- For other places with the same name, see Peabody (disambiguation).
Peabody is a city of 54,000 (2020) in the suburban area of the North Shore in Massachusetts. In the April 2009 edition of Forbes Magazine, Peabody was ranked the 14th most livable city in the United States.
The town's name is pronounced "PEE-biddy".
First known as the Northfields, "the Farms", and Brooksby, the area was settled about 1626 within Salem, which had been founded in 1626 and incorporated in 1629. In 1752, the area was set off from Salem and incorporated as part of Danvers. It was usually referred to as "the South Parish", associated with the church located in the center (now Peabody Square). In 1855, the community broke away from Danvers to become the town of South Danvers, incorporated that May 18. The name was changed on April 30, 1868 to Peabody after George Peabody, a noted philanthropist. It would be incorporated as a city in 1916.
Beginning as a farming community, the town's streams attracted mills which operated by water power. In particular, Peabody was a major center of New England's leather industry and tanneries remained a linchpin of the city's economy into the second half of the 20th century. The tanneries have since closed, but the city remains known locally as the Leather City or Tanner City and its high school sports teams are nicknamed the Tanners.
The loss of the tanneries was a blow to Peabody's economy, but the city has made up for the erosion of its industrial base, at least in part, through other forms of economic development. Early in the 20th century, it joined the automobile revolution, hosting the pioneer brass era company Corwin Manufacturing Company. The Northshore Mall is one of the region's largest malls. It opened in 1958 and is now the city's largest taxpayer. Centennial Park, an industrial park in the center of the city, has attracted several medical and technology companies.
Meanwhile, West Peabody, which was mostly farmland until the 1950s, has been developed into a middle-to-upper class residential area.
Peabody is the location of the Salem Country Club, a private country club with a professional golf course. In the past, the club hosted The U.S. Senior Open in 2001 and the U.S. Women's Open in 1954 and 1984.
- Interstate 95 to Route 128
- Logan International Airport in Boston or Manchester-Boston Regional Airport Manchester, New Hampshire.
Catch the 435 or 436 buses from Lynn. The 435 is also accessible from Salem.
The 435 and 436 buses run across Peabody, towards the North Shore and Liberty Tree malls, but service is only hourly and weekdays only, so a car can be helpful here. By car, route 114 runs through Peabody.
- 1 Brooksby Farm, 58 Felton St. A historic farm managed by the City of Peabody, is a 275-acre (1.11-km²) working farm and conservation area that has been one of the city's most popular destinations for decades. Seasonal pick your own activities.
- 2 George Peabody House Museum and Peabody Leatherworkers Museum, 205 Washington St, ☏ . Tu-Th 1-5PM, Sa 10AM-3PM. This house museum interprets the life and legacy of philanthropist George Peabody. George Peabody was one of the first American philanthropist, donating millions of dollars for worthy causes before his death in 1869. The Leatherworkers Museum explores Peabody's history as “The Leather Capital of the World”. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Peabody’s booming leather manufacturing was a vital part of the industrial economy of Boston’s North Shore. By donation.
- International Festival (downtown). Held in September, the festival celebrates the many cultures that live in Peabody with food, art, music, and performances.
- 1 Northshore Mall, 218 Andover St (Route 128 Exit 25 to Route 114), ☏ . Anchors are JC Penny, Nordstrom's and Macys.
- 1 Rizzo's Roast Beef, 178 Lynn St, ☏ .
- Ithaki Modern Mediterranean, 1A Newbury St, ☏ . 7AM-2PM, 4-8:30PM daily. $25-55.
- 1 Boston Marriott Peabody, 8A Centennial Drive, ☏ .
- 2 Hampton Inn Boston/Peabody, 59 Newbury Street (US 1 North), ☏ .
- 3 Homewood Suites by Hilton Boston-Peabody, 57 Newbury Street (US 1 North), ☏ .
- 4 SpringHill Suites Boston Peabody, 43 Newbury Street (US 1 North), ☏ .
- 5 Holiday Inn Hotel & Suites Boston-Peabody, 1 Newbury Street (US 1 North), ☏ .
- 6 Extended Stay America Suites Boston-Peabody, 200 Jubilee Drive, ☏ .
|Routes through Peabody|
|Portsmouth ← Danvers ←||N S||→ Wakefield → Weston|
|Newburyport ← Danvers ←||N S||→ Wakefield → Boston|
|Gloucester ← Danvers ←||N S||→ Wakefield → Weston|
|Lawrence ← Danvers ←||W E||→ Salem → Marblehead|