Literary travel is a form of tourism centred on great works of literature, literary movements, the literature surrounding cultural and political movements, or beloved authors. Just pick your favorite writer and do a little research: they all lived somewhere!
On a related "note," musical travel has its own highlights. We'll include some of them here too.
Anyone in Buenos Aires might look out for places associated with Borges.
Any little Anne can visit the actual Green Gables on Prince Edward Island; visitors come from as far afield as Japan. Stratford (Ontario) and Niagara on the Lake are known for their live performances of Shakespeare and Shaw respectively, despite the "real" Stratford-upon-Avon being in the United Kingdom.
Various sites in Canada and the US recall Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel Uncle Tom's Cabin and the Underground Railroad era, including the home of Rev. Josiah Henson (Uncle Tom's Cabin Historic Site in Dresden, Chatham-Kent), the First Parish Church in Brunswick (Maine), the author's home (Harriet Beecher Stowe House & Library in Hartford CT USA), a Harriet Beecher-Stowe House in Cincinnati and the author's gravesite in Andover (Massachusetts).
The Americas have their own sites. Fans of Thoreau's "Walden" might want to visit Concord, Massachusetts. You won't find the Headless Horseman in Sleepy Hollow, but you can find Washington Irving's grave there. Travelers to Hartford can visit both the Mark Twain House and Museum and the Harriet Beecher Stowe House and Library. Head west in the footsteps of the Beats, or follow Route 66 like the Joads in "Grapes of Wrath". You can find Cannery Row in Monterey, California; nearby are many places dedicated to the memory of Steinbeck. There are several sites related to "the book" (Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil) in Savannah, particularly Forsythe Park.
Every hardcore jazz fan should find themselves in New Orleans at least once, and at Birdland or the Blue Note in New York City more than once. Country music lovers don't need to be told about Nashville. If you want to hear Beale Street talk, you'll have to go to Memphis.
In Houston, fans of Morton Feldman can visit the actual Rothko Chapel.
Alaska has its share of literary spots too. Fans of Jack London must visit Skagway. Those who read the exploits of Christopher McCandless, aka Alexander "Into The Wild" Supertramp, will want to see for themselves the "Magic Bus" site beside Denali National Park, near Talkeetna.
The Old West has many stories.
Vienna is known as the City of Music because it has been the sometime home of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, the Strauss family, Brahms, Bruckner, Mahler, Schoenberg, Falco ("Rock Me Amadeus"), and Joe Zawinul. You can hear the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra at the Wiener Musikverein. If you want to attend the New Year's Concert, you'll probably need to get tickets a few years in advance!
If the big city is too much, take a break with Mozart's childhood home in Salzburg.
Lovers of Medieval music will know that the Tournai Mass was preserved in the cathedral in, of course, Tournai. If you are very lucky, you might be able to hear it sung there.
Never to be outdone without a fight, Paris has no shortage of literary sites, especially on the Left Bank and Montparnasse. Paris's answer to Shakespeare's Globe Theater is the Comédie-Française, also known as the Théâtre-Français - and what a ripe subject for comparison and contrast! After paying your respect to the Lost Generation at Gertrude Stein's salon at 27 rue De Fleurs (and maybe also Natalie Clifford Barney's modestly titled Literary Salon of the Greats at 20 rue Jacob), you can shop in their footsteps at Shakespeare and Company or drink in their shadows at les Deus Magots, la Closerie des Lilas, or le Café de Flore. (A more contemporary version is l’Autre Café.) If you don't find Quasimodo at Notre-Dame de Paris, visit Hugo's house at 6 Place des Vosges, or enjoy the Basque cuisine at L’Auberge Etchegorry at 41 Rue de la Croulebarb, where he used to enjoy the Cabaret de Madame Grégoire. Or party like Arthur Miller at Brasserie Wepler (14 Place de Clichy).
For contemporary poetry readings, check out La Maison Poesie, close to the Pompidou Centre, or, especially if you want to hear the empire write back, Culture Rapide. No bibliophile should leave Paris without a visit to the one-of-a-kind bookstore Tea and Tattered Pages, or the reading room in the back of La Fumoir. At Musée de la vie Romantique you can find out almost anything you'd want to know about George Sand; the Hôtel de Lauzun on the Île St. Louis inspired Baudelaire to write Fleurs du Mal - what effect will it have on you? Search for lost time viewing Proust's bedroom at the Musée Carnavalet, or, if the touristy morbidity doesn't offend you, visit the Cimetière de Montparnasse to find the graves of many of your favorite authors, or look for the wallpaper that killed Oscar Wilde at l’Hôtel in the 6th Arrondissement, though you might prefer to enjoy the literary kitsch at the Apostrophe Hotel, or sleep where your heroes did at l’Hôtel Pont Royal. If you seek to join their ranks, you can consider joining a writing workshop with Paris Café Writing. When you win your own Nobel Prize, celebrate like Camus did, at La Coupole (102 Boulevard du Montparnasse). Evidently there are even Da Vinci Code themed tours! Even if that's not your thing, you might enjoy eating in the restaurant at Nicholas Flamel's house at 52 rue de Montmorency, the oldest stone house in Paris.
The Loire Valley: if you can afford to stay there long enough, there could be no better place to read Dumas or Perrault. Balzac wrote some novels there too.
Around Rouen you can find places claiming to have associations with Madame Bovary as well as a museum dedicated to Flaubert in the home where he was born.
The medieval Play of Daniel was composed in Beauvais.
Fans of Bach will want to see the St. Thomas Church in Leipzig (the Bach Museum is across the street).
You'll have to plan about a decade ahead if you hope to attend the Richard Wagner festival at the Bayreuth Festspielhaus (Bayreuth Festival Theater) in Bayreuth, but while you're there you won't want to miss the Margravial Opera either.
In Halberstadt you can hear a little bit of Cage's "ASLSP" at any time in the next 500 years or so.
Admirers of Goethe and Schiller cannot be excused for missing Weimar.
One of the most successful German language authors of all times was Karl May, whose heroes Winnetou, Kara Ben Nemsi and Old Shatterhand accompanied many a German growing up for over a century now. Over 200 million copies of his books have been sold, half of which in Germany. He died and spent most of his live in Radebeul, Saxony, a suburb of Dresden. His former house in Radebeul has been turned into a museum and it is a must visit for any fan of his works.
Fans of Joyce will want to walk Ulysses in Dublin, especially on Bloom's Day (16 June). The diehards will even go to Ithaka. You know who you are.
Like E. M. Forster's characters in A Room With a View, you'll want to look down on the tourists around you who do not share your refined tastes! You might demonstrate your snobby superiority taking a walking tour of "Dante's Florence, or contemplating the complexities of Brumel's "Nuper rosarum flores" under Brunelleschi's Dome. And, of course there's Rome, arguably the most written-about city on this planet.
If Russian literature is your thing, you'll want to take the famed Murder Walk in Dostoevski's neighborhood of Saint Petersburg, and maybe later to visit his grave in Tikhvin Cemetery (inside the Alexander Nevski Monastery), alongside the ones of Pyotr Ilych Tchaikovski, Modest Mussorgski, Nikolai Rimski-Korsakov and most other Russian music giants; another worthy option is to visit "The Bronze Horseman" statue (the theme and title of one of the most important poems written in Russian, by Alexander Pushkin) and later the poet's infamous duel site, in a park on the city's northern part. In Moscow you can take a tour of sites from Bulgakov's Master and Margarita and his tomb at Novodevichy Cemetery (where you'll find also Chekhov, Gogol, Maiakovski, Dmitrii Shostakovich and many others). Near Tula is Yasnaya Polyana, where Tolstoy wrote both "War and Peace" and "Anna Karenina". Pushkin is buried in his family estate in Pushkinskie Gory near Pskov. Truly hardy adventurous travellers may consider retracing Anton Chekhov's steps to Sakhalin Island and back, or even going to Magadan to pay homage to Alexander Solzhenitsyn's writings about the Gulag Archipelago.
Kobarid was the site of the Battle of Caporetto, which Hemingway described in A Farewell to Arms.
Any Anglophone who runs with the bulls in Pamplona (or even thinks of it) follow the footsteps of Brett and Jake in "The Sun Also Rises". In March of 2015 the grave of renowned writer Miguel de Cervantes was discovered. His best known work "Don Quijote" is set in la Mancha and some landscapes in this part of Spain still look like the descriptions in the book. The other Spanish writing giant of the Baroque age, playwright and poet Lope de Vega, whose sheer volume of literary output is greatly larger than Cervantes', is famously buried inside San Sebastian church on Madrid's Calle de Atocha.
The Millennium Tour in Stockholm, inspired by Stieg Larsson's novel series.
Literary London gets its own page on Wikivoyage. London has plenty of musical highlights too: No one is a true Beatlemaniac until they have photographed themselves at the zebra crossing in front of Abbey Road Studios.
Anyone who ever longed to have their own bodice ripped by Rochester or Heathcliff would want to visit Brontë Country in West Yorkshire. If you're not afraid of Virginia Woolf, visit Monk's House in East Sussex. Or search for King Arthur in Tintagel and Glastonbury. Besides what you'd find in London, Broadstairs is dedicated to Dickens.
In Devon is the little village Bigbury-on-Sea, where Agatha Christie fans can find the Burgh Island Hotel, inspiration for And Then There Were None and Evil Under the Sun. Looking for a crime? The room named for her will set you back 450 quid. The more musically inclined could instead stay in the Noel Coward room.
The Hebrides shouldn't need Mendelssohn's help to get you there, but if that's what it takes, you'll thank Mendelssohn.
Asia and Oceania
On the other side of the world, lovers of "The Dream of the Red Chamber" will want to spend a few hours contemplating the Garden of the Humble Administrator in Suzhou, and anyone who knows "The True Story of Ah Q" might want to visit Hangzhou, where Lu Xun was imprisoned.
Aspiring novelists might find inspiration at Ishiyamadera Temple in Otsu, where Murasaki Shikibu is believed to have written (or at least begun to write) "The Tale of Genji".
Then take the Narrow Road to the Deep North.
The locations where the Lord of the Rings cinematic trilogy was filmed.
Gayasan Mountain National Park includes Haeinsa Temple, where the Tripitaka Koreana, a landmark in woodblock printing, is held.
Tongyeong is often visited because it is the setting of Land by Park Kyeong-Ni.
Troy is the scene of the Iliad, the first known work of Greek literature.
Agatha Christie's 1934 novel Murder on the Orient Express was written in the Pera Palace Hotel in Istanbul, then a grand old hotel serving rail passengers at the southern terminus of the main Paris-Istanbul Orient Express (1883-1962) route. The hotel maintains Christie's room as a memorial to the author.
The oldest literary work EVER is called The Maxims of Ptah Hotep. The author, a wise and not-so-famous vizier, was buried in a tomb that nowadays is more famous than himself, at Saqqara.
Naguib Mahfouz, the only Arab writer to have won the Nobel Prize in Literature (in 1988), was born in Cairo. His most famous work, The Cairo Trilogy, depicts the lives of three generations of different families in Cairo from World War I until after the 1952 military coup that overthrew King Farouk. His classic novel Midaq Alley is wholly ambiented in a tiny space inside the Khan El Kalili bazaar.
About 90 miles outside of Durban, Alan Paton fans can find Ixopo, and look for the lovely road that runs from there into the hills.
Visit the "stay safe" sections of the Wikivoyage places for wherever you go, and remember that just because your favorite authors chain-smoked or enjoyed some absinth dreams doesn't mean you should! (If you must read and walk, read A Book Lover's Guide to Reading and Walking at the Same Time!)