Waterfalls are some of the most spectacular sights that nature has to offer, and are the frequent goal of many travellers.
A liter of water weighs a kilogram; a gallon weighs ten pounds. When large amounts of water fall long distances, the forces involved are enormous, easily enough to kill a person or sink a boat.
Some of the most noteworthy waterfalls are:
- Victoria Falls, on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe, forms the largest single face of falling water in the world, with a width of 1.7 kilometers and height of 108 meters.
- Angel Falls in Venezuela is the world's highest waterfall with one uninterrupted drop of 807 m (2,647 ft), from a total height of 978 m (3,212 ft)
- Boyoma Falls (formerly, Stanley Falls) on the Congo River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are the falls that have the greatest volume of flow - 17 million litres per second over a drop of 60 m
- Niagara Falls, the most-visited waterfall in the world, on the border between Canada and the United States of America
- Boyoma Falls (formerly, Stanley Falls) on the Congo River are the falls with the greatest volume of flow - 17 million litres per second over a drop of 60 m
- Tugela Falls in the Drakensberg is the worlds second highest waterfall with a total drop of 947m in 5 leaps. The highest single drop is 411m.
- Murchison Falls where the Nile River passes through a narrow cleft in the rocks and crashes over a 30 m precipice
- Victoria Falls on the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe, 1.7 km wide falls, plummeting more than 100 m into the gorge below
- Shevi Waterfall is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Iran with a height of about 85 m.
- Kegon Falls in Chuzenji Famed for its beauty and morbidity as an inspired suicide spot after a poet wrote a suicide note here before jumping off the falls.
- Nachi Falls in Katsuura Arguably the nation's most famous waterfall, it is over 100 feet and serves as a gorgeous backdrop to Kumano Nachi Shrine. The shrine was built here because of the falls, which is believed to house a water spirit.
- Rhine Falls in Switzerland, Europe's largest falls (by volume of water)
- Savica Waterfall in Slovenia has two strands and is 78 meters high. France Prešeren's epic poem “Baptism by the Savica” is one of the great works of Slovene literature.
- Krimml waterfalls in Austria (Salzburg region)
- Multnomah Falls in the Columbia Gorge
- Niagara Falls, the most-visited (and probably the most famous) waterfall in the world, on the border between Canada and the United States of America
- The Upper and Lower Falls in the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming.
- Yosemite Falls in Yosemite National Park, the highest in North America
- Tahquamenon Falls in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, second largest falls in North America east of the Mississippi River (after Niagara) and far less touristy.
- Angel Falls in Venezuela, the highest single-drop falls in the world (nearly a kilometer)
- Iguaçu Falls on the border of Brazil and Argentina, are one of the largest and most impressive in the world.
- Kaieteur Falls in Guyana is said to be one of the most powerful waterfalls in the world with 663 cubic meters per second, it also carries the claim to be the highest single drop water fall in the world.