There have been 44 individuals to fill the role of President of the United States between 1789 and today (including two non-consecutive terms for Grover Cleveland). This article discusses sights related to these presidents.
Role in government
The President is the head of the Executive Branch of the U.S. Government, responsible for enforcing Federal laws that are on the books and have the power to sign or veto bills (prospective laws) passed by Congress. After the initial Founding Father generation died off, the Presidency was often seen as a weak office with notable exception Andrew Jackson, who defied the will of the Supreme Court, and James K. Polk, who launched the Mexican American War. But over time, beginning with the American Civil War, the role of the President has expanded tremendously, leading to talk of an "imperial presidency". However, even after 1865 many presidents exercised less authority than did Lincoln with Theodore Roosevelt being the first to turn the presidency into the undoubtedly most powerful position in the country after that had become uncommon. The powers Presidents of the late 20th and 21st century are most associated with are foreign policy, war and peace, and the "bully pulpit" of being able to have their public statements immediately receive TV and newspaper coverage. Similarly when the president announces a major speech or wishes to address the nation, TV stations will go so far as preempt regularly scheduled programming on short notice. This was not the way newspapers treated presidents in the 19th century.
- George Washington (U), 1789–1797 – The only President to run without a party affiliation, also considered the father of the nation. Many monuments, schools, and even a U. S. state and the capital are named in his honor.
- John Adams (F), 1797–1801 – First Vice President and also one of the founders.
- Thomas Jefferson (D-R), 1801–1809 – Principal author of the U.S. Constitution. As President, negotiated the Louisiana Purchase from France which doubled the land area of the U.S., then sent Meriwether Lewis and William Clark west from St. Louis on a voyage to explore the new territory. His gravestone does not mention him being President.
- James Madison (D-R), 1809–1817 – Considered the "Father of the Bill of Rights" Led the US through the War of 1812.
- James Monroe (D-R), 1817–1825 – President during the post-War of 1812 "Era of Good Feelings", a brief period of remarkable political unity in which there was only one political party (Monroe ran for reelection unopposed, the only president ever to do so.) Asserted the Monroe Doctrine, proscribing future European colonization of the Americas. Acquired Florida from Spain, and portions of modern-day North Dakota and Minnesota from Britain.
- John Quincy Adams (D-R), 1825–1829 – Son of John Adams, became an opponent of slavery after leaving the White House.
- Andrew Jackson (D), 1829–1837 – Before taking office, he won a significant battle over the British. While in office, he ordered the forcible relocation of some Native American tribes to what is now Oklahoma on the Trail of Tears. The adoption of a hard-working but stubborn donkey as the icon of the Democratic Party originates with a political slur (jackass) used by Jackson's opponents in this era.
- Martin Van Buren (D), 1837–1841 – The only president to speak a language other than English natively (Dutch), Van Buren's New York roots are a legacy of the Netherlands in North America.
- William Henry Harrison (W), 1841 – First president to die in office, only a month after his inauguration.
- John Tyler (U), 1841–1845 – First vice-president to assume the presidency upon the death of his predecessor, returned letters addressed to the "acting president" unopened. Elected as a Whig, but expelled from the party soon after his inauguration after a clash with powerful senator Henry Clay and the resignation of nearly his entire Cabinet; unaffiliated with any party for most of his term. Approved the annexation of Texas only a few days before leaving office.
- James K. Polk (D), 1845–1849 – Polk's single term was a time of rapid territorial expansion: the annexation of Texas was finalized, the Mexican-American War ended with the U.S. conquering the northern third of Mexico, i.e. California and much of the modern-day Southwest, and the Oregon Treaty with Great Britain added what's now the Pacific Northwest and Idaho.
- Zachary Taylor (W), 1849–1850 – Second President to die in office. Sometimes speculated to have been poisoned by hardline pro-slavery people.
- Millard Fillmore (W), 1850–1853 – Signed the Compromise of 1850, which staved off civil war for awhile longer at the price of enraging both sides of the slavery dispute. As his Fugitive Slave Act allowed Southern slave catchers to forcibly abduct freedom seekers in Northern states, a clandestine Underground Railroad was assembled by anti-slavery Northerners and free blacks to spirit fugitives onward to freedom in Canada.
- Franklin Pierce (D), 1853–1857 – Presided over the "Gadsden Purchase" of what is now southern Arizona and New Mexico, the last major land acquisition in what is now the contiguous U.S.
- James Buchanan (D), 1857–1861 – Chosen largely because he had been abroad during the time the debate over slavery got heated. Did nothing during the secession crisis.
- Abraham Lincoln (R), 1861–1865 – His election led 11 Southern states to secede, causing the American Civil War; however, he successfully led the remaining U.S. states, called the Union, to victory over the Southern states. Assassinated in 1865, the first of four U.S. presidents to suffer such a fate.
- Andrew Johnson (D), 1865–1869 – Elected to the Vice Presidency in the midst of the Civil War as a "war Democrat" on a "National Union" ticket with Lincoln; ascended to presidency after Lincoln's assassination and was later unsuccessfully impeached due to disputes with Republicans in Congress over the postwar "reconstruction" of the South. Purchased Alaska from Russia.
- Ulysses S. Grant (R), 1869–1877 – Union general who accepted the surrender of Robert E. Lee at Appomattox. Last president to try and advance African American civil rights for several decades. Decisively smashed the first iteration of the Ku Klux Klan. Wrote a widely acclaimed and best selling autobiography that deals with his pre-presidential life
- Rutherford B. Hayes (R), 1877–1881 – called "Rutherfraud" due to the dubious nature of his electoral "victory"; lost the popular vote, but perhaps only because a large number of freed slaves in the South had been terrorized into not voting
- James Garfield (R), 1881 – Assassinated after only a few months in office. The motive of he assassin is often said to be a feeling of having been bypassed for a federal patronage job. Civil Service reform was and remained a hot button issue during this time.
- Chester Arthur (R), 1881–1885 – Garfield's former vice-president, initially widely mistrusted as a protégé of corrupt New York State Republican boss Roscoe Conkling, unexpectedly embraced the cause of civil service reform, rooting out cronyism in political hiring (the so-called "spoils system"). Signed laws prohibiting immigration from China and outlawing the polygamy that was then rampant in Mormon Utah. Declined to run for reelection due to poor health.
- Grover Cleveland (D), 1885–1889 – The only president to serve two terms non-consecutively. Campaigned on a promise to clean up corruption and end the spoils system (much as he had done at the state level as governor of New York). Reduced tariffs and modernized the Navy.
- Benjamin Harrison (R), 1889–1893 – Grandson of William Henry Harrison. Continued to clean up corruption, but sharply increased the tariff that his predecessor had lowered. Passed the Sherman Antitrust Act, the first meaningful attempt by the government to curb the power of big business. Established the first National Forests. A vociferous supporter of civil rights who advocated in vain for the enforcement of voting rights for black Southerners.
- Grover Cleveland (D), 1893–1897 – Cleveland's second term was hampered by an economic depression and labor unrest, including the Pullman Strike of 1893 which he brutally suppressed. His non-interventionist foreign policy and support of Venezuela in their maritime boundary dispute with British Guiana helped improve U.S. relations with Latin America.
- William McKinley (R), 1897–1901 – Presided over the brief Spanish-American War which ended with Puerto Rico, Guam, and Cuba becoming American colonies. The Philippines were also ceded by Spain but remained in rebellion against U.S. rule into the Roosevelt administration. Also responsible for the annexation of Hawaii. Assassinated.
- Theodore Roosevelt (R), 1901–1909 – Spanish-American War hero who rose from the New York governorship to the Vice-Presidency to the Presidency (to which he ascended after McKinley was assassinated) in only three years. A popular president famous as a progressive "trust buster" who opposed the corrupt practices of big business, and as a conservationist who championed the establishment of many national parks and other protected lands.
- William Howard Taft (R), 1909–1913 – Though initially popular, the insufficiently progressive policies of Roosevelt's heir apparent so disappointed Republican leaders that they caused a split in the party, and he placed third in his reelection bid. Later became the only ex-president to be nominated to the Supreme Court, as Chief Justice.
- Woodrow Wilson (D), 1913–1921 – First Southern president since the Civil War. Won reelection by promising to keep the U.S. out of World War I; later reluctantly entered the war anyway and helped bring it to a speedy end. Segregated the military and other formerly integrated organs of the federal government. Was incapacitated for the final 17 months of his presidency by a series of strokes; many say his wife served as de facto Chief Executive during this time.
- Warren G. Harding (R), 1921–1923 – Campaigned on a promise of a postwar "return to normalcy", and accordingly oversaw an uneventful presidency. Notable today mostly for multiple corruption scandals involving members of his Cabinet. Died in office of natural causes.
- Calvin Coolidge (R), 1923–1929 – Presiding over a politically uneventful economic boom, Coolidge's economic policies (tax cuts, disdain for government regulation of business) had much in common with today's Republican Party; his relatively outspoken support for civil rights did not.
- Herbert Hoover (R), 1929–1933 – Hoover's inaction in the face of the stock market crash of 1929 was blamed for worsening the Great Depression, but he later earned a reputation as a great philanthropist.
- Franklin D. Roosevelt (D), 1933–1945 – A distant cousin of former president Theodore Roosevelt, and the only president to serve more than two terms. Enacted major economic relief legislation in response to the Great Depression and shepherded the U.S. through most of World War II before dying in office.
- Harry S. Truman (D), 1945–1953 – Ordered the nuclear bombing of Japan that brought an end to World War II; won an upset reelection victory in 1948, leading to the "Dewey defeats Truman" headline. Desegregated the U.S. military, kicking off the Democrats' transition toward favorability to African-American civil rights. Sent U.S. troops to Korea to assist the U.S.-allied south after invasion by the Communist north.
- Dwight D. Eisenhower (R), 1953–1961 – Former World War II general who presided over the postwar economic boom. Arranged a permanent cease-fire in the Korean War. Signed important civil rights legislation and ordered the desegregation by military force of Little Rock Central High School. Approved construction of the Interstate Highway System. Signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, establishing NASA and launching a Space Race with the Soviet Union.
- John F. Kennedy (D), 1961–1963 – First Roman Catholic president, and the youngest person ever to be elected president (age 43 in 1961). His attempted invasion of Communist Cuba was an abject failure, but his deft diplomacy during the subsequent Cuban Missile Crisis narrowly avoided nuclear war with the Soviet Union. Sent U.S. troops to Vietnam. Assassinated.
- Lyndon B. Johnson (D), 1963–1969 – Former Senator from Texas who ascended to the presidency after Kennedy's assassination. Signed the most expansive package of civil rights and social welfare legislation in U.S. history, the so-called "Great Society". Oversaw the Apollo space program that would eventually send astronauts to the Moon. Escalated U.S. involvement in Vietnam.
- Richard Nixon (R), 1969–1974 – First further escalated, but then withdrew U.S. troops from, the Vietnam War. Established a diplomatic relationship with Communist China. Resigned from office (the only president ever to do so) under threat of almost certain impeachment in the wake of the Watergate scandal, one of the most far-reaching incidents of political corruption in American history.
- Gerald Ford (R), 1974–1977 – Appointed Vice-President after Spiro Agnew's resignation and succeeded to the presidency after Nixon's resignation, thus the only person to serve as president never having been elected on a presidential ticket. Pardoned Nixon in September 1974 "for all offenses against the United States which he... has committed or may have committed", a deeply unpopular move that was a factor in his narrow defeat in the 1976 election.
- Jimmy Carter (D), 1977–1981 – Former peanut farmer turned governor of Georgia. Pardoned all Vietnam War "draft dodgers", brokered peace between Egypt and Israel, but had rocky relations with Congress and got into difficulties during the Islamic Revolution in Iran and with economic "stagflation". Alive and active in charitable ventures as of 2018.
- Ronald Reagan (R), 1981–1989 – 1940s and '50s-era movie star turned California governor. As President, he was known for his "Reaganomics" economic policy, which involved big tax cuts for richer Americans and ending many regulations on businesses; efforts to end Communism in Eastern Europe; and fighting against labor unions. The Iran-Contra scandal took place under his Administration, but he remained popular.
- George H.W. Bush (R), 1989–1993 – Formerly Reagan's Vice-President, led the U.S. into a five-week war with Iraq but lost popularity when a recession set in toward the end of his term in office. Currently the oldest living ex-president.
- Bill Clinton (D), 1993–2001 – Former governor of Arkansas. A centrist "new Democrat" who took many positions more typical of Republicans, such as cutting social programs and cracking down on crime and illegal immigration. Signed a free-trade agreement with Canada and Mexico. Sent U.S. troops to intervene in conflicts in the former Yugoslavia. Unsuccessfully impeached for trying to cover up a sex scandal.
- George W. Bush (R), 2001–2009 – In the wake of massive terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C. in 2001, led the U.S. into lengthy and still-ongoing wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.
- Barack Obama (D), 2009–2017 – first African-American President; his father was born in Kenya. Signed the first national health insurance law intended to cover all U.S. citizens.
- Donald Trump (R), 2017–present – First president to hold no elected or military office prior to the Presidency, he was a notorious businessman and entertainer from New York City.
- 1 The Henry Ford Museum, 20900 Oakwood Blvd. (Detroit), ☎ , toll-free: . Daily 9:30AM-5PM. Exhibits include presidential parade cars that transported Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush including the 1961 Lincoln Continental Presidential Limousine that John F. Kennedy was riding in when assassinated.
- 2 The White House, 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, ☎ .
- 3 The Hall of Presidents, Orlando, Florida. The Hall of Presidents is an attraction located in Liberty Square at the Magic Kingdom in the Walt Disney World Resort.
- 4 Washington Monument, National Mall, Washington, D.C., ☎ .
- 5 George Washington Birthplace National Monument, 1732 Popes Creek Road, Colonial Beach, Virginia, ☎ .
- 6 George Washington Masonic National Memorial.
- 7 Jefferson Memorial, Washington, D.C., ☎ .
- 8 Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia, ☎ . The residence of Thomas Jefferson. The grounds include the house itself, the gardens, slave quarters, and Thomas Jefferson's grave. Open daily. Adults $25 (Mar-Oct), $18 (Nov-Feb), Children $8, Annual Pass $50.
- 10 James Monroe Tomb, Hollywood Cemetery, 412 S. Cherry St., Richmond, Virginia.
- 11 James Monroe Museum and Memorial Library.
- Public monuments
- 12 Equestrian statue, Jackson Square (New Orleans/French Quarter). Following the 1815 Battle of New Orleans against the United Kingdom, the last battle of the 1812 war (taking place after a peace treaty had already been signed in London), the former Place d'Armes was renamed Jackson Square, for the battle's victorious General Jackson. This victory made him a national hero. Alexis de Tocqueville later wrote in Democracy in America that Jackson "was raised to the Presidency, and has been maintained there, solely by the recollection of a victory which he gained, twenty years ago, under the walls of New Orleans." The statue was erected in 1856.
- 13 Large bronze statue of Andrew Jackson, Andrew Jackson State Park (Lancaster, South Carolina).
- 14 Andrew Jackson equestrian bronze sculpture, Lafayette Square (Washington, D.C./West End). A 1928 bronze sculpture of Andrew Jackson, identical to the one at Jackson Square, part of the National Statuary Hall Collection. Other identical copies are installed in Nashville, on the grounds of the Tennessee State Capitol; and in Jacksonville, Florida. Other equestrian statues of Jackson have been erected elsewhere, as in the State Capitol grounds in Raleigh, North Carolina, sculpted by Anna Hyatt Huntington, depicting a young Jackson astride a farm horse.
- 15 The Hermitage.
Martin Van Buren ̟
William Henry Harrison
- Public monuments
- statue at the base of the Soldiers and Sailors Monument in downtown Indianapolis
- a bronze statue of Harrison on horseback Cincinnati's Piatt Park
- the Tippecanoe County Courthouse in Lafayette, Indiana
- a limestone-relief carving is part of a sculpture in front of the Harrison County visitors' center in Corydon, Indiana
- the Ten O'Clock Line Monument in Owen County, Indiana
- 17 Grouseland. The residence of Harrison while Governor of the Indiana territory.
James K. Polk
- 19 Millard Fillmore Museum, 24 Shearer Ave., East Aurora, New York, ☎ . W, Sa & Su 1PM-3PM, Jun-Oct. The only remaining residence (other than the White House) of President Fillmore, who built the house himself and resided in it from 1826 to 1830. It's now restored to its period appearance and furnished with authentic pieces belonging to the Fillmore family. One-hour tours. Listed as a National Historic Landmark. Adult $10.
- 21 Buchanan's Birthplace State Park, near Cove Gap, in Peters Township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania.
- 22 Wheatland (James Buchanan House), 1120 Marietta Ave., Lancaster, Pennsylvania, ☎ .
- 23 Ford's Theatre Museum, 511 10th St. NW, Washington, D.C. (between E St & F St), ☎ . A great museum detailing the life of Abraham Lincoln and the place where he was assassinated. Free.
- 24 Lincoln Memorial, National Mall, Washington, D.C..
- 25 Lincoln Tomb, Oak Ridge Cemetery, 1441 Monument Ave., Springfield, Illinois.
- 26 Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park, 2995 Lincoln Farm Road, Hodgenville, Kentucky, ☎ .
- Lincoln Museum, 66 Lincoln Square, Hodgenville, Kentucky, ☎ .
- 27 Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial, Lincoln City, Indiana, ☎ .
- 28 Lincoln Home National Historic Site, 413 S. 8th Street, Springfield, Illinois, ☎ . See Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial for further details.
Ulysses S. Grant
- 30 Grant's Tomb (General Grant National Memorial), Riverside Drive and 122nd St., New York, New York (Subway: to 125th St.), ☎ . Daily 9AM-5PM. General Ulysses S. Grant and his wife are buried in this imposing mausoleum, the largest tomb in North America. If you come when it is closed, you can still see the impressive facade, but coming during open hours gives you the opportunity to view the murals, the tomb itself and various documentation inside. Across Riverside Drive, there is a viewpoint to look across the Hudson River, a museum, gift shop and restrooms.
- 31 White Haven (Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site), 7400 Grant Road, St. Louis, Missouri, ☎ .
- 32 Grant Birthplace, 1551 State Route 232, Point Pleasant, Ohio, ☎ , toll-free: .
- 33 Grant Boyhood Home, 219 East Grant Avenue, Georgetown, Ohio, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Adult $5.
- 34 Grant Cottage State Historic Site, 1000 Mt McGregor Rd., Wilton, New York, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Adult $6.
- 35 Ulysses S. Grant Home, 511 Bouthillier St., Galena, Illinois. This was the place where Grant worked as "lackluster clerk" (according to the Ken Burns documentary about the American Civil War) before re-joining the Army and rising to be the highest ranking Union general of his age famed for winning the war - a fame which would ultimately propel him to the White House
Rutherford B. Hayes
- 38 Chester Alan Arthur State Historic Site, 4588 Chester Arthur Rd., Fairfield, Vermont, ☎ . Adults $5.
- 39 Benjamin Harrison Presidential Site, 1230 North Delaware Street, Indianapolis, Indiana, ☎ , e-mail: Harrison@bhpsite.org. Adult $10.
- 40 McKinley Monument, Niagara Square, Buffalo, New York. Erected in 1907 in commemoration of the assassination of President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition exactly six years prior, this gleaming 96-foot (29 m) obelisk of Vermont marble was designed by the architectural firm of Carrere and Hastings. The lions and turtles resting at its base (symbols, respectively, of strength and eternal life) were carved by well-known sculptor A. Phimister Proctor. The monument was also the subject of Carl Sandburg's poem "Slants at Buffalo, New York".
- 41 McKinley Death Rock, in front of 30 Fordham Drive, Buffalo, New York. On the center island in the middle of Fordham Drive, in the residential neighborhood situated on what once were the grounds of the Pan-American Exposition, is a small rock with a historic plaque marking the spot where President McKinley was standing when felled by the bullet of his assassin, Leon Czolgosz.
- 42 William McKinley Presidential Library & Museum, 800 McKinley Monument Drive NW, Canton, Ohio, ☎ . Museum M-Sa 9AM-4PM, Su noon-4PM, monument open Apr-Oct during museum hours, Ramsayer Research Library M-F 9AM-4PM. Historical museum containing the largest collection of artifacts in the world related to McKinley, chronicling his life from childhood through his Civil War service, his time in the house of Representatives and as Governor of Ohio, and his presidency and assassination, as well as the presidential archive itself in a separate wing of the building. The McKinley National Memorial, the domed mausoleum that serves as his final resting place, is also part of the complex; it stands on a hill behind the museum and boasts panoramic views over the surrounding area. The museum also contains exhibits related to local history in general and, somewhat incongruously, also a science center with fossils, stuffed wildlife, and a planetarium. $10, seniors $9, children 3 and over $8.
- 43 National McKinley Birthplace Memorial, 40 N. Main Street, Niles, Ohio.
- 44 Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site, 641 Delaware Ave., Buffalo, New York, ☎ . M-F 9:30AM-3:30PM, Sa Su 12:30PM-3:30PM. In September 1901, several days after President William McKinley was assassinated at Buffalo's Pan-American Exposition, Theodore Roosevelt stayed at the 1838 Greek Revival home of his friend, local lawyer and politico Ansley Wilcox, and the Oath of Office was administered to him there. A planned demolition of the house in the early 1960s was averted at the last minute, and today the Wilcox Mansion has been thoroughly restored inside and out, and features historical displays related to Roosevelt, McKinley and the Exposition as well as occasional temporary exhibits. The grounds are planted with herb and flower gardens in season. $10, aged 62+ and students $7, ages 6-18 $5, families $25, free for children under 5 and members.
- 45 Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace, 28 East 20th St., New York, New York, ☎ . Tu-Sa 9AM-5PM, closed Federal holidays. A designated National Historic Site, Roosevelt lived at this site from his birth in 1858 until the age of 14 years. The building is not the original - that was demolished in 1916 - but a reconstruction erected by admirers only three years later in 1919 after Roosevelt's death, and subsequently furnished with many of the original fittings and memorabilia of the 26th US President by Roosevelt's wife and sisters. $3 adults, children under 16 free, guided tours available.
- 46 Sagamore Hill, 20 Sagamore Hill Rd., Oyster Bay, New York. The Visitor Center and Bookstore are currently open Wednesday through Sunday from 9am to 5pm. Tours of the Theodore Roosevelt Home are offered Wednesday through Sunday, between 10:00 A.M. and 4:00 P.M. The summer home of President Theodore Roosevelt. Includes tours, a museum, and a visitor center. It is run by the National Park Service. From the website: Access to the Theodore Roosevelt Home is only by guided tour. Same-day tickets can be purchased on a first come, first served basis from the Visitor Center. Advanced reservations to tour Theodore Roosevelt's home can be booked through Recreation.gov or call +1 877 444-6777. $10.00.
William Howard Taft
- 48 Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library and Museum, 20 N. Coalter Street, Staunton, Virginia, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- 49 Coolidge Homestead, 3780 Route 100A, Plymouth Notch, Vermont, ☎ . Adult $10.
- 50 Plymouth Notch Cemetery, Plymouth Notch, Vermont. Burial place of Calvin Coolidge.
- 51 Herbert Hoover Presidential Library & Museum, 210 Parkside Drive, West Branch, Iowa, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Open daily 9am-5pm, closed Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year's Day. Adults $10.
- 52 Hoover–Minthorn House, 115 S. River Street, Newberg, Oregon, ☎ . Adult $5.
- 53 Herbert Hoover National Historic Site, West Branch, Iowa, ☎ .
Franklin D. Roosevelt
- 54 Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library & Museum, 4079 Albany Post Rd., Hyde Park, New York, toll-free: . Daily 9AM-6PM, Apr-Oct; closes at 5PM all other times. This is the first presidential library, and to date the only one used by its namesake while in office.
- 55 Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site, 4097 Albany Post Rd., Hyde Park, New York, ☎ . Open year round, daily. Closed Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Years Day. Buildings are open 9AM-5PM, grounds are open 7AM to sunset.
- 56 Roosevelt's Little White House Historic Site, Warm Springs, Georgia.
- 57 Campobello Island, New Brunswick, Canada. A 34-room "cottage" on Campobello was FDR's long-time Atlantic summer retreat; Roosevelt Campobello International Park is maintained in his memory.
Harry S. Truman
- 58 Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum, 500 W. U.S. Hwy 24, Independence, Missouri, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Adults $8.
- 59 Harry S. Truman Birthplace State Historic Site, Lamar, Barton County, Missouri, ☎ .
- 60 Harry S. Truman Farm Home, 12301 Blue Ridge Blvd, Grandview, Missouri.
- 61 Harry S. Truman National Historic Site, 223 North Main Street, Independence, Missouri, ☎ .
- 62 Harry S. Truman Little White House, 111 Front St. in Key West, Florida, ☎ .
Dwight D. Eisenhower
- 63 Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library & Museum, 200 SE. Fourth Street, Abilene, Kansas, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com.
- 64 Eisenhower National Historic Site, 1195 Baltimore Pike, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, ☎ .
- 65 Eisenhower Birthplace State Historic Site, 609 S. Lamar, Denison, Texas, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
John F. Kennedy
- 66 John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum, Columbia Point, Boston, Massachusetts, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com. Adults $14.
- 67 The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza, 411 Elm St., Suite 120, Dallas, Texas, ☎ , toll-free: , fax: . Daily 9AM-6PM. An unfortunate part of Dallas' history is that it is the site of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. The Texas Book Depository is the site where shots were fired by Lee Harvey Oswald, and the museum is on the sixth floor of the same building, with an extra exhibition on the seventh. It is a moving experience with videos, full-wall descriptions and photographs, along with artifacts from the event. The museum's gift shop is in a different building. Adults $13.50.
- 68 John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site, 83 Beals Street, Brookline, Massachusetts, ☎ .
Lyndon B. Johnson
- 69 Lyndon Baines Johnson Presidential Library & Museum, 2313 Red River Street, Austin, Texas, ☎ . 9am-5pm every day except Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day. Adults $10.
- 70 Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park, Blanco and Gillespie counties, Texas, ☎ . See Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park for further details.
- 71 Richard Nixon Presidential Library & Museum, 18001 Yorba Linda Boulevard, Yorba Linda, California, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Gerald R. Ford
- 72 Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library, 1000 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com.
- 73 Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum, 303 Pearl Street, Grand Rapids, Michigan, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- 74 Jimmy Carter Presidential Library & Museum, 441 Freedom Parkway, Atlanta, Georgia, ☎ .
- 75 Jimmy Carter National Historic Site, 300 North Bond Street, Plains, Georgia, ☎ .
- 76 Ronald Reagan Presidential Library & Museum, 40 Presidential Drive, Simi Valley, California.
- 77 Ronald Reagan Birthplace & Museum, 111-113 S. Main Street, Tampico, Illinois, ☎ , e-mail: email@example.com.
- Ronald Reagan Museum & Peace Garden, 300 E College Ave, Eureka, Illinois, ☎ .
- 78 Ronald Reagan Boyhood Home, 816 S. Hennepin Ave., Dixon, Illinois, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. open Apr 1 - Oct 31, M-Sa 10AM-5PM, Su 1-5PM.
George H.W. Bush
- 79 George Bush Presidential Library & Museum, 1000 George Bush Drive West, College Station, Texas, e-mail: email@example.com.
- 80 William J. Clinton Presidential Library & Museum, 1200 President Clinton Avenue, Little Rock, Arkansas, ☎ , e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Adult £10.
- 81 William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site, 117 South Hervey St., Hope, Arkansas, ☎ .
George W. Bush
- 1 Founding Fathers Pub, 75 Edward St., Buffalo, New York, ☎ . A presidential-themed pub whose walls are decorated with portraits and memorabilia representing all 44 men who've held the office, run by a former social studies teacher famous for quizzing patrons on American history from behind the bar, and home to pub trivia the first Tuesday night of each month where the topic is, of course, American presidents.
Many innkeepers make the claim that "George Washington slept here". Some of the more verifiable claims include:
- Smithfield Inn B&B, Smithfield (Virginia), ☎ . Former tavern (1759) and residence with brick fireplaces and low ceilings. $155.
- John Rutledge House Inn, Charleston, South Carolina, toll-free: . Breakfast inn (1791) with inlaid floors and elaborate ironwork. $180.
There's no record indicating Nixon ever slept at the Watergate, but it did play a pivotal role in the later years of his administration.
- 1 Watergate Hotel, 2650 Virginia Ave. NW, Washington, D.C., toll-free: . One of a group of six buildings; the attached Watergate Office Building (2600 Virginia Ave NW) housed the offices of a rival political party, inextricably linking the name to the Watergate burglary of 1972.
Donald Trump is a real estate developer by trade. A chain of Trump Hotels bears his family's name. It includes the Old Post Office in Washington, D.C., which is leased to the Trump Organization by the government. These complex dealings may create a conflict of interest when foreign diplomatic personnel become clients of the hotel chain.
- History of justice — political history and related historic sights.
- Mount Rushmore — a carving into Mount Rushmore, showing the faces of four of the national Presidents, was featured in the film North by Northwest and is one of the most iconic landmarks in South Dakota.
- North American history