Letterkenny is the largest town in Donegal, with a population of about 18,000. With adequate road infrastructure, the city boasts a good nightlife with plenty of third-level college students to create a lively atmosphere. It has plenty of decent pubs, and more than enough places to eat, to suit all ages. It is popular with hen and stag parties. Letterkenny is a major shopping destination of the North-west, though Derry in Northern Ireland is larger.
It is the ideal place to base yourself if you want to explore regions like the Rosses, Glenveagh National Park and the Fanad Peninsula. It is a fast expanding town, with many housing developments being built. This has spoiled much of the scenic environment close to the town.
Poised at the mouth of the Lough Swilly, the town grew in the 17th century from a small market village to a prosperous town in Donegal and was the Ecclesiastical Seat for the Diocese of Raphoe. The town was an important shipping port in the past with goods such as coal and grain landing here (the Swilly river has silted up, which makes it difficult to conceive that ships came as far as the "Oldtown Bridge"). A railway service also thrived in the town. There is evidence of these long-past activities still, with place names such as Station Road and Port Bridge. Some monuments also commemorate Letterkenny's proud shipping and rail past.
Letterkenny’s name come from the Irish Leitir Ceannain meaning Hillside of the O’Canainn clan, the earliest recorded overlords of this Swilly region. Letterkenny is now a busy working town but with all the major amenities needed to cater for tourists and visitors.
The Main Street, which was once the commercial centre of the town, has now given way to the newer shopping centres that are located on the town's boundaries. This makes the Main Street a pleasant, quieter place to stroll about, with more traditional shops in evidence. The Upper Main Street starts at the traffic lights near the town's courthouse and runs to the Market Square, where the Courtyard Shopping Center (mall) is located. Lower Main Street, which has fewer shops or businesses, runs downhill from the Market Square to the roundabout, known locally as the "Dunne's Stores Roundabout".
Letterkenny was voted as Ireland's tidiest large urban area in the Tidy Towns competition 2007.
Although the O'Cannons were the last chieftains of Tir Conaill, no evidence of forts or castles belonging to the clan exists in or around the Letterkenny district.
Rory O'Cannon, the last chieftain of the O'Cannon clan, was killed in 1248. Godfrey O'Donnell succeeded Rory O'Cannon as King of Tir Conaill. He engaged Maurice Fitzgerald, the Norman Lord, in battle at Credan in North Sligo in 1257 in which both received serious wounds. Godfrey retired to a crannóg (a man-made island) in Gartan Lake. O'Neill of Tyrone, taking advantage of Godfrey's fatal illness demanded submission, from the Cenel Conail since they lacked a strong chieftain. Godfrey summoned his forces and led them himself although he had to be carried on a litter (stretcher). O'Neill and his men were defeated here by the Swilly in 1258. Godfrey died after the battle as he was being carried down Letterkenny's Main Street. He was buried in Conwal Cemetery, located just outside the town on the Glenties/Churchill road. A coffin-shaped cross slab marks his grave.
The receding of the waters of the Atlantic eastwards enabled progress - the building of bridges etc.- and the town of Letterkenny as we know it today developed. It began in the wake of the Ulster Plantation 1610-1611 when 1000 acres were granted to a Scotsman Patrick Crawford who then formed a compact community. The honour of formally launching the town is supposed to go to Sir George Marbury, who married Patrick Crawford's widow, - Crawford died suddenly while on a return visit to his native Scotland.
You can get to Letterkenny by car, bicycle or bus. The town has no rail link.
There are three main road arteries into Letterkenny. Via Derry is the best route from Northern Ireland.
Another is the N13 from Sligo via Bundoran, Ballyshannon and Donegal town, all of which are bypassed.
The third route from Dublin is the N2 via Monaghan, Strabane and Lifford. This journey takes about 4 hours. Use the M1 motorway from Dublin Airport, leave the motorway at Ardee exit to join the N2 and travel via Monaghan towards Derry, crossing the border into Northern Ireland at Aughnacloy. Turn off at Strabane for Lifford and then onto "Letterkenny". Many of the towns along this route are now by-passed by good roads, making the journey more pleasant than it has been in the past.
The national bus company, Bus Éireann runs nine trips per day to and from Dublin to Letterkenny. An adult single fare costs €17.50 and a return costs €27.00. Bus Eireann offers services during the night and early morning runs via the airport. There are also private bus companies who run similar type services: McGinley  from Dublin, Gallagher  from Belfast and O'Donnell  from Galway, who also offer services into rural west Donegal.
Visitors can fly to Donegal International Airport or City of Derry Airport.
Car hire services are available at the airport.
- Avis Car Rental, Donegal Airport, Co. Donegal, ☏ .
- Enterprise Car Rental, Donegal Airport, ☏ .
There is a plentiful taxi service with fares governed by national regulations. There is a call-out charge of €2.00. The standard fare is €3.80 (€4.10 after 20:00), plus €1.00 for each additional passenger. Thereafter, the rate is approx. €1.00 per kilometre.
The best place to get a taxi is at the Market Square, which is in the town centre. There is also a rank near the bus station, at the Port Road roundabout. Taxi companies can be called and most public phone boxes have numbers displayed.
There is also a bus service in the town which covers most areas of interest. Information on timetables, routes and fares can be found locally.
Letterkenny has a long main street and walking is a good option within the town limits, as you can get around most of the places of interest by foot.
Renting a bike is a pleasant way to explore the town and surrounding environs. Be warned though, Letterkenny is a very hilly town and you will rarely be travelling on the flat. Also, like many other Irish towns, it lacks dedicated cycle paths and drivers tend to ignore cyclists' rights on the road.
Market Square has a nice monument commemorating the times when "Hiring Fairs" were held there, called "The Rabble Children". These fairs were held so that farmers could hire people, including young children, to live and work on their farms, for periods of six months or more.
Letterkenny Town Park at the Hospital Roundabout is a nice place for a relaxing stroll away from the hubbub of the town. The park has a herb garden, flower beds, new and mature trees, an orchard area, playing areas, bowling green, walks, playgrounds and a Garden of Remembrance.
St Eunan's Cathedral, the only cathedral in the county, dominates the skyline and is well worth a visit. Also at Cathedral Square you can see the Celtic Cross, which is the largest in Europe.
There is also a designated signposted walk-way (Slí na Sláinte) which takes you out along the Swilly River, which runs through the town. It starts at the Station Roundabout near the bus depot and continues out the Derry road, looping around to come back into the town by Ramelton road.
If you are entering Letterkenny via the Derry Road, you cannot miss a sculpture called Polestar, erected in the centre of the Port Roundabout, near the Tourist Centre.This monument commemorates the fact that Letterkenny was once an important sea port and railway depot.
Glebe House is a Regency house decorated by William Morris, now a gallery for 20th C arts & crafts. Visit by guided tour only. It's 2 km east of town towards the golf course.
Newmills Corn & Flax Mill are restored industrial buildings powered by the River Swilly, open daily late May - Sept. It's 10 km east of town along R250.
Call to the Tourist Centre to get up-to-date information on what's on in the town when you're there. There is a touchscreen information booth available here. The tourist centre is located outside the town (about 1-2 km) just off the Port Roundabout on the Derry Road. It is a stone-fronted building, fairly visible on the right hand side as you come towards the town from Sligo (N13) or Derry.
- An Grianán Theatre, Port Road. Plays and musical shows.
- Kinnegar Brewing, Ballyraine Industrial Estate. Local microbrewery producing excellent range of ales and lagers. Tours available via website.
- [dead link] Century Cinemas, Neil T. Blaney Road. Go to the movies.
- Aura Leisure Centre, O'Donnell Park, ☏ . M W F 07:30-22:00, Tu Th 09:00-22:00. Gym and swimming pool. Adult swims cost €6.75, child €4.00, with Family Swim (2 adults, 2 children) priced at €20.00.
- Gartan Adventure Centre, Churchill (About 20k from Letterkenny, follow the signs on the Glenties to Churchill road, turning left after passing through Churchill village). Outdoor pursuits.
- County Museum, High Rd, Ballyboe Glencar, ☏ , ✉ firstname.lastname@example.org. Local history and exhibitions.
- Library and Arts Centre, Oliver Plunkett Rd.
- Newmills Corn and Flax Mill, ☏ . A restored mill on the outskirts of the town. Take the road towards Glenties for about 5 km and it's on the left hand side.
- Grianan of Aileach. An ancient fort site located twenty miles from Letterkenny on the Derry road.
- Glenveagh National Park. Will take at least one pleasurable day, with tours of the house and grounds available all year round. It's advisable to bring insect repellent on cloudy days due to the large number of midges.
- Sister Saras, Port Road (Opposite Bus Station), ☏ . Letterkenny's largest pub with basement niteclub. Free admission and is very popular with hen nights, etc.
Golfing in the locality
Donegal has many beautiful golf courses, some beside these beaches, and Letterkenny is the ideal base for visiting golfers. The town's own golf course, the Letterkenny Golf Club at Barnhill is about 3 km on the road to Ramelton. Green fees are €25.00 per person on weekdays. There is a driving range just outside the town on the same road and a nine-hole golf course at Otway, near Rathmullen. In the nearby town of Ballybofey/Stranorlar is the Ballybofey Golf Club on the northwest part of town. It is open to the public, and reasonably priced. Another nearby club worth the visit is the Northwest Golf Club Near Buncrana. It is a friendly links course that is playable in all weather conditions.
Further afield, you can play the Ballyliffen course designed by Nick Faldo (follow the road to Derry, go through Buncrana and Clonmany to get to Ballyliffen), in the Inishowen Peninsula. Or experience Portsalon Golfcourse (Follow the Ramelton road, through Milford and Kerrykeel village to get to Portsalon) on the Fanad Peninsula, another coastal gem for serious golfers. Portsalon is a 'must' when playing a course in the Letterkenny areas. These courses are about an hour's drive from Letterkenny.
There is a go-kart track near the Silver Tassie hotel, bar and restaurant, about 10 km from Letterkenny on the Ramelton road.
There are two casinos in the town. One is part of the Ocean Restaurant, off the Port Road, and the other is in Glencar.
Letterkenny has three shopping centres with a variety of stores.
- The Courtyard is in the Market Square.
- Letterkenny Shopping Centre is beside the bus station, on the Station Roundabout.
- The Forte Shopping Centre is opposite the Radisson Hotel, on the link road.
Many well-known high street chain stores have opened branches in the town and Letterkenny has a growing reputation as a good place to visit for a day's serious shopping.
Supermarkets in the town include Dunnes Stores, Tesco, Marks And Spencer, Aldi, Lidl, Costcutter, Centra, Spar and Vivo. Other outlets include Homebase, Atlantic Homecare, Heatons, Harry Corrys, Right Price Tiles, Clarks Shoes, Tempest Clothing, Menarys Clothing, the Jean Scene, Jack & Jones, TK Maxx, New Look, Penneys, Next, Benetton, Paco, Lifestyle Sports, Elvery Sports, Superdrug, Boots, Eason, Argos, Toymaster, Gamestop and Xtravision.
For gifts and souvenirs, Victor's Giftshop on the Main Street should be visited and stroll along the Main Street to check the stalls and other craft shops, such as the Donegal Sweater Shop. Inspired by the fantastic scenery that surrounds them, artists abound in Donegal and their work can be purchased in several Letterkenny galleries and craftshops. Watch out for the uniquely sculpted "Bog-oak" (preserved wood retrieved from the bogs and crafted into artistic shapes and forms before a polished finish is applied). For flowers and gifts, visit Aimee's Flower Shop on the Main Street.
The Cristeph Gallery, located on the Port Road beside the Oaktree Restaurant, has local artists' work for sale. Opposite this, there is an antiques shop, worth a browse too.
On Saturday mornings, there is a "Car-Boot" sale held in the grounds of the Community Centre on the Port Road, where all sorts of unusual odds and ends can be bought as souvenirs.
There are numerous good restaurants in the town. Most of the hotels also offer restaurant facilities to non-residents.
- The Brewery Bar and Restaurant, Market Square, ☏ . A great ambience with excellent food, local beers and wines. Very popular carvery lunches also.
- The Lemon Tree, Lower Main Street. A pleasant, mid-priced place to eat. Main courses €15-20.
- The Oak Tree. On the Port Road, is a sister restaurant which also has a nice atmosphere and decent service, with similar prices. They have an "early bird" menu form 17:00 to 22:00 hours.
- The Yellow Pepper, Lower Main Street. Well worth a visit, with consistently good service.
- Che's Cafe (Located in the Courtyard Centre on the square.). 09:30-17:00 daily. Offers all-day breakfasts, carvery lunch and a deli bar.
- Mountain Top Bar & Restaurant (on the road to Dunfanaghy, about 2 km from the Hospital Roundabout). A good place to stop when touring from Letterkenny.
- Primavera Restaurant, Port Road. Italian restaurant. Open 7 days a week.
- Pat's Pizzas, Market Square. One of Letterkenny's longest running eateries, which serves excellent pizzas.
Booking is advisable for most of these restaurants if you are visiting at high season or holiday weekends. Most, if not all, hotels have restaurants too which are open to non-residents.
Cafés and snackbars
There are many other cheaper cafés that serve food and snacks all day at reasonable (€5-10) prices:
- The Quiet Moment. 2 outlets, one at Upper Main St.; the other at Lower Main St.
- The Bagel Bar, Main St (next to the Courtyard).
- Mr. Chippie, Station Roundabout (near Tesco).
- Cafe LK, Pearse Road.
- Subway. 2 outlets, Upper Main St. & Neil Blaney Road (near roundabout)
- Timepiece, Dunnes Stores, Forte Shopping Centre.
- The Sandwich Company, Forte Shopping Centre.
- The Streat, Forte Shopping Centre.
- Mac's Deli, High Road. Really good, but small.
- The Bakehouse, Church St. Excellent fresh bread and cakes. Freshly baked locally, with small cafe attached.
- Charlie's Café, Pearse Road. An old-fashioned 'chipper-style' cafe.
- Cod's Kitchen, Pearse Road.
- Café Blend, High Road. Child-friendly, with a special menu available.
- Ard Ri Bar & Restaurant (in Killylastin area of the town). Great 'pub grub' and Sunday lunches.
- Gallaghers Hotel. Bar food served daily from 16:00 in the Ard Na Caipri Bar. Full restaurant in the hotel also. Live acoustic music on grand piano each Saturday evening.
- The Old Orchard Inn, High Road. Serves bar food all day, with a buffet lunch at €9.50 on weekdays.
Fast food lovers are spoiled for choice in Letterkenny.
- McDonald's (200 metres from Main St on Pearse Road, which runs parallel to the Main Street).
- Kentucky Fried Chicken. Drive-thru, not really suitable for walkers as it's outside the town on the Derry road.
- Abrakebabra (on the Main Street next to the Voodoo Lounge).
- Pat's Pizzas. Two outlets, one on the Main St. (called Pat's Two) and the other on the Market Square. Very good pizzas.
- Four Lanterns. The Donegal version of KFC and McDonald's in the Market Square and on Port Road.
- Domino's Pizzas. The worldwide franchise has a branch on the Pearse Road, mainly take-away with outdoor seating only.
- The Friar's Rest (in the Glencar area of the town). Good value Irish breakfasts, served up to 12:30.
- Charley's Cafe. One of the oldest established fish and chip style cafes in the town, excellent chips.
- Shapla. An Indian restaurant located on the Derry road. It has a growing reputation for good food with locals.
- Tin Tai (End of Lower Main Street). 17:00-23:00. The oldest and best known Chinese restaurant. It has a very busy take-away and less busy restaurant.
- Chinatower, Port Road. Also has a takeaway service.
- The Money Tree, Main Street. Chinese restaurant.
Local beers from the excellent Kinnegar Brewing are available throughout the town. Be sure to try a Scraggy Bay. Remember, as with the rest of Ireland, there is no smoking allowed by law in the bars in Letterkenny. Some bars have a heated outside smoking area.
- Sister Sara's, Port R.. 3 floors with new smoking area and nightclub. Free admission with DJs W-Su. Renowned for its Saturday nights.
- Josie's Bar, Lower Main St, ☏ . Caters for the over 40 years of age customers with music at weekends.
- Glencar Inn, Circular Rd, ☏ . More locals than tourists drink here. No smoking area.
- Tír Na nÓg, ☏ . Ballymacool. Out of the main stream in a residential area.
- Arena 7, ☏ , ✉ email@example.com. Ballyraine Retail Park, Ramelton Rd. Noisy and family orientated. Small smoking area at the rear.
- The Drum Bar, ☏ . Lower Main St. Locals only, very quiet, quaint pub.
- The Cavern, ☏ . Lower Main St. pub that caters for sport-lovers, big screens abound when games are on. Good smoking area, heated, with tables.
- Tonic, Upper Main St.
- Central Bar, ☏ . Main St. Has a lovely, whitewashed courtyard, resurrected to cater for smokers, worth a visit.
- Dillons, ☏ . Main St, (part of the Letterkenny Court Hotel). Lots of stag parties and noisy hens on weekends!
- The Brewery Bar, ☏ . Market Sq. Good atmosphere and worth a visit, but bands can drown out conversations at times. Good selection of craft beer.
- Blake's Bar, Main St. A quaint bar with plenty of character, and characters!
- The Cottage Bar, Main St. Traditional bar, built to look like an old Irish cottage, with an open turf fire.
- McGinleys Bar, Lower Main St. Old-style pub with open turf fire and live music Wednesday-Saturday night, including traditional music on a Wednesday evening. Fantastic place for quiet drinks during the week or lively entertainment at the weekend. You are expected to contribute to the band at the weekends by way of donation to a hat brought around.
- The Hideout Bar, Old Town. Pub with lounge and pool table.
- Bar Seven. A student bar adjacent to the Pulse Nite Club.
- Rouge. A cocktail bar and forms part of the Grill complex.
- The Mill View, Newmills. Next to the Newmill Corn and Flax mills about 10 km from the town and serves food in the diner attached.
Price for the traditional pint of stout are about €3.70-4.00. Most pubs have no cover charge for music, and these sessions range from the mediocre singalong type of bands, to rock outfits and traditional Irish music sessions.
- Milan, Upper Main St. A late-night disco as well, usually playing Dance and R&B, open until 03:00. Wednesdays and Saturdays. Retro Room each Saturday with Oldies and party tracks. Admission €5 Wednesdays and drinks €3. Special offers each Saturday night also.
- The Grill, Port Rd. 23:30-02:30. One of the longest established music venues, incorporating Bellas and Rouge. Quiet except on a Sunday night when it's popular with 18-20 years olds.
- Pulse, Port Rd. Sa 23:30-02:30. Popular with over 25s.
- The Central, Upper Main St. Open on Monday nights.
- The Orchard, High Rd. Th-Sa.
Entry prices for nightclubs range from €5-10, depending on the night you go there. Midweek special admission prices of €5 can be available at certain times. Drink is much more expensive in the nightclubs than in the ordinary bars, especially for spirits, although some clubs do offer €3 drinks. Best prices on Wednesday nights in Milan where all drinks are €3.
Booking is advisable at peak times such as when the Donegal International Rally is in town (June every year).
- There are two hostels in town, Port Hostel and Rosemount Hostel.
- Pennsylvania House B&B, Curraghlea (follow the N56 towards Kilmacrenan and Dunfanaghey until reaching the Mountain top roundabout and exit a sharp left on to Curraghlea Rd and travel until reaching the house with the Eagels on the pillars), ☏ . Check-in: from 15:00, check-out: 11:00. Purpose-built B&B with panoramic views and private parking. Spacious rooms, all with SkyTv, hairdryers, curling irons, room safes, DD phones, free WiFi, arm chairs and central heating. Smoke free home with ground floor rooms, Special diets catered to with advance notice and home baking. from €45 to €55 per person sharing.
- [formerly dead link] PearseRoad Guesthouse, ☏ . €30 per person sharing, €35 single.
- Gallagher's Hotel, Upper Main St (at the traffic lights at the top). Very central with secure parking.
- Clanree Hotel (just outside town centre on the road from Derry and the main road from Ballybofey and Sligo).
- Ramada Encore Hotel (on the Oldtown/Pearse Rd). From €99 per "designer room" with modern furniture and internet in the rooms.
- Gleneany House (at Station roundabout). Does not look too glamorous from the outside, probably because it has a tin roof and basic rooms. However, it has good standard rooms and food and is reasonably priced at about €60 per room. No gym or swim facilities though.
- Radisson Blu Hotel Letterkenny, Paddy Harte Rd. 5 minute walk from the town centre.
- Letterkenny Court Hotel (Quality Court Hotel). In town centre and can be noisy at night as lots of stag parties stay there. Also, be prepared to pay a overnight parking fee in their carpark. From €79 per night, probably the cheapest in the town.
- Mount Errigal Hotel, Ramelton/Rathmullen Rd (from the Derry Rd). Some of the older rooms in this hotel are not up the same standard as the newer extension. Ask for one of these newer rooms when you are booking in. Bar food is just OK.
- 1 Frewin House, Rectory Rd, Rathmelton, ☏ . Wonderful little B&B in Victorian rectory. Open Apr-Oct, no children under 12 or dogs. B&B double €180.
- 2 Rathmullan House, Rathmullan Terrace, Rathmullan F92 YA0F, ☏ . Superb country house hotel in Georgian mansion looking onto Lough Swilly, excellent dining. Open Feb-mid Dec. B&B double from €240.
- 3 [dead link] Rose Holiday Home (Rose Self Catering Holiday home), 1 Laurel Hill, Glencar (Head northwest on N14/Port Rd towards town. At Station Roundabout, take the 3rd exit onto N56/Ramelton Rd. At the next roundabout, take the 1st exit onto De Valera Rd/N56. At the next roundabout, take the 2nd exit onto Circular Rd, Continue onto Glencar Rd, 1 Laurel Hill is on your left), ☏ . Check-in: 15:00, check-out: 11:00. Rose Holiday Home is a modern holiday home which sleeps up to 10 people. 5 bedrooms, 1 en-suite. From €500 to €800 per week sleeps 10.
Letterkenny is relatively safe to walk around. However, like all major towns it is best to take care in the early hours of the morning, particularly when nightclubs are emptying.
If the weather is good, take advantage and visit the surrounding countryside, including the Famine Village at Gartan, the Derek Hill studio, as well as the Gartan Outdoor Pursuits Centre and maybe even climb Mount Errigal, Donegal's highest peak. A visit to nearby Glenveagh National Park is a must if you have transport.
Award-winning beaches are plentiful in the locality. Marble Hill is about half an hour's drive from Letterkenny, Portsalon is about a 40-minute drive and Portnoo beach is less then an hour's drive from Letterkenny.