Paleontology is the study of prehistoric life on Earth, especially through fossils. A traveller can find museums, as well as dig sites, which tell the story of our planet before mankind.
For the history of Homo Sapiens during the last 50,000 years, see Historical travel.
Too many museums to mention have paleontological exhibitions. Here is a selection of museums with collections beyond the usual.
- National Science Museum ( 国立科学博物館 Kokuritsu kagaku hakubutsukan), Tokyo/Ueno, Japan. A prominent collection of dinosaur fossils.
- The Royal Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology, Highway 838, Drumheller, Canada (From the intersection of Railway Ave S / Hwy 575 and Bridge St / HWY-56 / HWY-9, go north on Bridge St for 1.2 km, crossing river. At well-marked intersection,turn left (west) onto Dinosaur Trail / Highway 838. Go west for 5.2 km. At Tyrrell Museum sign, turn right (north) onto the museum's road, go north for 0.9km to the museum.), ☎ , fax: , e-mail: email@example.com. Tue-Sun (plus Monday public holidays) 10AM-5PM, fall/winter (Labour Day weekend to mid-May). Daily 9AM-9PM, spring/summer (week before Victoria Day to week before Labour Day). A spectacular range of exhibits and activities showing off the rich fossils of the Alberta badlands, from dinosaurs to pollen. Plenty to see and do. Hundreds of thousands of visitors per year. There are a variety of moderate hikes to fossil artifacts, starting from the museum during the summer Adults $10, seniors (65 and up) $8, youth $6, children 6 years and under free; family of two adults and up to 6 children age 7 to 17 $30; two-day tickets available for 1.5 times the single-day price.
- Neanderthal Museum ( Mettmann, Germany). A museum dedicated to the Neanderthal Man, Homo Neanderthalensis, which populated much of Europe and the Middle East until it was displaced by Homo Sapiens, and went extinct around 40,000 BC.
- Cradle of Humankind ( South Africa).
- Dinosaur National Monument ( United States).
- Fossil Butte National Monument ( United States).
- La Brea Tar Pits ( Los Angeles, California).
- Potomac Highlands ( United States).
- Dinosaur Provincial Park ( Brooks, Canada).
In some places you can actually "fossil hunt" yourself, but this may be subject to a number of local regulations, as well as import/export restrictions when crossing borders. In some cases what you find in terms of "fossils" is so commonplace that no protection need to be enforced, but it is a great way to spend a day with children (especially the "dinosaur crowd") as well as to introduce amateur paleontologists to the subject. Some museums that sit in appropriate geological contexts even offer fossil hunting as a part of their program and you should certainly take advantage of that if possible. One of the eras that is rather "packed" with common - though pretty - fossils is limestone from the Jurassic era as it can be found in Franconian Switzerland.
If you want to look for rare or valuable fossils, you would most likely have to connect with a university or science-institute who do more sophisticated digs and actually find fossils that haven't been found or at least not been scientifically described before. In many cases those digs are only open to people with legitimate science degrees in the appropriate field(s) or studying towards one. In case you need to cross borders for such, a tourist visa may sometimes not be the category to apply for in those cases.