This is a list of some of the zoos and botanical gardens of India.
Zoos in India
- 1 Indira Gandhi Zoological Park, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh — A well designed (laid out) park located within the Kambalakonda Reserve Forest and is one of the 3 largest in India. It has many enclosures and aviaries with a great collection of birds, mammals (both herbivores and carnivores, primates and reptiles.
- 2 Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh — This is one of the larger zoological parks in India. It was established in 1987 and forms part of a reserved forest. It is home to many birds, mammals and reptiles. The designed moats and enclosures are among the best in India.
- 3 Assam State Zoo Cum Botanical Garden (Guwahati Zoo), Guwahati, Assam — home to many species of animals, birds and reptiles. A botanical garden was recently added in 1982.
- 4 Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan (Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park), Patna, Bihar — This park includes such animals as tiger, lion, leopard, leopard cat, hog deer, giraffe, zebra, crocodile and others. A reptile house and aquarium add to the variety of this park. Part of the park was developed as a botanical area with many species of trees, herbs, shrubs and medicinal plants. The park has an orchid house, a rose garden and well groomed lawns. In additional, it has a rhinoceros breeding program.
- 5 Kanan Pendari (Kanan Pendari Park Zoo), Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh — A small well maintained zoo with a good variety of animals located near Sakari. It has trolley vans for the elderly and is also a picnic spot for visitors. The Achanakmar Tiger Reserve is close by.
- 6 Maitri Bagh Zoo, Bhilainagar, Chhattisgarh — It features landscaped gardens which is a joint initiative of Indian and Russian government and a Zoo. The highlights of Zoo are exotic animal and avian species, lake, toy trains and others. The musical fountain is situated on the island in the artificial lake.
- 7 National Zoological Park (Delhi Zoo), Delhi — The Delhi Zoo is a very large and sprawling park dedicated to preserving the rich biodiversity of the country. This park may be the only chance of seeing a tiger or elephant for some travellers. Be prepared to do a lot of walking
- 8 Kankaria Zoo (Kamla Nehru Zoological Park), Ahmedabad, Gujarat — Established in 1951, the Kankaria Zoo is located near Kankaria Lake (a recreational area). One can find rare species of mammals, birds and reptiles. The park also has a museum, butterfly park and other interesting features.
- 9 Crocodile Breeding Centre, Sasan Gir Gujarat — Part of the Sasan Gir Wildlife Sanctuary that is dedicated to the breeding of crocodiles. This area is also home to several wild species such as the lion and part of the National Forest.
- 10 Sakkarbaug Zoological Garden (Junagadh Zoo or Sakkarbaug Zoo), Junagadh, Gujarat — Home to many mammals, birds and reptiles in over 100 enclosures. It is also involved in several wildlife breeding programs. A natural history museum is also located here.
- 11 Sarthana Zoo (Sarantha Nature Park), Surat, Gujarat — This park is one of the biggest Nature Park & Zoo in Gujarat. It is designed around the exhibiting animals in a natural habitat design. This park also has a breeding program for endangered and near-extinct animals. Leopard, Crocodiles, Gharial and Hippopotamus are but a few of the animals represented.
- 12 Sayaji Baug Zoo, Vadodara, Gujarat — This zoo was opened in 1879. It is part of the Sayaji Baug garden (perhaps the largest in India). The zoo offers many types of animals to view (Asiatic lions among the favorites). It also has a bird zoo. An aquarium was added to the zoo in 1962. Nearby is the Baroda Museum and Picture Gallery and Sardar Patel Planetarium.
- 13 Bhiwani Zoo, Haryana — animals found here include Crocodile, Black Bear, Spotted Deer, Leopard, Silver Pheasant, Love bird, Tiger and Barn Owl
- 14 Black Buck Breeding Centre (Pipli Mini Zoo), Kurukshetra, Haryana — a park focusing on breeding Blackbuck though other animals may be found here as well. A zoo with a limited number of animals and birds is also located here.
- 15 Chinkara Breeding Centre Kairu, Bhiwaninear Bahal in Bhiwani district, Haryana — This is a breeding centre for the protected Chinkara (gazelle) and a visitor attraction.
- 16 Crocodile Breeding Centre, Kurukshetra Haryana, Bhaur Saidan (Kurukshetra) — This is a breeding centre for the Mugger crocodile. Visitors can view these crocodiles from a distance (protected by fences).
- 17 Hisar Deer Park (Mini Deer Park), Haryana — Located close to the Shatavar Vatika Herbal Park, Hisar, the Hisar Deer Park is one of the oldest deer parks in Haryana. Its role or main purpose is for the conservation of various species of deer in India.
- 18 Kurukshetra Mini Zoo (Pipili Zoo), Haryana — Kurukshetra Mini Zoo (a relatively small zoo) is connected with the Black Buck Breeding Centre and houses various animals on exhibit.
- 19 Peacock & Chinkara Breading Centre, Jhabua, in Rewari district, Haryana — This centre is a breeding centre and preserve for the protected peacock (Indian peafowl) and chinkara (Indian Gazelle)
- 20 Pheasant Breeding Centre Morni, (Morni Hills in Panchkula district, Haryana) — A breeding centre for several species of pheasants including the endangered species. This center has reintroduced some of these birds into the wild.
- 21 Pheasant Breeding Centre, Berwala (Khurd) in Panchkula district, Haryana — This centre has a breeding program for several types of pheasants as well as endangered pheasant.
- 22 Rohtak Zoo (Tilyar Mini Zoo), Haryana — This mini zoo is located in the Tilyar Lake Complex. It has enclosures for various species of animals and aviaries for birds. It is involved in the breeding of endangered species. There are facilities for visitors to this zoo.
- 23 Vulture Conservation and Breeding Centre, Pinjore, Haryana — Located in the Bir Shikargah Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 2001 for the conservation and breeding of the Indian vulture. Three endangered species of vultures are its main focus.
- 24 Gopalpur Zoo, Gopalpur, Himachal Pradesh — This zoo located in the Himalayas surrounded by many types of trees. It is home to different species of animals such as the leopard, Himalayan black bear, different species of deer, red fox, eagles, cobra and pythons. There are other parks and aviaries to be found in the Himichal Pradesh.
- 25 Birsa Deer Park (Bhagwan Birsa Mrig Vihar), Ranchi — a popular tourist attraction with a variety of free roaming deer, beautiful gardens and children's park
- 26 Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park, Bokaro Steel City, Jharkhand — The biggest zoological garden in Jharkhand was built in the late 80s and early 90s. It has animals and birds from different parts of the world, with the big cats being the biggest attractions. The zoo came into limelight after multiple breedings of white tigers, royal bengal tigers, and the Asiatic lion over a short span of time. The cubs were sent to different zoos in India and abroad, since the available resources were not good enough to cater to the needs of so many big cats. Boating is allowed in the artificial lake created within the park. There is also a kids corner near bear cage and adjacent to it is a small dam. Now the facility of toy train is also available inside.
- 27 Ranchi Zoo (Bhagwan Birsa Munda Biological Park), Ranchi, Jharkhand — This park is a biological and botanical park. The largest portion of the park has numerous animal enclosures (for tiger, chital, elephant and crocodile species), snake house and aviaries. Animals are in as close to a natural habitat. The smaller area has rare species of trees and plants. There are decent facilities for visitors available.
- 28 Tata Steel Zoological Park, (Jubilee Park) Jamshedpur, Jharkhand — This park was a gift by Tata Steel to the citizens of Jamshedpur on the completion of its 50 years. This 200 acre park, with a rose garden and a lake, now has a zoo and an amusement park. A favourite with joggers, cyclists and anglers. The Laser show and the musical fountains (introduced in 2000) is an excellent centre of attraction for the visitors. edit
- 29 Bannerghatta National Park, Bangalore, Karnataka — a popular destination with a zoo, a pet corner, an animal rescue centre, a butterfly enclosure, an aquarium, a snake house and a safari park as well as several temples
- 30 Mysore Zoo, Mysore, Karnataka — It was established under royal patronage in 1892, making it one of the oldest zoos in the world. The zoo has a very successful breeding program and houses animals from more than 40 different countries and native Indian animals. The zoo contains Royal Bengal tigers, white tigers, elephants, giraffe, fallow deer, Himalayan black bear, Gaur (Indian bison), white peafowl and African rhino. It is also home to other exotic creatures from around the world. The zoo also encompasses Karanji Lake, which attracts several species of migratory birds during the breeding season including painted storks, pelicans and darters. Another attraction includes the botanical garden with 35 species of exotic ornamental plants and 85 species of trees from India and abroad.
- 31 Pilikula Zoo (Pilikula Zoo and Theme Park), Mangalore, Karnataka — Next to Pilikula Nisargadhama (a picnic spot) is the Pilikula Zoo. This zoo features several wild animals (tigers, leopards and bears are examples) that are not kept in cages but rather in the open. Partitions such as wide trenches or wire mesh fences help to avoid direct contact with visitors.
- 32 Parassinikkadavu Snake Park, Parassinikkadavu, Kerala — This park houses a variety of snakes; including the Spectacled Cobra, King Cobra, Russell's viper and nonvenomous varieties such as pythons. It also has variety of small animals.
- 33 Thiruvananthapuram Zoo (Trivandrum Zoo or Zoological Park), Trivandrum, Kerala — This is the first zoo in India opened in 1843, as a concept of Palace for wildlife. Situated in the Museum compound, this area is a rich botanical garden. There is a wide variety of animals, plants and birds. It has a separate reptile park and butterfly garden. The Napier Museum is included in the area.
- 34 Thrissur Zoo (Thrussur Zoo and Museum), Thrissur, Kerala — It is a major attraction for children and students with a variety of animals. There is a special building which houses snakes.
- 36 Jijamata Udyaan (Veermata Jijabai Bhonsle Udyan), Mumbai, Maharashtra — Located in the center of Mombai, it was established in 1891 and is one of the oldest in India. The Jijamata Udyaan is home to the Mumbai Zoo that houses many rare and endangered species of animals and birds. The conditions of the zoo have degraded. This garden contains the Dr. Bhau Daji Lad Museum.
- 37 Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park (Rajiv Gandhi Zoo), Pune, Maharashtra — This park has an animal orphanage, snake park and zoo. The zoo has collections of reptiles, mammals, and birds. This includes leopard, sloth bears, sambhars, monkeys, and elephants. Reptiles include the rock python, cobra and Indian crocodiles. Amphibians such as the Indian star tortoise and birds are exhibited. It also has a library. Rajiv Gandhi Zoo increased its animal population when the Peshwe Park closed.
- 38 Aizawl Zoo (Aizawl Zoological Garden), Aizawl, Mizoram — Aizawl Zoo is a mini zoo that houses some rare animals and birds. One of the most endangered species, the Sun bear can be seen here.
- 40 Chattbir Zoo, Zirakpur, Punjab — a zoological park with varieties of birds, mammals and reptiles. Visitors can take trips to nearby animal reserves for further adventure
- 41 Gulab Bagh (Gulab Bagh and Zoo), Udaipur, Rajasthan — A rose garden laid out by Maharaja Sajjan Singh is situated near the palace on the east side of Lake Pichhola. A library in the garden has a collection of ancient handwritten manuscripts and books. Within the garden, there is a zoo with tigers, leopards, chinkara gazelle, birds, and many wild animals. Children can enjoy mini train, track of which covers the main part of the garden and the zoo.
- 42 Jaipur Zoo, Jaipur, Rajasthan — The Jaipur Zoo has two sections, one for mammals and the other for birds and reptiles. Many species of birds and animals from all over the world are represented. A breeding program for the ghariyal has been established at the zoo. A museum exhibiting the wildlife of Rajasthan has recently been added to the zoo.
- 43 Amirthi Zoological Park, Vellore, Tamil Nadu — developed as a wildlife sanctuary and tourist spot, contains a variety of wildlife and has been noted for its waterfalls as well
- 44 Arignar Anna Zoological Park (Vandalur Zoo), Chennai, Tamil Nadu — one of the largest in India with a large variety of flora and fauna
- 46 Madras Crocodile Bank Trust, Chennai, Tamil Nadu — India's leading institution for herpeto faunal conservation, research and education. It is the first crocodile breeding centre in Asia. It was established with the aim of saving three Indian endangered species of crocodile—the marsh or mugger crocodile, the saltwater crocodile, and the gharial,which at the time of founding of the trust were all nearing extinction.
- 47 Nehru Zoological Park, Hyderabad, Telangana — Established in 1959, it is home to a large number of birds, animals and reptiles. It also has an aquarium, dino park, butterfly park, natural history museum and tortoise house. This park also attracts numbers of migratory birds as well.
- 48 Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary, Tripura — This is a wooded area with an artificial lake. It also has natural botanical and zoological gardens. The visitor can view Clouded Leopards in their enclosures. This sanctuary also home to different species of birds, primates, and other animals.
- 49 Allen Forest Zoo (Kanpur Zoo), Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh — Originally a large open green space in Kanpur for natural fauna. Kanpur Zoo was created within this green area in 1977. There is also an aviary, aquarium and botanical garden located here.
- 50 Kanpur Zoo (Kanpur Zoological Garden), Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh — The Kanpur Zoo houses a botanical garden with a collection of India’s rare species of plants.
- 51 Lucknow Zoo (Prince of Wales Zoological Garden), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh — Established in 1921, this zoo is home to a large number of mammal, bird and reptile species. The zoo is has a successful breeding program for several species of deer and other animals.
- 52 Pt. G.B. Pant High Altitude Zoo, Nainital, Uttarakhand — One of 3 high altitude zoos in India opened in 1995. It is home to several endangered animals that are found in the Himalayas such as the snow leopard and Tibetan wolf as well as a fairly large collection of birds that live at high altitudes.
- 53 Alipore Zoological Gardens, Kolkata, West Bengal — often called the Alipore or Calcutta Zoo, it is India's oldest formally stated zoological park
- 54 Jhargram Zoo (Jhargram Mini Zoo), Jhargram, West Bengal — An enclosed and safe area for the preservation of wildlife including reptiles, amphibians, mammals and birds. Inside this area is a mini zoo with representative species of animals.
- 55 Marble Palace zoo, Kolkata, West Bengal — first zoo opened in India, situated next to the Marble Palace presently serves as an aviary
- 56 Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park, Darjeeling, West Bengal — The zoo was opened in 1958. It has captive breeding programs for the snow leopard and endangered species such as the Himalayan wolf and the red panda.
Botanical Gardens in India
- 1 Assam State Zoo-cum-Botanical Garden, Guwahati, Assam — This garden was added to the zoo in 1982. Part of the Hengrabari Forest Reserve was added to this site in 2002. The landscaped garden is home to over 300 species of indigenous and exotic plants, orchids and medicinal plants. There are also some rare and endangered plants to be found.
- 2 Botanical Garden (Chandigarh Botanical Garden & Nature Park), Near Sarangpur, Chandigarh — Begun in 2002, this botanical garden has 15 distinct sections of plant types. Its purpose is to preserve and conserve regional species of flora (including exotic and near extinct). It will be one of largest such places in India. It is worth noting that within Chandigarh itself, there are also the following gardens of interest to a traveller. They are the Zakir Hussain Rose Garden, Leisure Valley and the Rock Garden.
- 3 The Garça Branca Ayurvedic Botanical Garden, Loutolim, Goa — A Bed and Breakfast Guest House and Resort features flora and fauna of Goa. Many Plants, flowers, fruit-trees and spice plants are grown here for health and medicial uses. These have name-plates indicating their benefits and provide an educational tool for visitors as to their health value.
- Botanical Garden of the Department of Applied Botany, Mangalore University, Karnataka —
- 6 Brindavan Gardens, Mysore, Karnataka — Terrace gardens of flower beds, lawns, ornamental plants and other species. It is illuminated and has fountains and musical fountains.
- 8 Lalbagh Botanical Gardens (The Red Garden), Bangalore, Karnataka — This botanical garden is well-known in Southern India. It has a famous glass house and the garden(s) boast having the largest collection of tropical plants in Inda. With well designed lawns, flowerbeds, lotus pools, fountains and nearby lake; it has become a major tourist attraction and site of interest.
- 9 The Mysore Zoo (Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens), Mysore, Karnataka — This is a zoo and a well maintained botanical garden. The Mysore zoo has natural vegetation and various rare species of plants & trees.
- 10 Pilikula Arboretum (Pilikula Botanical Garden), Pilikula, Karnataka — This arboretum has many species of trees and shrubs (including several threatened or near extinct varieties). The Botanical garden has many species of plants. There are clustered gardens of flowering plants and several acres of land devoted to medicinal plants. The Pilikula Biological Park adjoins the arboretum.
- 11 Regional Museum of Natural History Mysore, Mysore, Karnataka — This museum has a small botanical garden with local trees and a collection of plants used in Ayurvedic medicine. Within the museum are several galleries or exhibits of the biodiversity of Southern India.
- 12 Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanical Garden and Research Institute (TBGRI) (Tropical Botanical Garden and Research Institute), Trivandrum, Kerala — This Botanical Garden and Research Institute is considered one of the largest in India (conserves a large number of plant species in Asia).
- 13 Malampuzha Gardens (Vrindavan of Kerala), Palakkad, Kerala — located on the banks of the Malapuzha Dam, Malampuzha Gardens consist of green lawns, flower beds and an artificial canal. Of interest may be the Malapuzha Rock Garden close by.
- 14 Vellayani Agricultural College, Trivandrum, Kerala — An agricultural college of Kerala, it maintains a garden and collections of plants.
- 15 Aizawl Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Shibpur, Kolkata — landmark of the garden is The Great Banyan, an enormous banyan tree thought to be the largest tree in the world
- 16 Agri Horticultural Society of India, Alipore, Kolkata — flower garden, greenhouses as well as a large collection of plants and flowers
- 17 Empress Garden (The Jewel of Pune), Pune, Maharashtra — A landscaped garden of lush green lawns, various species of flora and fauna. A play area for children is available.
- 18 Nandankanan Botanical Garden (State Botanical Garden), Nandankanan, Odisha — Part of the Nandankanan Zoological Park, this garden has an orchid house.
- 19 Government Botanical Gardens (Ooty Botanical Gardens, Ootacamund (Ooty), Nilgiris district, Tamil Nadu — Government Botanical gardens, which were laid out in 1847. The picturesque gardens that are maintained by the Horticulture department of the state, cover an area of about 22 hectares. The Gardens have well over 650 species of plants and trees, including a fossil of a tree, which is believed to be more than 20 million years old. The garden is very popular with nature lovers. Nearby is the Ooty Rose Garden.
- IFGTB Botanical Garden The Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding (IFGTB), Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu — This garden has a special collection of rare plants and wild orchids of the Western Ghats.
- 20 Semmozhi Poonga, Chennai, Tamil Nadu — Semmozhi Poonga is a botanical garden situated opposite the American consulate on Cathedral Road, Chennai. It has wide variety of Bonsai plants
- 21 Aligarh Fort, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh — park and gardens maintained by the Department of Botany, AMU (Aligarh Muslim University). Though the fort is in ruins its Gardens are huge and well maintained.
- 22 Saharanpur Botanical Garden (The Company Garden), Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh — This was a preserve of the British East India Company and one of the oldest existing gardens in India, dating to before 1750. Various types of greenery, species of plants and flowers are available. Along with the gardens of Calcutta, Saharanpur Botanical Garden helped introduce tea plants from China.
- 23 Lloyd's Botanical Garden (Darjeeling Botanical Garden), Darjeeling, West Bengal — Created in 1878, this botanical garden includes (preserves) several species of bamboo, rhododendrom etc. as well as native plants fo this Himalayan region. A collection of Cacti, Succculents and native orchids can be viewed.