The Pamir mountains, or Pamirs or Pamir Knot, is a large region of high ground at the junction of several other mountain ranges of which the best-known is the Himalayas. The terrain is difficult and the population sparse. There are several mountains over 7,000 m and some large glaciers.
Nearby regions with relatively flat land and denser population are the area around Kashgar to the east, the Ferghana Valley to the north, and Bactria to the west. Central Afghanistan is to the south, across the Hindu Kush range.
The Pamir River starts in the Pamirs and leads down to Bactria where it joins several other tributaries to form one of the region's greatest rivers, the Amu Darya or Oxus.
This article covers only the part of the range in south eastern Tajikistan, near the border with Afghanistan. However, the Pamir range extends across borders; see Northeast Afghanistan and Northwest Pakistan for the parts in other countries.
The Pamir Mountains are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
- 1 Ismoil Somoni Peak
- 2 Lake Kara-Kul
- Pamirsky National Park
- Sarez Lake
- Wakhan Valley; see Wakhan Corridor
Any tourist coming to Pamir should have a permission. Some travel companies offer it for 50—200 dollars, but anyone can get it in Dushanbe OVIR (travellers and registrational police office) for 1 day and 20 somoni (little bit more than 2 dollars). Notice that in OVIR nobody speaks english, so better to come there with somebody who speaks russian or tajik.
You could take a flight from Dushanbe to Khorog. There is a 14 seater flight every morning to Khorog, but its departure depends on weather conditions and the number of passengers. Tickets to the flight are sold a day in advance at the Dushanbe airport.
The Pamir Highway is the main road through the region; it runs from Dushanbe to Osh via Khorog. You could share/hire a jeep from the jeep stand near the airport in Dushanbe to Khorog. This will take between 13 and 21 hours and privately hiring a jeep costs around $400.
From Khorog you can hitch on a fuel tanker or truck on its way back to Kyrgyzstan, or hire your own vehicle from Khorog. Its also possible to get an occasional shared van to Murghab and from there to Osh. Most days will also see a jeep or share taxi head towards Ishkashim. Hitchhiking on the Pamir highway requires patience. The first vehicle with space will give you a ride, but as with many places in the former Soviet Union you are expected to pay for the ride. It can take anywhere from 2 hours to 2 days to get a ride. There many only be 2 or 3 vehicles going in your direction each day.
The 3 Kulma pass is the only border crossing between China and Tajikistan. Although the pass is officially open for nationals of all countries, travelers repeatedly reported they were not able to cross through the borders. The Chinese side is downhill 14 km away, right next to the Karakorum Highway.
The Wakhan Corridor is an old trade route leading across the southern edge of the Pamirs from Afghanistan to China. However, it was never a major route because the terrain is difficult and the hill tribes can be. Since it is all in Afghan territory, it is almost certainly too dangerous for travel today.
There are some typical arranged itineraries, e.g.
- 5d/4n road trip from Osh to Dushanbe (including the Wakhan Valley) or vice versa (which is by far the better option, if you are prone to altitude sickness) - 4d/3n road trip from Osh to Dushanbe via Mardzh (not including the Wakhan Valley, going along the classical Pamir Highway instead).
These trips can also be done by public transport, which may take a few days more. The routes are also frequently used by cyclists, organised or independently.
Example for a typical 5d/4n trip from Dushanbe to Osh:
- Day 1: Dushanbe - Khalaikum, 400 km
- Day 2: Khalaikum - Khorog (altitude 2000 m), 250 km
- Day 3: Khorog - Langar (altitude 3000 m), 300 km
- Day 4: Langar - Murghab (altitude 3600 m), 310 km
- Day 5: Murghab - Osh, 360 km
- Lake Karakol -A crater lake near the Kyrgyz and Chinese Border it is frozen half the year
- Wakhan Valley - a beautiful detour from the Pamirs
- Lots of mountains
- Murghab's very small bazaar
- Weekly Ishkashim Afghan Bazaar
- Old fortresses in the Wakhan Valley
- View the wild life like the Marco Polo Sheep.
- Mountain climbing.
- Hiking and trekking.
- Be a part of a very expensive tour group. (Or travel on the cheap and hitchhike.)
- Sit an enjoy the silence and views.
Rice, eggs, snacks, yak butter, bread, mutton, Pamiri tea (sheer-chai), freshly made warm bread (non).
Tea, surprisingly good coffee, and vodka. Yak milk.
There are a number of homestays in most villages on the Pamir highway. They are usually in homes built in traditional Pamiri style. They are made with wood, with five pillars, a sky light and richly decorated with carpets. You are ensured great hospitality and simple but delicious meals.
Zong Village - Homestay of Mavluda. $12 per person per night incl dinner and breakfast.
Alichur - Ask for the English Teacher, meet her family, and you decide how much money to leave behind.
A zealous policeman in Murghab may want to register you with the police or complain if you were taking photos. This isn't a problem, registration should be known well enough simply getting to the area.
There is some risk of altitude sickness.
Per the US State Department web page on travel to Tajikistan, a special permit is required to enter this Gorno-Badakhshan area (April 2019).
Go to Khorog or onto Kyrgyzstan. There is the border crossing at Kulma Pass into China open year round, officially open now also for foreign nationals - but have wads of US dollars handy to facilitate your passage.