- For other places with the same name, see Miami (disambiguation).
Miami is a major city in the south-eastern United States and the second most populous city in Florida. The Miami metropolitan area is the largest in the state with an estimated population of over 6.1 million (2017), which makes it the 7th most populous metro area in the United States.
Although tourists generally consider Miami Beach to be part of Miami, it is its own municipality. Miami Beach sits on a barrier island east of Miami and Biscayne Bay. It is home to lots of beach resorts, and is one of the most popular spring break party destinations in the world. This article only covers the city of Miami, not Miami Beach. Some other sights associated with Miami, like the Miami Zoo and the Miami Dolphins football team, are in other suburbs within Miami-Dade County, and two other institutions associated with Miami, the Florida Panthers hockey team and Inter Miami CF soccer team, play home games in Broward County.
|Downtown Miami |
Miami's central business district (CBD), including the Brickell neighborhood, full of skyscrapers. This article also covers the islands which are part of Miami (but not Miami Beach which is a separate city).
|MiMo Boulevard |
Home to post-WW2 modern architecture.
|Design District |
A small artsy neighborhood north of downtown.
|Coconut Grove |
On the coast south of downtown, with a cosmopolitan atmosphere.
|Little Havana |
A heavily Latin American neighborhood - now inhabited by Central and South Americans rather than Cubans.
A historic African-American neighborhood.
Flagler’s railroad sparked a wave of expansion in areas such as Miami Beach, Homestead and Cutler. Soon after the railroad was built, the Overseas Highway was created. This highway connected the Florida Keys to the mainland. Growth and progress in Miami continued through World War I and into the mid-1920s.
A devastating hurricane in 1926 halted Miami’s growth and temporarily put the city and Miami Beach in a recession. It was the city’s support of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal that helped the city rebuild. Roosevelt almost lost his life, however, when Giuseppe Zangara attempted to assassinate Roosevelt when he came to Miami to thank the city for its support of the New Deal.
When a German U-boat sank a US tanker off Florida’s coast, the majority of South Florida was converted into military headquarters for the remainder of World War II. The Army’s World War II legacy in Miami is a school designed for anti-U-boat warfare.
Following the Cuban revolution, Miami has become a haven for Cuban immigrants. The city has also been the base for cocaine smuggling, depicted in the 1983 film Scarface, and the Miami Vice series.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Because of its proximity to the Tropic of Cancer, Miami is generally hot. The summer months of June–September will see most daytime highs over 90°F (32°C). Combined with the region's humidity, these can make for stifling temperatures, both day and night. You won't see nearly a car or home without running air conditioning. Winters average an impressive 75°F (24°C) for daytime temperatures and nights are slightly cooler. During June to November, rain and thunderstorms can be expected and are most common in the afternoon hours. Rain is known to fall heavily for a few minutes, to stop entirely, and then to begin again. Knowing its mercurial nature, local residents often drive or go outside in rainy weather to enjoy its cooling effect or to make good use of breaks in the storm.
- Greater Miami and the Beaches Convention & Visitors Bureau, 27th floor of 701 Brickell Ave, ☏ . M-F 8:30AM-5PM.
Miami has the largest Latin American population outside of Latin America, with nearly 65% of its population either from Latin America or of Latin American ancestry. Spanish is a language often used for day-to-day discourse in many places, although English is the language of preference, especially when dealing with business and government. Many locals do not speak English, but this is usually centered among shops and restaurants in residential communities and rarely the case in large tourist areas or the downtown district. Even when encountering a local who does not speak English, you can easily find another local to help with translation if needed, since most of the population is fluently bilingual. In certain neighborhoods, such as Little Havana and Hialeah, most locals will address a person first in Spanish and then in English. "Spanglish", a mixture of English and Spanish, is a somewhat common occurrence (but less so than in the American Southwest), with bilingual locals switching between English and Spanish mid-sentence and occasionally replacing a common English word for its Spanish equivalent and vice versa.
Haitian Creole is another language heard primarily in northern Miami. It is common for a person to hear a conversation in this French-based Creole when riding public transportation or sitting at a restaurant. Many signs and public announcements are in English, Spanish and Haitian Creole because of Miami's diverse immigrant population. Unlike Spanish, Haitian Creole is generally centered among the Haitian neighborhoods in northern Miami. Most Haitians are more adapted to English than their Hispanic neighbors. Portuguese and French are other languages that may be encountered in Miami. These languages tend to be spoken mainly around tourist areas. Most speakers of these languages speak English as well.
- 1Miami International Airport (MIA IATA) (just west of the city in an unincorporated suburban area). The airport is an important hub for traffic between North America, the Caribbean and Latin America, and one of the largest airports in the world. As a result, Spanish is just as likely to be understood as English. The international traffic makes MIA a large and congested place. Be sure to allow extra time when departing MIA, particularly if flying internationally, as you may face an hour-long line just to check your bags. Curbside check-in is an excellent idea.
- At MIA, public transportation and car rental are at the new 2 [dead link] Miami Intermodal Center, which is a short shuttle train ride away from the terminals, follow signs for "MIAmover". The MIC is to become Miami's Grand Central station with hub connections of Metrorail station (for connections to Metromover), Greyhound, Megabus, Tri-Rail, taxis, Metrobus, and all car-rental facilities.
- For downtown Miami, take the Metrorail to Government Center station, where transfers are available to buses to most destinations. Many hotels are along the MetroMover which is one level down from the MetroRail Government Center station. Consult a map for the closest MetroMover station or bus route to your hotel. It costs $2.25 for the MetroRail to downtown Miami. You pay by purchasing an "EASY Card" or "EASY Ticket" fare card, which can be bought from the Metrorail station at MIA, or at Terminal E of MIA.
- If your destination is far from a MetroRail station, you may want to take a taxi or rent a car from the MIC instead.
- For Miami Beach, you may want to take the 150 express bus from the MIC.
- Fort Lauderdale International Airport (FLL IATA) is 25–40 minutes north of Miami proper, depending on traffic. It serves many fewer international routes than MIA, but it is smaller and less trafficked, making customs, immigration and security a bit easier to go through. Southwest Airlines, JetBlue, Spirit Airlines and other low-cost carriers generally use FLL instead of MIA, making FLL a cheaper alternative in many cases. Norwegian Air Shuttle operates low-cost routes to major cities in Europe and Scandinavia in particular.
- If you are arriving at FLL, there is a free shuttle to the nearby Tri-Rail train station. Tri-Rail trains connect West Palm Beach, Boca Raton, Fort Lauderdale and Miami (the Miami Airport station, not downtown Miami). The cheapest way to get to Miami is to take the #1 Broward County Bus to Aventura Mall and transfer to the S Miami-Dade bus to downtown Miami via South Beach. The 93 also goes to Miami from Aventura Mall. This option is inadvisable if travelling with a lot of luggage. At FLL, car rental facilities are more conveniently located in the parking garage adjacent to the terminals.
- 3 Miami-Opa Locka Executive Airport (OPF IATA) (16 miles north of downtown Miami). It's the preferred airport for general aviation and business jet travelers out of the Miami area, 10 minutes from Hard Rock Stadium (home of the Miami Dolphins), 35 minutes from Marlins Park (home of the Miami Marlins), 35 minutes from Downtown Miami, 30 minutes from Miami Beach, and 20 minutes from Miami International Airport. Air taxi and jet charter companies including as Jetset Charter and Miami Beach Jet Charter fly a variety of private charter aircraft and jets, from luxury Gulfstreams down to economical piston twins for small groups and individuals.
OPF and TMB offer 24 hour operations, private terminals, and customs & immigration services.
- See also: Rail travel in the United States
Amtrak runs two daily services from New York City, the Silver Meteor and Silver Star, via Washington, D.C., Savannah, Orlando, Tampa and other cities along the eastern coast. The two trains take slightly different routes; the Silver Meteor calls in Charleston while the Silver Star takes an inland route, calling in Raleigh and Columbia. Journey time from New York is about 28 hours but is often subject to delays.
- 4 Miami Amtrak station, 8303 NW 37th Ave. Located next to the Metro Rail Transfer Station, for connections to Tri-Rail and the local Metrorail. There's a waiting room and ticket office.
Brightline began an intercity passenger service from West Palm Beach via Fort Lauderdale to Miami in May 2018. There are up to seven departures per day, with frequency planned to increase over the next couple of years with no intermediate stops between Miami, Ft Lauderdale and West Palm Beach. An extension from Orlando International Airport is under construction and is expected to start service in 2021.
- 5 Miami Central, 600 NW 1st Ave. Centrally located with easy connections to Tri-Rail and Metromover. The modern station includes a lounge, wifi and a parking garage.
There is also a regional commuter rail system operating on a single route:
6 Tri Rail, ☏ . operates a regional rail service from Miami Airport up to Magnolia Park north of West Palm Beach via Fort Lauderdale, Boca Raton and Delray Beach. The train is connected to Miami International Airport and Ft Lauderdale Airport by shuttle bus or shuttle train. In Miami-Dade the train makes additional stops in 7 Hialeah Market Station; 8 Tri-Rail/MetroRail Transfer Station (nearest to Amtrak); 9 Opa Locka Station and 10 Golden Glades Station before crossing into Broward County towards Ft Lauderdale. Fares vary depending on how far you go. Tickets must be purchased before boarding the train from ticket vending machines at any of the stations or from ticket clerks at staffed stations. Tickets are checked on the trains and anyone found without a ticket is liable to a substantial fine.
There are three main highways coming into Miami. I-95 runs along the Atlantic coast of the United States and terminates in Miami. I-75 comes in from the midwestern United States and runs through Atlanta and Tampa before terminating in Miami. Florida's Turnpike is a toll road mainly useful for those driving in from Orlando. The only southbound route from Miami is U.S. Highway 1, which runs through the Florida Keys all the way to Key West.
Most of the local bus companies stop at Miami International Airport, the Intermodal Transportation Center (MIC) next to the airport, or the Cruise Terminal. Some of the companies such as Omnibus La Cubana have their own separate bus station, while others offer hotel pick ups and drop offs in Miami Beach, downtown or elsewhere.
- Flixbus, (bus stops) (Multiple locations) (There are more than 3 separate stops in Miami and Miami Beach. Check tickets for specific location.). Connects with the Orlando area via Port St Lucie, W Palm Beach and Ft Lauderdale. Multiple departures daily. From $15.
- 11 Greyhound Bus Lines, (bus station) 3801 W 21st (opposite side of the railroad tracks from the Intermodal Center; connected to Intermodal Center by pedestrian bridge), ☏ , toll-free: . Service from Atlanta, Orlando, Tampa, Naples and Jacksonville via Ft Lauderdale. They also go south to Key West via the Keys. They also have additional stops at 4450 NW 20th at NW 20th & Perimeter Rd and at American Chevron on 15821 NW 27th.
- Jet Set Express, (bus stop) Miami International Airport (Terminal J, Door 26 on the 2nd level), ☏ . Venue at stop open 24/7. Thrice-daily departures to Ft Pierce, Kissimmee, Orlando from the Miami International Airport and the Regency Hotel near the airport. They also have additional stops in Miami Beach, the cruise terminal and downtown Miami. Check schedules as those other stops are serviced once or twice daily.
- Keys Shuttle, (shuttle stop) Ground level between Terminals D & E at MIA (walk across the first set of taxi lanes, then across the second set of lanes for private vehicles. Once you have crossed both sets of lanes, you get to a wide median where “Public Bus Terminal” will be on your right hand side), ☏ , toll-free: . The company provides door-to-door service to the Keys from the Miami and Ft. Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airports (and vice versa).
- 12 Megabus, (bus station) 3801 W 21st (opposite side of the railroad tracks from the Intermodal Center; terminal connected from Intermodal Center by pedestrian bridge). Service from Orlando and Tampa.
- Miami to Key West Bus, Pre-arranged hotel pick up in Sunny Isle Beach, Miami Beach and downtown Miami, ☏ . Daily. Pick up for Orlando 5AM to 6AM and to Key West begin at 7:15AM. Motorcoach transportation services and escorted tours to Key West from Miami.They also offer one way transportation services to Orlando and local bus/boat tours in Miami.
- 13 Omnibus la Cubana, (Bus station) 1101 NW 22nd Ave (Strip mall at NW 22nd Ave & NW 11th St, across NW 22nd Ave from Fern Isle Park), ☏ . Connects Miami to New York City through Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Washington, DC; Elkton, Maryland; Philadelphia and New Jersey on a single route. In Florida they serve Miami, Ft Lauderdale, West Palm Beach, Deltona and Jacksonville. They have additional stops/ticket agencies with Classic Travel at 1339 Washington Ave in Miami Beach and Rapid Multiservices at 4026 W 12th Ave in Hialeah.
- 14 Palm Land Lines, (bus stop) Bayside Marketplace at 401 Biscayne Blvd. Connects Miami to Chicago through West Palm Beach, Vero Beach, Melbourne, Daytona Beach, St Augustine, Jacksonville, Tifton, Atlanta, etc etc.
- Our Bus (Operated by different bus companies on contract to Our Bus), Terminal B of the Port of Miami Cruise Terminal, ☏ . Operates service to/from Ft Lauderdale Airport, Tampa, Sarasota and Ft Myers. Fares range from $10 to $22 or more.
- Redcoach, (bus stop) 21 Miad Circle (Departure Level, Concourse H, red bus stop #5 at Miami International Airport), ☏ , toll-free: . Service from Tallahassee via Gainesville, Ocala, Orlando, W Palm Beach, Ft Lauderdale. They also run a separate route to Naples and Ft Myers from Miami.
- 15 Port of Miami. This is the world's busiest cruise port. Most passengers are shipping out (perhaps having flown in) for a cruise that will eventually return them to Miami, but one-way or open-jaw itineraries may be available. These are upmarket holidays in their own right, there are no point-to-point ferries to Miami.
By public transit
Miami's public transit system is the most diverse and extensive of any locality in Florida. If travel time is not a priority, it is possible to travel to all commercial areas and major attractions within Miami without a car. A map of transit run by Miami-Dade is available at this website.
Miami's bus system covers the entire county and connects to bus lines serving Broward County and the Greater Fort Lauderdale area. Sometimes buses still have a hard time remaining on schedule. Most routes run about once every 20 minutes, while the most popular routes may run every 5-10 minutes, sometimes with service all night long. One useful route is the S, which connects downtown Miami to all of Miami Beach, terminating at Avenutra Mall in north Miami-Dade.
The Metrorail is an elevated rail system serving Miami and surrounding cities, running 22.4 mi with 23 stations on two lines (green and orange). It connects many areas of tourist interest, including downtown Miami, Miami International Airport (Orange line only), Dadeland Mall, Vizcaya Museum and Gardens, Lowe Art Museum, Miami Museum of Science, Village at Merrick Park and many other nearby shopping areas. Coconut Grove and downtown Coral Gables can be reached via short shuttle bus from various stations. The two Metrorail lines share common tracks through the core, before splitting near the airport. Metrorail operates between roughly 5AM and midnight, with a bus serving all Metrorail stations operating in the overnight hours, effectively providing 24-hour service.
Fare for a single trip on both Metrorail and Metrobus is $2.25 per ride ($1 for persons with disabilities or on Medicare). Day, weekly, and monthly pass are available. Miami-Dade Transit's fare card system is known as EASY Card. Though exact change/cash is still accepted on all Metrobus routes, an EASY Card is required for riding the Metrorail, and for using the free transfers offered between an unlimited number of bus routes, and a single Metrorail ride. The fare card software does not allow passbacks. Any remaining transit tokens you may have can no longer be exchanged for EASY Card credit, and are not accepted as fare. Additional information on fares, routes and schedules can be found here, or by ☏ .
Downtown Miami is served by a free elevated people mover system known as Metromover, which connects to Metrorail at two stations: Government Center in the central business district, and Brickell Station in Brickell. Metromover is free of charge and is the most efficient way to move around Downtown Miami. It is a great way to take a rest when walking around downtown, and a great time to take pictures of the skyscrapers and growing Miami skyline from above.
Tri-Rail is a commuter rail system linking Miami, Fort Lauderdale, and West Palm Beach. There are a total of 18 stations in and between those cities. Tri-Rail offers frequent trains (at least one per hour) on weekdays, and less frequent trains on weekends. Check the website or call +1-800-TRI-RAIL for stop and schedule information.
Taxis are generally expensive, with a fixed $2.50 charge plus $0.40 for each sixth of a mile traveled. Almost all local cab companies have fixed rates for travel to Miami Beach and other beach and nightclub communities popular with tourists, ranging from $30–60 depending on arrival location. For example, South Beach may be the most expensive, while a residential neighborhood in Miami Beach may be the cheapest. The charge is the same regardless of pick-up location on the mainland. All taxis are fitted with maps of the barrier islands which state the cost per location. The same applies for passengers leaving the islands onto the mainland, though normal rates apply for travel within the islands or within the mainland.
Service is available throughout Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach, and Monroe counties regardless of pick-up location. The normal service charges apply for these four counties, but it is wise to ask for a pre-determined price beforehand if leaving the county, as this will usually be cheaper and most drivers are willing to negotiate when leaving the county. If you wish to be taken to a location outside of those four counties, you must negotiate a price and advise the cab company first. Drivers may refuse to drive outside of the metropolitan area if they are not advised to do so beforehand.
Usually you will have to call a cab company and request a pick-up. For safety and legal reasons, taxis operated by the major companies are not normally allowed to pick up passengers at random locations except at MIA, the Port of Miami, and train stations. Some individual taxi drivers will not follow this rule, however, so you can try hailing a taxi in the street. A significant and notable exception to this rule is the South Beach section of Miami Beach. For all intents and purposes, taxis can be flagged from the street on the island like one would in New York City. This trend has begun spreading into downtown Miami due to the increased redevelopment and foot traffic downtown, but should not be relied upon if you have a schedule to keep.
All taxi drivers must have a valid license to operate. It is uncommon to hear of crimes involving unlicensed taxis anywhere in the metropolitan area, since Dade County keeps track of all taxi activity in and around Miami and cooperates with other counties in getting this information. If you enter a cab and do not see a valid license placed in front of the passenger's seat, you should not enter the taxi and instead call another cab company regardless of what the driver says. If you willingly enter a taxi without a license or with an expired license and there is an incident or accident, it is possible that you may not be able to hold the driver accountable by law. When entering a cab you should make note of the driver's name, license number and cab number if any problems arise during the trip. This information should be easily found inside the taxi. It may be able to help you identify the cab driver to the police or the cab company.
Unless you plan to stay downtown or in a single location elsewhere, you will find that a car is very convenient in Miami, and car rentals are cheap in comparison to other major US cities.
Surface roads in Miami are usually easy to navigate. The area's roads are designed around a grid system, where most roads are numbered based on their distance from the city center. The two main axis roads are Miami Avenue (running north to south) and Flagler Street (running east to west). These two roads intersect in downtown Miami, the county's symbolic center. All avenues run north to south, while all streets run east to west. For example, the address, "9500 NW 30th Street" would be at the intersection of NW 30th Street (to the west of Miami Avenue, and 30 blocks north of Flagler Street) and NW 95th Avenue (north of Flagler Street, and 95 blocks west of Miami Avenue). Most roads in Miami conform to this nomenclature, but due to the more than 30 municipalities within Miami-Dade County, there are a few exceptions to be aware of. Examples include Coral Gables, the Coconut Grove section of Miami (city proper), Miami Lakes, and Hialeah. Hialeah is particularly notorious because it uses its own grid system, in addition to the overall county system. For example, NW 103rd Street is also marked as E 49th Street, or W 49th Street in Hialeah.
In Broward County, the roads are numbered based on their distance from the Fort Lauderdale city center, which is generally the same going east-west but will be very different going north-south. Most of the municipalities in Broward County use their own limited grid systems as well. Some street names also change at the county line. The coastline highway, A1A, is known as "Collins Avenue" in Miami, but becomes "Ocean Drive" in Broward. Likewise, "Red Road" in Miami becomes "Flamingo Road" in Broward.
Miami has four primary expressways. In addition to I-95 and Florida’s Turnpike, there is state highway 836 (also known as the Dolphin Expressway) and state highway 826 (also known as the Palmetto Expressway). The Dolphin Expressway runs west from downtown Miami along the edge of Miami International Airport. The Palmetto Expressway and Florida's Turnpike form "F"-shaped loops around the city. The Turnpike continues north, roughly parallel to I-95, and will take you to Orlando if you keep driving. I-95, the Palmetto and the Turnpike intersect at a junction in North Miami called the Golden Glades. You may find driving in the Glades challenging, especially if you have little experience driving in it.
The area's drivers are particularly aggressive. This shouldn't discourage anyone from using the roadways, but a passive approach to Miami driving can save you from an unwanted exchange with another driver, or even worse an accident. Posted speed limits are ignored by most drivers, especially on larger roads with lower speed limits. Two examples are I-95 and state road 826 (the Palmetto Expressway). The eastern portion of state road 836 (the Dolphin Expressway) between Miami International Airport and downtown Miami handles traffic that exceeds its capacity, and contains several left-hand exits, including the eastbound off-ramp to Lejuene Road (NW 42nd Avenue), which is the posted route, and the quickest route to Miami International Airport.
Of course, if you're in Miami, you'll want to spend some time on the beach. The only beach inside Miami city limits is Virginia Beach. However, there are many other beaches nearby in South Florida, from Tequesta all the way to Key West. As Miami has pretty temperate weather, the beaches will be active all year round, but the water will usually be too cold for locals to swim in during winter. The city of Miami Beach is closest to Miami, on a barrier island across Biscayne Bay, and is most famous for its South Beach party scene. Topless sunbathing is allowed in Miami Beach, and if you want to take it all off, go to Haulover Beach in North Beach.
The Miami Marlins (baseball) play in the Little Havana neighborhood, while the Miami Heat (basketball) play in Downtown Miami. Three other major league teams play in the suburbs of Miami - the Miami Dolphins (American football) in Miami Gardens, and the Florida Panthers (hockey) and Inter Miami CF (soccer) in Broward County.
The Miami area also has three major college sports programs. The Miami Hurricanes (University of Miami) play most sports at the university's campus in Coral Gables, but the football team plays at the Dolphins' stadium in Miami Gardens. The FIU Panthers (Florida International University) are located in the unincorporated area of University Park just to the west of the Miami city limits, and the Florida Atlantic Owls (also FAU Owls; Florida Atlantic University) are in Boca Raton in Palm Beach County.
Grand Prix: Formula One motor racing is held in May at the Miami International Autodrome, a temporary street circuit set up at the Dolphins' home of Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens.
There are very few city-wide events planned during Jul and Aug because of the high temperatures during the summer in Miami.
- Ultra Music Festival. Streets of downtown Miami. People from around the world flock to Miami every March for its notorious Ultra Music Festival. It’s a three-day and -night festival that includes the most famous DJs in the music industry. Tickets usually range from $300–600 from the three-day festival and increase in price as it gets closer to the show in March. The show sells out almost every year so be sure to get your tickets as soon as possible.
- Calle Ocho (Southwest 8th St. between 11th and 27th ave). The largest Hispanic street festival in Miami. It’s a one-day festival that features contests, concerts and food. There is also a carnival that takes place in a lot to the left of Florida International University’s main entrance. The carnival is on the same day as Calle Ocho. The festival is usually held in March on Calle Ocho. It is free except for parking if you bring your car.
- . A festival that consists of ten events along the course of ten days during the weeks of late February and early March. The Kiwanis club of little Havana (little Cuba) hosts this festival full of music, international foods, concerts, sports, culinary competitions, galas and upscale Latin jazz festival.
- Independence Day. City-wide. Held on July 4. The Miami skyline is illuminated by fireworks on the “birth date” of the United States. While Key Biscayne has great views of the fireworks show, Bayfront Park has live music as well as a laser show.
- King Mango Strut, Main Avenue and Grand Avenue in Coconut Grove, ☏ . Held after Christmas, this parade began as a parody of current events as well as the Orange Bowl Parade. The Orange Bowl Parade, unlike its famous Rose Bowl counterpart, is no longer held anymore, but the King Mango Strut is still having a good time making fun of the previous year’s follies.
Miami-Dade College, with more than 165,000 students, is the U.S.' largest institution of higher learning, and one of the country's best community college systems. This community college has locations in Hialeah, Homestead, Kendall, Downtown Miami, and North Miami and also has locations all around Miami proper. In Coral Gables is the University of Miami, one of the best-known universities in Florida. One of the state's largest universities, Florida International University (more commonly FIU), is in University Park, just to the west of the Miami city limits.
If you are not from the U.S., you will need a work visa. If you try to work while holding a tourist visa, you are still considered an illegal immigrant in the U.S. Immigration and Nationalization Services conduct frequent illegal immigrant checks in Miami businesses since Miami has numerous refugees from Cuba, Haiti and other nearby countries. If you don’t have the right visa, you may not get a job in Miami.
There is an exception to getting work without a visa in Miami, however. Since yachts and cruise ships sail on international waters, these companies can freely hire any person they like. Non-US citizens will still require a valid seaman's visa, however, to land in US ports.
There is a 7% sales tax in Miami.
Groceries and other basics
The major supermarket chains in Miami are Publix, Walmart, Winn Dixie, Sedanos, and Aldi. In addition many specialty and organic supermarkets such as Whole Foods Market, Trader Joe's, and Fresh Market can also be found in Miami.
Foodies and chefs alike herald Miami for its unique American cuisine. Created in the 1990s, the cuisine alternatively known as New World, Nuevo Latino or Florribean cuisine blends local produce, Latin American and Caribbean culinary tradition and the technical skills required in European cooking. Nuevo Latino is said to be the brainchild of four chefs: Allen Susser, Norman Van Aken, Mark Militello and Douglas Rodriguez. All of them still work in Miami and most of them work at the restaurants they created in the 1990s. New World is not restricted to these chefs’ menus. This cuisine influences several restaurants around the city to this day.
Miami may be known for its Latin American cuisine (especially its Cuban cuisine but also cuisines from South American countries such as Colombia), but there are other different kinds of restaurants to be found around the city. In addition to stand-alone Chinese, Japanese, Middle Eastern, and Italian (among others) restaurants, there are cafés, steakhouses and restaurants operating from boutique hotels, as well as chain restaurants such as TGI Fridays and Ben & Jerry’s.
Miami is known for having nightclubs double as restaurants throughout the city. Most of these restaurants, such as Tantra, BED and the Pearl Restaurant and Champagne Lounge (attached to Nikki Beach), are found throughout South Beach. However, some of these restaurants/nightclubs like Grass Lounge can be found in the Design District (north of downtown but south of North Miami).
If many of Miami’s premiere restaurants don’t fit into your daily budget, consider eating during Miami Restaurant Month (better known as Miami Spice) in August and September.
Miami’s dining scene reflects burgeoning diversity, mixing exotic newcomer restaurants with long-standing institutions, often seasoned by Latin influence and hot winds of the Caribbean. New World cuisine, a culinary counterpart to accompany Miami’s New World Symphony, provides a loose fusion of Latin, Asian, and Caribbean flavors utilizing fresh, area-grown ingredients. Innovative restaurateurs and chefs similarly reel in patrons with Floribbean-flavored seafood fare, while keeping true to down-home Florida favorites.
Don't be fooled by the plethora of super lean model types you're likely to see posing throughout Miami. Contrary to popular belief, dining in this city is as much a sport as the in-line skating on Ocean Drive. With over 6,000 restaurants to choose from, dining out in Miami has become a passionate pastime for locals and visitors alike. Its star chefs have fused Californian-Asian with Caribbean and Latin elements to create a world-class flavor all its own: Floribbean. Think mango chutney splashed over fresh swordfish or a spicy sushi sauce served alongside Peruvian ceviche.
Whatever you're craving, Miami's got it—with the exception of decent Chinese food and a New York-style slice of pizza. On the mainland—especially in Coral Gables, and, more recently, downtown and on Brickell Avenue—you can also experience fine, creative dining without the pretense.
There are several Peruvian restaurants at SW 88th Street and SW 137th Avenue in Kendale Lakes. Take the 88 or 288 buses from Dadeland North train station. This is kind of out of the way, but it is worth it.
Nightlife in Miami consists of upscale hotel clubs, independent bars frequented by locals (including sports bars) and nightclubs. Most hotel bars and independent bars turn the other cheek at your physical appearance, but you have to dress to impress (which does not mean dress like a stripper) to get into a nightclub. Also remember to never, under any circumstances, insult the doormen and/or nightclub employees that will grant you entry or touch the velvet ropes or you may as well be sitting on the opposite side of the clamoring masses trying to get in. Attempting to tip the doormen and claiming that you know employees that work in the nightclubs (unless you actually called and reserved a table or a spot on the VIP list) is also considered an affront. Getting to the club unfashionably early and pushing through the crowd (and not the doormen) also can help make you stand out in the crowd. Finally, most nightclubs won’t admit groups of men unless those men are waiting in front of a gay bar. Bring some women or leave the pack if you’re desperate to get in. And once you get in, remember that the charge to get in these clubs can cost up to $20—cash only (some clubs, however, mercifully have ATMs—that can charge up to $7 for a withdrawal). Popular drinks in Miami include the Cuba Libre and the mojito.
Miami is known for its boutique hotels (especially those in South Beach). Designers such as Ian Schrager (the Delano, Shore Club), André Balazs (Raleigh, Standard on Belle Isle) and Todd Oldham (the Hotel) helped put South Beach on the map with their creative hotel designs. The downside of many of the boutique hotels is that rooms can be small, particularly if the building was built during the height of the Art Deco period in Miami. If you value space, a boutique hotel may not be the type of hotel for you. If you don't need to stay in a boutique hotel (and value space), Miami has several upscale high-rise hotels north and south of South Beach, as well as near the downtown area. Miami does have its share of less costly chain hotels for those who value space and/or money.
The high season for hotels is around Nov to Apr because of the lower temperatures. However, Miami's lower temperatures, in comparison to the majority of the United States around this time, are still warm. High season is also marked by the advent of many Miami events, such as the Winter Music Conference and Spring Break. If you wish to reserve a room during Miami’s high season, especially at a boutique hotel or a hotel on South Beach, you should book months in advance.
Hotels must charge a 12.5% room tax and some hotels may add a 15% service charge which may or may not be added if you reserve a room through the hotel, through a travel agent or agency (either in person or using an online site).
The cost of services in hotels can be pricey just like hotels elsewhere in the world but you can seek out local services within walking distances or online such as the popular Oliom. laundry service for hotel guests .
Some hotels offer garage or valet parking; check with your hotel about parking before booking a room if you wish to drive around Miami.
Miami-Dade County is served by an overlay complex of two area codes: 305 and 786. This means that 10-digit dialing is always required. The overlay also applies to the Florida Keys (Monroe County).
In addition to some of the places listed in Eat and Miami International Airport, several hotels have internet access—both LAN connections and wireless—but it is not free in all hotels. Check with your hotel to see if internet access is free or for a fee.
Several cafes have wireless internet connections, but depending on the café internet access may incur a fee. Unless it’s a nation-wide chain offering free internet access like Starbucks, check with your café to inquire about whether your internet access is charged separately from your meal.
There has been talk of free wireless to be installed all over Miami Beach and the Miami-Dade area, but nothing has been done about this yet.
- Miami-Dade Public Library System, ☏ (main branch number) – Free Wi-Fi at any of the system’s libraries.
- D’Vine Cyber Lounge, 910 Collins Ave, ☏ . Local area connection $5, Wi-Fi $3 (without purchase of food).
Miami's crime rate is a routine topic of news media, but the city is only relatively dangerous for the passing tourist in certain areas. Almost all crime is related to the illegal drug trade, owing to Miami's proximity to the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, which makes it a major transit point for narcotics from South America. Overtown (next to Liberty City) has the highest violent crime rate in the city and is best avoided altogether. Opa-locka/Miami Garden and Little Haiti are also best avoided at night. If you are in any crime-afflicted neighborhood, take the same precautions as you would in other dangerous neighborhoods in the US: mind your own business, be aware of your surroundings at night and in high-traffic areas, get to your destination quickly, and avoid wearing flashy jewelry and electronics.
The emergency telephone number for fire, police and rescue emergencies is 911. If you require non-emergency assistance, do not call 911. To contact police in a non-emergency situation, call +1 305 4POLICE.
There are a lot of consulates in Miami. In addition to the list below, the consulates for Barbados, Colombia, El Salvador, Italy, Monaco (Honorary), Norway (Honorary), Spain and Thailand (Honorary) are in nearby Coral Gables and the consulates (all honorary) for the Czech Republic, Denmark, Mali, the Philippines and Sweden are in Fort Lauderdale, about 30 minutes' drive to the north. Full listings for these consulates and honorary consulates are in the articles for those cities:
- Antigua and Barbuda, Ingraham Building, 25 SE 2nd Ave, Ste 300, ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Argentina, 1101 Brickell Ave. Suite 900 North Tower, ☏ , fax: .
- Austria (Honorary), 2445 Hollywood Blvd., Hollywood, ☏ , fax: , office@AustrianConsulateMiami.com.
- The Bahamas, 100 Biscayne Blvd #900,, ☏ , fax: , email@example.com. M-F 9AM-3PM.
- Belgium (Honorary), 990 Biscayne Blvd, Office #701, ☏ , firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Bolivia, 700 S Royal Poinciana Blvd., Miami Springs, ☏ , fax: , email@example.com.
- Brazil, 3150 SW 38th Avenue Ste 100, ☏ , fax: . Serves Florida, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands
- Bulgaria (Honorary), 100 SE 2nd Street - Suite 4200, ☏ , firstname.lastname@example.org. By Appointment.
- Canada, 200 S Biscayne Blvd Ste 1600, ☏ , fax: , email@example.com.
- Chile, 800 Brickell Ave., Ste 1200, ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org. M-F 9AM-2PM.
- Costa Rica, 2730 SW 3rd Ave., Ste 401, ☏ . By Appointment Only.
- Dominican Republic, 1038 Brickell Ave., ☏ , fax: , email@example.com. M-F 8AM-1PM, Sa 9AM-noon.
- Ecuador, 117 NW 42nd Ave., Stes. CU-4 & CU-5, ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org.
- France, 1395 Brickell Ave Ste 1050, Espirito Santo Plaza, ☏ , fax: , email@example.com.
- Germany, 100 N Biscayne Blvd Ste 2200, ☏ , fax: .
- Greece, 400 N Tampa St Ste 1160, Tampa FL 33602, ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org. M-F 10AM-2PM. Serving the states of Alabama, Florida and Mississippi
- Grenada, 11900 Biscayne Boulevard Suite 740, North Miami, ☏ , fax: , email@example.com.
- Guatemala, 1101 Brickell Ave., Ste 603-S, ☏ , fax: . M-F 8AM-3PM.
- Guyana (Honorary), 795 NW 72nd St., ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Haiti, 259 SW 13th St., Ste 3, ☏ , fax: , email@example.com.
- Honduras, 7171 Coral Way, Ste 311, ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Israel, 100 Biscayne Blvd., Ste. 1800, ☏ , fax: , email@example.com.
- Jamaica, Courthouse Tower, 44 W Flagler St, ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org. M-F 9AM-noon.
- Japan, 80 SW 8th St., Ste 3200, Brickell Bay View Centre, ☏ , fax: , email@example.com. M-F 9AM-12:30PM and 1:30PM-5PM. Jurisdiction in Florida only. Residents of Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands are directed to the Consulate General of Japan in New York.
- Luxembourg (Honorary), 9661 Falconer Way, Estero, ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Mexico, 1399 SW 1st Ave, ☏ , fax: , email@example.com.
- Netherlands, 701 Brickell Ave Suite 1600, ☏ , toll-free: , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org. M-F 9AM-noon (by appointment only).
- [dead link] Nicaragua, 1332 W Flagler St., ☏ , fax: , email@example.com.
- Norway (Honorary), 806 S. Douglas Rd., Suite 580, Coral Gables, ☏ , firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Panama, 5775 Blue Lagoon Dr., Ste. 200, ☏ , fax: , email@example.com.
- Paraguay, Downtown Miami Partnership, 25 SE 2nd Ave., Ste. 720, ☏ , toll-free: , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org.
- [formerly dead link] Peru, 444 Brickell Ave., Suite M-135, Edificio Rivergate Plaza, ☏ , , toll-free: , fax: , email@example.com.
- [formerly dead link] Portugal (Honorary), 2301 SW 22nd Avenue, ☏ , firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Romania, 1101 Brickell Ave, suite N 600, ☏ , email@example.com.
- St. Lucia, 1101 Brickell Ave., Ste. 1602.
- Singapore (Honorary), K-1 USA Ventures, Inc., 2601 S Bayshore Dr., Ste 900, Coconut Grove, ☏ , fax: , SGreen@sg-miami-consulate.org.
- Suriname, 7205 Corporate Center Dr., Ste 302, ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Switzerland (Honorary), 825 Brickell Bay Dr., Ste. 1450, ☏ , fax: , email@example.com.
- Taiwan (Taipei Economic and Cultural Office), 5301 Blue Lagoon Dr., Ste 150, ☏ , toll-free: .
- Trinidad and Tobago, 1000 Brickell Ave., Ste 800, ☏ , fax: , Consulate@ttcgmiami.com.
- Tunisia (Honorary), 1236 SW 21st Terr., ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Turkey, 80 SW 8th St Suite 2700, ☏ , email@example.com.
- United Kingdom, 1001 Brickell Bay Dr Ste 2800, ☏ .
- Uruguay, 2103 Coral Way, Ste 600, ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Venezuela, 1101 Brickell Ave., North Tower, Ste 300, ☏ , fax: , email@example.com.
- Miami Herald, 1 Herald Place, ☏ . The city’s main newspaper that is read throughout the city, state and various places such as university libraries across the nation.
- El Nuevo Herald, 1 Herald Place, ☏ . Spanish-language version of the Herald.
- South Florida Sun-Sentinel, 200 E. Las Olas Blvd, Fort Lauderdale, ☏ . News concerning South Florida (including Miami).
- Miami New Times, 2800 Biscayne Blvd, ☏ , fax: . An alternative, free weekly newspaper which focuses on lesser-known news as well as movies and local events ranging from current theatrical productions to the Winter Music Conference.
- Miami Today News, 710 Brickell Avenue, ☏ . Miami business news.
- Diario Las Americas, 2900 N.W. 39 Street, ☏ , fax: . Spanish-language news focusing on Latin America.
- Biscayne Times, 9325 Park Drive, Suite C. News concerning Northern Miami communities and some Miami communities located in the city (i.e. the Design District).
- Miami Living Magazine, Suite 50, 1602 Alton Rd, ☏ , fax: . Magazine focusing on food and nightlife.
- Home Miami, 445 North Andrews Ave, Fort Lauderdale, ☏ , fax: , firstname.lastname@example.org. Homes for sale and interior design.
- Ocean Drive, Suite 650, 404 Washington Ave, ☏ , fax: . Fashion and events in South Beach.
- Ocean Drive Español, Suite 650, 404 Washington Ave, ☏ , fax: . Spanish-language edition of Ocean Drive.
- [fortlauderdalelimoservices.com Press Release 365], 1700 N Federal Hwy, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33305, ☏ , fax: . Miami-based news outlet specializing in breaking-news and press release distribution services.
- Press Release 365, Suite 210, 11900 Biscayne Blvd, ☏ , fax: . Miami-based news outlet specializing in breaking-news and press release distribution services.
- Miami Beach - Popular vacation destination minutes away from the city proper, with frequent bus service.
- The Port of Miami is a major cruise ship embarkation port.
- Biscayne National Park - The largest marine park in the National Park System.
- Everglades National Park - Third largest national park in the United States, home to several animals native to Florida.
- Boca Raton - Wealthy South Floridian neighborhood. Accessible by TriRail.
- Delray Beach - In addition to the beach, there's a buzzing nightlife scene. Accessible by Amtrak or TriRail.
- The Florida Keys are south of Miami on US 1, and Key West is 3 hours away.
- Fort Lauderdale is only 30 minutes north, and home to Port Everglades, another cruise ship embarkation port. Accessible by Greyhound or TriRail.
- West Palm Beach is about 90 miles north on I-95. Accessible by Amtrak, Greyhound, TriRail and Virgin Trains high-speed rail.
- Orlando and its major theme parks is about 4 hours away on the Turnpike. Also accessible by Amtrak, Greyhound, and Megabus.
- The Space Coast is about 4 hours away on I-95.
|Routes through Miami (by long-distance rail)|
|Orlando ← Hollywood ←||N S||→ END|
|Tampa ← Hollywood ←||N S||→ END|
|Routes through Miami (by car)|
|Tampa ← Hialeah ←||N S||→ END|
|Fort Lauderdale ← North Miami Beach ←||N S||→ END|
|Fort Lauderdale ← North Miami Beach ←||N S||→ Coral Gables → Key West|
|Ocala ← Hialeah ←||N S||→ Miami Beach → END|
|Tampa ← Big Cypress National Preserve ←||N S||→ Miami Beach → END|
|Fort Lauderdale ← Miami Beach ←||N S||→ END|
|Routes through Miami (by commuter rail and mass transit)|
|Medley ← Hialeah ←||W S||→ Coral Gables → Kendall|
|END ← Miami International Airport ←||W S||→ Coral Gables → Kendall|
|West Palm Beach ← Hollywood ←||N S||→ Hialeah → Miami International Airport|