nearby Váh river has the oldest whitewater slalom course in Slovakia. The 2008 Olympic champion in canoe slalom, C-1, Michal Martikán was born and lives here. Also Elena Kaliská, another Olympic winner, is a member of the town sports club.
- 1 Aquapark Tatralandia, Ráztocká 21. Large water park with saunas, slides, indoor and outdoor pools (including heated pools that can be used even in winter).
You can go to the supermarket Billa, Kaufland, Hipernova or to the department store Prior.
- 1 Ohnivý Drak, Hodžova 35/18, ☎ . 10:30-21:30 daily. Cheap chinese food, in the Slovak tradition. Most popular around lunchtime. From €3,50 for a plate.
- 2 Restaurant Liptovská Izba, Námestie osloboditeľov 85/21, ☎ . 11:00-22:00 daily. Pleasant mid-price restaurant directly in the centre with Slovak food specialties.
- 1 Penzión Frank, Žiar 235 (Žiarska Dolina). Comfortably furnished family guest house in the village Žiar, 10 minutes' drive from Liptovský Mikuláš. From 36EUR per room..