Cienfuegos is in a province in Central Cuba.
- 1 Cienfuegos — the only city in Cuba that was founded by the French, its center is now a UNESCO site
- 2 Cumanayagua — the second largest city of the province, in a valley near the Guamuhaya Mountains
Its economy is almost entirely dedicated to the growing and processing of sugar. Sugar mills and sugarcane plantations dot the landscape.
The maximum temperatures in summer range between 31 and 33 °C, but winters are mild due to the proximity of the water masses, registering minimums oscillating between 18 and 21 °C, which can reach up to 10 to 13 °C, under the influence of cold fronts, and the maximum between 21 and 24 °C. The winds blow in the early morning in an east-northeast direction, and the breezes (from 11:00 to approximately 17:00) from the west southwest, entering from the bay. In such a way, the climate is temperate.
Jaime González International Airport (CFG IATA) is about 3 km from the city of Cienfuegos. Scheduled flights from Canada operated by Sunwing Airlines have been suspended during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The province has several tourist attractions such as the waterfalls of the El Nicho waterfall, the mineral-medicinal waters of Ciego Montero, the Mal Tiempo national park in the town of Las Cruces and the historic center of the city of Cienfuegos considered Heritage of the Humanity by UNESCO.
The Botanical Garden of Cienfuegos is a botanical garden of 97 hectares on the outskirts of the city of Cienfuegos. This botanical garden is the most important of the existing network in Cuba, due to being the oldest, and the one with the most complete collections of plants focused on research in crop improvement and for export to third countries.
Scuba diving off Cienfuegos province is extremely popular. There are numerous underwater caves, and well over 50 dive sites in the province.