Stanley, formerly known as Port Stanley, is the capital of the Falkland Islands. This city was founded in 1843, and as of 2012 the town had about 2,100 inhabitants, about three-quarters of the archipelago's inhabitants.
Prior to the construction of the Panama Canal, Stanley was a major repair stop for boats travelling through the Straits of Magellan. The rough waters and intense storms found at the tip of the continent forced many ships to Stanley Harbour, and the ship repair industry helped to drive the island economy. Later, support for the Antarctic sealing and whaling boats became a major industry. Today, the vast majority of the town's residents are employed by the government, with tourism also being a major source of employment; on days when two or more large cruise ships discharge their passengers by tender, the tourists may outnumber the local residents.
It's rainy and cool around the year with strong westerlies, so pack warm and weatherproof clothes. Located in the Southern Hemisphere, seasons are inverted from Europe or North America, however hot summer days or double-digit negative temperatures during the winter are practically unheard of. Also, monthly amounts of precipitation are pretty much the same with 11 to 17 rainy days each month.
- See also: Falkland Islands#Get in
|Daily highs (°C)||14.1||14.0||12.8||10.3||7.4||5.6||5.1||6.0||7.7||9.9||11.9||13.4|
|Nightly lows (°C)||5.1||5.4||4.5||2.7||0.7||-0.5||-1.2||-1.0||-0.2||1.5||2.7||4.4|
Arrivals to Stanley either come by boat or from the airport. Most large cruise ships will discharge their passengers by tenders (the lifeboats) near the centre of town and allow passengers time to roam the city and possibly take trips by vehicle to nearby wildlife sites.
When arriving by air, passengers will come in from 1 Mount Pleasant airport (IATA: MPN), which is located 56 km from town. As of 2016 LAN flies there from Santiago de Chile, Punta Arenas and Rio Gallegos and the Royal Air Force also takes passengers on their flights from Brize Norton, Oxfordshire via Ascension. Taxis and a shuttle bus can drop passengers off anywhere within the town. The smaller 2 Port Stanley Airport (IATA: PSY) located just outside of town is used for domestic flights by Falkland Islands Government Air Service, although it is possible to land on an international flight at Mount Pleasant airport and then take a domestic flight to Stanley.
Penguin Travel Airport Transfers, ☎ . Airport transfers between Stanley and Mount Pleasant to connect with RAF and LAN flights, which must be booked 24 hours in advance. Also operate island tours. £14 one way.
Stanley is a small town, so walking is probably the best option for seeing the sights.
There are two taxi services operating within Stanley that service the town and the surrounding area.
- Bonners Taxis, Tel: 51126
- Town Taxis, Tel: 52900
3 Christ Church Cathedral. daily 8:00- 17:00, Sunday services 10:00 and sometimes 8:00 & 19:00. This cathedral is the southernmost cathedral in the world. The cathedral was built in 1890-92, on the site of an earlier church destroyed in an 1886 landslide.The much-photographed arch in front of the cathedral is made from the jawbones of two blue whales, and was made in 1933 to celebrate 100 years of British rule on the islands.
6 1982 memorial. Falklands War memorial, erected to the memory of the British troops. There are several other Falkland War memorials around the town.
7 1982 Memorial Wood, Watson Way. A wood planted by the local scouts. Each tree represents a British serviceman killed in the 1982 conflict.
9 Gypsy Cove. A fifteen-minute drive from town that can be easily arranged by taxi, Gypsy Cove is often the first place that visitors to the Falklands will encounter penguins.
10 1914 Battle Memorial. A memorial erected in 1927 commemorating a World War I naval battle in which a British squadron sank 4 German cruisers resulting in 1,817 German and 10 British fatalities. A ceremony is held here every 8 December.
Stanley Marathon. March. Run 26 miles, 385 yards (42km), in this annual event, the most southerly marathon - advance entry required.
The majority of shops in central Stanley cater to the huge number of cruise ship passengers that pass through the town in the summer. There are a lot of souvenir shops.
1 Deano's Bar, 40 John Street. Reportedly a Stanley institution since over 20 years, with a wide range of bottled beers. On Friday and Saturday nights it becomes a night club.
2 Globe Tavern, Crozier Pl, ☎ . Located one block up the hill from the public jetty, offering beers as well as pub food such as fish and chips. Ask to meet all the lovely ladies that often pop in, and also go for the Karaoke on a Sunday night which is always good fun.
Compared with nearby South America lodging in Stanley can be quite expensive. If you are on a strict budget inquire about pitching a tent; if allowed by the land owner the costs are often considerably less than paying for a room.
1 Kay McCallum's B&B, 14 Drury St, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Clean and cozy, and Kay is very helpful with travel information and arrangements. 1 twin and 1 double room. Her gnome garden is a locally-famous attraction that includes one intrepid garden gnome who disappeared in 2004, but whose travels around the world were chronicled in photos sent anonymously to the local newspaper.
During to lingering tensions from the 1982 war with Argentina, Spanish-speakers should avoid using Spanish names for places (for example "Puerto Argentino" or "Islas Malvinas"), as doing so will undoubtedly be offensive to those who lived through that event.
- 1 Kidney Cove. Home to a small colony of Gentoo and King penguins, as well as several Magellanic penguins.
- 2 Volunteer Point. A white sand beach that is home to King, Gentoo and Magellanic penguins.
- Pretty much anywhere else in the Falkland Islands; Stanley Airport just outside the town is the hub for Falkland Islands Government Air Service, flying to numerous places all over the archipelago:
- Goose Green, midway down East Falkland accessible by road or air, the site of a battle in the 1982 conflict.
- Carcass Island, a small island to the west of West Falkland
- New Island, a small island to the west of West Falkland
- Pebble Island, an island to the north of West Falkland
- Port Howard, on West Falkland, accessible by air or by road then a ferry
- Saunders Island, an island to the west of West Falkland
- Sea Lion Island, the most southerly inhabited island in the Falkland Islands
- West Point Island, a small island to the west of West Falkland
- Go further south to South Georgia and then Antarctica, possibly on a cruise ship