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Asia > Southeast Asia > Philippines > Luzon > Calabarzon > Cavite

Cavite

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Cavite (Tagalog: Kabite) is a province in the Calabarzon region of the island of Luzon in the Philippines.

It is the most densely populated province in the Philippines, with a population of 3,678,301 people. Being near to Metro Manila, its northern areas has become characterized by sprawling residential communities, which are continuing to grow until this day. Industrial developments are also leading its growing economy, with factories moving to industrial parks scattered in the province. The province is also rich with history as one of the provinces which led the Philippine Revolution against the Spaniards. Cavite is the location where the independence of the Philippines was born, so the province was named the historical capital.

Regions[edit]

Map of Cavite

Cities[edit]

  • 1 Bacoor - site of one of many major battles during the Philippine Revolution, it is now a sprawling suburb of Metro Manila.
  • 2 Cavite City
  • 3 Dasmariñas
  • General Trias
  • 4 Imus - another sprawling suburb, it is the location of another major battle in the Philippine Revolution, the Battle of Alapan.
  • Indang - Municipality in the interior of Cavite, home to various inland resorts and heritage churches.
  • 5 Kawit - birthplace of Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 6 Tagaytay - the second "Summer Capital" of the Philippines, with its cool highland climate and views of Taal Lake and Volcano.
  • Trece Martires - Capital of Cavite

Municipalities[edit]

Other destinations[edit]

Understand[edit]

Cavite is known for its rich history and a large number of national heroes, including the first president Emilio Aguinaldo (though some historians dispute this claim). The province is one of the eight provinces that led the Philippine Revolution, and is a site of many important events during the rebellion. It is sometimes called "Land of the Brave" or the History Capital of the Philippines. Those who live in Cavite are called Caviteños.

Cavite is bordered by Metro Manila in the north, Laguna in the east, Batangas in the south and by South China Sea on the west. Being just south of Metro Manila, Cavite is seeing a rise in suburban development since the 1970s and 1980s, especially residential subdivisions and industrial parks. Bacoor and Imus, two principal cities not far from the boundary with Metro Manila, have became bustling extensions of the vast metropolis in the north, and are bedroom communities for daily commuters who leave to work or study in Metro Manila.

Talk[edit]

Caviteños can be easily understood because the majority of the population understand English but their native language is Tagalog. Spanish might somehow be understood as this was a home before to a Chavacano, a Spanish-based creole language.

Get in[edit]

Common means of transportation from Manila to Cavite by bus and jeepney. It takes an hour or less.

By road[edit]

One main entry point to Cavite is the Manila-Cavite Expressway. They also name this road as Coastal Road (name of the road from north end of the road to Bacoor exit) since it is near the coastline of Manila Bay. The Manila-Cavite Expressway has two exit points: the Longos Flyover in barangay Talaba in Bacoor and Cavite Exit located at Binakayan Diversion Road and Tirona Highway in barangay Binakayan, Kawit.

Another entry point to Cavite is the South Luzon Expressway. There are various exits that can take you to Cavite, including the Carmona Exit or the Santa Rosa Exit.

By boat[edit]

  • MRS Super Shuttle, +63 917 827-4669. Provides ferry boat service between Cavite City and SM Mall of Asia . Boats depart Cavite City every 6:30 AM, 9:00 AM, 1:30 PM and 5:00 PM, and from Mall of Asia every 7:45 AM, 11:00, 3:00 PM, and 6:30 PM, Mondays to Fridays. During weekends and holidays, services from Cavite City leave every 8:00 AM, 10:15 am, 1:30 and 5:00 pm, and from Mall of Asia departs every 9:00 AM, 11:15 AM, 3:00 PM and 6:30 PM. ₱80 (₱68 for students, ₱64 for seniors).

Launched in March 2018, the new Cavite Super Ferry Transport System cuts travel time from Noveleta to Manila to only 35 minutes from the current land travel of 1.5 to 2 hours. The ferry boat service openned Port Terminal at Long Beach, San Rafael IV in Noveleta. There will be four boats ferrying 100 passengers per seacraft from Noveleta to Plaza Mexico at the back of the Immigration Building in Intramuros, Manila. Cavite Super Ferry System had a initial four-unit introduction to the transport program with an hourly trip from 5 a.m. to 6 p.m.

By light-rail[edit]

Construction of the Light Rail Transit Line 1 (LRT-1) extension to Cavite province is under way. Private sector operator expecting it to be operational by early 2021. The extension project, will give rise to eight new stations; the eight new stops will be the Aseana, MIA, Asia World, Ninoy Aquino and Dr. Santos stations in Parañaque; Las Piñas and Zapote stations in Las Piñas City; and the Niog station in Bacoor.

Get around[edit]

Much of Cavite, especially the northern urbanized conurbation, is currently undergoing explosive growth marked by subdivisions, malls, and industrial parks. Most areas of the province are accessible by local public transport, but most new residents in the suburbanized cities prefer buying a car. The major cities in Cavite are plagued by daily traffic jams. Public transport cover well the cities but they are also affected by the congestion.

By bus or jeepney[edit]

Most locals commute using the ubiquitous jeepneys. You may hail a jeepney from anywhere, though some cities have jeepney only allowed to stop at designated areas per local ordinances. Most jeepney routes run within the province, but there are several routes running toward Metro Manila (Alabang and Baclaran) or Laguna (Santa Rosa or Calamba).

Buses are a more comfortable and spacious alternative for buses, but they only travel on the most prominent destinations. Most bus routes in Cavite run between Manila (Southwest Integrated Public Terminal, Pasay) and Batangas (Nasugbu, Balayan, Calatagan).

The common bus operators in Cavite are as follows, with their routes:

  • Cavite-Batangas Transport Cooperative
  • DLTB (SWIPTS-Nasugbu via Tagaytay or Ternate)
  • Erjohn and Almark
  • Jasper Jean (Fairview-Palapala via EDSA, Navotas-Palapala via EDSA)
  • Kirsteen Transport
  • San Agustin
  • Saulog (SWIPTS-Ternate)

By minibus[edit]

Another public transport mode that should not be missed is the minibuses (or "baby buses", in comparison to large city and provincial buses), which travel between Bacoor and Naic (with some operating from Baclaran and vice vera via CAVITEX). Minibuses are a common mode of transport in the coastal area between Kawit and Naic as they are cheap, but they tend to be crowded and hot as they have low headroom better suited for the locals and do not have air conditioning.

By car[edit]

Caution Note: The province has implemented a new number coding scheme under Provincial Ordinance No. 164 s. 2018 since December 2018 to reduce traffic volumes on its major highways, including Aguinaldo Highway, Governor's Drive, Molino Boulevard, and Molino-Paliparan Road. The ordinance is implemented during 7:00-10:00 AM and 3:00-7:00 PM every weekdays, except national holidays. Penalties for violation include confiscation of driver's license, ticket and a fine of ₱300.

Cavite has an immense network of roads, with the Aguinaldo Highway (Route 62, 419, and 410), Antero Soriano Highway (Route 64 and 402) and Governor's Drive (Route 65, 651, 403 and 405) serving as the backbone of the system. Aguinaldo Highway is the most prominent, being a north-south national road serving the largest cities. Governor's Drive is another important highway, from Carmona to Ternate. Antero Soriano Highway is another highway that continues from Manila-Cavite Expressway (CAVITEx) and serves the coastal communities of Kawit, Noveleta, Rosario, Tanza, and Naic.

Bringing a car can be the best option when visiting areas not adequately served by public transport, but it is the worst option when going through the sprawling cities in the north. The major highways, notably Aguinaldo Highway between Bacoor and Dasmariñas, are always congested, even in weekends and holidays, and drivers can be aggressive. The city of Bacoor, from 2016, is implementing a number coding system in order to reduce congestion, and created a "Friendship Route" modeled after Las Piñas', which is permissive unlike the latter (where a sticker is required). Public transport is the best option when going to the major cities, but can become crowded and inefficient at rush hour.

Expressways are currently limited to Manila-Cavite Expressway (CAVITEx) in Bacoor and Kawit, and South Luzon Expressway (SLEx) through Carmona, but the national government is undertaking the construction of new expressways to decongest its major highways. One ongoing project, the Cavite-Laguna Expressway (CALAEx), which will connect CAVITEx in Kawit with SLEx in Biñan, Laguna, is under construction since 2018, and is expected to decongest the major national roads.

By tricycle[edit]

Motorized tricycles, or simply tricycles are motorbikes with attached sidecar. Tricycles are a common means of public transportation in the Philippines. These public utility vehicles either have a set route or are for-hire, like taxis. The tricycle is the most popular means of transport for short distances of less than a kilometer in small towns and cities, especially in the rural areas.

See[edit]

  • Aguinaldo Shrine. The National Shrine of the Philippines, where the Philippine Declaration of Independence from Spain took place on June 12, 1898.
  • Andres Bonifacio Shrine, Mt. Nagpatong (at Maragondon). the site where the two Bonifacio brothers, including Andres Bonifacio, were executed by the Emilio Aguinaldo administration for the act of "treason" amidst his contribution to the downfall of the Spanish colonization. The neglected shrine is reachable through a 2.5 km drive on unpaved road, used mostly by trucks quarrying the nearby mountains. Then, park vehicle at the end of the turn-road to the site and trek 1.4 km through graze land to the shrine at the foot of Mt. Nagpatong.
  • Fort Drum ("the concrete battleship", originally known as El Fraile Island) (at the mouth of Manila Bay, off the coast of Ternate). a heavily fortified sea fort, shaped like a battleship, built by the United States in 1909 as one of the harbor defenses at the wider South Channel entrance to the bay during the American colonial period. It was unique among forts built by the United States between the Civil War and early World War II, both as a sea fort and in having turrets. It was captured and occupied by the Japanese during World War II, and was recaptured by the U.S. after igniting petroleum and gasoline within the fort, leaving it permanently out of commission. The now-abandoned fort was named after Brigadier General Richard C. Drum, who served during the Mexican–American War and the American Civil War, and died on October 15, 1909, the year of the fort's construction.
  • Lucsuhin Natural Bridge, Lucsuhin and Kalubkob (at Silang). Locally called Cabag Cave or Lucsuhin Cave, is a natural bridge formation located between Barangay Lucsuhin and Kalubkob in Silang, Cavite. The formation crosses the Ylang-Ylang River and is the first, large natural bridge reported in the country. The bridge and cave is not a protected area and needs preservation for future generations, as well as the areas upriver to maintain the quality of water. Without adequate oversight, the natural formation may suffer similar demise as the Hinulugang Taktak falls in Rizal province. The bridge can be reached from Silang by following the Silang-Banaybanay Road for about 1.8 kilometres west from the Aguinaldo Highway and J. Rizal Ave. junction to the barrio of Lucsuhin, past the road to the Riviera Golf & Country Club, past the bridge over Ylang-Ylang River to Brgy. Kalubkob. From here, it is about 1-kilometre long hike to the site. Alternatively from Kalubkob, head north on Fresco Belen Drive for about 400 meters to a dirt road to the right. Then, by hiking east on the dirt road for another 400 meters.
  • Malibiclibic Falls, Bailen (at Aguinaldo). A Hidden Falls below the grasslands of Cavite. Malibiclibic Falls is a result of a convergence between three rivers flowing from Magallanes, Aguinaldo, and Maragondon, Cavite. Millions of years of three-river pounding a 100-meter high cliff, the water found its way through it; thus creating a waterfall. This river was awarded as the cleanest river during the 2004 National Search for the Clean Inland Bodies of Water – “river category,” in Region IV-A CALABARZON given by Department of Interior and Local Government. The Falls can be accessed by walking through a 1.2-kilometer 4x4 trail from the Maragondon-Aguinaldo national road until you reach a graze land. The entrance to the track is at Barangay Lumipa and about 2.64 kilometers before the main Aguinaldo town if you are coming from Maragondon. From the graze land, you need to descend to a slippery soil and moss-covered boulders. The trail down to the falls is not that clear as the falls is seldom accessed by hikers. The trek is about 612 meters and about a hundred meters down.
  • Mount Pico de Loro (Mount Palay-Palay, "Parrot's Beak") (in Ternate). a dormant volcano. The mountain is one of the ancient volcanic features of Bataan Arc. Pico de Loro was first named by Spanish seafarers as its pointed summit resembles the shape from afar. The summit is commonly used as a signal by seafarers to turn east to get to Manila Bay. The Mt Palay-Palay–Mataas-na-Gulod is a protected landscape.
  • Pink Sisters Convent, Holy Spirit Drive in Barangay Maitim (in Tagaytay City). It was established through the Society of Divine Word, Holy Spirit Missionary Sisters and Holy Spirit Adoration Sisters, all founded by Saint Arnold Janssen. The nuns’ presence in the chapel gives the place an even more sacred ambiance. A visit is the chance to see nuns praying 24 hours a day — although they can only be seen behind the iron grilles of the altar.
  • Thirteen Martyrs Monument, intersection of M. Valentin St., Lopez Jaena Rd, Zulueta Rd and the P. Burgos Ave (in Cavite City). The thirteen Martyrs of Cavite were Filipino patriots executed by musketry on September 12, 1896, for cooperating with the Katipunan during the Philippine Revolution against Spain. The capital city of Trece Martires in Cavite is named after them. In 1906, a monument to the Thirteen Martyrs was erected at the San Roque district of Cavite City, at the head of then San Roque causeway. Their families reinterred the remains of their loved ones at the foot of the monument.
  • Taal Lake (Tagaytay). Though it is in Batangas, it has beautiful landscape with a volcano.
  • Rare black-sand beaches (Noveleta). Also found in isolated beaches in Central American countries.

Do[edit]

It's a must for every Cavite visitor to visit Tagaytay City. While on your way to the city, you might want to try the boiled sweet corn along Silang by-pass road. You won't miss the sweet corn being cooked on the large cookie bins which serves as hot pots.

Upon arrival to Tagaytay, enjoy the view of the lake and the volcano.

Would you want to do horseback riding? DRive along the Tagaytay Road and see Picnic Grove and enjoy the picnic park. Avoid visiting during holidays because the park might be really crowded.

Eat[edit]

  • Original Digman Halo-Halo - Digman, along the Streets of H. Rubio and C. Gawaran, is a small barangay in the city of Bacoor. It's known for its famous halo-halo which Caviteños have enjoyed through the years.
  • Pancit luglug is a very saucy, breakfast version of the Pancit Palabok and Pancit Malabon. The primarily difference is in the noodles used in the recipe. Luglog uses a thicker noodle than the traditional bihon of a pancit palabok. The noodle dish is served with an array of seafood garnish, spring onions, hard boiled eggs in thick rice noodles and eaten with local-made Bibingka rice cake. Luglug eateries are located in Rosario and the local favorite is at Rizal and Gov Pugeda Street.

Buy[edit]

Since Cavite is one of the most industrialized provinces in the Philippines, so expect the numerous malls and shopping districts in every part of province.

Sleep[edit]

Expect to find several hotels in every part of province.

Stay safe[edit]

Weather, crime, and aggressive drivers are major safety concerns when travelling in the province. The weather can become unpredictable in the province during the monsoon season, and roads can become slippery or muddy during short rainstorms. If you drive, it is advisable to hire a driver, as driving habits tend to become aggressive. The area does show signs of poverty, and common crimes like pickpockets and hold-ups do occur, so be watchful of your valuables. Do not just flash a classy phone or camera anywhere, so you do not attract thieves. Keep them in your bag or hotel safe if possible.

In Tagaytay, beware of tourist scams, especially involving trips to Taal Volcano in nearby Batangas. Always agree on a price when taking tricycles, and avoid drivers posing that they know you: you might get overcharged if you give in.

Go next[edit]

  • Batangas - Just south, and home to beaches not far from Manila, as well as heritage churches.
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