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Indigenous cultures of North America

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The indigenous peoples of North America are the tribes and nations whose ancestors were already on the continent when European explorers and colonizers arrived. The largest group are American Indians, whom the Canadian government call First Nations; they arrived before 10,000 BC, inhabited most of the continent, and are closely related to the Indians of South America. Groups that arrived later inhabited less hospitable northern areas, the Eskimo or Inuit in Alaska, Northern Canada and Greenland, and the Aleuts in the Aleutian Islands.


Cultural areas of North America at time of Spanish contact

There have been hundreds of indigenous nations and tribes; some extinct, others alive today. Here are some main categories, based on geographic locations.


Map of Indigenous cultures of North America

Southwest US and Northern Mexico[edit]


See also[edit]

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