- For other places with the same name, see Lima (disambiguation).
Founded in 1535 by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro, the modern city is a curious mix of the modern mega city with some 'islands of modernity', large but orderly slum areas and colonial architecture in the city center. Lima was the seat of Spanish rule for 300 years, and as such it has wonderful churches, cloisters and monasteries.
Lima is the best place to try Peruvian cuisine, which has a huge variety of ingredients from the coast, mountain and Amazon regions. The cold sea current that passes Peru's long coast makes the sea very rich in fish and seafood.
The following pages include the province of Callao and the province of Lima and their districts
A bohemian beach-side neighborhood known for its nightlife.
A city on the coast. Districts include Callao, La Perla, La Punta, Bellavista, Ventanilla, Carmen de la Legua y Reynoso and Mi Perú
Includes the Centro Historico, Plaza Mayor (Plaza de Armas) and Plaza San Martín, churches, colonial architecture, the presidential palace, congress, and shopping streets. La Victoria.
This districts of La Molina, Cieneguilla, Ate Vitarte, Santa Anita, San Juan de Lurigancho, Lurigancho-Chosica and Chaclacayo
Chorrillos, San Isidro, Magdalena del Mar, Pueblo Libre, San Miguel, San Luis, Jesús María, Breña
An upscale touristy neighborhood with restaurants, nightlife, and hotels. It is the most touristy district of Lima. Main travel agencies, major hotels, airlines offices and foreign embassies are located here. When shopping, the district is good for original paintings, antiques (Av. La Paz), and inexpensive handicrafts (Av. Petit Thouars).
A large area containing the districts of San Borja, Santiago de Surco, San Juan de Miraflores, Villa María del Triunfo, Villa el Salvador, Pachacamac, Lurín, Punta Hermosa, Punta Negra, San Bartolo, Santa María del Mar and Pucusana.
Known as 'Lima Norte' or 'Cono Norte', this area includes the districts of Comas, Carabayllo, Puente Piedra, Santa Rosa, Ancón, San Martín de Porres, Los Olivos, Rímac and Independencia.
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Lima is a metropolis of almost 8.5 million people. Many of these people have migrated from the Andes mountains to find work in Lima, without success. For this reason, there is widespread poverty in the city center and in the peripheral areas.
Lima's pre-Hispanic and colonial architecture is beautiful and the city has several museums (such as the Museo Larco) that tells the story of a country with a long history that produced a large number of coastal and Andean civilizations (such as the Moche, Chavin, and the Incas) and many local cultures. There are several archaeological sites both within and around the city (locally known as huaca).
The city is built on a valley surrounded by an extremely arid desert. In the summer, the weather is usually beautiful, very warm and sunny, with limited rain. In the winter, the city is often overcast and rainy for days at a time. The soft winter rain (llovizna) doesn't fall hard, but it gets everything damp. Temperatures also fall to around 11-19 C⁰ (45-55⁰ F), which seems chillier when combined with the general dampness. Air pollution in the streets of Lima can be very bad due to a combination of weather and older poorly-maintained vehicles.
- Jorge Chávez International Airport (IATA: LIM), ☎ . The airport is located in Callao, a seaport city northwest of Lima, located 11km (7mi) from the central historic core and 17km (11mi) from Miraflores.
The airport is well connected with most cities in South America as well as some North American and European cities. Flights arrive daily from Amsterdam, Bogotá, Madrid, Medellín, Miami, Quito, Santiago de Chile and Toronto. There are also regular flights from Atlanta, Fort Lauderdale, Houston and Newark. From May 2016, there will be three flights a week from London Gatwick.
Lima is the hub for many national domestic flights and is served by LAN Perú, LC Perú, Avianca Perú, Peruvian Airlines, and Star Perú.
The airport has wifi (WIGO), and you should pay a fare.
Airlines and destinations
Latam Perú is the only national carrier that flies internationally.
- LATAM Perú (Arequipa, Bogotá, Brasília, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cajamarca, Cali, Caracas, Cartagena de Indias, Chiclayo, Córdoba (Argentina), Cuzco, Guayaquil, Iquitos, Iquique, Juliaca, La Paz, Los Angeles, Madrid, Medellín, Mexico City, Miami, Piura, Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Punta Cana, Quito, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Santiago, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Tacna, Tarapoto, Trujillo, Tumbes.
- LATAM Airlines (formerly LAN & TAM Airlines) serves Los Angeles, New York-JFK, Santiago, Easter Island, Sao Paulo
- Avianca Peru (formerly Taca Peru) serves many Latin American cities including Arequipa, Asunción, Bogotá, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cancún, Caracas, Chiclayo, Cuzco, Havana, Juliaca, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, La Paz, Medellín, Miami, Montevideo, Piura, Puerto Maldonado, Quito, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, San José (Costa Rica), San Salvador, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Santiago, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Tarapoto and Trujillo
- Europe is served by Air Europa, British Airways (from 4th May 2016), Air France, Iberia and KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
- USA is served by American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, JetBlue, United Airlines, Spirit Airlines and LATAM
- Canada is served by Air Canada
- Other Latin American airlines include Copa Airlines (Panama), Aeroméxico, Interjet (Mexico City), Viva Colombia (Bogota); Avianca Holdings (El Salvador, Colombia and Costa Rica); Gol (Brazil); LATAM (formerly TAM Airlines & LAN Airlines) (Brazil, Chile & USA); Sky Airlines (Santiago de Chile) and Aerolíneas Argentinas (Buenos Aires)
Other Peruvian airline domestic destinations include:
- LC Perú (Andahuaylas, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Chiclayo, Cuzco, Huancayo (Jauja), Huánuco, Huaraz, Tingo María, Trujillo)
- Peruvian Airlines (Arequipa, Cuzco, Iquitos, Pucallpa, Piura, Tacna and Tarapoto. And to La Paz, Boliva internationally)
- Star Peru (Cuzco, Huanuco, Iquitos, Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Tarapoto)
Arrival at the airport can be chaotic. Most flights from overseas arrive in clumps either early in the morning or very late at night, which means that getting through immigration and customs can be tremendously time consuming; the time between arrival at the gate and exiting customs can range from 20-90 minutes.
The area immediately outside of customs is typically crowded, full of people waiting for arriving passengers. It's not uncommon for entire families to show up to greet a returning family member and the crowd is further swelled by pre-booked car and taxi service drivers holding up signs with passengers' names; in recent years, a large area where passengers can stand freely and scan the crowd to look for people and not be accosted has been cordoned off in front of the customs exit.
If you are merely transiting through Lima, the airport has a separate hall for connecting international passengers, who need not pass through Peruvian immigration or customs, but will have to pass through a security checkpoint dedicated to screening connecting passengers before they can enter the secure area of the terminal where the international gates are located. Due to congestion, the airport often does not assign gates to flights until less than two hours before departure.
Be wary of taxi drivers at the airport: if you need transportation from the airport you should avoid using the informal taxis outside that will accost you. Instead, you should either hire it inside the customs reception area (at somewhat inflated fees, as these companies, currently Green Taxi, CMV, and Mitsui, pay a premium to locate their desk there), or book one ahead of time online with a reputable company. It is best to use a certified ground transportation supplier so you can always be on the safe side.
That being said, once you leave the grounds of the airport, things get much cheaper rather rapidly and a trip to Miraflores shouldn't cost you any more than 25-30 soles but it is obviously not as safe and secure (the area around the airport is unsafe in general and taxi drivers can be dangerous). The taxi's waiting right outside the terminal but within the grounds are more safe than the ones outside and cheaper than the ones inside. Check out the tips for taking the taxi safely underneath.
Always make sure in which currency they are giving the price. 25 Soles and 25 dollars is a BIG difference.
Express airport bus
An express bus to Centro and Miraflores leaves from in front of the Arrivals hall; ask at the airport information desk.
Car rental is available at the airport via Hertz, Budget, and National, but unless you have experience driving in extremely challenging environments you should avoid driving yourself in Lima.
The bus station is right outside the airport grounds exit to your right. To get into Miraflores you can take the blue 18 bus. It says Miraflores on the side but confirm with the bus driver. A ride to Miraflores will cost you S/2. The area is a bit dodgy. If travelling with all or any valuables and especially at night, it is recommended to take a taxi within the airport grounds instead. The bus to Miraflores takes 1-3 hours depending on traffic.
Most companies have their terminals lined up along Paseo de la Republica (north & south) in La Victoria, not Lima's nicest district. However. Other stations are in the outskirts of La Victoria (Av. Javier Prado and and along Paseo de la Republica), which is better. There you find some of the more reputable companies like Cruz del Sur, Tepsa, Ormeño, CIAL, Linea, ITTSA, Movil Tours, Flores and Civa. Some of the same companies have multiple terminals in La Victoria, service to/from "Gran Terminal Terrestre Plaza Norte" in Túpac Amaru in the northern part of town; and in/around Acotongo in the southern part of town.
If you are staying in the North Lima area or close to the airport, there is a modern bus terminal: "Gran Terminal Terrestre Plaza Norte" which is very convenient. It should take you around 10 minutes to get there from the airport by the Avenida Tomás Valle in a combi or taxi (there are no buses along the whole length of this avenue).
Regular buses run up and down the roads Panamericana Sur/Norte (the local name for the Panamerican Highway), Carretera Central, Interoceánica Sur, Interoceánica Norte, amongst others:
- South: Pisco, Ica, Nazca, Arequipa, Tacna, Cuzco, Puerto Maldonado, Juliaca, Puno, Moquegua, Ilo.
- North: Huaraz, Chimbote, Trujillo, Chiclayo, Piura, Cajamarca & Tumbes.
- East: Huancayo, Cerro de Pasco, Huánuco and Pucallpa.
Companies and terminals
Some of the major bus companies and their terminal locations:
- Cial, Av. Republica de Panamá 2469-2485, La Victoria, ☎ .
- Civa/Excluciva, Paseo de la República 575, La Victoria (Corner of Paseo de la República & Av 28 de Julio), ☎ . They also have another terminal for their 'Excluciva' brand at Javier Prado Este #1155
- Cruz del Sur, Av Javier Prado Este 1109, La Victoria (Javier Prado Este & Nicolás Arriola in La Victoria), ☎ , toll-free: , 0801-1111 (non-geographic number), 72-0444 (non-geographic number). Serves Arequipa, Ica, Cuzco, Puno, Chiclayo, Trujillo, Pisco, Arequipa, Tacna, Cuzco, La Paz, Santiago, Buenos Aires, Cali, Nazca, Guayaquil, Quito, Bogotá and Máncora.
- Transportes Flores, Paseo de La Republica 627 & 688, La Victoria (Paseo de La Republica & Av 28 de Julio), ☎ . , They also have another station at 28 de Julio No 1246.
- ITTSA, Av. Paseo de la República 809, ☎ . Goes from Lima only to Chimbote, Chiclayo, Piura, Sullana, Talara and Trujillo in the northern regions of the country
- Movil Tours, Paseo de la Republica 749, La Victoria (Frente al Estadio Nacional. Front of the National Stadium), ☎ . They also have another station nearby at Javier Prado Este 1093, La Victoria in front of the Clinica Ricardo Palma & next to a KIA car dealership.
- Oltursa, Av. Aramburú 1160, San Isidro (SE of the intersection Av Republica de Panama next to the Derco Center car dealership.), ☎ .
- Ormeño, Av. Javier Prado Oeste Nº 1057, La Victoria - Lima 13, ☎ . ,
- TEPSA, Av Javier Prado Este 1091, La Victoria (west of the interesection of Javier Prado Este & Paseo de la Republica.), ☎ . ,
If going further, a taxi ride between adjacent neighbourhoods costs about 7-10 soles (US$2-3), if you speak Spanish well enough. A longer ride may cost from 24-34 soles (US$7–10). A reasonable price for a taxi service between the airport and Miraflores is about 65 soles (US$25), but may cost more from within the airport. By custom, taxis do not have meters; rather, the fare should be negotiated before boarding the taxi, or, if you order by phone, at booking time. If asking for a ride on the street, don't be fooled into getting into the cab before a rate is negotiated. Be very discerning about which taxi you choose and avoid hailing random cabs off the street as much as possible.
Caution is advised when using taxis in Lima. In Lima the shared taxis are prohibited, but there are some taxis colectivos pirata, and it might not hurt to look if there's someone hiding on the back seat or the trunk before entering.
First time travellers to Peru need nerves of steel with regard to the traffic. Lima harbours the most lunatic drivers in the world and taxi drivers are among the worst.
Maintenance of any mechanical object in Peru, (including taxis) is only performed once it has already ceased to function. Many cars are in very poor, even unsafe, condition. It's very common to see cars and taxis with missing windows or body parts.
If you don't know a trusted taxi, it's wise to use the public transport.
Tips for taking the taxi safely:
- Do not show any valuables (including jewelry) and try to look a bit shabby.
- Speaking Spanish with confidence to your driver helps.
- Before asking for a taxi, ask several people (not taxi drivers) for the regular price. If the driver you talk to goes under that price, he might be looking to make money some other way.
- Tuck away your phone and passport where they will not look for it or see it.
- Know where you are going, know the route or at least pretend you know. Always look like you are paying attention but stay calm.
- If they start talking to you, mention that people are waiting for you, that you know local people and this is not your first time in Lima.
- Keep an eye on the driver and check if he is communicating.
- When in doubt, do not get in ! There are litterally a hundred others waiting for you. If you have doubts after entering the taxi, just get out somewhere it seems kind of safe and pay him full price. You can also ask him to take a different route that you choose.
- Never show the address or directions on your phone. Remember the address or write it down.
The taxi driver might take you to a location different from your destination where others are waiting and/or threaten you with a gun or knife. By the time you get to your hotel or hostel you will not have your passport, money, backpack or anything else for that matter. Even though most of the taxi's in the center of the city are quite safe, be extra careful around the airport, in bad neighbourhoods and especially the bus stations.
Lima's public transport network consists of a single metro line, modern buses, coasters and combis (which are called "micros" by the locals). The system can be confusing for foreign tourists.
For example, to go from the airport to Magdalena, Miraflores or Surco, you can take the big blue bus called "Las Flores 18" (IM-18). The fare is 2 soles (Miraflores) or 2 soles 50 (Surco).
On the side of every bus or van you will see the names of the major avenues it travels along. Conductors generally lean out the door of the bus yelling the destinations. If this doesn't make sense, ask the conductor. Also here be aware of pickpockets.
Metropolitano is a modern rapid transport bus system, operated with fully wheelchair-accessible articulated ("bendy") buses. Express routes have their own dedicated lanes on expressways. Rechargeable cards are used as tickets with a minimum purchase price of 5 soles.
Corredores Complementarios are part of an integrated transport system. There are 2 corredores: Tacna - Garcilaso - Arequipa (corredor azul - blue) and Javier Prado - La Marina (corredor rojo - red).
Line 1 of the Lima Metro currently serves 33 stations through 11 districts. Line 2 is under construction, and several more are planned in the near future.
- The historic downtown, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- The Circuito Mágico del Agua (Magic Water Tour), a fountain and light display in the Parque de la Reserva and Parque Fermín Tangüis.
- The Parque del Amor (Lovers' Park) in Miraflores.
- The Costa Verde, Lima's impressive green coast stretches between San Miguel and Chorrillos.
- The tourist-friendly districts of Barranco, Miraflores and Santiago de Surco.
- The historical sites of Pueblo Libre, including the Cruz del Viajero, a monumental Christian cross dating from the era of the Conquistadores.
- Lima's best shopping malls: Plaza Norte, Jockey Plaza, Larcomar, Mall Aventura Plaza, Real Plaza Salaverry.
- Historical churches: Lima´s Cathedral, Santo Domingo (San Martín de Porres), Santa Rosa (Santa Rosa de Lima), Nazarenas (Señor de los Milagros), San Francisco.
- Museums: Museo nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia (Pueblo Libre), Museo de Arte (Paseo Colón), Museo Pedro de Osma (Barranco), Museo Rafael Larco (Pueblo Libre).
- Parque Kennedy in the center of Miraflores. This park is right in the entertainment district and is famous for the huge amount of cats that live there.
- Bike Tours of Lima, Calle Bolivar 150, Miraflores, ☎ . M–F 9:30AM–6PM; Sa, Su 9:30AM–2PM. A variety of 'public' and private bicycle, walking and food tours of Lima by English-speaking guides. Prior booking is required. Currently number 1 activity in Lima on Tripadvisor. Biking tours US$35–US$90, other prices vary, pay in U.S. Dollars.
- The Lima Gourmet Company, Miraflores, Lima, Peru, ☎ . 24. A combined city and culinary tour of Lima. Travelers will visit a local market, have a hands-on cooking class and try different Peruvian dishes while they tour the city's main districts and historical points of interest. Great if you don't have much time in Lima.
- Folkloric dance shows, Heroes de Tarapacá 168 (First left off Av. Brasil from Plaza Francisco Bolognesi), ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Almuerzo: Fr, Sa 1:00PM–5:30PM; Noches de Foclore: Tu, W 9PM–12:15AM; Th 9:45PM–1:35AM; F, Sa 10PM–2AM. Live shows of local dance with dinner or lunch included. Choose between Almuerzo (lunchtime) Shows, Noches de Folclore (folklore evenings) and periodic special shows. Range from 39.50–68 soles per person..
- Mirabus bus and road train tours, Tourist information booth in Parque Kenedy, Miraflores, ☎ . Information booth open every day 9AM–7PM. Various themed day and night bus tours of Lima and the surrounding region, including excursions to Caral and Pachacamac. They also operate a road train around the main sights of Centro. Most bus tours: adults 70 soles, children (4–10 years) 50 soles, under 4s free. City centre road train: adults 5 soles, children (4–10 years) 3 soles, under 4s free. Other prices vary from 10–220 soles per person..
- Surfing the waves of the Pacific Ocean in Miraflores Beach
- Paragliding over the reefs of Miraflores Beach
- Visit Pachacamac in Lurin (1/2 hour from Miraflores), a sacred pre-Inca citadel.
- Go to Mamacona (Lurin, behind Pachacamac) and live the emotion of a live show with Caballo Peruano de paso and the beautiful dance Marinera. Tickets in Mirabus, central park of Miraflores.
- Visit Huaca Pucllana in Miraflores, a pre-Inca ruins.
For some reason it is very hard to change money other than Euros and U.S. Dollars in Lima. You can't even change the currency from neighbouring countries in normal money exchanges and banks. You might find more flexible exchange offices at the airport, but they often charge ridiculous service fees and exchange rates.
Changing money in Miraflores can be done safely with cambistas on the street, but you must follow a few simple rules to avoid being cheated. First, make sure that the cambista is wearing the vest-uniform indicating that he or she is an authorized, licensed cambista. Always ask for the exchange rate ("tipo de cambio"). It is worth it to compare with several cambistas, especially if you are changing a significant amount of money. Some scammers do tricks with their calculators in your face and you won't notice, so the best way to know how much you should be getting is to bring a calculator yourself or use the one in your cellphone. Finally, make sure that the bills the cambista gives you have his or her seal ("sello") stamped on them - that way, if by chance one of them turns out to be counterfeit you can come back and complain. It is rare to get counterfeit notes from a cambista, but asking for the seal helps maintain the incentive for honesty and acts as insurance for you.
As anywhere, your best bet is usually to simply draw money from an ATM. There are banks dotted all over Lima and some of them have guarded ATMs. Chances are your bank will charge you a fortune every time you withdraw money so it is better value to get as much as possible when making a withdrawal. BCP and Scotiabank cajeros generally allow withdrawals up to 700 soles. Interbank has been known to charge insane fees (around $18 for a $50 transaction).
Always be cautious when using an ATM, as you may be followed and targeted for a robbery.
If you are interested in purchasing Peruvian folk musical instruments, there are a number of stores selling charangos, quenas, antaras, etc. on Ca. Cantuarias. If you have the time, a number of these stores can help you find a teacher to learn how to play your purchase.
Your best bet is to head for Av. Petit Thouars in Miraflores, which is full of handicrafts stores. Alternarively, go to Av. La Marina in Pueblo Libre.
The main supermarkets are Wong, Metro, Plaza Vea, Vivanda and Tottus. These can be found all over.
Gastronomy has been, since the days of the Spanish vice royalty, an essential aspect of life in Lima. During the last few years, the city's dining reputation has experienced a huge leap in the eyes of the world, due in part to the International Summit of Gastronomy (Madrid Fusión) in 2006, which declared Lima to be the "Gastronomy Capital of the Americas". The offerings in Lima are nowadays more varied and cover a wide range of types and cuisines, both regional and international.
Despite the wide range of choice in Lima's many restaurants, ceviche is surely number one on the list of dishes you must get to know, not only because it happens to be the Peruvian national dish, but because of its unparalleled delicious taste. With the increasing interest in the Peruvian cuisine, ceviche is quickly making its way onto tables all over the world. But if you want to enjoy the real thing, don't miss it during your stay here in ceviche's Mecca. There is at least one cevichería in every neighbourhood. Moreover, most criollo restaurants include ceviche on their menus; indeed the dish is so popular that it is even offered at many of the more upscale nouvelle-cuisine restaurants.
In some places, Peruvian food tend to be spicy and heavy. Try it and ask if any dish is picante (spicy), which usually means it is going to be very spicy! A full meal may be really heavy even if it's perfectly nice and well-prepared with fresh ingredients.
A second must goes to Asian cuisine, both Chinese and Japanese, which predictably, have a strong Peruvian influence. Chifas - that is, Chinese restaurants-, which can be counted by the hundreds if not thousands, are usually down-to-earth neighbourhood eateries, offering a fare rich in seafood and chicken. Japanese restaurants, on the contrary, are less widespread, and more upscale and expensive. Their forte is, of course, a year-round supply of the freshest and most varied seafood.
Travelers longing for a delicious falafel or shwarma sandwich will be pleased to learn there is an excellent café in Parque Kennedy that serves these type of Middle Eastern foods at reasonable prices.
There is a heavy presence of fast-food chains such as KFC, Pizza Hut, McDonald's, Subway, Papa John's and local chain Bembos all over the city. Places such as Burger King, Chili's and TGI Friday's are scarce, but can be found around Miraflores. Also, you shouldn't miss Peruvian-style hamburgers at Bembos, and traditional Peruvian sandwiches in if you want to give your everyday fast-food a local twist.
- Pisco Sour is the national drink of Peru, made with Pisco, a brandy made of grapes. It is highly recommended that all visitors to Peru try this drink at least once. Visitors might be amused to learn that Chileans claim Pisco Sour is their own, but it isn't true. There are some variations that are offered in several bars around town. Just be careful; the fresh and sweet flavour makes it very easy to drink too much, and you can so easily get drunk on it.
- Inca Kola is the most popular soft drink in Peru, one of few sodas that Coca Cola couldn't defeat (until they bought the company). It's a yellow-fruit flavored drink that tastes like hierba luisa.
- Jugos You can find great fresh fruit drinks all over Lima. Starting from 0.50 soles for a fresh orange juice at the market to some more expensive ones. Surtidos, containing several different fruits, are quite tasty.
- Chicha Morada A refreshing, purple, non-alcoholic drink high in antioxidants. It's made by boiling purple corn with pineapple, cinnamon, clove, and sugar.
- Emoliente is a hot drink prepared with barley, herbs, sugar and lemon juice. It's often sold by street vendors at night for around S/.1.00. It's especially great in winter.
- Starbucks Coffee is predictably widespread if you really need your daily caffeine fix.
Surco, Miraflores, San Borja and San Isidro are some of the nicest and safest areas in the city. Although they sometimes come a bit pricier than the old city center and other parts, some budget accommodation options do exist.
Keep in mind that the old city may not be safe for tourists at night.
If you witness a crime being committed, do not intervene unless you are really sure of what you are doing: many criminals, even pickpockets, carry guns, knives, etc. and may use them if feeling threatened.
In general, a tried and true technique for staying safe in Lima is to simply maintain a low profile. Leave your fancy watch at home, don't wear a fine suit and don't carry a laptop when hailing taxis on the street, and keep a relaxed, friendly, smiling attitude. If you do need to go out dressed like a gringo, call a taxi rather than hire one in the moment - the few moments you wait and the few extra soles you pay will be worth it.
While there is not much violent crime against tourists, opportunistic theft is rampant. Watch out for pickpockets constantly. If you carry a purse, a camera, a backpack or just a pair of sunglasses hang on to them at all times. In crowded areas, put your back pack on your front and hold shopping close to you. Just keep your eyes open and be aware of people around you. In any case, if someone extremely friendly approaches (even wanting to stretch your hand), just try not to talk that much, and they'll go away. It's normal to find polite people around trying to help tourists, but stay away from the extremely friendly ones.
Avoid the surroundings of football (soccer) stadiums before and after big matches, since "barras bravas" (hooligans) can be very violent. Ask for advice if you plan to go there or thereabouts. Very infrequently, but occasionally even in nicer tourist areas, gangs of young supporters of rival football clubs, or strikers involved in a labor dispute may brawl. If you find yourself caught in the middle of such a confrontation, just try to move out of the way, preferably behind a closed door. These youths generally do not carry lethal weapons, and the worst that is likely to happen is that someone will get hit with a rock before the police arrive to break it up.
Districts of note
Some areas of Lima are safer than others: Miraflores and San Isidro have large populations of well-to-do and wealthy Peruvians, not to mention large tourist groups, so they have a large police presence to protect the population. Other districts, such as La Victoria, are much more dangerous. Visitors would be well advised to stay out of these areas unless accompanied by an experienced native or visiting busy areas during daylight hours. Downtown Lima is normally well patrolled but be careful anyway. Callao (the port, technically a different city) is rather rough: ask for advice before going there if you plan to. The area around the airport is generally safe and well guarded but use common sense while carrying your luggage outside the airport.
Staying safe for adults can also require an understanding of the sexual climate of Peru. In general Peru is a relatively conservative country in the sense of male and female roles, but at the same time Peruvians are extremely open to friendships with foreigners. Thus, some males can find themselves suddenly the object of flirtation by attractive young Peruvian women, but then be suddenly rejected for having violated some unwritten line of conduct in, say, discussion topics. Women can find themselves the object of unwanted looks and stares, but at the same time the risk of violence and rape is probably not as high as in many other countries.
A problem that can arise is the Peruvian concept of the pepera, found at certain night clubs or pubs. Peperas are usually attractive women aged 16–25 that deliberately entice foreign tourists and then spike their drinks with sleeping pills and rob them once they're unconscious. Usually peperas work in groups of two, although smaller and larger groups exist as well. Male "peperos" also spike the drinks of women but robbery is often accompanied by rape. Peperas in general are found in dense tourist areas, such as Parque Kennedy in Miraflores as well as the Plaza de Armas in central Lima. One locale in particular that is notorious for dangerous peperas is the Tequila Rock discoteca in Miraflores and its sister in Pueblo Libre (La Marina). As of July 2013 cases of drink spiking, working with bar staff, occurred in Albazos restaurant y pisco bar (Berlin 172 in Miraflores).
Another cultural concept worth learning is the "brichera" (or "brichero"). There are two types of bricheras: the first type are women that are genuinely looking to meet foreign men in the hopes of dating or marriage or even a quick fling. The second type are women that search for foreign men with the implicit purpose of exchanging sex for small gifts or money. This second type of brichera is risky, especially for foreigners lacking local sensibilities, since it involves prostitution. These bricheras do not use contraception reliably, and therefore pose a higher risk for transmitting STDs (Sexual Transmitted Diseases). If you decide to have a fling, make sure to use a condom.
Another important point to be taken into consideration is that you should not pick up just any taxi, especially when you are leaving the airport. It is not unusual to hear news of taxi drivers cheating tourists by charging them 100 or even 200 soles for normal rides, which is well in excess of the maximum fare limit of 50 soles. Even though Peruvian taxi drivers normally increase their fares for gringos, it is not usually such a massive difference. It is most advisable to use one of the official taxi companies inside the airport with set fares to ensure your safety.
Taxi drivers have also been known to participate in robberies, express kidnappings or serve as get away vehicles. While the overwhelming majority of Lima's taxistas are honest hard working people trying to make a living, you should be alert if you are going to hail a taxi on the street, especially if you appear to be wealthy and / or a foreigner. Your safest bet is to have your hotel call a taxi for you or keep the numbers of official taxi companies ("radio taxis", which are marked with registered numbers) handy. Lima's tourist information centers will be willing to call one for you as well.
- [dead link]Australia, Víctor A. Belaúnde 147 Torre Real 3, Oficina 1301, San Isidro, ☎ .
- Austria, Av. Central 643 Piso 5, San Isidro, ☎ .
- Belgium, Avenida Angamos Oeste 380, Miraflores, ☎ , fax: , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Mon-Fri: 09u00-12u00 & 14u00-16u00 - In January and February Fridays only from 09u00 to 12u00.
- Canada, Calle Libertad 130, Miraflores, ☎ , toll-free: 0800-50602 (within the country), fax: .
- Finland, Av. Victor Andrés Belaúnde 147, Edificio Real Tres, Oficina 502 (5th floor), San Isidro, Lima 27, ☎ , , fax: , e-mail: email@example.com. Mo 8:30AM-4:45PM, Tu-Th -4:30PM, Fr -2PM.
- France, Av. Arequipa 3415 - San Isidro, ☎ .
- Germany, Avda. Arequipa 4210, Miraflores, ☎ .
- Greece, Av. Principal 190, piso 6, Urb. Santa Catalina, La Victoria, Lima 13, ☎ , , (Emergencies)fax: , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Italy, Av. Gregorio Escobedo 298 - Jesus Maria, ☎ . , (Emergencies)
- Japan, Avenida San Felipe 356, Jesús María, ☎ , fax: .
- Mexico, Ave. Jorge Basadre 710, San Isidro, ☎ .
- New Zealand, Víctor A. Belaúnde 147 Torre Real 3, Oficina 1102, San Isidro, Lima 27, ☎ .
- Spain, Av. Jorge Basadre, 498 (San Isidro), ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com.
- [dead link]United Kingdom, Torre Parque Mar (Piso 22), Avenida Jose Larco, 1301, Miraflores, ☎ .
- United States, Avenida La Encalada cdra. 17 s/n, Surco, ☎ , fax: .
If you are flying out of Lima internationally, the airport tax is US$31, or US$7.40 for domestic flights. As of January 2016 this tax has been rolled into the purchase price of tickets at the airport. Ensure you receive a sticker on the back of each ticket from the check-in counter as proof you have already paid the tax at the security checkpoint.
The surrounding residential towns of Lima in the foothills of the mountains offer spectacular views and are ideal day-trips from central Lima.
If you are flying to your next destination, you can take the "Las Flores 18" (IM-18) bus to the airport (from Miraflores/Magdalena/Surco) or any micro bus that says "Todo Faucett/Aeropuerto" on its side. The trip from Miraflores takes about an hour and costs 2 soles.
If you wish to take a long distance bus, see the Get In section above for bus companies, the various locations of their terminals and their destinations.
Some popular destinations from Lima are:
- Arequipa — the "White City", in the southern highlands.
- Cajamarca — hosts an exciting carnaval every February.
- Cuzco — The center of the Inca civilization. Luxury tourist buses run twice daily with Cruz del Sur. One of South America's most iconic sights, Machu Picchu, is just a 4-hours train ride away from Cuzco.
- Huancayo — can be reached by taking a scenic train trip through the Andes.
- Huaraz — a mountaineering center.
- Iquitos — a northern city of the selva (jungle)
- Ica — a desert city with an oasis called Huacachina.
- Matucana — and the Antankallo waterfall.
- Nazca — home of the ancient and mysterious Nazca Lines.
- Piura — a city on the northern coast.
- Pucallpa — can be reached by bus or plane and is the only major river port linked by road to Lima. It's possible to travel by boat to Iquitos.
- Tarma — the "Pearl of the Andes".
- Trujillo — a beautiful city on the northern coast.
- Tumbes — a northern coastal city with a heavenly beach.