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Greenwood, population 665 (2016), is a small city in the West Kootenays, of British Columbia, Canada. It is the smallest incorporated city in Canada.


Sacred Heart Church

Greenwood is a city in south central British Columbia along the Canada-US border. It was incorporated in 1897 and used to be one of the principal cities of the Boundary Country smelting and mining district. It was incorporated as a city originally and has retained that title despite the population decline following the closure of the area's industries.


In 1886 several mining claims had been staked in a narrow gulch ten miles north of the mouth of Boundary Creek. The ore was high in copper. Ten years later more claims had been staked in the area. These claims gave rise to the city of Greenwood. In 1895 a merchant named Robert Wood erected a log store and named the region Greenwood.

By 1896 there were three hotels, a general store, a livery stable, two assay offices, a mining broker, an opera house, and a dozen other establishments. Greenwood became an incorporated city in 1897. The population climbed to 3,000 by 1899 and a railway called the Columbia and Western Railway reached Greenwood from the east. In 1899 a fire struck Greenwood which gutted several businesses.

The BC Copper Company smelter began operation in 1901, servicing ore from the Mother Lode Mine and other mines in the area. Greenwood was the supply center for surrounding camps such as Providence, Copper, Deadwood, Wellington, Central, Skylark and others. The city became the seat of government for the Boundary with one hundred firms in the business district. Greenwood had a newspaper called the "Times" by 1906 another paper called the "Greenwood Ledge".

By 1910 the boom had passed and Greenwood's population was 1,500. At the end of World War I, the demand for copper dropped, and by 1918 the copper market was dead,and the smelter in Greenwood lay idle. The following year it closed down permanently. The collapse of the smelters led to close of mines around the vicinity of Greenwood. Greenwood was on the decline after this period.

Get in[edit]

By car[edit]

Map of Greenwood (British Columbia)

Greenwood is located along the Crowsnest Highway (Highway 3), 42 km (26 mi) west of Grand Forks, 83 km (52 mi) east of Osoyoos, and 480 km (300 mi) east of Vancouver.

By bus[edit]


  • 1 Boundary Falls (Boundary Creek Provincial Park), Boundary Falls (between Greenwood and Midway). Boundary Falls is about 40 ft (12 m) in height. It is located below the head of a small canyon that Boundary Creek enters as it passes by the town of Boundary Falls. The falls are easily viewed from the canyon rim. Boundary Falls (Q37528) on Wikidata Boundary Falls (British Columbia) on Wikipedia
  • 2 Greenwood Museum & Visitor Centre, 214 South Copper Ave, +1 250-445-6355. May 1-Jun 30: daily 10AM-4PM; Jul 1-Aug 31: daily 9AM-5PM; Sep 1-Oct 31: daily 10AM-4PM; Nov 1-Apr 30: by appointment only.


  • 1 Jewel Lake (Jewel Lake Provincial Park) (12 km east of Greenwood). Jewel Lake Provincial Park offers camping, canoeing and fishing opportunities in a wilderness setting. Jewel Lake Provincial Park (Q6189472) on Wikidata Jewel Lake Provincial Park on Wikipedia
  • 2 Phoenix Mountain Ski Resort, 8000 Phoenix Mountain Road (9 km E of Greenwood on Phoenix Mountain Road), +1 250-444-6565 (ski season only). There are 16 designated runs with 18 marked trails; services include a lodge with a cafeteria, a rental shop and a terrain park. Phoenix Mountain Ski Resort (Q7186929) on Wikidata Phoenix Mountain Ski Resort on Wikipedia


The main street of Greenwood, Copper Street which also carries the Crowsnest Highway, has some small shops in its small downtown area.

Eat & drink[edit]





Midway is 10 minutes west of Greenwood. It gets its name for being located midway between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. It is also home to Mile Zero of the Kettle Valley Rail Trail, a popular wilderness cycling trail which follows the rail bed of the old Kettle Valley Railway.

  • Kettle River Museum, 907 Highway 3, Midway, +1 250-449-2614, . Daily 10AM-4PM. Delve into the history of the Kettle River Valley. The museum includes the original Station House, an artifacts yard, a caboose, and a section house. Adults $5; 16 and under free.

Rock Creek[edit]

Rock Creek is 25 minutes west of Greenwood. It is a former gold rush village located along the Kettle Valley Rail Trail.

  • 3 Kettle River Recreation Area, Highway 33 (6 km north of Rock Creek). Kettle River Recreation Area is a 179 ha (440 acres) provincial recreation area located inside a sharp S-bend of the Kettle River. The recreation area features a public beach, a section of the Trans-Canada Trail, and a historic railway bridge that has since been converted for pedestrian use. Recreational facilities include a vehicle-accessible campsite complex, pit toilets, running water, picnic tables, and fire pits. Hiking and inner tubing are popular summertime activities at this park. Kettle River Recreation Area (Q98953897) on Wikidata Kettle River Recreation Area on Wikipedia

Go next[edit]

Routes through Greenwood
Osoyoos ← Rock Creek ←  W Crowsnest Highway E  Grand ForksCastlegar / Nelson via BC-3A.svg

Routes through Rock Creek
HopeOsoyoos  W Crowsnest Highway E  → Greenwood → Castlegar / Nelson via BC-3A.svg
KelownaBig White  N BC-33.svg S  END

This city travel guide to Greenwood is a usable article. It has information on how to get there and on restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.