- Kupang — the capital of East Nusa Tenggara province and the island's transport hub
- Kefamenanu Kefamenanu is the capital of North Central Timor regency. The regency is in the middle of Timor island. There are many interesting places like the traditional village of Tamkesi, Taolin palace, and some natural caves. The culture is maintained well by the people and is also of interest to some visitors. As the capital city of the regency, Kefamenanu has hotels, travel services, hospitals and a university.
- Soe — the capital of South Central Timor regency. Being in the mountains, it is significantly cooler than in the coastal regions.
There are no flights to East Timor, so crossing the island involves an arduous 12-hour trek by bus.