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Africa > German East Africa

German East Africa

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German East Africa was a large (almost a million km2) German colony created in the 1880s; it included what are now the countries of Burundi and Rwanda plus Tanganyika, the part of today's Tanzania which is on the African mainland. The capital was Bagamoyo 1885-1890 and Dar-es-Salaam thereafter.

Germany lost the colony in 1918 after being defeated in World War I even though the local German troops held out for the duration of the war and only surrendered when news of the overall armistice in Europe reached them; Britain took over Tanganyika while Belgium got what are now Burundi and Rwanda.

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