The West Kootenay region is part of the traditional territories of the Sinixt (or Lakes) and Ktunaxa (Kutenai) peoples.
Known as "The Queen City", it is acknowledged for its impressive collection of restored heritage buildings from its glory days in a regional silver rush.
In 2012 Nelson and Rossland, a small city south-west of Nelson, were jointly voted best ski locales in North America by readers of California-based Powder Magazine.
- Nelson & District Visitor Info Centre, 225 Hall Street, V1L 5X4, ☎ , toll-free: , fax: . Open year round.
Gold and silver were found in the area in 1867. Following the discovery of silver at nearby Toad Mountain in 1886, the town boomed quickly, leading to incorporation in 1897. Two railways were built to pass through Nelson. Due to its location near transportation corridors, Nelson grew to supply the local mining activity and soon became a transportation and distribution centre for the region.
The town soon matured from a false-fronted boom town to a sophisticated city. Francis Rattenbury, an architect most noted in British Columbia for the Parliament Buildings in Victoria, the Vancouver Provincial Courthouse, and the second Hotel Vancouver, designed chateau-style civic buildings made of granite, which stand today. By the 1900s, Nelson had several fine hotels, a Hudson's Bay Company store, and an electric streetcar system. The local forestry and mining industries were well established.
The town built its own hydroelectric generating system. English immigrants planted lakeside orchards, and Doukhobors from Russia, sponsored by Leo Tolstoy and the Quakers, tilled the valley benchlands. The Doukhobor Museum is nearby, close to the neighbouring town of Castlegar.
During the Vietnam War, many American draft dodgers settled in Nelson and the surrounding area. This influx of liberal, mostly educated young people had a significant impact on the area's cultural and political demographics.
Nelson's mountainous geography kept growth confined to the narrow valley bottom, except for certain hillside structures such as the local High School and the former Notre Dame University College (NDU) campus. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, when more prosperous cities were tearing down and rebuilding their downtowns to the design of the time, Nelson merchants 'modernized' their buildings with covers of aluminum siding.
In the early 1980s, Nelson suffered a devastating economic downturn when the local sawmill was closed. To save downtown and Baker Street from blight, Nelson remodelled its downtown by stripping aluminum facades and restoring the buildings to their original brilliance. By 1985, Baker Street was completely transformed. Affirmation of the street's success came in 1986 when Steve Martin chose to produce his feature film Roxanne largely in Nelson, using the local fire hall as a primary set and many historic locations for others. More broadly, the transformation marked the beginning of Nelson's ongoing transition from a resource-based town to an arts and tourism town. A walk down Baker Street through the Historic District is now one of Nelson's promoted visitor activities.
Winters are cold and snowy while summers are warm and drier with cool temperatures during the night.
Nelson is on hwy 3A about 657 km (a 9-hour drive) from Vancouver and 624 km from Calgary. It is also 237 km from Spokane, Washington, 496 km from Banff and 454 km from Kamloops.
- Air Canada has daily flights from Vancouver and Calgary to Castlegar Regional Airport, (40 km away), with shuttle service to Nelson provided by Queen City Limo. It is recommended to book a shuttle in advance. Budget and National car rentals are also available in the Castlegar Regional Airport.
Greyhound Canada has announced that it will terminate all services in Western Canada and Northern Ontario at the end of October 2018.
- Greyhound Canada offers a twice daily bus service to towns and cities throughout BC. Buses from Vancouver and Calgary take approximately 12 hours in total, including stops.
- BC Transit has a regional bus service throughout BC, apart from the Greater Vancouver region.
- Nelson Municipal Airport, offers a 3,100m x 75m asphalt runway for private aircraft only. No commercial flights land here.
The downtown core of Nelson is very compact and walkable. The main streets stretch a few blocks up the hillside away from the lake, and along the contours of the hillside. You don't need a car to get between downtown businesses, but you might need one to get to housing away from the centre. It's a ten minute uphill walk from the airport to the heart of downtown, though the railroad track just inland of the airport is a slight obstacle.
- Budget car rentals are located a block west of the Prestige Lakeside Inn on Lakeside Dr.
- Rent-a-wreck are located by Nelson Municipal Airport.
- BC Transit, see above.
- [dead link] Museum of Art & History, 512 Vernon St, ☎ . Displaying the culture and history of Nelson and District in its museum, archives and art gallery.
- Nelson Mining Museum. Features thousands of rock, gem, fossil and mine core specimens from the West Kootenays and British Columbia. An extensive collection of books, mining publications and maps, both new and old, are available for public use. The facility is open year-round – check for daily and seasonal hours. Located at 215 Hall St. Tel: +1 250 352-5242
- Nelson Electric Tramway, Lakeside Park (near Big Orange Bridge), ☎ . Open weekends and all summer. Restored streetcar #23 that used to run down Baker Street now runs along the waterfront from Lakeside Park to Chahko Mika Mall. The line is 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) long.
- The Arts: Nelson is highlighted as the "Number One Small Town Arts Community in Canada" by the publisher of The 100 Best Small Arts Towns in America, and is home to a large and diverse artisan community. The annual Artwalk, a display of artwork at various venues around town features local talent. In July, August and September,there are exhibitions throughout the downtown core in variety of galleries and local businesses. Each month has a separate grand opening, (usually the first Friday evening of the month), which includes refreshments, musicians, pan-handlers and artwork for locals and visitors to enjoy as they stroll through downtown Nelson.
Nelson is a great base to explore the lakes, mountains and rivers of the surrounding area. The west arm of the Kootenay Lake flows past Nelson with several dams just below Nelson. The big orange bridge (known locally as BOB) is a local icon connecting the north shore to Nelson. Lakeside Park is a mix of grass and shade trees and sandy beach.
- Spa/Retreat. Ainsworth Hot Springs has many Spa services, treatments and packages.
- Yoga There are several yoga studios in Nelson, perhaps the biggest is Trinity Yoga,  who run yoga teacher training courses across Canada, as well as Yoga classes in Nelson. Shanti Yoga are also worth noting and they run Yoga classes in town.
- Kootenay School of the Arts, 606 Victoria St., ☎ . Study fine craft production in clay, metal, jewelry and small object design or fibre. Community classes as well as two year Diploma programmes.
- 1 Kokanee Glacier Provincial Park. can be accessed from the north shore (about 20 km from Nelson towards Balfour and the Kootenay Lake Ferry). Getting to the main trailhead into the park requires a steep 13 km drive to Gibson Lake.
- 2 Whitewater Ski Resort, Whitewater Rd. (At the end of Whitewater Rd located 10km south of Nelson off Ymir Rd.), ☎ , toll-free: . 20 km from Nelson, it has 20 km of cross country trails, groomed and track set for all abilities. 3 lifts give access to 80 runs in 396 vertical metres of beginner to advanced terrain. Hundreds of kilometres of off-piste skiing and back country touring. Average snowfall is 45 feet. Rentals and cafeteria available. Hitch-hiking from Nelson is a popular method to get there without a car. $75.
- The Nelson area is home to over 20 cat-skiing, heli-skiing and ski-touring operators.
- Mountain biking: Nelson offers a wide variety of MTB-oriented trails for all levels of experience. Excellent trail maps are available at local bike shops.
- Rock climbing is also a popular summer activity. Kootenay Crag, Hall Siding, Grohman Narrows and CIC Bluffs are popular city crags. Slocan Bluffs and Kinnaird are in nearby Slocan City and Castlegar.
- Bouldering: extensive bouldering areas in Grohman Narrows and nearby Robson.
- Mountaineers and alpine rock climbers head to the Valhalla Provincial Park in the Selkirk Mountains for long alpine routes on unique textured granite. The Mulvey Basin, Cougar Creek and Nemo Creek areas have routes ranging in grade from 5.4 to 5.12.
- Hiking: Two local hiking trails are popular:
- The Nelson-Salmo Great Northern Trail is a very gently sloped rail trail which runs across Nelson and allows biking.
- The Pulpit Rock Trail offers a short but somewhat challenging hike that ends in a beautiful view of the city. After Pulpit Rock the trail continues up the spine of Elephant Mountain (as the locals call it) to more postcard views, and eventually to the radio towers which are visible from everywhere in the city. Hikers venturing beyond Pulpit Rock should have basic wilderness gear and exercise common sense.
- Nelson Markets: Nelson features several regular outdoor markets where artisans and farmers can be found selling everything from local produce, poultry and farm-fresh eggs to handcrafted jewellery, pottery and clothes.
- The Cottonwood Community Market, at Cottonwood Falls Park, takes place every Saturday from May through October.
- The Downtown Local Market happens on Baker Street every Wednesday from June through September.
- Marketfest, a lively night-time street market in the heart of Nelson's downtown, happens on the last Friday of the month in June, July, and August. The markets all offer regional farm produce, delicious foods, and a stunning variety of locally hand-crafted products.
- Chahko Mika Mall. On the lake front. Contains approx 30 stores/services including restaurants, clothing, supermarket, Wal-Mart, newsagent, book store.
- Still Eagle Planetary Persuasions. British Columbia's first hemp store and one of the largest distributors of hemp, organic and fair-trade clothing products in Canada.
- Culinary Conspiracy Specialty Food Store, 610 Baker Street (corner of Josephine & Baker Street beside the Main Street Diner), ☎ . 10AM-5PM. A great selection of specialty gourmet food items such as hard to find spices, oils, vinegars, sauces and more. moderate.
- Annie's Boutique, 106 - 402 Baker Street (Downtown just off the corner of Stanley & Baker), ☎ .
- How Shang Shway Tea House, 112 Vernon St., ☎ . Tu-F 11AM-5PM. Specialty teas and Taiwanese vegetarian meals. Cash only, no debit or credit cards.
- Max and Irmas -- wood fired pizzas, Italian california
- Outer Clove -- everything garlic
- Mike's -- Something for everyone
- KC'S Kitchen -- The only good sushi in town, the Chinese is a miss
- Jackson's Hole -- Dixie's Cafe in the movie Roaxanne, Something for everyone
- 1 Red Light Ramen bar, 308 Herridge Lane (down the modest lane from Stanley St or Kootenay St), ☎ . usually Su-Th 5-10:30PM, F-Sa 5PM-midnight. A BC spin on a Japanese ramen joint. Choose your broth, noodles, spicing, and protein; the chef adds seasonal greens. Appetizers, desserts, sake, wine, and beer. Plentiful vegetarian options, including no-meat broth. The patio seating out front is delightful in summer. Full size bowl $12 (veg), $14 (meat).
- Bite, 700 Baker St.. Mar-Oct (seasonal food truck). Burgers, fries, organic poutine, fries, wraps, salads.
- Baker Street Café. Greek food. Burgers, fish and chips, draught beer.
- All Season Cafe Where the locals go for a special dinner. Great wine list.
- Fusion 301 French and Fusion Bistro in a trendy atmosphere
- Bibo New restaurant to Nelson, beautiful patio, fantastic food and wine.
- Bogustown Pub -- A relaxed atmosphere including an enjoyable patio, daily drink specials, and great service.
- Spirit Bar located in the Hume Hotel, mixed crowd with DJ's on weekends and the occasional live act
- The City of Nelson has its own brewery, The Nelson Brewing Company..
- The Library the lounge in the Hume Hotel, relaxing atmosphere, good food and drink, fireplace in Winter and live music in evenings
- Louie's Steakhouse and Lounge, 616 Vernon St, ☎ . In the renovated New Grand Hotel, Louie's serves up an enticing array of signature martinis, cocktails, and other libations in an elegant, relaxing atmosphere.
- Finley's Irish Bar & Grill. Offers live entertainment, karaoke, live DJ. The kitchen is open until 2AM.
- 1 Kokanee Creek Provincial Park. 20 km from Nelson. With a large sandy beach, adventure playground, hot showers and a host of other amenities you’re sure to be comfortable and find plenty to do for you and your family. Open May 1-Sep 30.
- 2 [dead link] Dancing Bear Hostel, 171 Baker St., Nelson (West end of downtown Nelson), ☎ , toll-free: , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Clean and quiet. Dorm, private and group rooms available. Parking space, equipment lockers (require lock), paid laundry, computer, Wi-Fi, kitchen, 2 common areas. $34 for dorm bed (2016, tax inc.).
- 3 [dead link] Solterra Guest House, 2109 Fort Sheppard, ☎ . Beautiful private setting, close to downtown and the Burlington trail.
- 4 Adventure Hotel (formerly the New Grand Hotel and Hostel), 616 Vernon Street, ☎ , toll-free: , e-mail: email@example.com. In the heart of downtown, it was refurbished in vivid colours. Its hostel roots remain in bunk beds, a communal kitchen, and a nice roof deck where guests can chat. But the private baths and comfortable beds say "hotel". It's an old building, with charming brick walls, and a less charming absence of elevators — climb with suitcases up the stairs! $80-144.
- 5 The Prestige Inn, 1301 Front St, ☎ , toll-free: , fax: , e-mail: Lakeview@PrestigeHotels.ca. By the lakeshore. From $99.
- 6 The Hume Hotel, 422 Vernon Street, ☎ , toll-free: , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Downtown. From $140.
- 7 Best Western Baker Street Inn, 153 Baker St, ☎ , fax: . Check-in: 4PM, check-out: 11AM. Just a few minutes' walk from the attractions on the rest of Baker St.
- 8 Ainsworth Springs Guest House, 3620 Highway 31, Ainsworth Hot Springs (100 km from Nelson), toll-free: , e-mail: email@example.com. $129-149 double.
- 9 Blaylock Mansion, 1679 HWY 3A, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. The mansion of early 20th-century mining and smelting tycoon Selwyn Blaylock, converted into a bed and breakfast. Some rooms have shared bath. Also a lovely setting for weddings. $173-266/night.
There are many locations where the traveler can access wireless Internet, including the following: Safeway, Nelson Public Library, Chako Mika Mall, Best Western Baker St Inn, and many restaurants in town.
Most of the downtown area has Shaw public wifi, although you will need a Shaw account to use it.
- Ainsworth Hot Springs, Located approx. 47 km north of Nelson on Hwy 31. This resort is open for day visits ($5 to $11) and also has rooms ($100 to $200, depending on season) and a restaurant. Rates are 2006 prices.