The world-famous beach island of Boracay is just off the northern tip of Panay.
Four of the provinces in the region are mainly on Panay Island:
- Aklan, includes the beach resort island, Boracay
- Iloilo, with Panay's most populous city, Iloilo City
One province has an island to itself:
- Guimaras is a small island in the strait between Panay and Negros.
In the Philippine government's administrative system, the Western Visayas are Region VI. At one time that region also included Palawan further west, but now they treat it as part of the Mimaropa region, administratively under Luzon. Wikivoyage treats Palawan as a separate region.
Before May 2015, Negros Occidental was counted as part of Western Visayas, and Negros Oriental as part of Central Visayas. Then the Philippine government changed their administrative system, creating a new official region for both provinces; Negros Island Region (unofficially Region XVIII).
- Iloilo City - Provincial capital of Iloilo, home of the famous Dinagyang Festival.
- Jordan (Philippines) - Provincial capital of Guimaras.
- Kalibo - Provincial capital of Aklan, gateway to the world famous Boracay.
- San Jose de Buenavista - Provincial capital of Antique
- Roxas City - Provincial capital of Capiz.
- Boracay - a highly developed and very popular beach resort area
There are different local languages in the provinces of the region, all related but not mutually intelligible. Guimaras and Iloilo have Hiligaynon, Aklan has Akeanon, Capiz Capiznon, and Antique has Kinaray-a.
Both Tagalog (main language of Luzon to the north, and an official language for the whole country) and Cebuano (main language of various areas to the south and east) are also moderately commonly spoken, though neither is native to this region. Foreign residents in this region sometimes prefer to learn one of them, rather than a local language, because they are more widely useful.
English is clearly understood by some and spoken by most of the middle and elite class.
Iloilo is the region's largest city and main transport hub. It has an airport with many domestic flights and some international flights. Ferries connect to nearby Guimaras and Bacolod, and to more distant places such as Palawan and Manila.
- Miag-ao Church which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Iloilo