A mountain range is an area of geologically related mountains. They are typically created by plate tectonics (such as the Andes in South America) but can also be formed by other processes. The islands of Hawaii are actually the summits of an underwater mountain range formed by volcanoes.
See Mountaineering for advice around preparing for mountain climbing in general and Altitude sickness, Cold weather and Snow safety for some of the risks. Most mountain ranges have a number of different sized mountains, which can be suited to your level of fitness and experience.
- Atlas Mountains through Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia
- Eastern Rift Mountains
- Drakensberg in South Africa
- Transantarctic Mountains
- The Baekdu Mountains are on the border between North Korea and China, and considered the origin of the Korean people. The Chinese part is known as Changbai.
- Himalaya — probably best known for Mount Everest. Himalaya is actually the southeastern fork of a large mountainous area in Central, South and East Asia comprising several mountain chains such as Karakoram, Pamir mountains, Altai, Tian Shan, Hindu Kush and Kunlun. All the world's mountains of 7,000 m and above are located here
- Japan Alps
- Judaean Mountains through Israel and the West Bank
- Knuckles Mountain Range in Sri Lanka
- The Pontic Mountains or the Pontic Alps stretch along Turkey's Black Sea coast.
- The Taebaek Mountains run down the east coast of the Korean peninsular
- The Taurus, Anti-Taurus, and Eastern Taurus Mountains form a massive range extending from the Mediterranean coast of Turkey to the Iranian border. The Mount Nemrut is a famous summit in the eastern part of the range.
- Urals – the Russian mountain range that's often regarded as the border between Europe and Asia
- The Zagros Mountains are mostly found along Iran's wester border, but also reach through Iraq.
- Alps both dividing and connecting the continent, this is perhaps the most "developed" mountain range in the world, certainly in terms of downhill snowsports
- Balkan Mountains
- Carpathian Mountains in Central and Eastern Europe.
- Caucasus Mountains — the Caucasus ranges from west to east rather than north to south, and are regarded as a geographical border between Europe and Asia.
- Dinaric Alps — covering much of the western Balkans
- Harz - once divided by the Iron Curtain and still in two separate Bundesländer, this is the northernmost mountain range in Germany
- Pyrenees — the high range shared by France, Spain and Andorra. Moreover, much of the Iberian peninsula is mountainous, made up of numerous smaller mountain ranges.
- Scandinavian Mountains — covering most of Norway, a considerable part of northwestern Sweden and some of northern Finland
- Scottish Highlands
- Appalachian Mountains in the eastern United States, extending into Québec as the Laurentian Mountains
- Alaska Range — including Denali, the highest mountain in North America
- Rocky Mountains – western United States & Canada
- Great Dividing Range – along the east coast of Australia, to which the Blue Mountains belong
- Southern Alps – New Zealand
- Central North Island – New Zealand
- New Guinea Highlands on the island of New Guinea, where glaciers can be found on the equator
- Andes, including Aconcagua which at almost 7000 m or 23,000 ft is the highest mountain outside the Greater Himalaya group of ranges