Download GPX file for this article
57.650014.6833Map mag.png

Götaland

From Wikivoyage
(Redirected from Northern Götaland)
Europe > Nordic countries > Sweden > Götaland
Jump to: navigation, search

Götaland is the southernmost of the three lands that make up Sweden. It is home to almost half of Sweden's population and probably even a larger share of its cultural and historical sights.

Provinces[edit]

Regions of Götaland
  Blekinge (Karlskrona, Karlshamn, Olofström, Ronneby, Sölvesborg)
Once part of Denmark, this province is known for gardens, the southern archipelago with rocky shores, and the base of the Swedish Navy since the 17th century.
  Bohuslän (Kungälv, Lysekil, Munkedal, Orust, Sotenäs, Stenungsund, Strömstad, Tanum, Tjörn, Uddevalla, Öckerö)
A rocky shoreline with Sweden's richest fishery, and a surviving maritime culture.
  Dalsland (Åmål, Bengtsfors, Dals-Ed, Färgelanda, Mellerud)
A quiet, forested province between lake Vänern and the Norwegian mountains.
  Halland (Kungsbacka, Varberg, Falkenberg, Halmstad, Hylte, Laholm)
A coastal land of windy beaches, and a 17th-century battleground in many wars against Denmark.
  Småland (Kalmar, Jönköping, Växjö etc)
A forested province, known for Astrid Lindgren's fairy tales, entrepreneurship, glassmaking, IKEA and a variety of Protestant churches.
  Västergötland
This province is dominated by fertile plains, and said to be the cradle of the Geats, with ancient towns such as Skara. The largest city is Gothenburg.
  Öland
Sweden's second largest island with windmills and long beaches, popular during summer.
  Östergötland
Home to Saint Bridget of Sweden, and a rich tradition of engineering in Motala, Linköping and Norrköping.

Skåne and Gotland are part of Götaland, but are listed in separate sections for historical and practical reasons.

Cities[edit]

  • Linköping, birthplace of Swedish aviation industry
  • Gothenburg, Sweden's second largest city and an important North Sea port
  • Halmstad, famous for beaches and golf courses
  • Jönköping, the capital of safety matches, nicknamed "Sweden's Jerusalem".
  • Kalmar, where a Scandinavian Union was forged in the Middle Ages
  • Karlskrona, base for the Swedish Navy
  • Norrköping, a quaint industrial city
  • Vadstena, home of Bridget (Birgitta), Sweden's best-known saint
  • Växjö, seat of the Linnaeus University together with Kalmar

Other destinations[edit]

Understand[edit]

Götaland is the southernmost of the three Lands of Sweden. Officially it also covers Scania and Gotland, which are however separately treated in this travel guide.

Götaland was the homeland of the Geats, Götar, who have been associated to the legendary Goths. The first king known to rule both Svealand and Götaland was Olof Skötkonung, who ascended the throne around AD 995.

As the waters brought people together, and the forests divided people, Götaland was centered around lakes Vänern and Vättern; as Värmland was originally part of Götaland. Denmark used to rule Skåne, Blekinge, Halland and Bohuslän, while Gotland was independent.

Sweden and Denmark were at war during much of the 16th and 17th century. Much of Götaland was ravaged, Denmark lost the grip of Scandinavian peninsula, and Sweden became the dominant Nordic state.

Talk[edit]

The dialects of Götaland differ slightly from standard Swedish; the southern ones have a touch of Danish. Most people in Götaland, except the elderly, speak fluent English.

Get in[edit]

The busiest international airports in or near Götaland are Gothenburg Landvetter Airport, Malmö-Sturup Airport, Copenhagen Airport and Nyköping-Skavsta Airport. Stockholm-Arlanda Airport and Oslo Airport, Gardermoen can also be considered.

Most trains between Malmö and Stockholm call at Älmhult, Alvesta, Nässjö, Mjölby, Linköping and Norrköping.

Get around[edit]

Public transport is provided at county level; see public transport in Sweden.

See[edit]

Natural sceneries differ between the forests of Småland, and the Bohuslän archipelago with its fishing villages.

Itineraries[edit]

Do[edit]

These provinces give great opportunities for hiking and water sport, even near the cities.

Stay safe[edit]

Weather in Götaland is warmer and wetter than northern Sweden. Temperatures far below zero are rare. Wildlife accidents with boars, deer and moose are common, see driving in Sweden.

Go next[edit]

This region travel guide to Götaland is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!