Wisconsin is a state in the Midwest in the United States of America. The name Wisconsin means "meeting of the waters" and is of Native American origin. Wisconsin borders Illinois, and Iowa to the south, Minnesota to the west, and Michigan to the north. To the east lies the long Lake Michigan shoreline and in the northwest a smaller Lake Superior shoreline. Wisconsin is known nationwide for its dairy heritage, or as "America's Dairyland". Being home to two Great Lakes, thousands of inland lakes and waterways, the state could easily be called the nation's "waterworld" instead. The southern portion of the state is mainly agricultural and urban while the northern half is mostly rural and forested and is more similar in appearance to Michigan's Upper Peninsula. The central region acts as a transition zone with both forests, farm land and small cities. The state's largest city and urban area is Milwaukee located in southeastern Wisconsin. In south-central Wisconsin lies the state capital Madison. Green Bay is listed as the state's third largest city. Wisconsin is a popular Midwestern travel destination both in the summer and winter months.
Southeast Wisconsin is the state's most populous region. The major cities are Kenosha, Milwaukee (Wisconsin's largest city), Racine, and Waukesha. The popular summer getaway destination of Lake Geneva is included in this region, as is the scenic areas of the Kettle Moraine.
The major cities are La Crosse and Madison (capital city and campus of the University of Wisconsin).
The major cities are Appleton (Houdini central), Green Bay (home of the intensely beloved football Packers), and Oshkosh. The popular summer getaway destination of Door County is included in this region.
|North Central Wisconsin
The major city is Wausau, gateway to the northwoods.
The major cities are Eau Claire and Superior.
- Madison - Progressive university town and capital city located between two lakes
- Eau Claire
- Green Bay - Home of the Green Bay Packers
- La Crosse - Located on the mighty Mississippi
- Milwaukee - The 'City of Festivals,' Wisconsin's largest city
- Wausau - Gateway to the Northwoods
- Apostle Islands National Lakeshore- Wild Beauty on Lake Superior
- Ice Age National Scenic Trail - Hiking trail that spans the entire state
- Wisconsin Dells - Family tourist destination
- Door County - "Cape Cod" of the Midwest
Wisconsinites speak with a Midwestern accent and tend to emphasize vowels. Examples include the words "roof" and "Wisconsin".
People in the state commonly refer to a drinking fountain as a "bubbler". Unlike much of the Midwest, Wisconsinites in the eastern part of the state (especially the Milwaukee area) refer to soft drinks as "soda" rather than "pop".
It's common for people in many parts of the state to refer to ATM's as "TYME Machines" (named for what was the most common type of ATM in numerous areas meaning Take Your Money Everywhere). In some parts of Wisconsin, residents also refer to parking garages as "parking ramps".
Wisconsin is in the Central Time Zone, as are all neighboring states except Michigan, which is in the Eastern Time Zone (with the exception of a small portion of the Upper Peninsula, which is also in the central time zone).
Unless flying to Milwaukee or Madison, it is often easier to enter Wisconsin by making a connection in another state. The most comprehensive service from a hub/hubs to Wisconsin is provided by Delta Air Lines through Minneapolis, Detroit, Memphis, Cincinnati, and Atlanta. United also provides frequent service to the southern two thirds of the state via Chicago O'Hare. American has a substantial number of flights from Chicago O'Hare as well. Other carriers providing less frequent service include Southwest. There is the CWA (Central Wisconsin Airport) that connects to the larger, more popular airports such as Minneapolis, Milwaukee, Chicago O'Hare, and Detroit. It is located in Mosinee, WI, in the center of the state, around 10 minutes away from Wausau, WI, the largest city in the central region of Wisconsin.
Milwaukee handles a few flights from Toronto and some Mexican destinations. Travellers originating internationally will find the most flight options if they make connections through Chicago O'Hare. Connections from international services are also available through Minneapolis, Detroit and Cincinnati.
These services are only available from late Spring through early Fall.
- Lake Express. Car ferry between Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Muskegon, Michigan. 2½ hour trip.
- S.S. Badger. Car ferry between Manitowoc, Wisconsin, and Ludington, Michigan. 4 hour trip.
Greyhound and Megabus serve Milwaukee, Madison, and other cities. Also check Van Galder and Jefferson Bus lines. Check their websites from services, schedules, and fares.
- Amtrak connects Chicago to Milwaukee via the Hiawatha service. The Empire Builder line, strectching from Chicago to Seattle/Portland, travels through Wisconsin, making five stops in the state (Milwaukee, Columbus, Portage, Wisconsin Dells, Tomah, and La Crosse).
- The Chicagoland Metra also has a line that stretches up all the way to Kenosha.
By public transportation
- The Wisconsin Department of Transportation puts out Getting Around Wisconsin Without A Car: A Public Transportation Guide [dead link].
Several bus companies provide service within the state.
- Badger Coaches. Runs more than 6 daily round trips between Milwaukee and Madison.
- Greyhound. Greyhound buses provide travel throughout the state, along all major cities and towns along I-43, US 45, I-90, I-94, and more, servicing among others Appleton, Brookfield, Eau Claire, Fond du lac, Green Bay, Kenosha, La Crosse, Milwaukee, Oshkosh, Racine, Stevens Point, Waukesha, Wisconsin Dells, and more. They also sell tickets (often cheaper) for other companies.
- Indian Trails. Daily service from (Chicago via) Milwaukee to Michigan's Upper Peninsula stopping in Marinette, Green Bay, Manitowoc, Sheboygan. Onward connections are available. Buses have wifi and power outlets.
- Jefferson Lines. Connects Milwaukee, Madison, and La Crosse daily with interim stops across Wisconsin. Jefferson prides itself on its 'eco-friendly' new coaches. Connections are available at Minneapolis.
- Lamers Coach. Daily. Milwaukee, Fond du Lac, Oshkosh, Appleton, Waupaca, Stevens Point, Wausau, Columbus.
- Wisconsin Coach, toll-free: , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Wisconsin Coach offers several services around Southeast Wisconsin to/from Milwaukee. $26.
Wisconsin has one international airport, Mitchell International in Milwaukee (MKE IATA), though international flights to it are very limited. Regional airports with scheduled service exist in Madison (MSN IATA), Green Bay (GRB IATA), Appleton (ATW IATA), Wausau/Stevens Point (CWA IATA), Rhinelander (RHI IATA), La Crosse (LSE IATA), and Eau Claire (EAU IATA). Service to the far western "Indianhead" region of the state can be found across the Minnesota border in Minneapolis (MSP IATA) and Duluth (DLH IATA). In the last 25 years, there have not been any flights within Wisconsin.
Amtrak has two lines that service the state. The Hiawatha has 7 daily roundtrips between Milwaukee and Chicago, with additional stops outside of Racine and at Mitchell Field Airport. The Empire Builder runs once daily, and effectively parallels I-94 to Chicago coming all the way from Seattle, Washington. The train station has been remodeled into a nice clean and modern looking building located downtown.
The following are the major routes in Wisconsin:
- Interstate 94: A major east-west route, I-94 enters Wisconsin in Kenosha County and connects Kenosha, Racine, Milwaukee and Madison before it briefly merges with I-90. After splitting at Tomah, I-94 passes through Eau Claire before entering Minnesota and heading toward the Twin Cities.
- Interstate 90: Another major east-west route, I-90 enters Wisconsin in southern Rock County and connects Beloit, Janesville and Madison. It joins I-94 north of the city and services Wisconsin Dells. It splits from I-94 at Tomah and passes through La Crosse before entering Minnesota.
- Interstate 43: A major north-south interstate, I-43 originates in Green Bay and heads south along Lake Michigan and connects Sheboygan and Milwaukee before heading southwest and terminating at its juncture with I-90 in Beloit.
- Interstate 39: A north-south interstate route, Interstate 39 runs concurrent with I-90 when entering the state in Rock County and breaks off immediately north of Madison where it connects Stevens Point and Wausau.
- US 151: A major north-south route, US 151 connects Manitowoc with Fond du Lac and Madison before heading southeast and entering Iowa immediately northeast of Dubuque.
- US 41 now also marked Interstate 41: A north-south route connecting most of the Lake Michigan cities including Kenosha, Racine and Milwaukee before heading northwest and servicing Fond du Lac, Oshkosh, Appleton and Green Bay.
- US 53: A north-south route originating in La Crosse and connecting Eau Claire and Superior before crossing into Duluth.
- WI 29: An east-west route in Northern Wisconsin, WI 29 connects Green Bay, Wausau and Eau Claire.
- WI 11: An east-west route in Southern Wisconsin, WI 11 originates in Racine and connecting Janesville and Monroe before terminating at US 151 immediately northeast of Dubuque.
Unless there is a sign saying otherwise, it is legal to make a right turn after stopping for a red light.
County road naming system
First-time travellers in Wisconsin will notice that county routes are often given letter designations instead of numbers (for example, County A instead of County 12). Lettered county roads will often change lettering when entering a new county and thus, for example, County A in Milwaukee County does not necessarily connect or in any way correspond with County A in Waukesha County.
Milwaukee has a number of good attractions:
- Milwaukee Public Museum: has exhibits like a butterfly room, European village, and rainforest replica. There is also an IMAX theater.
- Milwaukee Art Museum: an impressive lakefront building designed to resemble a sailboat, and contains a lot of great art.
- Maier Lakefront Festival Park: where the world's largest music festival, Summerfest, is held. Other festivals are held here as well.
- Miller Brewery Tours - The Miller brewery, 4251 West State St, a couple miles west of downtown, offers tours and samples.
- The city has many neighborhoods such as Bay View, Brady Street, Bronzeville (Martin Luther King Dr.), Riverwest and Third Ward which are known for shattering the stereotypical "beer, brats and bowling" views of many outsiders. These areas tend to pride themselves on their racial and/or social diversity and each is home to an eclectic mix of ethnic restaurants, shops, clothing boutiques, bars and nightclubs.
Madison is the state capital. The capitol building has one of the world's largest domes. The University of Wisconsin has several small museums and a large hill crowned by Bascom Hall. Connecting capitol square and the university is State Street, with many shops and ethnic restaurants. Other attractions include the Olbrich Botanical Gardens, UW Arborteum, and Henry Vilas Zoo.
Wisconsin Dells has many touristy attractions:
- Noah's Ark - world's largest waterpark
- Mt. Olympus: competing water and go-kart park
- Wisconsin Ducks & other tours: The Ducks and other boats provide tours of the scenic bluffs along the rivers of the area
- Mini golf courses: there are many, like Pirate's Cove
Door County is a scenic peninsula with many sites. Peninsula State Park is the third largest in the state and has beaches, campsites, a lighthouse, and an observation tower high on a bluff. There are several other lighthouses, and wineries. The county is also well known for its cherries, and there are many stands selling them. Boats run to Washington Island off the northern tip, through an area littered with shipwrecks.
Tourism is one of Wisconsin's largest industries, relying on Illini and others who enter during the summer for fishing and its parks and recreational facilities such as those in Wisconsin Dells, those entering during the fall for a very popular hunting season, and winter for ice-fishing, ice-sailing, ice-skating, skiing and snowboarding, snowmobiling, and much more.
Wisconsin Dells, in the Greater Madison Area, is known throughout the Midwest as a major family fun destination due to the number of water resorts located there such as Noah's Ark, Great Wolf Lodge, Kalahari and others. Wisconsin Dells is full of waterparks, amusement parks, shopping and shows. It also includes Tommy Bartlett's Watershow, one of the world's greatest waterski shows. Wisconsin Dells is also famous for its ducks, truck-like vehicles that can travel on land and sea that travel from lake to lake and along the rivers of "the Dells" to demonstrate the sights and nature.
In addition to the Dells, there are a number of family-friendly activity centers, museums and attractions across the State.
Hiking, bicycling, and in the wintertime, cross-country skiing are popular overland activities. Wisconsin was one of the first states to begin conversion of abandoned railroad right-of-ways into bicycle trails. The Ice Age National Scenic Trail traverses all parts of the state, extending for more than 1,600 km (1,000 miles), and offering evidence of Wisconsin's recent natural history. The most popular segments of this trail, since they are nearest to large urban centers, are in the Kettle Moraine region.
Boating is a major activity throughout the spring and summer. In addition to Lakes Michigan and Superior, Wisconsin is dotted with other lakes such as Lake Geneva and the various recreational lakes in the Greater Madison Area. You'll find many of these busy with boats and jet skis. Many streams and rivers also have active boating, canoeing and kayaking.
Wisconsin's strong agricultural industry has contributed to strong growth in agritourism. Each year, thousands of people come to locations such as Door County to pick apples, berries and cherries. Throughout the fall, corn mazes, farm stands and apple picking also dominated rural areas throughout the State.
Like other Midwest states, Wisconsin has a very strong county and State fair tradition. These annual celebrations tend to occur between Memorial Day and Labor Day include a number of different parts including shows, auctions, agricultural competitions, concerts, rides, fair food (think deep fried everything) and demolition derbies. You'll often find neighboring counties will schedule around each other to avoid conflicts, meaning there's almost always a fair going on during any given weekend in the summer.
The State Fair is held annually at State Fair Park in West Allis, usually in early August.
As a consequence of the large German immigration to Wisconsin, German meals found their way into the local eating habits. Bratwursts are common and well liked, with Sheboygan claiming to be the home of the bratwurst. The Bratwurst is a state delicacy served during summer cookouts, preferably boiled in beer prior to being grilled.
The modern hamburger was said to have been first served as a meatball-like product when its creator realized they stayed on the bun better if flattened. It was first sold at a Seymour, WI fair.
Frozen custard is also a Wisconsin delicacy not found often outside the Midwest. Frozen custard is similar to ice cream (it is not yogurt!) It is unique in that there is far less air in it (making it less "fluffy" and far more smooth and creamy). It contains egg, making it richer and creamier. It has an inappropriate reputation as unhealthy relative to ice cream when in fact most frozen custards have less calories, less fat and less sugar, being less healthy only in that it has slightly more cholesterol than ice cream.
Wisconsin and the surrounding area is famous for its dairy products, and there are various regional specialties following this theme. Even fast-food chain restaurants in this region often give the option of fried cheese curds as a side in addition to the more common french fries.
The quintessential Wisconsin Friday night involves a supper club. There's no real definition which separates a restaurant from a supper club, but most supper clubs focus on nostalgia, old timey atmosphere and specific food, such as prime rib and fish fries. A relish tray is often also served with dinner. Since many of these clubs originated as speakeasies, there's a very strong sense of tradition and you'll likely see that, with the exception of the beer and wine list, the original food and cocktails from the club's opening are most likely still on the menu. Anyone visiting is strong encouraged to visit a local supper club.
Alcohol drinking age
The drinking age in Wisconsin is 21. However, persons under 21 and over 16 who are with a parent, legal guardian, or spouse (if the spouse is 21 or over) may, at the discretion of the establishment, be sold and allowed to drink alcohol beverages.
Beer and pop
Milwaukee is home to the Milwaukee Brewers - both the baseball team and numerous breweries. Until Pabst closed its Milwaukee brewery and began contracting out its production during the late 1990s Milwaukee was the brewing capital of the nation. Although only one major brewer (Miller) remains in the city, its brewing heritage lives on in the large number of micro-breweries and brewpubs it has to offer. Some more famous "small" breweries in Wisconsin include Point (located in the college town of Stevens Point), City (formerly G Heileman), New Glarus, Berghoff, Leinenkugels (in Chippewa Falls), Riverwest and Sprecher (both from Milwaukee, the latter also makes many fine sodas). Many restaurants and bars have their own local breweries inside the facility such that patrons can see the tanks as they eat.
Grays Brewing is well known for its sodas also using real grain sugar (rather than the fine, processed sugar used almost everywhere else in all American food) which gives the flavor a unique and outstanding flavor. Gray's makes primarily fruit-flavored sodas and reuses (not recycles) its bottles, so bring 'em back.
Point Brewing is now offering various sodas, including rootbeer, diet rootbeer, cream and other flavors. The tour of the brewery is said to be quite fun and extensive and concerts are held in the summer (Rock the Brewery).
Sprecher Brewing also is well known, and is gaining recognition nationwide, for its sodas, particularly its root beer and unique labels such as Orange Dream, Raven Red, etc. A Root Beer or Orange Dream float with vanilla frozen custard is about the best beverage one can find. Tours are held Fridays and Saturdays all year-round, and everyday during the busy summer season. The cost of the tour is $4 for adults and $2 for those under 21. The price is well worth it, however, considering that the tour includes plenty of social time with unlimited samples of their sodas, and up to 4 samples of their beer.
Though Wisconsin is known for beer, it has a small but growing wine industry. Three American Viticultural Areas (AVAs) cover Wisconsin - the Wisconsin Ledge (which covers Door County and some areas to the south), Wisconsin Lake (which covers portions of Southeast Wisconsin and Southwest Wisconsin) and Upper Mississippi Valley (which includes the entire Driftless Area). Famous wineries include Wollersheim (located near Baraboo) and Parallel 44 (near Kewanee). Many farms have also started producing local varieties.
Wisconsin has no official state cocktail, but if you asked, most Wisconsinites would probably say it's the Wisconsin Old Fashioned, a variation on the traditional bourbon cocktail. The Wisconsin version uses brandy and is served either "sweet" (with lemon-lime soda) or "sour" (with sour mix). Sour Old Fashioneds are sometimes served with olives for saltiness. Traditionally, Korbel is used as the brandy, but applejack is also popular.
With a large Nordic and German community, old world spirits like Aquavit (flavored with caraway or dill) are more common than in other areas. Aquavit is commonly served on the rocks, but it can also be mixed in cocktails. It tends to be better with more herbaceous flavors (such as Angostura Bitters or Chartreuse). Some bars may have a house cocktail using it as well - be sure to ask about it before trying it though as Aquavit can be an acquired taste.
Wisconsin offers the usual assortment of chain motels, usually located just off the interstate highways, as well as a number of larger resorts. Bed & Breakfasts-- from the one bedroom in a home to large, historic, buildings, and inns are also popular. Some areas, such as Baraboo, also specialize in casino hotels.
- Michigan - Michigan's Upper Peninsula lies to the northeast of Wisconsin and features stunning natural beauty.
- Illinois - America's crossroads and home of Chicago, Illinois lies across Wisconsin's southern border.
- Iowa - Rural Iowa is Wisconsin's southwestern neighbor and provides the opportunity to explore America's agricultural heartland.
- Minnesota - Known for cold winters and its ten thousand lakes, Wisconsin's western neighbor is an ideal destination for wilderness enthusiasts, while shoppers need to travel only 20 miles (32 km) from the Wisconsin border to enjoy shopping in the Twin Cities at the Mall of America.