- Awadh — the central part of the state including the capital, Lucknow
- Doab — between the Ganges and Yamuna rivers, in the western and southwestern part of the state
- Northern Bundelkhand — in the southwestern part of the state
- Purvanchal — in the southeastern part of the state
- Rohilkhand — in the northern part of the state
Here are nine of the most notable cities.
- 2 Agra — tourist capital of India, home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Taj Mahal
- 4 Ayodhya — known as the birthplace of the Hindu God Ram and Lord Rishabhdev, first Tirthankar of the Jains
- 9 Varanasi — one of the holiest cities in India to Hindus, many temples are off-limits to non-Hindus, on the banks of the Ganges
Uttar Pradesh has the largest population of nearly 167 million. Its is also the fifth largest state in terms of land area. The western plain is the most urban region. Agriculture is the most important section of the UP’s economy, employing about three-fourths of the work force. Uttar Pradesh has the largest production of food grain and oil seeds in India. In addition, UP ranks the first in the production of wheat, maize, barley, gram, sugar cane, and potatoes. The three most important industries of UP are sugar, cotton fabrics and diversified food preparations. Goods carrier equipment, photostat machines, chemicals, polyester fiber and steel tube galvanized sheets are the other big industries of UP.
The Kathak dance style, the most popular classical dance form in India, was born in Uttar Pradesh. Additionally, the countryside songs and dances are significant traits of the local culture. Uttar Pradesh is famous for handicrafts such as carpet weaving, hand printing, chikan (a type of embroidery), metal enameling, brocade and brass, and ebony work. Uttar Pradesh has the biggest Brass and Copperware manufacture area in India.
The State of Uttar Pradesh has an ancient and rich history. It was recognised in the later Vedic Age as Brahmarshi Desha or Madhya Desha. Many great sages of the Vedic times flourished in this state. Several sacred books of the Aryans were also composed here. Two great epics of India, Ramayana and Mahabharata, appear to have been inspired by Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh has played a vital role in the history of many different religions. In the sixth century BC, Uttar Pradesh was associated with two new religions - Jainism and Buddhism. It was at Sarnath that Buddha preached his first sermon and laid the foundations of his order, and it was in Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh, where Buddha breathed his last. Several centres in Uttar Pradesh like Ayodhya, Prayag, Varanasi and Mathura became reputed centres of learning. In the medieval period, Uttar Pradesh passed under Muslim rule and led the way to new synthesis of Hindu and Islamic cultures. Ramananda and his disciple Kabir, Tulsidas, Surdas and many other intellectuals contributed to the growth of Hindi and other languages.
Uttar Pradesh preserved its intellectual excellency even under the British administration. The British combined Agra and Oudh into one province, and called it United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. The name was shortened to the United Provinces in 1935. In January 1950, the United Provinces was renamed as Uttar Pradesh.
The State is bounded by the states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh as well as Nepal in the north, Haryana in the west, Madhya Pradesh in the south, and Bihar in the east. Uttar Pradesh can be divided into two distinct regions, (i) Southern hills and (ii) Gangetic plain.
- Sangam, Anand Bhavan, Minto Park, Sita Samahit Isthal, Company Garden, New yamuna Bridge, and lots more in the holy city Allahabad (Prayag).
- Ghats at Varanasi (Kashi).
- Nawab's or Royal city Lucknow.
Take a holy dip in Sangam at Allahabad and visit ghats at Varanasi and it is a very royal place.
In Lucknow, there is a place called Chowk. Chowk has tons to offer (in terms of touristy locations like the Imambaras) and its narrow streets are interesting.
The cuisine consists of both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. Uttar Pradesh's most famous dishes include kebabs, Dum Biryani, and various Mutton recipes. The Chaat, samosa and pakora, among the most popular snacks in all of India, are also originally from Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh has been greatly influenced by Mughal cooking techniques. Mughali cuisine is also integral to Western and Central Uttar Pradesh's cuisine.
The state is famous for its Nawabi foods (of Lucknow and environs) and use of mutton, paneer, and rich spices including cardamom and saffron. Lucknow, the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, is a heaven for food lovers due to the sheer range of variety available. Lucknow, before being the seat of Nawabs (Kings) of the Awadh region, is the birth place of the famous Awadhi cuisine. Awadhi cuisine bears similarities to those of Kashmir and Punjab. It is a good place to find refined Muslim Indian food. During your visit, go to Old Lucknow. It's normal to visit eateries which are 150-200 years old, serving famed Lucknowi Biryani (mutton & Basmati rice preparation with exotic herbs), nehari, kulcha, sheermal and many more traditional dishes.
Varanasi is another city where people live for eating. It is famous for the Hindu Vegetarian style which includes chaat, tikki, and kachori, among others.
Utter Pradesh led India's kidnapping statistics by quite a substantial margin with 4,478 cases reported in the 2008, 16 percent of all kidnappings happening in the country. While this is mainly of concern to residents, as always, travel sensibly and remain vigilant.