It is the second largest wildlife sanctuary in Kerala, and was established in 1973. It is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. It is a rain forest reserve connected to two major sanctuaries - Bandipur National Park to the north in Karnataka and Mudumalai National Park in Tamil Nadu.
The landscape is mountainous with lush forests typical of the western ghats.
Flora and fauna
It has a large population of elephants, and has been declared a Project Elephant Site. The reserve is also home to a small population of tigers. Panthers, jungle cats, civet cats, monkeys, wild dogs, bison, deer, bears, monitor lizards and a variety of snakes are seen. There is also a profusion of birds, butterflies and insects. Moist deciduous forest consists of maruthi, karimaruthi, rosewood, venteak, vengal, chadachi, mazhukanjiram, bamboos, more, while the semi-evergreen patches comprises veteria indica, lagerstroemia, lanceolata, termianalia paniculata.
temperature varies from 17-21 degree Celsius.
The sanctuary is 16 km east of Sultan Battery, the nearest town. The headquarters of the sanctuary is in Kapetta, which is well connected to other major cities of Kerala. There are regular buses from Calicut to Kapetta. The nearest airport and railway station is in Kozhikode. Reaching here, one can hire a taxi to reach the sanctuary.
- Nearest airport is Kozhikode - CCJ - airport - 140 km
- Nearest railway station Kozhikode - CLT - 105 km
Information can be had at the sanctuary headquarters.
Decent accommodation can be found at Sultan Battery.