- For other places with the same name, see Groningen (disambiguation).
Groningen is a lively university city in the Northern Netherlands. It's the capital of a province with the same name and home to about 201,000 inhabitants, making the city the largest city in northern Netherlands and the seventh city in Netherlands. Its large university with some 50.000 students give the city a pleasant youthful atmosphere and plenty of things to do. Combined with the fine historic heritage, an excellent museum and good shopping opportunities, this is a prime destination in the north.
Archaeologists have found traces of inhabitance from the neolithic and the later Iron Age. It is not quite clear if the area has been inhabited continuously since that time. However, it is certain that the city appeared in writing in the year 1040 as "Villa Cruoninga", apparently already a place of some significance. The city has a rich history, which can be seen clearly from the old medieval buildings in the down town area.
In the 13th century, when Groningen was an important trade centre, its inhabitants built a city wall to underline its authority. The city had a strong influence on the surrounding lands and made its dialect a common tongue. The most influential period of the city was the end of the 15th century, when the nearby province of Friesland was administered from Groningen. During these years, the Martini Tower was built, which loomed over the city at (then) 127 meters tall, making it the highest building in Europe at the time. The city's independence came to an end when it chose to join forces with the Spanish during the Eighty Years' War in 1594. It was later reconquered, joining the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
In 1614, the University of Groningen was founded, initially only for religious education. In the same period the city expanded rapidly and a new city wall was built. That same city wall was tested during the Third Anglo-Dutch War in 1672, when the city was attacked fiercely by the bishop of Münster, Bernhard von Galen. The city walls resisted, an event which is celebrated with music and fireworks on 28 August (as "Groningens Ontzet" or "Bommen Berend").
The city did not escape the devastation of World War II. In particular, the main square, Grote Markt, was largely destroyed in April 1945, at the Battle of Groningen. However, the Martinitoren, its church, the Goudkantoor, and the city hall were not substantially damaged. The battle there lasted several days.
- Groningen Tourist Information Office, Grote Markt 29, ☎ . Mo 12-18, Tu-Fr 09:30-18, Sa 10-17, Su 12-16. The Groningen Tourist Information Office is located in the city centre, on the Grote Markt, opposite the Martini tower. The Tourist Information Office shop provides information about the city and the province. Hotel reservations can be made, and souvenirs and gift vouchers are also for sale here.
It's a fairly long way from the major destinations in the Western Netherlands, but getting here is not hard. Groningen has three train stations, the central station (Station Groningen, often called 'Hoofdstation'), Groningen Europapark and Groningen Noord. All trains eventually arrive at the central station; only a few trains stop at the smaller stations.
There are direct trains from The Hague (2h41m), Schiphol Airport (2h10m), Rotterdam (2h39m), Utrecht (1h54m) and Amsterdam South (2h2m) to Groningen. Amsterdam Central Station can be reached with one change at Lelystad (2h7m). These intercity trains leave every half hour. A regional line runs west to Leeuwarden three times per hour, two times a slow train and once a fast train.
- Rotterdam - Gouda - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Zwolle - Assen - Groningen (1x/hour, NS)
- The Hague - Leiden - Schiphol Airport - Amsterdam South - Duivendrecht - Almere - Lelystad - Zwolle - Assen - Groningen (1x/hour, NS)
- Leeuwarden - Buitenpost - Groningen (1x/hour, Arriva)
There is an hourly international connection that terminates in Leer Bahnhof (Germany) (1h14m). Once over the border, you can change line to reach Emden, Bremen, Hamburg, Hanover, Münster and Cologne. Note that the train to Leer is very local (and therefore slow). 3 December 2015, a ship collided against the Friesenbrücke near Weener. The bridge is completely collapsed. Therefore, the next few years, buses are used between Winschoten and Leer. The timetable of the replacement buses can be found at the Arriva website.
The main bus station is right next to the central train station.
There are several direct buslinks to Germany operated by German carriers. For example to Bremen, Oldenburg, Hamburg and Berlin (starting at €9, one-way) by Flixbus. International buslines leave opposite the trainstation. Be aware that you need to book a day in advance to get the lowest fare.
Flixbus is operating three intercity buslines from Groningen. Line 821 runs to Hengelo and Enschede, line 822 runs to Apeldoorn and Eindhoven and line SKI12 runs to Zwolle, Arnhem and Nijmegen. This buslines leave at P+R Haren (near Postillion Hotel) and opposite the central trainstation, at the other side of the road. Just like the international buslines, booking in advance is cheaper.
A myriad of roads lead to and from Groningen, making the city well reachable by car. The major highways are the A7 (west-east) and the A28 coming from the south. Several fine N-roads connect the city to nearby destinations, and are the way to go further north. The most notable ones are the N360 to Appingedam and Delfzijl, and the N361 north, direction of Winsum.
Driving in the old city, particularly within the central canal ring, is not the best option. Parts of town are car-free, there are many one way roads, parking is not always easy to find, and none of it is free.
There are several Park & Ride facilities; once of the biggest is on Sontweg, to the east of the city and near IKEA. It is clearly marked when driving on the ring road. Parking there is free, and for 2 euro (one way) or 5 euro return for 5 people, a regular bus service takes you right to (and from) the Grote Markt, the heart of the city.
If you are coming from Germany you can park at "kardinge". Follow the road to "Eemshaven" and take the exit "Kardinge". The busses here go about every 10 minutes or more often and for the same price as trip from IKEA.
Groningen is served by Groningen Airport Eelde, (IATA: GRQ), Machlaan 14a Eelde, ☎ . The airport of Groningen offers daily direct flights to and from London (Flybe), two flights per week to and from Gdansk (Wizz Air), and various other scheduled flights to selected cities and holiday destinations in Greece, Portugal, Spain, Canary Islands and Turkey.
The regular busline 2 runs 2x/hour from the city center (44 minutes) and central station (37 minutes) to the airport. €5 one way, tickets at the driver. A special shuttle bus runs to and from the airport starting at the Central Station, but only around the London and Gdansk flights. This bus takes about 15 minutes and costs €3 one way, tickets at the driver.
Like most cities in the Netherlands, Groningen's historic city center is surrounded by a canal, the diepenring. Most of the sights are within this area, and the Central Station is 50m outside it.
Within the diepenring, traffic is very restricted; Groningen's centre is designed to be as traffic-free as possible, and it is very difficult to drive and park within this area. Even resident parking permits are strictly rationed. However, the central area is compact and can be easily crossed on foot or with a bicycle.
Further out, Groningen has a loosely connected ring road, consisting of several N-roads forming a rather square ring shape around the centre. The city sprawls somewhat and crosses this ring in places, but most of the population live within this area.
Getting from any place in Groningen to the centre will take at most 20 minutes cycling. This makes the bike a fast, cheap and easy way to travel in Groningen. Don't get scared by the overwhelming amount of bicycles. The city houses tens of thousands of students, whose primary means of transportation is the bike. Be advised though; bicycle theft is pretty high. Most bikes have one lock, but it is best to use a good second lock (preferably a strong chain lock for least €30).
Bicycles are available for rent at a number of places around town, including a facility in the Central Station. Many hotels offer bike rental to their guests as well, usually for fees of roughly €10 or less per day.
If you haven't got a bike the bus is the best option for distances you don't want to walk. All buses run through (or end on) Central station. Most buses have a stop at the Grote Markt. The major bus lines are listed below. Tickets are available by the driver (during off-peak periods you can buy a Eurokaartje, cost €2,00) or see the OV-chipkaart sections on the Netherlands page for other payment methods. Note that the Central Station is listed as bus stop "Hoofdstation" in and on buses and on bus stops.
- Line 2 runs from the northern train station (Station Noord) to De Punt via Korreweg, Central Station, de Wijert, Eelde and the airport (note: check the destination; terminates quite often in de Wijert).
- Line 6 runs from Hoornsemeer to the northern Station Noord via the Martini hospital, Paterswoldseweg, the Central Station, the Aa-kerk, and Vinkhuizen (note: check the destination: terminates quite often in Vinkhuizen).
- Line 7 runs from Central Station to Station Noord via Zuiderdiep, UMCG Hospital and the Korreweg.
- Line 8 runs from Hoogkerk to Corpus den Hoorn via the Westerhaven, the Central Station, and the Martini Hospital.
- Line 9 runs from the Central Station to Selwerd/Zernike via the Aa-kerk, Westerhaven, Noorderplantsoen and depending on departure time, Paddepoel and Selwerd or Paddepoel and Campus Zernike.
- Line 12 runs from Central station via Kardinge to industry terrain Driebond via Euroborg and Europapark station.
Q-Link is a group of 5 bus services which are combinations of previous regional and city bus services. These buses are air conditioned and have a WiFi connection and run from city destinations to places just outside the region. One exception for line 15 which is a student express line to Zernike.
- Line 3 runs from Lewenborg to Leek via Kardinge, Grote Markt, Zuiderdiep, Central Station and P+R Hoogkerk.
- Line 4 runs from Beijum to Roden via Kardinge, Grote Markt, Zuiderdiep, Central Station and P+R Hoogkerk.
- Line 5 runs from station Europapark to Annen via UMCG Hospital, Grote Markt, Zuiderdiep, Central Station, P+R Haren and Zuidlaren. Note that sometimes this bus terminates at P+R Haren, so make sure Zuidlaren and Annen are mentioned if you travel this way.
- Line 11 runs from the Central Station to the Zernike/Zuidhorn, via Zuiderdiep, Grote Markt, Noorderplantsoen and Paddepoel.
- Line 15 is a student express service from Central Station to college campus Zernike. It is located just north of Paddepoel and line 15 runs via Rembrandt van Rijnstraat and Paddepoel. Please do note that these buses are very crowded in the morning to Zernike, and in the afternoon back to the Central Station. Also does not run in weekends.
The city centre is both pleasant and interesting, with plenty of cultural heritage and a laid-back atmosphere. Together with the excellent Groninger Museum, it forms the main attraction for visitors.
Like many cities in The Netherlands, the centre is surrounded by a canal. Several historic canals have been "gedempt", or filled, however, and turned into streets. This is reflected in their names, and you'll likely find yourself strolling along the Gedempte Zuiderdiep. The heart of the city is formed around the two adjoining market squares, The Grote Markt (or Large Market) and the Vismarkt (or Fish Market). Standing tall on the edge of the Grote Markt is the Martini Tower, a true landmark for Groningen and one of its main attractions.
Severe battles left hundreds of buildings in ruins in 1945, but a good number or monuments remain. Strolling through the city centre you'll encounter former canal warehouses, the city hall, several churches, the former Gold Office and many other historic buildings. Over recent decades, the city has attempted to find a balance between modern architecture and historic grandeur: and with success. The latest initiative is a major renewal of the eastern side of the Grote Markt, for which the building is currently in progress and planned to be complete in 2017.
Typical Dutch architecture is Amsterdamse School, a style of architecture that arose from 1910 through about 1930 in Amsterdam. The Amsterdam School movement is part of international Expressionist architecture, sometimes linked to German Brick Expressionism. While Amsterdam has the most buildings in this style, Groningen also has some wonderful edifices. Sometimes Groningen is called the Northern capital of Amsterdamse School. Vensterschool Stadspark at Parkweg and Bureau Gemeentewerken at Gedempte Zuiderdiep 96 are worth to walk along.
Groningen has a number of special architectural skyscrapers. The Kempkensberg is a 25-story high-rise building in the south of the city and is commonly called 'The Cruiseship' by locals. The Gasunie Building is one of the most famous buildings in Groningen and is considered to be a great example of ‘organic building’. It is situated on the edge of the Stadspark.
- Infoversum, Vrydemalaan 2. The only full dome 3D theatre in The Netherlands. A wide range of digital 3D movies, concerts and educational films are shown by eight digital projectors here, in a incredible building. €10-€15.
As in many cities in Europe, Groningen's museums are generally closed on Mondays.
- Groninger Museum, Museumeiland 1, ☎ . Just opposite train/bus station. Spectacular architecture. Hosts state of the art of contemporary art in the world. Named one of the five most progressive modern/contemporary art collections in the world, this museum's changing exhibitions regularly attract visitors from all over the country.
- Noordelijk Scheepvaartmuseum ( Northern Maritime Museum), Brugstraat 24, ☎ . The northern museum of water transport. Shows the history and role of transport over water until the 1970s. The museum is situated in the oldest residential building remaining in the city.
- Universiteitsmuseum ( University Museum), Oude Kijk in 't Jatstraat 7A, ☎ . A strange and wonderful little museum located just off Oude Kijk in 't Jatstraat. Temporary exhibitions, often of a technological bent, are held on the first floor; upstairs (past an elaborate stained-glass window in the stairwell) is an eclectic collection in the Victorian style, with everything from anatomical specimens and taxidermied animals to early scientific instruments.
- Het Nederlands Stripmuseum, Westerhaven 71, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. The Dutch cartoon museum (strip = cartoon) has opened in 2004 and shows many cartoons made by Dutch cartoonists. It's also suitable to visit with children (not least because there's a McDonalds next-door with a play area), but also because they can learn how to draw cartoons by themselves. +/- € 7.-.
- Stichting Museum Canadian Allied Forces, Ulgersmaweg 51. The Museum Canadian Allied Forces depicts the history of the liberation of the north of the Netherlands in 1945 by the Canadians, with a particular emphasis on the liberation of the city of Groningen. Only open for 4 days per month, see website for exact opening days. Free entrance.
- GRID Grafisch Museum Groningen ( GR-ID, museum for realising GRaphic IDeas), Sint Jansstraat 2. 13-17, mondays closed. GR-ID is a museum about graphical industry, art and design. The museumcollection is mainly drawn from the province of Groningen and has been put together over a course of several decades. €5.
- Hortus Haren ( Hortus Botanicus), Kerklaan 34, Haren. 10-17, November-February closed. Everyone with an interest in gardens, flowers and plants, should visit the Hortus Haren in Groningen. It is without a doubt one of the most impressive botanical gardens in the Netherlands. Hortus Haren was established in the 17th century and is one of the oldest botanical gardens in Holland. There are over twenty acres packed with fifteen colorful gardens. €8,50.
- Martini Tower ( Martinitoren), Grote Markt. 12-16 (11-17 summer). One of the most famous sites in Groningen. Its name has nothing to do with the drink, by the way, but refers to Saint Martin. Though locals call the tower d' Olle Grieze which means 'the old grey one' and is related to its colour. Tickets are available in the VVV (tourist information) shop just over the road. On top of the tower, you have a wide view over the city. €3.
- Aa-Kerk, Akerkhof. This beautiful church with its remarkable yellow-painted tower stands tall above the neighbouring Korenbeurs. Establised between 1425 - 1492, the churches tower was repeatedly destroyed and replaced, with the current one originating in 1711 after the one before suddenly collapsed. Today, the building is no longer used for religious services but is open for visitors and regularly houses expositions.
- Gold Office ( Goudkantoor), Waagplein 1 (More or less between the two market squares). This beautifully decorated building on the edge of the Grote Markt is hard to miss. Built in 1635, it originally served as the office for the city receiver. The words Date Caesari quae sunt Caesaris, Lating for render unto Caesar that which is Caesar's, still reminds of this early function of the building. Later, between 1814 and 1887, it served as a gold office in the sense that this was the place where gold and silver works were authenticated and marked as real. Today, it's a café.
- Academiegebouw ( University of Groningen), Broerstraat 5. The Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, the University of Groningen, is the second-oldest university in the Netherlands and one of three State Universities of the Netherlands. It was established in 1614. While the university has its share of modern buildings, both in and out of town, the Academiegebouw is an old and attractive building with a tower and worth strolling past.
- There are several late-medieval Guest Houses (Gasthuizen) scattered through the city centre within the ring of canals. During daylight hours these picturesque courtyards can be visited for free. Be mindful that the houses themselves are not open to the public and that the people living in them enjoy their quiet and privacy. Visitors are welcome in the courtyards. Access is through gated doorways that will be unlocked during daylight hours and locked during the evening/night. The largest one is in the Pelsterstraat, next to the church and consists of several courtyards connected through archways. Another one is located behind the Vroom and Dreesman shopping centre in the Rode Weeshuisstraat (Red Orphanage Street). In the Peperstraat, near the end on the left when viewed from the Poelestraat, is the Peperstraat Guest House. Part of the medieval city wall is still visible from the courtyard. The St. Anthony Guesthouse is located opposite the police headquarters on the Rademarkt just south of Zuiderdiep.
- Synagogue. The synagogue was built after the oriental design of the New Synagogue in Berlin. Shortly after WWII the Jewish community was forced to sell the synagogue since only a mere 7% of the entire Jewish community of Groningen survived the war. In 1981 the building was renovated and rehabilitated.
- Oude RKZ, Old Roman Catholic Hospital. This is an old Roman Catholic hospital in the South of the city, in Helpman. The hospital itself was abandoned in 1978, after which it was squatted. Until 1986 the Oude RKZ was the largest squat in The Netherlands and possibly in the whole of Europe. In 1986 the government allowed the squat to be legalized. Nowadays it is a vibrant place where 250 people from all ages find a place to live and to share what is important. The former squat has cheap folk kitchens on Tuesdays, Thursdays, Fridays and Sundays. There are also 2 bars, a cinema, yoga and capoeira sessions and many many other things. Being a motor for the Dutch alternative and artist scene, the Oude RKZ is a well known place to many people from all over Europe. If you want to eat at the folk kitchen it's best to call on the same day to reserve a meal. Meals are served at 18:30 hrs and the number for the reservations is +31 505257601.
- Prinsenhof & Prinsentuin, Martinikerkhof 23, entrance of the public gardens at the corner of Turfsingel and Kattenhage. Just a short walk from the Grote Markt, the lovely Renaissanse gardens of the Prinsenhof can be a remarkably peaceful place to relax for a little while. It has a rose garden a herb garden and The Prinsenhof building originates in the 15th century and was originally a wealthy mansion for the city's bisshop or "stadtholder", and later was used as a military hospital. Now, a restaurant has been opened within the building. The gardens are open for public and house a pretty sundial. When the weather is nice, volunteers run a small tea house here.
- Sint Jozef Cathedral, Radesingel 4. St Joseph's Cathedral is the cathedral church of the diocese of Groningen-Leeuwarden. The Neo-Gothic church was built from 1885 to 1887 and consecrated on May 25, 1887.
- Noorderplantsoen. Remains of the old citywalls, transformed into a public park. The earth ramparts were incorporated in the park architecture and the moats were turned into ponds. The architecture is of an English garden style, characterized by meandering paths and serpentine ponds, inspired by wild nature. On a sunny day, this is the place to relax after a hard day's work for a lot of students.
- Stadspark. The Stadspark is an approximately 140 hectare park on the southwest side of the city in the Stadsparkwijk. The park was created at the beginning of the twentieth century, designed by landscape architect Leonard Springer.
- Take a canal cruise, Stationsweg 1012 (Opposite central station). Take a tour through the old channels of Groningen aboard the "Wonderlaand" or "Goldenraand". The boat will take you around the historical centre. €12.
- Explore the city by canoe ( 't Peddeltje) (Under the 'Herebrug'). From the 1st of April until the 1st of October it's possible to hire a canoe and paddle around the centre. It's a round trip that gives you a totally different view of Groningen since you are lower than the streets and you can pass very close along the many house boats in the city. Some bridges have a secret 'roof' that can only be seen when you pass under the bridge. A tour around the centre takes about 1 – 2 hours, depending on how fit you are, how many stops you take for photo shootings, and water battles. €9-€15 / 2 hours.
- Hire a bike, Poelestraat 56. Hire a bike and explore the city of Groningen and her surrounding areas. Bike maps are available at the touristinformation. €10/day.
- Friday Fun Skate. Gathering from 19:45, departure at 20:00. Every Friday from mid April until mid September skaters gather in Groningen to skate together. The group is accompanied by a rolling music boombox. The tours are quite easy to ride, though total beginners might find it a bit scary to have so many others around themselves. Each week another tour is chosen. It's possible to get an sms service to know if the Friday Fun Skate takes place or not. Length: 18 - 23 km. The start and finish of the tour are always at the oval pool in the Noorderplantsoen park. Costs: free.
- Play Pitch&Putt, Bieskemaar 10. Pitch and putt is an amateur sport similar to golf but where the hole length is typically less than 70 metres (80 yard). The Pitch and Putt course in Groningen has 18 holes and is perfect for everyone, even young children. You do not need a golf license. €12-€16. After your little golfexperience, you should take a look at the nearby Kardingerbult: a human made hill with a nice view over the city.
- Discover Groningen on an Dutch bicycle ( Starting Point: Bicycle Storage (Bewaakte Rijwielstallingen) next to the Pathé Cinema at the Gedempte Zuiderdiep.), ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. A bicycle city such as Groningen definitely requires a bicycle excursion to take you to the most interesting buildings or visual art. Let a guide show you around all the city’s highlights, as well as several less-known treasures. If you want to join the tour, you have to book it in advance. Departure: From May through October every Friday at 2.30 p.m and Saturday at 10.30 a.m. The tour lasts 2,5 hours including 20 minutes rest. €15.
- See a band at Vera underground pop club. Where Pearl Jam, Nirvana, Sonic Youth, the White Stripes and many others performed.
- Pathé, Gedempte Zuiderdiep 78. Nice cinema in the city center. All popular movies are shown here. 9 screens, capacity: 1700 guests.
- Wolff, Boumaboulavard 53. Huge cinema (10 screens) in the Euroborg Stadium. Outside the city center, but easily reachable with Q-Link line 5 towards Europapark.
- Groninger Forum, Hereplein 73. Repertory cinema. Lots of English and French classic movies.
Festivals and events
- Every year in January: 'Eurosonic-Noorderslag', European's biggest showcase festival, Where dozens of bands from all over the world perform on various stages spread throughout the city.
- Every year on Good Friday: 'Bloemenjaarmarkt', the biggest flower market of Northern Netherlands, which attracts more than 100.000 visitors each year. Among the visitors are a lot of Germans.
- Every year on April 26: 'Koningsdag' (kingsday), a holiday celebrating the birth of King Willem-Alexander. Many events in the city, including a lot of vrijmarkten ("free markets") at which the Dutch sell their used items. The night before Kingsday is called Koningsnacht ("kingsnight"): many young people celebrate in the streets and squares throughout the night.
- Every year on May 5: 'Bevrijdingsfestival' (Liberation Festival), together with many other festivals throughout the country.
- Every year in May or June: 'Epic Vibes', a dance festival.
- Every year in August: 'Noorderzon Festival', a festival focused on music, visual arts and performance arts.
- Every two years in September/October: 'Noorderlicht' a photography festival.
- Every year in autumn: 'Jonge Harten', a nine-day theater festival that takes place in almost all theaters in Groningen. It is a festival to discover. Including a lot of young creators, visual physical theater, performance, dance, music and a captivating festival heart.
- The Herestraat, the city's pedestrianised shopping street, runs south off the Grote Markt and contains most of the city's everyday shopping needs and 'standard' Dutch clothing stores and chains. This is where you'll find Hema, Blokker, de Bijenkorf, and so on.
- Other shopping streets (Oosterstraat, A-kerkhof / Brugstraat, Folkingestraat, Stoeldraaierstraat / Oude Kijk in 't Jatstraat) extend out from the Grote Markt and the Vismarkt. Their side streets (Zwanestraat, Grote Kromme Elleboog) are often worth a look too. All streets within the central canal ring are low traffic due to restrictions - but watch out for cyclists, who don't often pay attention to pedestrian crossings.
- The most picturesque shopping street is called the Folkingestraat; it runs south from the Korenbeurs (the former corn exchange) at the end of the Vismarkt towards the museum bridge and the Central Station. It has a lot of little shops full of firsthand and secondhand little gifts, intercultural foods and great books.
- The lovely Oude Kijk in 't Jatstraat has different characteristic shops including plenty of art galleries, a travel bookshop, two branches of a great coffee and tea chain, an excellent independent bakery, a particularly nice cafe, shops selling toys and games, and a few second-hand furniture and clothes shops. It used also to have the best home made chocolate shop in town. However, that's now moved round the corner to...
- Grote Kromme Elleboog, which also has shops selling beer, herbs and spices, coffee, cooking utensils etc.
The centre of Groningen has many nice little cafes or restaurants where you can eat. Groningen is a real university city, so there are plenty of cafe-restaurants where you can eat for about €10.
The Netherlands is not known for its cuisine, as it is simple and straightforward. A conventional Dutch meal consists of meat, potatoes and some type of vegetable on the side. The country's food culture is best described as rustic. Off course, the Netherlands is known for her Cheese. Groningen has some typical Dutch cheese stores:
- Kaashandel van der Ley, Oosterstraat 61. Tu-Fr 09-18, Sa 09-17. Van der Ley is one of the best cheese stores in the world. Look for local organic varieties, such as green pesto cheese or farmers crumblecheese (boerenbrokkelkaas).
- Groninger Kaasboetiek, Astraat 5. Mo 13-18, Tu-Sa 09:30-18.
A typical 'Groninger' specialty is Groninger worst, a sausage made from raw minced pork which is then air dried. You can buy this sausage in every supermarket and butchery. When visiting a snackbar, you should try a eierbal. The eierbal is a ball-shaped croquette, filled with veal and a whole egg. The eierbal is seen as the Groninger variant of the Dutch croquette.
- Eeterie De Globe, Akerkhof 22, ☎ . Three different main courses each day (one meat, one fish, one veg.) for €6.50 or €7.50 per course. Many customers eat here several times per week.
- FEBO, Vismarkt 1 (On the corner of the Vismarkt), ☎ . Opening hours vary; min. 1PM - midnight (Sun.), max. 11:30AM - 7AM (Sat.). In case of emergency! If you've left it too late before heading out for food and the restaurants have closed their kitchens, you can get all your deep-fried nutritional needs met at the FEBO automat. €1.50 - €2.70.
- Land van Kokanje, Oude Boteringestraat 9, ☎ . 11:00 – 01:00. For big and great lunch-salads (less than €10) and nice hamburgers.
- 't Pannekoekschip, Schuitendiep 1017 (It's a masted sailing ship moored on the inner side of the Schuitendiep canal - you can't miss it), ☎ . 12:00-21:00 Mon-Sun. Unashamedly touristy, the Pannekoekschip ("pancake ship") is an old sailing ship that's been turned into a pancake restaurant, serving huge and delicious Dutch pancakes. €8.50 - €13 for a savoury or sweet pancake.
- De Zevende Hemel ( Seventh Heaven), Zuiderkerkstraat 7 (North of the centre, near the Nieuwe Kerk.), ☎ . Excellent food and wine but quite pricey; a good place to go treat yourself.
- Eetcafé De Balk, E. Thomassen à Thuessinklaan 7, ☎ . Got a prize for "Best Eatery" of Groningen
- Eetcafé 't Koetshuys, Blekerstraat 22-24, ☎ . 17:00 till 21:30. A nice little restaurant at only 5 minutes away from the Fishmarket (vismarkt). Great food, for a nice price. Prices vary from €9.50 for the dish of the day to €16 for the house specialty, Moroccan style marinated tenderloin. Main courses come with fries, a salad and depending on your dish, warm veggies.
- Fuji-Tei, Poelestraat 39-41 (200m down Poelestraat from the Grote Markt), ☎ . 14:00-23:00 Mon-Sun. Respectable, tasty Japanese and Korean food. The all-you-can-eat deals are excellent value for money. Fuji-Tei is somewhat cheaper than its sister restaurant Fujiyama, a teppanyaki restaurant on the corner of the Grote Markt - though if you want showmanship with your dinner, Fujiyama is the place to go.
- Humphrey's. Vismarkt 42. avg. price 3 courses à la carte €18.
- Mr. Mofongo's, Oude Boteringestraat 26 (From Grote Markt walk towards the western end en turn right into Oude Boteringestraat. Mr Mofongo's is on the left hand side after approximately 150 meters.), ☎ . 11AM-10PM. Fusion-style restaurant with very good dishes for a reasonable price. May get crowded in the summer and during midterms and endterms since the University's library is around the corner. Also a nice place to have drink later at night.
- 't Feithhuis, Martinikerkhof 10, ☎ . 10.30AM-10.30PM. Close to the Martini tower and Grote Markt, this cafe-restaurant is sited in a historic building, and serves excellent locally sourced food. Dinner around €40 per head including drinks.
- Ugly Duck, Zwanestraat 28. Main courses including bowl of salad, baked potatoes, vegetables from €10.50. Really good!
- V.o.f. Lambik, Grote Kruisstraat 73, ☎ . This small restaurant serves one meat dish or fish dish and one vegetarian dish and both dishes change every day. It is located next to the Noorderplantsoen, which makes it a good spot in the summer.
- De Kleine Moghul, Nieuwe Boteringestraat 62. This tatty-looking small Indian restaurant has an all-Indian staff, you can only pay cash and there is no English menu. The food is stunningly good, well worth a visit.
- La Place, Grote Markt 21 (situated in the big department store V&D). 10:00 - 20::00. This self-service restaurant is located on the top floor of a big department store, with a nice outdoor terrace.
- Boccaccio, Steentilstraat 38 (Walk east along Gedempte zuiderdiep until the road forks. Take right fork, located 2/3 down on the left), ☎ . 17:00 - 22::00. Tuscan cuisine. Great food and atmosphere. Weekly specials offer an excellent and reasonably priced 3 or 4 course menu. Make a reservation if you plan to eat after 18:00 as it can get busy! €38:50, 4 course menu.
- Louis XV, Oude kijk in't Jatstraat 47. Louis XV is a French-international restaurant. There is also a wine bar.
Groningen's reputation as university town is borne out in its nightlife, which is comprehensive, with numerous options for drinking and clubbing. There are also several places to play pool/billiards. Most bars have the standard Dutch beers, but more and more international, especially Belgian, beers are beginning to have a presence. Bars in the down town area do not have fixed closing hours. Theoretically they can stay open for 24 hours a day, which a few bars do.
Big parties (usually with electronic music) in the whole Netherlands can be found listed on Partyflock (in Dutch).
- De Pintelier, Kleine Kromme Elleboog 9. open daily from 3PM, closing at 2AM Sun - Thurs and at 3AM Fri and Sat.. Traditional Belgian pub serving a plethora of kinds of beer and whisk(e)y. Located at the , and
- Cafe de Koffer, Nieuwe Blekerstraat 1. Open daily from 4PM to 3AM.. Another "speciaalbier" pub, at . Lots of bottled beers, as well as a few on tap. Most are Belgian or Dutch, but there are also a few American and British beers on the menu - a real rarity around here.
- Der Witz, Grote Markt 47. A German pub located on the Grote Markt in a very small building. Serving many kinds of beer.
- De Spieghel, Peperstraat 11. Jazz pub in the Peperstraat with free and usually good live performances at most evenings starting around eleven o'clock. From Sunday until Wednesday performances are on the second level, which is a smaller, cosier bar and it gives you a more intimate performance. From Thursday until Saturday all performances are downstairs, which is a larger bar with a stage and the performances tend to be bigger (larger band). Relaxed atmosphere any evening. Guests who are at the bar downstairs may even choose the upcoming music from the jukebox.
- Het Kasteel, Peperstraat 25. A compact international student hangout on Peperstraat. Sells Jäger and other shots for €1 and 13-beer 'zwaards' ('a sword') for €10.
- Huis de Beurs, A-Kerkhof Zuid Zijde 4. On the southwestern corner of Vismarkt. Has made a come-back and is very trendy now. Live piano music in the evening. The first Dutch socialist party was founded here.
- De Drie Gezusters ( Three Sisters), Grote Markt 39. On the Grote Markt. Possibly the largest bar in the Netherlands as well as in Europe. Many bars connected in a mazelike fashion; has several façades on the Grote Markt that look like separate bars, but don't let that deceive you.
- De Kostery, Martinikerkhof 2. In a corner of the Grote Markt, next to the Martinitoren. Family style. Nice terrace in summertime.
- Wolthoorn & Co., Turftorenstraat 6. Voted best pub in the Netherlands for several years.
- Stadscafé 't Feithhuis, Martinikerkhof 10. Next to the Martini Tower. "Liberal" atmosphere. A good place to have lunch.
- Newscafe, Waagplein 5. Nice terrace in the summer, good coffee, quite trendy.
- Vera, Oosterstraat 44. Self-proclaimed club for the international pop underground and indeed there are good concerts and parties, check out their site . Nirvana played here before they were big, still the pride of Groningen. Local high school crowd doesn't bother to turn up until 3AM for parties at Saturday nights. Entrance €1/month.
- Simplon, Boterdiep 69. A bit outside the center at the Boterdiep, this ex-squad is now a podium for sometimes alternative concerts. Also electronic music like house, dubstep and drum'n'bass. Hosts e.g. a very popular monthly event called Technootjes and international DJs. Again, check their website for what's happening.
- O'Cealleighs, Gedempte Kattendiep 13. An Irish pub on Kattendiep. Small pub, but good atmosphere; the place people go to play a bit of Irish folk of an evening.
- De Zolder ( The Attic), Papengang 3A. Cosy stoner hang-out up a flight of stairs with reggae music and pool table.
- De Kar ( The Cart), Peperstraat 15. Bar with mirrored dancefloor. Great place to have a beer and dance to cool alternative tunes. Tends to be either empty or completely crowded.
- Shadrak, Peperstraat 19. Experience the great atmosphere. Student night on Thursday 10 beer for €10 and tequila shots for €2. One of the clubs which is open till the morning!
- Kokomo Beachclub, Gelkingestraat 1 (Corner of the Grote Markt). One of the biggest clubs in Groningen. On Thursday's it's packed with students (10 beers for €10). Plays great dance music in weekends and serves fine cocktails.
The Netherlands is renowned for its liberal drug policy. Coffeeshops (in English, but written as one word; not to be confused with coffeehouses or cafes) are allowed to sell cannabis and hash for personal use (not more than 5 grams). While technically still illegal, mostly to comply with international treaties, personal use of (soft) drugs is regulated by the Ministry of Justice under an official policy of gedogen; literally this means to accept or tolerate, legally it is a doctrine of non-prosecution on the basis that action taken would be so highly irregular as to constitute selective prosecution.
Many coffeeshops offer a 'smoking lounge' where soft drugs may be used. Also note that despite the confusion on the subject, the country-wide smoking ban applies only to tobacco. However, since the Dutch commonly smoke tobacco mixed with their marijuana or hash, many coffeeshops, especially those unaccustomed to tourists, may require all smoking to be done in a separated smoking section or outdoors
Groningen has a few excellent coffeeshops, where you can buy and smoke cannabis products at a reasonable price. Note that alcohol is not served in any of the coffeeshops.
- Café Dees, Papengang 3, ☎ . A cozy café with a nice selection of weed located in a small alley right next to the bar street Peperstraat. Inside a pool table, computers for surfing and big TV screens. Upstairs there's a bar called de Zolder ("the Attic") where you can smoke. There are reggae concerts on Tuesday nights.
- Metamorphose, Oude Boteringestraat 53, ☎ . Nice and little alternative shop, with mostly biological stuff. They serve a large variety of fresh tea.
- Oasis, Meeuwerderweg 60. Only open till 7PM and not on Sundays. Good marijuana, but is quite expensive. Nice café area makes up for it. Also a couple of tables outside during the summer time.
- De Vliegende Hollander, Gedempte Zuiderdiep 63. Great stuff on Zuiderdiep opposite the Pathé cinema. Inside there's a smoking room but no real hangout space.
- De Medley, Gedempte Zuiderdiep 64. A good pick up coffee shop. Can't smoke inside or stay there but it's quite cheap. Joints for €3,00, also many kinds of hash (like Maroc and Afghan) for about €5-€6 & weed/wiet: powerplant, sneeuwwitje (snow white), Afgaan (Afghan) 6, 10 or 20 euros.
Red Light Districts
Prostitution in the Netherlands is legal since 1988 if the prostitute consents. Window prostitution in Groningen takes place in two different areas, both within the Diepenring area. The biggest area is Nieuwstad, this street is packed with approximately 90 windows. The area Hoekstraat/Vishoek is a bit smaller, here you can find approximately 50 windows. A common price in both areas is €50 per 15 minutes.
As it is a fairly popular city trip destination among the Dutch, Groningen has plenty of choices for places to stay. There are no real top-end hotels however, so if you're out for luxury, you'll have to resort to some of the better mid-range places. Still, there are several very nice, historic hotels as well as a range of semi-modern and modern mid-range options. Travellers minding their budgets will find that accommodation here is relatively cheap.
- Bud Gett Hostel, Rademarkt 3-3a, ☎ . This modern hostel is situated half way between the railway station and the city centre. Its decoration is inspired by a Dutch painter Piet Mondrian and beds are made when you arrive. Dorm beds from €25, private doubles from €50.
- Camping Stadspark, Campinglaan 6, ☎ . Open from March to October, this camping ground is in the Stadspark, a large, wooded park just outside the ring road. If you're carrying a tent, this can be a nice budget alternative. € 18 for a spot, 2 people and showers.
- Simplon Youth Hotel ( Simplon Jongerenhotel), Boterdiep 73, 9712 LL, ☎ . This youth hostel has been around for a long time and remains a popular budget puck. Bunk-beds starting at €13,50. Rooms for up to 6 people are available, too.
- Hampshire City Hotel, Gedempte Kattendiep 25, ☎ . This large hotel has simple but modern rooms and a nice rooftop terrace. Located in the city centre it can be a little bit noisy at times, but overall this place gives good value for money. Rooms come in different types, with the more expensive ones being quite a bit more spacious. The staff is helpful and there are facilities like a sauna and Turkish steam bath. The hotel rents out bikes for €5. From €60 for a double.
- University Hotel, Kleine Kromme Elleboog 7-b, ☎ . This nice little hotel is situated at a cosy square with bars all around, close to the university and right in the centre. It is in fact part of the university and offers short but also long stay accommodation. Rooms are nicely decorated in a modern fashion, the staff is friendly and there's free tea and coffee in the lounge. Breakfast is a bit limited and there aren't too many facilities beyond what you'd expect from any hotel, but in terms of price and quality - this is a really good deal. Singles/doubles from €62,50 /€79,50.
- Hotel Corps De Garde, Oude Boteringestraat 74, ☎ . This charming, historic hotel is housed in a monumental 1634 building. Although equipped with all the modern day facilities you'd expect, it manages to retain its historic atmosphere, making it one of the finest places to stay in town. The only downside is that there's no space for an elevator, but the staff is very helpful, the breakfast very good and the lounge quite inviting. It has bikes for rent but note that car parking in the direct surroundings can be expensive. From €99 for a double.
- Martini Hotel, Gedempte Zuiderdiep 8, ☎ . This is an old hotel, and guests have been accommodated in this building since 1871. It's a bit dated and the rooms are small and simple, but the location is good (in the city centre), there's a nice bar downstairs and the prices are quite reasonable too. It has triple rooms, if you're a party of three. Private parking is available but costs €12.50 and should be reserved in advance, as it is sometimes full. From €64,50 for a double.
- Stee in Stad, Boterdiep 111, ☎ . This is a fairly special hotel; three houses have been transformed into a hotel. In each house there are three rooms. Every room has a different theme. Its staffed by people who otherwise have few chances on the labour market and often have been on income support for a long time. At the hotel the can (re)experience what it's like to have a job and acquire the job skills. However, this place is more than a social business initiative. It's also a pleasant hotel at 5 minute walk from the old centre. Several rooms have shared bathrooms. Singles/soubles from €50/69.
- Hotel de Doelen, Grote Markt, ☎ . This hotel is an all time favourite due to its nice location right at the foot of the Martini tower, facing the Grote Markt. This place has been receiving visitors for some 200 years and the decorations clearly intend to maintain the characteristic feel, but all modern facilities are in place. The lounge is pleasant and the staff friendly. The only downsides are the steep stairs to the entrance and -as with many places in the city centre - you'll have to park your car in one of the public garages.
- NH Hotel De Ville, Oude Boteringestraat 43, ☎ , fax: +31 50 3181777, e-mail: email@example.com. This four-star hotel in the city centre is stylishly decorated with a historic touch and offers more facilities than most hotels in town. Some of the rooms are a bit outdated but the staff is friendly and will park your bike in the nearby public garage, although the parking fees are fairly high. From €99 for a double.
- Prinsenhof, Martinikerkhof 23, ☎ . Prinsenhof Groningen is located right in the middle of Groningen city center, only meters from the Martini Tower. As soon as the monumental gate is passed, the city’s bustle is left behind. Offering a grand café, a hotel and an à-la-carte restaurant. From €149 for a double.
- Catch a bus to Lauwersoog, only to hop on a ferry to the island Schiermonnikoog. This small island is a popular day- or weekendtrip destination. The island has plenty of places to stay if you'd like to enjoy the quiet atmosphere that reigns here after the day visitors have left.
- The star fort of Bourtange is another good choice and -if you have a car- less than an hour away.
- Visit the seal rescue centre in Pieterburen
- The small town of Appingedam with her medieval town centre is well worth exploring. Note the "hanging kitchens" this town is known for: small rooms sticking out of building sides.
- Take the train to Uithuizen and visit the Menkemaborg, a particular kind of castle and one of the oldest and best kept examples of its kind in the region.
|Routes through Groningen|
|Amsterdam ← Drachten ←||S N||→ END|
|Utrecht ← Assen ←||S N||→ END|