The tropics is the area in the world between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. Roughly, this corresponds to:
- The southern half of Mexico
- The Caribbean and Central America
- The northern half of South America
- Most of Africa
- The southern third of Middle East and southern half of India
- Southeast Asia and a small part of East Asia
- Oceania, except New Zealand and the southern half of Australia
Save for high mountain areas, expect warm or hot weather around the year here. Seasons are defined as dry and wet; during the dry season it might not rain at all while wet seasons sometimes means more rain in a month than in a whole year in temperate destinations. Right at the Equator, the rain is more dispersed around the year, and at the tropics there are usually deserts where hardly any rain falls at all.
At the Equator day and night are about exactly 12 hours each around the year, with pretty much no twilight (the sun rises and sets very rapidly). Elsewhere in the tropics the day and night differ slightly depending on the time of the year but very little compared to temperate latitudes. In the tropics the sun will reach zenith on two days every year (it depends on latitude).
See and Do
In the tropics you can experience jungles, steppe and deserts and vegetation and animal life typical to such environments, and tropical areas are the most biodiverse in the world. You'd surely immediately think of a tropical environment when hearing the word "safari", wouldn't you?
On the downside, the biodiversity also includes plenty of poisonous or otherwise dangerous animals and plants, as well as tropical diseases spread in various ways. Another risk is the sun and heat; the world's highest levels of UV-radiation can be found in high-altitude tropical locations, so always protect your skin in when outside in daylight. Finally, tips for travel in developing countries applies to almost everywhere in the tropics.