- 1 Carthage
- 2 Farmington — a quaint town with many buildings on the National Register of Historic Places
- 3 Kingfield — the principal gateway to Sugarloaf, a major ski resort
- 4 Rangeley , including the villages of villages of Oquossoc, Haines Landing and South Rangeley — the center of the Rangeley Lakes Region, a resort area
- Rangeley Plantation
In 2010, the population was 31,000, making it the second-least populous county in Maine. Its county seat is Farmington. The county was established in 1838 and named for Benjamin Franklin.
On-Demand air service based in Rangeley with an office and seaplane dock on Main Street and aircraft at the Rangeley Airport.
- A total solar eclipse on Monday 8 April 2024 crosses the north of this area at 3:30PM local time. The track of totality is northeast from Mexico and Texas to Ohio and straddling the Canada–New England border, then across Maine to New Brunswick and Newfoundland.