Fossil has a population of 473 as of 2010 and is the seat of Wheeler County.
The site of only public fossil field in the U.S., the town was named by its first mayor, due to the fossil remains he found on his ranch.
- Fossil Field (behind Wheeler High School). A small information centre in addition to three fossils. $5.
- Thomas Benton Hoover House, 1st St (between Adams St and Washington St). On the National Register of Historic Places, this wooden two-storey building dates back to 1882. It was the original owner of this house, Thomas Benton Hoover, who gave the town its name because of the fossils he found on his property.
- Wilson Ranches Retreat, 16555 Butte Creek Ln, ☎ . A Bed and Breakfast Ranch on 9,000 acres. $79-$149.