Modern-day Pechora is home to a little less than 40,000 people (2018), which makes it the fourth-largest town in a republic that is larger than Sweden!
A gulag was operated here under the name Pechorlag (Печорлаг) during the 1940s and 50s. At its height in the early 40s, over 100,000 prisoners were imprisoned in this forced labor camp. There is a small memorial house of prayer at the site.
In 1949, the villages at this section of the Pechora River grew enough to be merged and granted "city" status. Pechora's population ballooned in the decades following, owing to its location making it a river and rail transport hub for the region an onwards to remote Nenetsia and Yamalia. In the 1970s, the construction of the Pechora State District Power Station made Pechora the "energy capital" of the Komi SSR. The city fell on hard economic times in the 1990s, and its population declined by a third of what it was in 1991, but it has stabilized, in no small part thanks to the discovery of oil reserves in the region.
As of 2020, there is no year-round access from the more populous parts of the country. The construction of the Ukhta-Pechora-Usinsk-Naryan-Mar highway is underway. You can only leave the city either along an unimproved road along the Kadzherom-Rybnitsa-Zelenoborsk-Malaya Pera dirt road, or by using the Pechora-Vuktyl car ferry.
As of 2020, there are 6 bus routes within the town.
- 1 Monument to V.A. Rusanov. A monument to the great Russian Arctic explorer and geologist who explored the Pechora River region and reputedly proclaimed that a city would rise on the beautiful spot where this town did develop. He disappeared, presumably in the east of the Kara Sea after passing through the Matochkin Strait of Novaya Zemlya.
- 2 House of Prayer (Chasovnya) (Часовня Всех святых в земле Коми просиявших). Memorial chapel at the gravesite of Pechorlag.
- Monument to Maxim Gorky
- Monument S.M. Kirov
- Monument to labor-glory of geological prospectors
- Monument to the MI-8 Helicopter
- Monument to the Steam Locomotive Series “LV”