Colonial India was a period in the history of South Asia, during which European powers ruled, or had significant influence in what is today India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh, the Maldives, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar. The United Kingdom was the main colonial power, though France, Portugal and the Netherlands held some territory.
From 1757 to 1848, the British East India Company was the dominant force. From 1858 to 1947, most of South Asia became the British Raj, the "jewel in the crown" of the British Empire.
- Calcutta, the first capital of British Raj
- New Delhi, the later capital
- Madurai, with the Gandhi Museum
- Goa, former Portuguese possession
- Pondicherry, former French possession