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The dive site Wilhelm's Wall is an offshore rocky reef in the Oude Schip headland area on the Atlantic seaboard of the Cape Peninsula, near Hout Bay in the Western Cape Province of South Africa.


Map of the dive site at Wilhelm's Wall
Map of the dive sites of the Blue Flash Reefs off Oude Schip headland on the Cape Peninsula, showing Wilhelm's Walls to the west

This is a very pretty reef, and the top of the reef is deep enough not to break in conditions that are diveable. The wall is a manageable size for a single dive, and the adjacent reef is extensive enough to make return visits worthwhile. It was discovered during the analysis of a multibeam sonar survey by Wilhelm van Zyl for the South African Council for Geoscience, and was first dived on 26 March 2017 by a group of divers on the Blue Flash charter boat Ruby Runner.


  • 1 Wilhelm's Wall: S34°01.502' E018°17.931'

Offshore from the dive sites at Middelmas

This site is in the Table Mountain National Park Marine Protected Area since 2004. A permit is required. The site is within the Karbonkelberg restricted zone.


"Wilhelm's Wall" is named for the diver who identified the site from bathymetric data, reported it as an interesting possibility, produced a map from the sonar data, and was present at the first known dive at the site. The "Geoscience Gully" to the south recognises the public service research done by the Council for Geoscience, particularly its utility to the divers of Cape Town.


Maximum depth is about 33 m, at the west end of the ridge. and the top of the ridge is about 12 m. (Average depth of a dive is likely to be about 20 to 25 m.)


Visibility is likely to be typical of that part of the peninsula coast. The exploratory dive had visibility of over 10 m, following a short but strong southeasterly wind.


The wall is along the south, west and north sides of a fairly narrow granite ridge. which blends into shallower but lower reef to the east. The gully is fairly flat bottomed, and the parallel ridge to the south is more broken and less consistently steep.

Geology: Precambrian granite of the Peninsula pluton.


The site is exposed to wind from all directions, and swells from the northwest to southwest, so should be dived in low swells and easterly winds, and is likely to be good after a strong southeaster if the swell is reasonably low. It is likely to be good most often in summer, but can also be dived during other seasons when conditions are suitable.

This is an area which sometimes has upwellings after a strong south-easterly wind, resulting in cold, clear water for a while, then an algal bloom which will reduce surface visibility, but may leave it reasonably clear but quite dark in deeper water.

Get in[edit]

This site is only dived from a boat, as it is dangerously far offshore and there is no road access to the adjacent shore.

The site is about 8.5 km from the Hout Bay harbour slipway


Marine life[edit]

Colourful sponges, noble corals, sea anemones,basket stars, brittlestars and other starfish on the steep rock faces, Kelp and smaller seaweeds on the top of the ridge, and sea urchins on the deeper reef top surfaces. Small shoals of hottentot seabream.


  • The eponymous wall
  • Some swim-throughs have been reported, but their position is not known.


The topography is on a scale too large for scenic photography unless the visibility is unusually good, and there are lots of fairly small, colourful invertebrates, so macro and wide angle lenses will be most versatile most of the time. On a really good day natural light will be sufficient, but the site is deep enough that there will not be much red left in the ambient light, even on a good day, so lighting will be needed to restore colour.

Suggested routes[edit]

Drop the shot at the coordinates given, which is against the south face, near the deep crack joining the north and south sides. Swim along the face of the wall and around to the other side, and then just explore the parts not yet reported.

Stay safe[edit]


No site specific hazards reported.


The site is a bit deep for entry level divers, and the parts above 18m are not particularly interesting. The site is fairly easy to navigate if you stay on the wall, but if you plan to explore further, the ability to deploy a DSMB is recommended. Good buoyancy skills are also important as the rock face is near vertical over a height of up to about 15m.


The water will be cold - usually below 10°C on a day with good visibility, so a dry suit is recommended though not essential. A DSB is recommended, and Nitrox will give you a longer dive.


Back to Diving the Cape Peninsula and False Bay#Leeugat (Maori Bay)

This dive guide to Wilhelm's Wall is a usable article. It has information on location and equipment as well as some complete entries on what to see. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.