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National Capital Region in India

The National Capital Region (NCR) is an officially-defined region in India. It contains the National Capital Territory of Delhi, alongside 14 districts of Haryana, 2 districts of Rajasthan and 4 districts of Uttar Pradesh.


Map of National Capital Region (India)
  NCT of Delhi
  NCR districts of Haryana
  NCR districts of Rajasthan
  NCR districts of Uttar Pradesh


  • 1 Alwar — city surrounded by the Aravali Hills with several important sites
  • 2 Bharatpur — a city in Rajasthan known for the Keoladeo Bird Sanctuary, Lohagarh Fort and many temples
  • 3 Faridabad — the largest city of Haryana, just south of Delhi
  • 4 Delhi — the capital city of India
  • 5 Ghaziabad — industrial city just east of Delhi
  • 6 Gurgaon (officially Gurugram) — Delhi's burgeoning shopping and IT suburb
  • 7 Meerut — large ancient city close to Delhi
  • 8 Noida

Other destinations[edit]

  • 1 Keoladeo Bird Sanctuary, Rajasthan — once known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur. In winter it hosts thousands of birds. Keoladeo National Park is often referred to as bird paradise
  • 2 Kuchesar — village close to Delhi
  • 3 Sultanpur National Park (Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary), Haryana — this park provides habitat and feeding grounds for many migratory birds such as the Siberian crane as well as the many resident bird species found here


The National Capital Region is a rural-urban region, with a population of over 4,60,69,000, about one out of 28 people in India. As well as the cities and towns, the NCR contains ecologically sensitive areas like the Aravalli ridge, forests, wildlife and bird sanctuaries.


The native languages of the National Capital Region is Hindi, which also happens to be the main official language of the Union Government. Hindi is spoken by almost all locals, quite often with Bihari and Punjabi accents. The Hindi language spoken in the region is quite Persianized, especially in the NCR districts of Uttar Pradesh.

As in the rest of India, English is a very commonly learned second and third language. Punjabi and Urdu are widely spoken/understood by the locals. Signage is usually bilingual in Hindi and English, and some road signs are in Hindi, English, Punjabi and Urdu.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL IATA) is the gateway to the National Capital Region. Hindon Airport (HDX IATA) in Ghaziabad serves some regional flights as a civil enclave inside an air base. It is planned to stay open until further expansion at IGI is completed. Due to massive growth in air travel, a new airport is being built at Jewar.

By train and bus[edit]

Long-distance trains travel from all other parts of India to this region. The same is true of long-distance bus lines.

Do not trust strangers who appear out of the crowd to help you; ignore them. Always ask for assistance at the enquiry counter or policemen (in khaki uniform).

Anyone who approaches you spontaneously should be completely ignored. Use one of the porters (in orange uniforms with metallic arms badges) to find your train and carry your luggage, in exchange for a tip.

By car[edit]

The National Capital Region is accessible through several highways including the National Highway 44 and the famous Grand Trunk Road.

Get around[edit]

There are numerous train connections between the major cities in this region. Buses also traverse this area.

Traffic is, by and large, horribly congested and many drivers will think nothing of quoting ten times the going price to a tourist. Use the prices below as broad guidelines, agree on prices before setting off.

By metro[edit]

The best way to travel in the metropolitan area of this region is via metro, where there are separate cabins for women (which prove to be very useful during rush hour). Metro is clean, efficient, and typically ridden by relatively affluent middle-class students or commuters en route to/from work.

Be aware that if you wish to exit at a main station during rush hour, you will have to tackle your way through in order to get out before the opposite flow of passengers push you back inside. Don't be afraid of using your strength to push yourself out.


Non-alcoholic beverages in the National Capital Region include tea, lassi and sharbat – like rest of North India.

Stay safe[edit]

Several tourist agencies have been known to swindle tourists, such as by changing their travel plans or charging them extra commissions and fees. The best way to secure train tickets is by navigating through Indian Railways' website. If you have problems booking online - the Indian Railways site is unreliable - you can buy tickets in person. Be very careful, there are many scammers surrounding the train station looking for anyone on foot and out-of-place who will "help" you find a "ticket office for foreigners," usually located in a nondescript building some blocks from the train station, where you will be overcharged and cajoled into signing up for cars, tours, etc. When in doubt, look at reviews for the information center you are at (for example, on Google Maps). Some scammers will stand at the entrance to the train station and physically try to block you from entering, demanding to see your tickets.

You should also book your flight tickets online, as all the airlines have online booking systems. Otherwise, prepare to spend a good hour sorting through the charges that the tourist agency will charge.

If you're arriving after midnight, it is therefore highly advisable to have accommodation pre-booked and arrange pick-up from the airport or station with your hotel, or at least have the phone number with you, so that should you get lost or caught in a sticky situation you have someone reliable to call up. Stay in either the airport lounge or well lit areas until daybreak if this is your first trip to Delhi and if you haven't booked a hotel. Try to avoid walking around alone in lanes without many people after sunset and be cautious when hiring cabs at night. Dress conservatively (preferably in Indian clothing so as to blend in). Learn to shout and consider carrying mace/pepper spray.

Stay healthy[edit]

The National Capital Region throughout the year experiences moderate to unhealthy air quality, resulting in smog that potentially harms the health of all residents and a few flight delays due to low visibility. Air quality tends to be the best in summer because of the prevailing monsoon winds and frequent rain. It is worst during the winter as the unfavorable topography and stagnant weather trap all pollutants emitted within the valley. Keep an eye on air quality data and consider wearing a surgical mask or other approved N95/N99 mask, especially if spending an extended time in the metropolitan area of the National Capital Region.

Go next[edit]

This region article is an extra-hierarchical region, describing a region that does not fit into the hierarchy Wikivoyage uses to organise most articles. These extra articles usually provide only basic information and links to articles in the hierarchy. This article can be expanded if the information is specific to the page; otherwise new text should generally go in the appropriate region or city article.