Travel topics > Cultural attractions > Indigenous cultures of North America
The Indigenous Peoples of North America, also known as the First Nations or American Indians, are the tribes and nations in North America whose ancestors first arrived on the continent in 10,000 BC or earlier.
There have been hundreds of indigenous nations and tribes; some extinct, others alive today. Here are some main categories, based on geographic locations.
- Plateau — Southeastern British Columbia, eastern Washington (state).
- Northeastern — In the Mid-Atlantic and eastern Canada.
- Southeastern — In the Southern United States.
- 1 Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site, Illinois.
- 2 Moundsville, West Virginia.
- Ohio prehistoric sites
- Anasazi Heritage Center (near Cortez, Colorado).
- Aztec Ruins National Monument (near Aztec, New Mexico).
- 3 Bandelier National Monument (near Los Alamos, New Mexico).
- Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, Southwestern Colorado. Contains more than 6,000 archaeological sites, representing Ancestral Puebloan and other Native American cultures.
- 4 Copper Canyon (In the Mexican state of Chihuahua).
- 5 Hovenweep National Monument (near Cortez, Colorado).
- 6 Mesa Verde National Park (near Cortez, Colorado).
- Navajo Nation