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Cemeteries

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A cemetery is any place with graves, tombs and memorials. In some cases royal memorials and tombs may be the central point of vast grounds that might not always be known as a cemetery as such.

Such sites are extensively visited for a wide range of reasons, depending on local culture, they might be pilgrimage sites as well. Some cemeteries in built up areas have massive walls and fences for protection from vandalism. In earlier times the walls and structures surrounding may have been built in relation to beliefs about things leaving the cemetery, as much as entering.

The leave-no-trace principle is the same as for archaeological sites. The legal consequences for trespassing in restricted areas, damaging graves, or souveniring artifacts from graves, might be harsh. Respect the laws and regulations of local authorities.

Some cultures have very distinct beliefs about how or how not to visit graves, and it is well worth checking out acceptable practices. For instance some places have strict rules on not walking over or touching a grave or its coverings. Also some cemeteries that have custodians or caretakers request specific clothing to be added or removed by visitors according to local traditions.

Some cemeteries have museums, organised tours and guidebooks for tourists to find the graves of famous and significant people.

Many older cemeteries and grave sites are archaeological sites as well.

Buy[edit]

There are limited ranges of cemetery souvenirs: usually guide books.

Famous cemeteries[edit]

Africa[edit]

  • Egypt: City of the Dead (Cairo)

Americas[edit]

Asia[edit]

  • China:
    • Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery in Beijing.
    • Cemetery of Confucius (Kong Lin, Qufu)
    • Hong Kong Cemetery in Hong Kong
    • Zhalan Cemetery in Beijing
  • Indonesia:
    • Giri Tunggal Heroes' Cemetery, Semarang
  • Israel:
    • Mount of Olives, ancient famous cemetery in Jerusalem with ancient funerary monuments.
    • Mount Herzl National Cemetery, Jerusalem
    • Sanhedria Cemetery, ancient cemetery of the Sanhedrin, in Jerusalem
    • Yarkon Cemetery in Petah Tikva, the new Pantheon of famous people.
    • Trumpeldor Cemetery famous cemetery in Tel Aviv of famous people from the 19th century.
    • Kiryat Shaul Cemetery in Tel Aviv.
  • Japan:
    • Chidorigafuchi National Cemetery in Tokyo
    • Zoshigaya Cemetery in Tokyo
    • Yasukuni Shrine, Tokyo, controversial in part because it is where 6 Class A war criminals executed after World War II are buried.
  • Philippines:
  • South Korea: Seoul National Cemetery in Seoul.
  • Thailand: Royal Cemetery in Bangkok
  • Turkey:
    • Turkish State Cemetery in Ankara, with its monuments recalling the ancient Turkish structures of Central Asia, is where many major civilian and military figures of the republican era were interred, although notably Anıtkabir, the mausoleum of the founder of the republic, Kemal Atatürk, is a seperate site.
    • Karacaahmet Cemetery between Üsküdar and Kadıköy on the Asian Side of the Bosphorus in Istanbul, an expanse of 300 hectares (740 acres) of cypress woodland, is the largest Turkish cemetery and its foundation in the 14th century predates the Fall of Constantinople.
    • A footpath from the banks of the Golden Horn in Istanbul cuts through the Eyüp Cemetery, an Ottoman-era burial ground where the tradition dictates that the marble headstones of men are topped by a turban while those of women have floral designs. A gondola lift line passes over part of the cemetery as well.
    • The massive and highly elaborate tombstones at the Ahlat Cemetery (on the Lake Van near Tatvan), carved out of local volcanic rocks, date back to the local Ahlatshah Kingdom of the 11th–12th centuries and are typical of the medieval Turkish art.
    • Gallipoli hosts several military cemeteries of soldiers from Turkey and the Commonwealth nations (Australia and New Zealand in particular) fallen during the Gallipoli Campaign of World War I.

Europe[edit]

  • Austria: Vienna (see Culture section about Death, and Zentralfriedhof)
  • Bulgaria: Central Sofia Cemetery in Sofia.
  • Czech Republic: Old Jewish Cemetery, Vyšehrad Cemetery (Prague)
  • Finland: Hietaniemi Cemetery, Helsinki
  • France:
  • Greece:
    • First Cemetery in Athens (Athens)
  • Hungary:
  • Italy:
    • Brion Cemetery near Treviso by Carlo Scarpa, famous 20th century Italian architect
    • Etruscan Necropolis outside of Tarquinia
    • Isola di San Michele - cemetery island of Venice
    • Protestant Cemetery in Rome
  • Poland: National necropoles: Powązki in Warsaw and Rakowice in Kraków, Pęksowy Brzyzek National Cemetery in Zakopane
  • Portugal: Cemetery of Pleasures (Cemitério dos Prazeres) in Lisbon
  • Romania: Merry Cemetery in Săpânța, Maramureş; Ghencea Cemetery in Bucharest.
  • Russia: Novodevichy Cemetery (Moscow); Shirokorechenskoye Kladbishche Cemetery (Mafia cemetery, Yekaterinburg)
  • Sweden: Woodland Cemetery (Skogskyrkogården, Stockholm/Söderort), a world heritage site.
  • Ukraine: Lychakiv Cemetery (Lviv); Grave of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov in Uman, a major site of Chasidic pilgrimage
  • United Kingdom: Stonehenge, Highgate Cemetery (London)

Oceania[edit]

See also[edit]

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