Southern Iraq stretches south of the Baghdad Belts of Iraq to Kuwait. It is also referred to as Lower Mesopotamia (Mesopotamia meaning the Land between the Rivers – the Euphrates and Tigris) or the Cradle of Civilization. The largest religious group in the area is Shia Islam.
- 1 Amarah
- 2 Al Diwaniyah
- 3 Az Zubayr
- 4 Basra — the major city of the south, a large port town on the Shatt-al-Arab River just northwest of the Persian Gulf.
- 5 Hillah
- 6 Karbala
- 7 Kut
- 8 Najaf
- 9 Nasiriyah
- 10 Umm Qasr
- 1 Babylon — A World heritage-listed ruin one of the most prominent cities of Ancient Mesopotamia.
- 2 Uruk — An ancient city of Sumer
- 3 Ur — Important city during the Sumerian era, includes the partly restored Great Ziggurat
- 4 Mesopotamian Marshes — Wetland area with huge cultural and natural importance. A World heritage site.
The entirety of Karbala Province is located here, and is notable as the place of Martyr Imam Husain, where he fought war with Yazid, then Emperor or caliph of muslims, who had support of sunnis, and was thus proclaimed Caliph. The place has the tomb Imam as well as his armies Commander-in-chief and brother Abbas Allambardar. The Imam Husain's army had 96 warriors including women's and children were called Ahlebait. The total deaths in Ahlebait was 72. The place has the tomb of all the martyrs. It is considered a sacred place for Shi'a Muslims.
- 1 Basra International Airport (BSR IATA).
- 2 Al Najaf International Airport.
- 3 Karbala International Airport.
There are overnight trains from Baghdad to Basra, calling in many cities in the region on its way. While there are no international trains into Iraq, the nearby border city of Khorramshahr, in Iran sees daily trains from Tehran. It's possible to continue the last few kilometres by taxi or bus.
Southern Iraq is home to a mixed world heritage site, The Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Refuge of Biodiversity and the Relict Landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities, comprising four marshland areas and three Sumerian archaeological sites:
- Huwaizah Marshes
- Central Marshes
- East Hammar Marshes
- West Hammar Marshes
- Uruk Archaeological City
- Ur Archaeological City
- Tell Eridu Archaeological Site
Southern Iraq is much safer than the rest of Iraq, but even here it is important to remain vigilant at all times and ensure you are well protected.