Download GPX file for this article
59.8015.24Map mag.png

Svealand

From Wikivoyage
(Redirected from Uppland)
Europe > Nordic countries > Sweden > Svealand
Jump to: navigation, search

Svealand [ˈsveːaˈland] is the middle of the three lands of Sweden, between Götaland and Norrland. It contains Stockholm, as well as a mixed landscape, with archipelagos and plains in the east, forests in the west, and snowy mountains in the north.

Provinces[edit]

Sweden is divided between traditional provinces, landskap, and modern counties, län; sometimes but not always coinciding. These are used interchangeably on Wikivoyage.

Svealand regions
  Dalarna (Dalabergslagen, Siljansbygden and Västerdalarna)
A province known for many icons of Swedish folk culture, such as Midsummer celebration and the Dala Horse. Snowy mountains with ski resorts.
  Närke (Örebro, Kumla, Hallsberg, Askersund)
A fertile plain in Sweden's demographic centre.
  Södermanland County (Nyköping, Eskilstuna, Katrineholm, Strängnäs and Mariefred)
A varied landscape of manors, farms, lakes and forests.
  Stockholm County (Stockholm, Stockholm archipelago, Ekerö, Södertälje, Södertörn, Norrort and Norrtälje)
The capital's urban area spans across the maritime parts of Uppland and Södermanland provinces, including several Royal Palaces, thousands of archipelago islands, and city-life as well as quiet countryside.
  Uppsala County (Uppsala, Östhammar, Tierp, Älvkarleby, Knivsta, Enköping)
Contains most of Uppland, with fertile plains, and the cradle of the Swedish nation in the millennial city of Uppsala.
  Värmland (Karlstad, Värmlands bergslag, Hagfors, Arvika, Kil)
Deep forests and elongated lakes, known for storytelling, by writers such as Selma Lagerlöf and Gustav Fröding.
  Västmanland (Västerås, Arboga, Hällefors and Grythyttan, Norberg, Fagersta)
A forested province containing much of the traditional Bergslagen mining district.

Cities[edit]

Stockholm has been Sweden's capital, and most important city in most aspects, since the 16th century.
  • Stockholm is Sweden's capital and largest city.
  • Falun is a skiing centre known for the copper mine in the middle of the city.
  • Karlstad is an industrial city at lake Vänern.
  • Strängnäs and Mariefred are Medieval cities with a heritage railway and Gripsholm Castle.
  • Mora is a small town in Dalarna, with the home of realist painter Anders Zorn, and the finish line of Vasaloppet.
  • Nyköping is a Medieval city, and the gateway to the world, with the Oxelösund port and Skavsta airport.
  • Uppsala is a university city with a thousand years of history, back to the Viking age.
  • Västerås is Sweden's fifth largest city; founded in AD 990, today known for robotic industry.
  • Örebro has an impressive castle.

Other destinations[edit]

Bergslagen, the cradle of Swedish metal industry

Bergslagen is a loosely defined region which contains Västmanland, as well as parts of neighbouring provinces: Dalabergslagen in southern Dalarna, Värmlands bergslag in eastern Värmland, Närke, Uppland, and Södermanland. Since prehistoric times, and most prominently during the 17th century Swedish Empire, the area was a powerhouse of mining and metal industry, with advanced technology for its age. Today, only a few mines and industries remain operational, but many of them are preserved.

Understand[edit]

See also: Vikings and the Old Norse, Nordic history
Mälaren, the largest of several lakes in Svealand.

The natives of Svealand named themselves svear, called Suiones by Roman historians. While lake Mälaren used to be part of the Baltic Sea, it was the base of Old Norse culture, and some of the inhabitants travelled far overseas: the Vikings. In the 11th century, Svealand was christianized, and united with Götaland, to form Sweden, with Sigtuna, Uppsala and later Stockholm as a centre of power. In modern times, Svealand hardly has any role as a cultural identifier. If Swedish people are ever patriotic, it is usually for their province or city.

In the 16th century, the soon-to-be king Gustav Vasa took refuge in the province Dalarna to avoid the Danes, who had massacred 80 Swedish noblemen on the Great Square in Stockholm. Here he got support from the peasants, and formed an uprising. He contracted German mercenaries, and finally liberated Stockholm.

The Swedish metal industry rose during the 17th century, with aid from Walloon craftsmen. The Industrial Revolution saw the foundation of several big corporations, such as ASEA (now ABB), and AGA. During the 20th century, many small inland towns have been depopulated and deindustrialized, while Stockholm is currently one of Europe's fastest growing cities.

Get in[edit]

Stockholm-Arlanda Airport ARN IATA (Sigtuna), Stockholm-Skavsta Airport NYO IATA (Nyköping) and Stockholm-Bromma Airport BMA IATA (Stockholm/Västerort) are major international airports in Svealand.

The airports in Oslo (Oslo Airport, Gardermoen, Moss and Sandefjord) might also be useful.

Baltic Sea ferries arrive in Stockholm, Nynäshamn and Kapellskär, from Åland, Finland, Estonia and Latvia.

National rail carrier SJ runs trains from Oslo and Copenhagen to Stockholm.

Get around[edit]

There are several rail and bus lines serving the area (see rail and bus in Sweden). Roads are in good condition (see driving in Sweden).

See[edit]

Svealand is full of red farmhouses, many of them for rent.

Glamorous cities such as Stockholm, Uppsala and Västerås, as well as quaint villages with rich folk culture, and great lakeside views.

Do[edit]

Though there are plenty of forests in Svealand, even around Stockholm, the nearest village is rarely more than ten kilometres away. This makes Svealand good for outdoor life, such as hiking, winter sport, and swimming.

Go next[edit]

This region travel guide to Svealand is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!