A cemetery is any place with graves, tombs and memorials. In some cases royal memorials and tombs may be the central point of vast grounds that might not always be known as a cemetery as such.
Such sites are extensively visited for a wide range of reasons, depending on local culture, they might be pilgrimage sites as well. Some cemeteries in built up areas have massive walls and fences for protection from vandalism. In earlier times the walls and structures surrounding may have been built in relation to beliefs about things leaving the cemetery, as much as entering.
The leave-no-trace principle is the same as for archaeological sites. The legal consequences for trespassing in restricted areas, damaging graves, or souveniring artifacts from graves, might be harsh. Respect the laws and regulations of local authorities.
Some cultures have very distinct beliefs about how or how not to visit graves, and it is well worth checking out acceptable practices. For instance some places have strict rules on not walking over or touching a grave or its coverings. Also some cemeteries that have custodians or caretakers request specific clothing to be added or removed by visitors according to local traditions.
Some cemeteries have museums, organised tours and guidebooks for tourists to find the graves of famous and significant people.
Many older cemeteries and grave sites are archaeological sites as well.
There are limited ranges of cemetery souvenirs: usually guide books.
- Egypt: City of the Dead (Cairo)
- Argentina: Buenos Aires - Recoleta cemetery
- United States:
- Mount of Olives, ancient famous cemetery in Jerusalem with ancient funerary monuments.
- Mount Herzl National Cemetery, Jerusalem
- Sanhedria Cemetery, ancient cemetery of the Sanhedrin, in Jerusalem
- Yarkon Cemetery in Petah Tikva, the new Pantheon of famous people.
- Trumpeldor Cemetery famous cemetery in Tel Aviv of famous people from the 19th century.
- Kiryat Shaul Cemetery in Tel Aviv.
- Chidorigafuchi National Cemetery in Tokyo
- Yasukuni Shrine, Tokyo, controversial in part because it is where 6 Class A war criminals executed after World War II are buried.
- Austria: Vienna (see Culture section about Death, and Zentralfriedhof)
- Czech Republic: Old Jewish Cemetery, Vyšehrad Cemetery (Prague)
- France: Père Lachaise Cemetery (Paris/20th arrondissement)
- Poland: National necropoles: Powązki in Warsaw and Rakowice in Kraków, Pęksowy Brzyzek National Cemetery in Zakopane
- Portugal: Cemetery of Pleasures (Cemitério dos Prazeres) in Lisbon
- Romania: Merry Cemetery in Săpânța, Maramureş
- Russia: Novodevichy Cemetery (Moscow); Shirokorechenskoye Kladbishche Cemetery (Mafia cemetery, Yekaterinburg)
- Sweden: Woodland Cemetery (Skogskyrkogården, Stockholm/Söderort)
- Ukraine: Lychakiv Cemetery (Lviv); Grave of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov in Uman, a major site of Chasidic pilgrimage
- United Kingdom: Stonehenge, Highgate Cemetery (London)