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Asia > Southeast Asia > Indonesia > Kalimantan

Kalimantan

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Kalimantan is the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo, the 3rd largest island in the world. The Indonesian part covers some 580.000 km2 (225.000 sq mi), the vast area is home to only 12 million people, so most of the provinces, especially the interior is very sparsely populated, and the vast rain forests here is some of the most bio-diverse areas in the world.

Regions[edit]

Map of Kalimantan
Regions of Kalimantan
  Central Kalimantan (Kalimantan Tengah)
  East Kalimantan (Kalimantan Timur)
also including the province of North Kalimantan (Kalimantan Utara)
  South Kalimantan (Kalimantan Selatan)
  West Kalimantan (Kalimantan Barat)

Cities[edit]

  • 1 Balikpapan - is called Oil City in Indonesia, because most of the major oil & gas companies have offices there. The cost of living in Balikpapan is high because it is difficult to find vegetables & fresh meat. The temperature fluctuates between 28C and 32C.
  • 2 Banjarmasin - the biggest city in Kalimantan. Famous for its floating market.
  • 3 Palangkaraya
  • 4 Pontianak
  • 5 Samarinda

Other destinations[edit]

Understand[edit]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The Borneo rainforest is 130 million years old, making it one of the oldest rainforests in the world and 70 million years older than the Amazon rainforest. Borneo is very rich in biodiversity compared to many other areas. There are about 15,000 species of flowering plants with 3,000 species of trees, 221 species of mammals and 420 species of birds. Subject to mass deforestation, the remaining Borneo rainforest is one of the only remaining natural habitat for the endangered Bornean orangutan. It is also an important refuge for many endemic forest species, as the Asian elephant, the Sumatran rhinoceros, the Bornean clouded leopard, and the Dayak fruit bat.

Climate[edit]

Kalimantan
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
 
171
 
 
29
24
 
 
 
172
 
 
29
24
 
 
 
185
 
 
30
24
 
 
 
183
 
 
31
24
 
 
 
229
 
 
31
24
 
 
 
142
 
 
30
24
 
 
 
141
 
 
30
22
 
 
 
108
 
 
31
23
 
 
 
85
 
 
31
23
 
 
 
140
 
 
31
24
 
 
 
199
 
 
30
24
 
 
 
248
 
 
29
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation+Snow totals in mm
Averages of Kalimantan
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
 
6.7
 
 
84
75
 
 
 
6.8
 
 
84
75
 
 
 
7.3
 
 
86
75
 
 
 
7.2
 
 
88
75
 
 
 
9
 
 
88
75
 
 
 
5.6
 
 
86
75
 
 
 
5.6
 
 
86
72
 
 
 
4.3
 
 
88
73
 
 
 
3.3
 
 
88
73
 
 
 
5.5
 
 
88
75
 
 
 
7.8
 
 
86
75
 
 
 
9.8
 
 
84
77
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation+Snow totals in inches

Kalimantan has a tropical climate, with the average temperature ranging between 23 and 31°C. The island has a high annual precipitation, around 300 mm per year, with a light rainy season between March and May, and a more intense one between November and January. Precipitation levels are however considerably lower than in many neighbouring parts of Indonesia.

Talk[edit]

There are 74 living languages spoken in Kalimantan. Indonesian is the official language, while the Banjar language serves as a lingua franca on much of the island except in West Kalimantan, where Malay is more popular. Other major languages include Dayak (Bornean) and a number of dialects related to the Chinese Hakka and Minnan (Teochew) languages.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

There are several international airports in Kalimantan, with connections to and from Singapore and Malaysia. In addition, there is a wide array of flight connections to and from other Indonesian islands, mainly Java.

By land[edit]

The only formal way to enter Kalimantan by land from Malaysia is at the Entikong-Tebedu crossing between West Kalimantan and Sarawak. As the crossing is listed only as a visa-free entry point, nationalities who do not qualify for this will have to apply for visas beforehand. Read more about this in the article about the trip from Pontianak to Kuching or vice versa.

By ferry[edit]

There is an international daily ferry connection from Tawau in Sabah, Malaysia, to Nunukan and Tarakan in North Kalimantan province.

Domestic ferry connections to several ports of Kalimantan (Pontianak, Ketapang, Kumai, Sampit, Banjarmasin, Batulicin, Balikpapan, Samarinda, Tarakan, and Nunukan) are operated by PELNI. In almost all cases it is advisable for tourists to fly instead, except perhaps for trips to Kalimantan from relatively nearby islands such as Bangka-Belitung and the Riau Islands.

Get around[edit]

Distances on Kalimantan are long and public transport is spotty and expensive. The easiest option may well be to book an arranged tour.

  • Borneo Discovery Tours Kalimantan office, 62 542 7254677 or 24hrs cell.08125361221 (Office Hours 08.00am - 17.00pm), [1].

See[edit]

Do[edit]

Diving[edit]

Most diving activities takes place in the Berau Archipelago in the Celebes sea, around the islands of Derawan, Sangaliki and Manatua in East Kalimantan, there are also some less visited dive sites in West Kalimantan, these include Batu Payung and Radayan island in the vicinity of Singkawang and Karimata islands reserve further south, some 100 kilometers of the coast from Ketapang.

Eat[edit]

Drink[edit]

Stay safe[edit]

Go next[edit]

This region travel guide to Kalimantan is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!