The Indomalayan Biogeographic Region consists of South Asia, Southeast Asia, and the southeastern parts of East Asia. The Hindu Kush, the Himalayas, and the Patkai range form the border to the Palearctic region. In Indonesia, it borders the Australasian region. The Indomalayan region is tropical, with exception of highlands, where climate is colder.
The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) is the only elephant species which is regularly tamed.
The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is the world's most numerous tiger species, and the national animal of India and Bangladesh.
The leopard (Panthera pardus) was prevalent across the region, but is today endangered.
The orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus, Pongo abelii and Pongo tapanuliensis) is endemic to Indonesia.
Pheasants (Phasianinae) are characteristic of south Asia.
The peafowl or peacock has two species in South Asia; the Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) and the Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus).