Volgograd (Russian: Волгогра́д vuhl-gah-GRAHD) is a large city along the west bank of the Volga River in Southern Russia. It was formerly known as Stalingrad, a name which the city is still known as on several war-related dates each year (on account of local legislation). It was the scene of one of the most important and bloodiest battles of the Second World War.
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Average of Volgograd
Serving the city is Volgograd International Airport (Международный Аэропорт Волгоград) (VOG IATA)  which despite its name mostly has domestic routes, Moscow and Saint Petersburg being the two major destinations. International connections are available to Munich and Yerevan and operated by RusLine.
Volgograd is a major railway junction with good connections from Moscow (20 h), Saint Petersburg (34 h) and most other large cities in western Russia, tickets cost between 3-5000 RUB for a second class sleeper. In the other direction, trains come all the way from Irkutsk (92 h) in Siberia. International connections are limited but several central Asian cities such as Bishkek (77 h), Baku (30 h) Dushanbe (72 h), Tashkent (60 h) as well as the two major cities in Kazakstan, Almaty (68 h) and Astana (52 h) have departures at least once a week. Directs routes from European countries is scarce, the usual route involves a change of trains in Moscow however there is a few trains from Brest (45 h) via Minsk (40 h), Kiev (29 h) and from Sofia (61 h) via Bucharest (49 h) and Chişinău (36 h) that does not require a change. These trains usually departs 3-4 times a week.
A trip from Moscow by car is a bit under 1,000 km and takes around 13 hours with short stops. The roads are generally in good condition, although roadworks are plenty.
The city stands at the east end of the Volga-Don Canal, opened in 1952 to link the two great rivers of Southern Russia. River cruises down the Volga operate during the summer months (early May to late September). Dozens of boats operated by different companies run from Moscow to Astrakhan passing by Volgograd. One way or return cruises may be reserved to/from practically any city along the Volga. Turflot and Infoflot offer tours. Prices starts a RUR 8,000 without meals and RUR 15,000 with meals.
Volgograd's public transport system includes a light rail service known as the Volgograd Metrotram.
- 1 Mamayev Kurgan. the site of one of the twentieth century's most important battles: Battle of Stalingrad. Huge memorial The Motherland Calls (the largest non'religious statue in the world) is located on top of a hill overlooking Volgograd and the Volga River. The name derives from the hill's supposed status as the grave of Mamai, a famous Tatar Khan and general (kurgan is a Tatar word meaning burial mound).
- The Panorama museum, ul. Chuikova. 10:00-17:00. The Panorama museum, which is located alongside the Volga river, contains artifacts from World War II. These include a rifle of the famous sniper Vasily Zaytsev. A panoramic painting of the battlefield from the location of the monument "Mamayev Kurgan", can also be found.
- Pavlov's House. One of the focal points of the Battle of Stalingrad, a strategic apartment building that a small group of Soviet soldiers fortified and held for two months against a relentless German offensive before being relieved by counterattacking Soviet forces. While the building, rebuilt after the war, is in active use as a residence and not open to the public, a monument made up of bricks retrieved from the battleground is attached to the outside of the building and publicly accessible.
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